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Monday 19 June 2017

Emancipation Day in Texas (Juneteenth)

Juneteenth, celebrated on June 19, is the name given to Emancipation Day by African-Americans in Texas. On that day in 1865 Union Major-General Gordon Granger read General Orders, No.3 to the people of Galveston. It stated
"The people of Texas are informed that, in accordance with a proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free. This involves an absolute equality of personal rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves, and the connection heretofore existing between them becomes that between employer and hired labor. The freedmen are advised to remain quietly at their present homes and work for wages. They are informed that they will not be allowed to collect at military posts and that they will not be supported in idleness either there or elsewhere."
Large celebrations on June 19 began in 1866 and continued regularly into the early 20th century. The African-Americans treated this day like the Fourth of July and the celebrations contained similar events. In the early days, the celebration included a prayer service, speakers with inspirational messages, reading of the Emancipation Proclamation, stories from former slaves, food, red soda water, games, rodeos and dances.
The celebration of June 19 as Emancipation Day spread from Texas to the neighboring states of Louisiana, Arkansas and Oklahoma. It has also appeared in Alabama, Florida, and California as African-American Texans migrated.
In many parts of Texas, ex-slaves purchased land, or "emancipation grounds," for the Juneteenth gathering. Examples include: Emancipation Park in Houston, purchased in 1872; what is now Booker T. Washington Park in Mexia; and Emancipation park in East Austin.
Celebration of Juneteenth declined during World War II but revived in 1950 at the Texas State Fair Grounds in Dallas. Interest and participation fell away during the late 1950s and 1960s as attention focused on expansion of freedom for African-Americans. In the 1970s Juneteenth revived in some communities. For example, in Austin the Juneteenth celebration returned in 1976 after a 25 year hiatus. House Bill no.1016 passed in the 66th Legislature, Regular Session, declared June 19, "Emancipation Day in Texas," a legal state holiday effective January 1, 1980. Since that time, the celebration of Juneteenth continues across the state of Texas with parades, picnics and dancing.
Source: texas.gov
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Emancipation Day

Quotes and wishes: Emancipation Day

Quotes & Wishes - A necessary preliminary A necessary preliminary

A study of the history of opinion is a necessary preliminary to the emancipation of the mind.
John Maynard Keynes
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Quotes and wishes: Emancipation Day

Quotes & Wishes - A war measure A war measure

Emancipation came to the colored race in America as a war measure. It was an act of military necessity. Manifestly it would have come without war, in the slower process of humanitarian reform and social enlightenment.
Wendell Willkie
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Quotes and wishes: Emancipation Day

Quotes & Wishes - Almost two years later Almost two years later

The Emancipation Proclamation, signed by President Abraham Lincoln, was put into effect on January 1, 1863, but news of the Proclamation and enforcement did not reach Texas until after the end of the Civil War almost two years later.
Corrine Brown
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Quotes and wishes: Emancipation Day

Quotes & Wishes - An expensive gift An expensive gift

Freedom is an expensive gift always worth fighting for. Even if it costs us!
Marck E. Estemil
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Quotes and wishes: Emancipation Day

Quotes & Wishes - Arbitrary rule of other men Arbitrary rule of other men

Freedom is the emancipation from the arbitrary rule of other men.
Mortimer Adler
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Monday 19 June 2017
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Monday 19 June 2017
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