Commemoration of Anfal Genocide Against the Kurds in Iraqi Kurdistan
Commemoration of Anfal Genocide Against the Kurds in Iraqi Kurdistan is held on April 14. This event in the second decade of the month April is annual. Help us
Hundreds of thousands of men, women and children were executed during a systematic attempt to exterminate the Kurdish population in Iraq in the Anfal operations in the late 1980s. They were tied together and shot so they fell into mass graves. Their towns and villages were attacked by chemical weapons, and many women and children were sent to camps where they lived in appalling conditions. Men and boys of ‘battle age’ were targeted and executed en masse. The campaign takes its name from Suratal-Anfal in the Qur’an. Al Anfal literally means the spoils (of war) and was used to describe the military campaign of extermination and looting commanded by Ali Hassan al-Majid. The Ba’athists misused what the Qur’an says. Anfal in the Qur’an does not refer to genocide, but the word was used as a code name by the former Iraqi Ba’athist regime for the systematic attacks against the Kurdish population. The campaign also targeted the villages of minority communities including Christians.
Similar holidays and events, festivals and interesting facts
Unfairly Prosecuted Persons Day in Slovakia on April 13 (Deň nespravodlivo stíhaných);
Hillsborough Disaster Memorial on April 15 (Liverpool, England);
Holocaust Remembrance Day in Poland on April 19 (Warsaw Ghetto Uprising remembered on April 19)