Soil is a living system, has 6 layers called horizons O, A, E, B, C and R. It acts as a filter for underground water, filtering out pollutants. There are more microorganisms in a handful of soil than there are people on earth. Soil consists of 45% minerals, 25% water, 25% air and 5% organic matter. Soils are key in carbon cycle. They help us to mitigate and adapt to climate change.
The International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS), in 2002, adopted a resolution proposing the 5th of December as World Soil Day to celebrate the importance of soil as a critical component of the natural system and as a vital contributor to human wellbeing .
Under the leadership of the Kingdom of Thailand and within the framework of the "Global Soil Partnership", FAO has supported the formal establishment of World Soil Day as a global awareness raising platform.
The FAO Conference, in June 2013, unanimously endorsed World Soil Day and requested official adoption at the 68th UN General Assembly. In December 2013, the 68th UN General Assembly declared 5th of December as the World Soil Day (A/RES/68/232).
Since 2012, the FAO-GSP has been organizing celebration events of this important day.
We need healthy soils to achieve our food security and nutrition goal.
Source: fao.org | un.org