Wednesday 6 January 2021 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
, Dominican Republic
, US Virgin Islands
, Career Holidays (Recognition Holidays)
, Children’s Days
, Food holidays
, Unusual Holidays
, Worldwide Holidays
Holidays and observances
- In 2017 researchers at MIT design one of the strongest lightweight materials known, by compressing and fusing flakes of graphene. The new material is highly porous. Computer simulations predict it is possible to make materials with a density of just 5 percent of steel, but 10 times stronger.
- 2005 – American Civil Rights Movement: Edgar Ray Killen is arrested as a suspect in the 1964 murders of Chaney, Goodman, and Schwerner.
- 2001 – Congress certifies George W. Bush winner of 2000 elections.
- 1995 – A chemical fire in an apartment complex in Manila, Philippines, leads to the discovery of plans for Project Bojinka, a mass-terrorist attack.
- 1978 – The Crown of St. Stephen (also known as the Holy Crown of Hungary) is returned to Hungary from the United States, where it was held after World War II.
- 1974 – In response to the 1973 oil crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly four months early in the United States.
- 1967 – Vietnam War: United States Marine Corps and ARVN troops launch "Operation Deckhouse Five" in the Mekong River delta.
- 1960 – National Airlines Flight 2511 is destroyed in mid-air by a bomb, while en route from New York City to Miami.
- 1947 – Pan American Airlines becomes the first commercial airline to offer a round-the-world ticket.
- 1946 – The first general election ever in Vietnam is held.
- 1941 – United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivers his Four Freedoms speech in the State of the Union address.
- 1931 – Thomas Edison signs his last patent application.
- 1930 – The first diesel-engined automobile trip is completed, from Indianapolis, Indiana, to New York, New York.
- 1912 – German geophysicist Alfred Wegener first presents his theory of continental drift.
- 1912 – New Mexico is admitted to the Union as the 47th U.S. state.
- 1907 – Maria Montessori opens her first school and daycare center for working class children in Rome, Italy.
- 1893 – The Washington National Cathedral is chartered by Congress. The charter is signed by President Benjamin Harrison.
- 1838 – Alfred Vail demonstrates a telegraph system using dots and dashes (this is the forerunner of Morse code).
- 1661 – English Restoration: The Fifth Monarchists unsuccessfully attempt to seize control of London, England.
- 1995 – Will Butcher, American hockey player. Will Butcher (born January 6, 1995) is an American professional ice hockey defenseman for the New Jersey Devils of the National Hockey League (NHL).
- 1994 – Jameis Winston, American football player. Jameis Lanaed Winston (/ˈdʒeɪmɪs/ JAY-mis; born January 6, 1994) is an American football quarterback for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers of the National Football League (NFL).
- 1989 – Derrick Morgan, American football player. He worked with Desmond Dekker, Bob Marley, and Jimmy Cliff in the rhythm and blues and ska genres, and he also performed rocksteady and skinhead reggae.
- 1987 – Ndamukong Suh, American football player. Ndamukong Ngwa Suh (/ɪnˈdɑːməkɪn ˈsuː/ in-DAH-mə-kin SOO, born January 6, 1987) is an American football defensive end for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers of the National Football League (NFL).
- 1986 – Mike Teel, American football player. Teel spent time with the Seahawks, New England Patriots, and Chicago Bears in the span of three years.
- 1984 – Kate McKinnon, American actress and comedian. Kathryn McKinnon Berthold, (born January 6, 1984) better known as Kate McKinnon, is an American actress and comedian widely known as a regular cast member on The Big Gay Sketch Show (2007–2010) and Saturday Night Live (2012–present).
- 1983 – Adam Burish, American ice hockey player. Adam Mark Burish (born January 6, 1983) is an American former professional ice hockey winger who played in the National Hockey League (NHL) with the Chicago Blackhawks, Dallas Stars and San Jose Sharks.
- 1982 – Brian Bass, American baseball player. Brian Michael Bass (born January 6, 1982) is an American former professional baseball pitcher and current pitching coach for the Stevenson University Mustangs in addition to offering private pitching instructions.
- 1982 – Gilbert Arenas, American basketball player. He entered the 2001 NBA draft and was selected in the second round (31st pick) by the Golden State Warriors.
- 1981 – Asante Samuel, American football player. He played college football at UCF, and was drafted by the New England Patriots in the fourth round of the 2003 NFL Draft.
- 1979 – Camila Grey, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Camila Grey (born Camila Cristinna Gutierrez; January 6, 1981) is a Los Angeles based musician currently performing in the duo Uh Huh Her and also the supergroup Summer Moon composed of Nikolai Fraiture (The Strokes), Stephen Perkins (Jane's Addiction), and Noah Harmon (Airborne Toxic Event).
- 1978 – Bubba Franks, American football player. Daniel Lamont "Bubba" Franks (born January 6, 1978) is a former American football tight end who played nine seasons in the National Football League (NFL).
- 1978 – Casey Fossum, American baseball player. Casey Paul Fossum (born January 6, 1978) is a former professional pitcher.
- 1976 – Danny Pintauro, American actor. Danny Pintauro (born January 6, 1976) is an American actor and film producer, best known for his role as Jonathan Bower on the popular American sitcom Who's the Boss? as well as his role in the 1983 film Cujo.
- 1976 – Johnny Yong Bosch, American actor, voice artist, martial artist, and musician. Bosch is located in Los Angeles and does most of his voice-over work at Viz Media, Bang Zoom! Entertainment, Animaze, New Generation Pictures, NYAV Post, Studiopolis and on some occasions travels to Dallas to record shows for Funimation.
- 1975 – James Farrior, American football player. James Alfred Farrior (born January 6, 1975) is a former American football linebacker who played fifteen seasons in the National Football League (NFL).
- 1971 – Karin Slaughter, American author. Her first novel, Blindsighted (2001), was published in 27 languages and made the Crime Writers' Association's Dagger Award shortlist for "Best Thriller Debut" of 2001.
- 1970 – Gabrielle Reece, American volleyball player, sportscaster, and actress. Gabrielle Allyse Reece (born January 6, 1970) is an American professional volleyball player, sports announcer, fashion model and actress.
- 1970 – Julie Chen, American television journalist, presenter, and producer. Chen Moonves was a co-host and the moderator of the CBS Daytime talk show, The Talk, for eight seasons.
- 1969 – Norman Reedus, American actor and model. He has also acted in numerous films and television series, and modeled for various fashion designers (most recognizably Prada in the 1990s).
- 1968 – John Singleton, American director, producer, and screenwriter, was an American film director, screenwriter, producer, and actor. He was best known for directing Boyz n the Hood (1991), for which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director, becoming, at age 24, the first African American and youngest person to have ever been nominated for that award.
- 1964 – Charles Haley, American football player and coach. Charles Lewis Haley (born January 6, 1964) is a former American football linebacker and defensive end who played in the National Football League (NFL) for the San Francisco 49ers (1986–1991, 1998–1999) and the Dallas Cowboys (1992–1996).
- 1964 – Jacqueline Moore, American wrestler and manager. She is best known for her time in WWE (back–then Federation/Entertainment) from 1998 to 2004, as well as working for World Championship Wrestling in 1997-98 and later Total Nonstop Action Wrestling as a wrestler, manager and road agent.
- 1963 – Norm Charlton, American baseball player and coach. Norman Wood Charlton III (born January 6, 1963), nicknamed "The Sheriff", is an American former professional baseball relief pitcher, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Cincinnati Reds (1988-1992, 2000), Seattle Mariners (1993, 1995-1997, 2001), Philadelphia Phillies (1995), Baltimore Orioles (1998), Atlanta Braves (1998), and Tampa Bay Devil Rays (1999).
- 1962 – Kevin Rosier, American mixed martial artist and boxer (d. 2015), was an American kickboxer, boxer and mixed martial artist. He had much success as a kickboxer, winning a number of titles, but did not transition particularly well into the world of boxing and was mostly seen as a journeyman fighter.
- 1962 – Michael Houser, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2002), was a founding member and lead guitarist of the band Widespread Panic. He appeared on seven studio albums during his 16-year tenure with the band from 1986 till 2002.
- 1960 – Howie Long, American football player and sports commentator. Howard Matthew Moses Long (born January 6, 1960) is an American former National Football League (NFL) defensive end, actor, and sports analyst.
- 1960 – Paul Azinger, American golfer and sportscaster. He spent almost 300 weeks in the top-10 of the Official World Golf Ranking between 1988 and 1994.
- 1958 – Mohsen Rastani, Iranian photographer and journalist. He mainly makes photographs of people on a black-and-white basis with a white background.
- 1958 – Scott Bryce, American actor, director, and producer. Scott Macalister Bryce (born January 6, 1958), sometimes credited as Scott M.
- 1957 – Michael Foale, British-American astrophysicist and astronaut. He was the first Briton to perform a space walk, and until 17 April 2008, he held the record for most time spent in space by a US citizen: 374 days, 11 hours, 19 minutes.
- 1957 – Nancy Lopez, American golfer and sportscaster. Nancy Marie Lopez (born January 6, 1957) is a retired American professional golfer.
- 1956 – Elizabeth Strout, American novelist and short story writer. Born and raised in Portland, Maine, her experiences in her youth served as inspiration for her novels–the fictional "Shirley Falls, Maine" is the setting of four of her seven novels.
- 1955 – Alex Forsyth, American ice hockey player. Alex Forsyth may refer to:
- 1955 – Susan B. Horwitz, American computer scientist and academic (d. 2014), was an American computer scientist noted for her research on programming languages and software engineering, and in particular on program slicing and dataflow-analysis. She had several best paper and an impact paper award mentioned below under awards.
- 1954 – Yuji Horii, Japanese video game designer, created Dragon Quest. Yuji Horii (堀井 雄二, Horii Yūji) (also written as Yuuji Horii) (born January 6, 1954 in Awaji Island, Japan) is a Japanese video game designer and scenario writer best known as the creator of the Dragon Quest series of role-playing games, supervising and writing the scenario for Chrono Trigger, as well as the first visual novel adventure game Portopia Serial Murder Case.
- 1952 – Moondog Spot, American wrestler (d. 2003), was an American professional wrestler.
- 1951 – Don Gullett, American baseball player and coach. Donald Edward Gullett (born January 6, 1951) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher who played for the Cincinnati Reds and New York Yankees from 1970 to 1978.
- 1951 – Kim Wilson, American singer-songwriter and harmonica player. He is best known as the lead vocalist and frontman for the Fabulous Thunderbirds on two hit songs of the 1980s, "Tuff Enuff" and "Wrap It Up." Wilson wrote "Tuff Enuff," the group's only Top 40 hit.
- 1950 – Louis Freeh, American lawyer and jurist, 10th Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. A Republican, he was later appointed as FBI director by President Bill Clinton.
- 1949 – Carolyn D. Wright, American poet and academic. Wright (January 6, 1949 – January 12, 2016) was an American poet.
- 1945 – Allen Appel, American author, illustrator, and photographer. Allen Appel (born January 6, 1945) is an American novelist best known for his series about time traveler Alex Balfour.
- 1944 – Bonnie Franklin, American actress and singer (d. 2013), was an American actress, known for her leading role in the television series One Day at a Time (1975–1984). She was nominated for Emmy, Tony and Golden Globe Awards.
- 1944 – Rolf M. Zinkernagel, Swiss immunologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate. Rolf Martin Zinkernagel AC, FAA (born January 6, 1944) is Professor of Experimental Immunology at the University of Zurich.
- 1940 – Penny Lernoux, American journalist and author (d. 1989), was an American educator, author, and journalist. She wrote critically of United States government and Papal policy toward Latin America.
- 1940 – Van McCoy, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 1979), was an American musician, record producer, arranger, songwriter, singer and orchestra conductor. He is known best for his 1975 internationally successful song "The Hustle".
- 1938 – William E. Connolly, American political scientist, theorist, and academic. William Eugene Connolly is a political theorist known for his work on democracy, pluralism, capitalism and climate change.
- 1937 – Doris Troy, American singer-songwriter (d. 2004), was an American R&B singer and songwriter, known to her many fans as "Mama Soul". Her biggest hit was "Just One Look", a top 10 hit in 1963.
- 1937 – Lou Holtz, American football player, coach, and sportscaster. Holtz's 1988 Notre Dame team went 12–0 with a victory in the Fiesta Bowl and was the consensus national champion.
- 1936 – Darlene Hard, American tennis player. Championships in 1960 and 1961.
- 1935 – Nino Tempo, American musician, singer, and actor. Nino Tempo (born Antonino LoTempio, January 6, 1935) is an American musician, singer, and actor.
- 1933 – Fred L. Turner, American businessman (d. 2013), was an American restaurant industry executive, chair and CEO of McDonald's. He is credited with helping to massively expand McDonald's, introducing new meals and setting service standards for the company and its employees.
- 1932 – Stuart A. Rice, American chemist and academic. He is currently the Frank P.
- 1931 – E. L. Doctorow, American novelist, playwright, and short story writer (d. 2015), was an American novelist, editor, and professor, best known internationally for his works of historical fiction. He has been described as one of the most important American novelists of the 20th century.
- 1930 – Vic Tayback, American actor (d. 1990). He is best known for his role as diner owner Mel Sharples in the comedy-drama film Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore (1974) and the television sitcom Alice (1976–1985), for which he won two consecutive Golden Globes.
- 1930 – W. Wallace Cleland, American biochemist and educator (d. 2013). Cleland, was a University of Wisconsin-Madison biochemistry professor.
- 1927 – Jesse Leonard Steinfeld, American physician and academic, 11th Surgeon General of the United States (d. 2014), was an American physician and public health official. He was appointed the eleventh Surgeon General of the United States from 1969 to 1973.
- 1926 – Günter Rössler, German photographer and journalist (d. 2012), was a German photographer who made a name for himself especially in the field of nude art photography. A pioneer of nude photography in East Germany and notable fashion photographer, Rössler was often referred to by the media as the Helmut Newton of East Germany, stylized since Playboy published in 1984 a photo-gallery titled: Mädchen der DDR (Girls of the GDR).
- 1926 – Kid Gavilán, Cuban-American boxer (d. 2003), was a World Welterweight Champion from Camagüey, Cuba. Boxing Writers Association of America named him Fighter of the Year in 1953, Gavilán was voted by The Ring magazine as the 26th greatest fighter of the last 80 years.
- 1926 – Mickey Hargitay, Hungarian-American actor and bodybuilder (d. 2006). Hargitay was born in Budapest, Hungary, one of four children of an athletic father.
- 1926 – Ralph Branca, American baseball player (d. 2016), was an American professional baseball pitcher who played 12 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB), from 1944 through 1956. Branca played for the Brooklyn Dodgers (1944–1953, 1956), Detroit Tigers (1953–1954), and New York Yankees (1954).
- 1925 – John DeLorean, American engineer and businessman, founded the DeLorean Motor Company (d. 2005), was an American engineer, inventor and executive in the US automobile industry, widely known for his work at General Motors and as founder of the DeLorean Motor Company.
- 1924 – Earl Scruggs, American banjo player (d. 2012), was an American musician noted for popularizing a three-finger banjo picking style, now called "Scruggs style," which is a defining characteristic of bluegrass music. His three-finger style of playing was radically different from the traditional way the five-string banjo had previously been played.
- 1921 – Cary Middlecoff, American golfer and sportscaster (d. 1998), was an American professional golfer on the PGA Tour from 1947 to 1961. His 40 Tour wins place him tenth all-time, and he won three major championships.
- 1920 – Early Wynn, American baseball player, coach, and sportscaster (d. 1999), was an American professional baseball right-handed pitcher. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Washington Senators, Cleveland Indians, and Chicago White Sox, during his 23-year MLB career.
- 1916 – Eugene Thomas Maleska, American journalist (d. 1993), was a U.S. crossword puzzle constructor and editor.
- 1915 – Alan Watts, English-American philosopher and author (d. 1973), was a British writer who interpreted and popularised Eastern philosophy for a Western audience. Born in Chislehurst, England, he moved to the United States in 1938 and began Zen training in New York.
- 1915 – Don Edwards, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (d. 2015), was an American politician of the Democratic Party and a member of the United States House of Representatives from California.
- 1915 – John C. Lilly, American psychoanalyst, physician, and philosopher (d. 2001), was an American physician, neuroscientist, psychoanalyst, psychonaut, philosopher, writer and inventor. He was a member of a generation of counterculture scientists and thinkers that included Ram Dass, Werner Erhard and Timothy Leary, all frequent visitors to the Lilly home.
- 1914 – Godfrey Edward Arnold, Austrian-American physician and academic (d. 1989), was an Austrian American professor of medicine and researcher. His studies centered on speech, speech disorder and clinical communicology.
- 1913 – Loretta Young, American actress (d. 2000). Starting as a child actress, she had a long and varied career in film from 1917 to 1953.
- 1912 – Danny Thomas, American actor, comedian, producer and humanitarian; founded St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (d. 1991), was an American nightclub comedian, singer, actor, producer, and philanthropist whose career spanned five decades. He created and starred in one of the most successful and long-running situation comedies in the history of American network television, the eponymous Danny Thomas Show.
- 1910 – Wright Morris, American author and photographer (d. 1998), was an American novelist, photographer, and essayist. He is known for his portrayals of the people and artifacts of the Great Plains in words and pictures, as well as for experimenting with narrative forms.
- 1903 – Francis L. Sullivan, English-American actor (d. 1956), was an English film and stage actor.
- 1903 – Maurice Abravanel, Greek-American pianist and conductor (d. 1993), was an American classical music conductor. He is remembered as the conductor of the Utah Symphony Orchestra for over 30 years.
- 1899 – Phyllis Haver, American actress (d. 1960), was an American actress of the silent film era.
- 1883 – Kahlil Gibran, Lebanese-American poet, painter, and philosopher (d. 1931), was a Lebanese-American writer, poet and visual artist, also considered a philosopher although he himself rejected this title. He is best known as the author of The Prophet, which was first published in the United States in 1923 and is one of the best-selling books of all time, having been translated into more than 100 languages.
- 1882 – Aleksandra Ekster, Polish-French painter and set designer (d. 1949), was a Russian Cubo-Futurist, Suprematist, Constructivist painter and designer of international stature who divided her life between Kiev, St. Petersburg, Moscow, Vienna, and Paris.
- 1882 – Fan S. Noli, Albanian-American bishop and politician, 13th Prime Minister of Albania (d. 1965), was an Albanian writer, scholar, diplomat, politician, historian, orator and founder of the Orthodox Church of Albania, who served as Prime Minister and regent of Albania in 1924 during the June Revolution.
- 1882 – Sam Rayburn, American lawyer and politician, 48th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1961). He was a 25-term congressman, representing Texas's 4th congressional district as a Democrat from 1913 to 1961.
- 1880 – Tom Mix, American cowboy and actor (d. 1940), was an American film actor and the star of many early Western movies between 1909 and 1935. Mix appeared in 291 films, all but nine of which were silent movies.
- 1878 – Carl Sandburg, American poet and historian (d. 1967), was an American poet, biographer, journalist, and editor. He won three Pulitzer Prizes: two for his poetry and one for his biography of Abraham Lincoln.
- 1874 – Fred Niblo, American actor, director, and producer (d. 1948), was an American pioneer film actor, director and producer.
- 1868 – Ștefan Luchian, Romanian painter and illustrator (d. 1917), was a Romanian painter, famous for his landscapes and still life works.
- 1861 – Victor Horta, Belgian architect, designed Hôtel van Eetvelde (d. 1947), was a Belgian architect and designer, and one of the founders of the Art Nouveau movement. His Hôtel Tassel in Brussels built in 1892-3, is often considered the first Art Nouveau house, and, along with three of his other early houses, is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- 1857 – William Russell, American lawyer and politician, 37th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896). William, Willy or Bill Russell (or other variants) may refer to:
- 1842 – Clarence King, American geologist, mountaineer, and critic (d. 1901), was an American geologist, mountaineer, and author. He served as the first director of the United States Geological Survey from 1879 to 1881.
- 1832 – Gustave Doré, French painter and sculptor (d. 1883), was a French artist, printmaker, illustrator, comics artist, caricaturist, and sculptor who worked primarily with wood-engraving.
- 1811 – Charles Sumner, American lawyer and politician (d. 1874), was an American politician and United States Senator from Massachusetts. As an academic lawyer and a powerful orator, Sumner was the leader of the anti-slavery forces in Massachusetts and a leader of the Radical Republicans in the U.S.
- 1808 – Joseph Pitty Couthouy, American oncologist and paleontologist (d. 1864), was an American naval officer, conchologist, and invertebrate palaeontologist. Born in Boston, Massachusetts, he entered the Boston Latin School in 1820.
- 1799 – Jedediah Smith, American hunter, explorer, and author (d. 1831), was an American clerk, frontiersman, hunter, trapper, author, cartographer, and explorer of the Rocky Mountains, the North American West, and the Southwest during the early 19th century. After 75 years of obscurity following his death, Smith was rediscovered as the American whose explorations led to the use of the 20-mile (32 km)-wide South Pass as the dominant point of crossing the Continental Divide for pioneers on the Oregon Trail.
- 1793 – James Madison Porter, American lawyer and politician, 18th United States Secretary of War (d. 1862), was a founder of Lafayette College.
- 1745 – Jacques-Etienne Montgolfier, French co-inventor of the hot air balloon (d. 1799). Joseph-Michel Montgolfier (26 August 1740 – 26 June 1810) and Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier (6 January 1745 – 2 August 1799) were paper manufacturers from Annonay, in Ardèche, France best known as inventors of the Montgolfière-style hot air balloon, globe aérostatique.
- 2017 – Tilikum, American-held orca (b. ca. 1981)
- 2016 – Florence King, American journalist and author (b. 1936)
- 2016 – Silvana Pampanini, Italian model, actress, and director, Miss Italy 1946 (b. 1925)
- 2015 – Arthur Jackson, American lieutenant and target shooter (b. 1918)
- 2014 – Bob Bolen, American businessman and politician (b. 1926)
- 2014 – Julian Rotter, American psychologist and academic (b. 1916)
- 2014 – Marina Ginestà, French Resistance soldier and photographer (b. 1919)
- 2013 – John Ingram, American lawyer and politician (b. 1929)
- 2013 – Ruth Carter Stevenson, American art collector, founded the Amon Carter Museum of American Art (b. 1923)
- 2012 – John Celardo, American illustrator (b. 1918)
- 2012 – Roger Boisjoly, American aerodynamicist and engineer (b. 1938)
- 2009 – Ron Asheton, American guitarist, songwriter, and actor (b. 1948)
- 2007 – Mario Danelo, American football player (b. 1985)
- 2007 – Roberta Wohlstetter, American political scientist, historian, and academic (b. 1912)
- 2007 – Sneaky Pete Kleinow, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1934)
- 2006 – Lou Rawls, American singer-songwriter (b. 1933)
- 2004 – Francesco Scavullo, American photographer (b. 1921)
- 2000 – Don Martin, American cartoonist (b. 1931)
- 1999 – Michel Petrucciani, French-American pianist (b. 1962)
- 1993 – Dizzy Gillespie, American singer-songwriter and trumpet player (b. 1917)
- 1993 – Richard Mortensen, Danish painter and educator (b. 1910)
- 1993 – Rudolf Nureyev, Russian-French dancer and choreographer (b. 1938)
- 1984 – Ernest Laszlo, Hungarian-American cinematographer (b. 1898)
- 1949 – Victor Fleming, American director, producer, and cinematographer (b. 1883)
- 1945 – Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist and chemist (b. 1863)
- 1944 – Ida Tarbell, American journalist, reformer, and educator (b. 1857)
- 1941 – Charley O'Leary, American baseball player and coach (b. 1882)
- 1928 – Alvin Kraenzlein, American hurdler and long jumper (b. 1876)
- 1921 – Devil Anse Hatfield, American guerrilla leader (b. 1839)
- 1919 – Max Heindel, Danish-American astrologer and mystic (b. 1865)
- 1919 – Theodore Roosevelt, American colonel and politician, 26th President of the United States (b. 1858)
- 1905 – George Van Cleaf, American swimmer and water polo player (b. 1880)
- 1896 – Thomas W. Knox, American journalist and author (b. 1835)
- 1852 – Louis Braille, French educator, invented Braille (b. 1809)
- 1646 – Elias Holl, German architect, designed the Augsburg Town Hall (b. 1573)
- 1537 – Baldassare Peruzzi, Italian architect and painter, designed the Palazzo Massimo alle Colonne (b. 1481)