Sunday 10 January 2021 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
, Chocolate holidays
, Dominican Republic
, Environmental Dates
, Food holidays
, Health Calendar
, Puerto Rico
, Unusual Holidays
Holidays and observances
- In 2018 researchers at Imperial College London and King's College London publish a paper in the journal Scientific Reports about the development of a new 3D bioprinting technique, which allows the more accurate printing of soft tissue organs, such as lungs.
- 1985 – Sandinista Daniel Ortega becomes president of Nicaragua and vows to continue the transformation to socialism and alliance with the Soviet Union and Cuba; American policy continues to support the Contras in their revolt against the Nicaraguan government.
- 1984 – Holy See–United States relations: The United States and Holy See (Vatican City) re-establish full diplomatic relations after almost 117 years, overturning the United States Congress's 1867 ban on public funding for such a diplomatic envoy.
- 1981 – Salvadoran Civil War: The FMLN launches its first major offensive, gaining control of most of Morazán and Chalatenango departments
- 1946 – The United States Army Signal Corps successfully conducts Project Diana, bouncing radio waves off the Moon and receiving the reflected signals.
- 1946 – The first General Assembly of the United Nations opens in London. Fifty-one nations are represented.
- 1927 – Fritz Lang's futuristic film Metropolis is released in Germany.
- 1920 – The Treaty of Versailles takes effect, officially ending World War I.
- 1901 – The first great Texas oil gusher is discovered at Spindletop in Beaumont, Texas.
- 1863 – The Metropolitan Railway, the world's oldest underground railway, opens between Paddington and Farringdon, marking the beginning of the London Underground.
- 1861 – American Civil War: Florida secedes from the Union.
- 1812 – The first steamboat on the Ohio River or the Mississippi River arrives in New Orleans, 82 days after departing from Pittsburgh.
- 1989 – Emily Meade, American actress. She also portrayed a future version of the character Ella Blake in series Fringe third season finale and had a leading role in the HBO series The Deuce (2017–2019).
- 1981 – Jared Kushner, American real estate investor and political figure. Jared Corey Kushner (born January 10, 1981) is an American investor, real-estate developer, and newspaper publisher who is currently senior advisor to his father-in-law, Donald Trump, the president of the United States.
- 1975 – Jake Delhomme, American football player. Jake Christopher Delhomme (/dəˈloʊm/; born January 10, 1975) is a former American football quarterback who played professionally in the National Football League (NFL).
- 1973 – Félix Trinidad, Puerto Rican-American boxer. Félix Juan Trinidad García (born January 10, 1973), popularly known as "Tito" Trinidad, is a Puerto Rican former professional boxer who competed from 1990 to 2008.
- 1973 – Glenn Robinson, American basketball player. Robinson attended Purdue University, was the first overall pick in the 1994 NBA draft, and is the father of Glenn Robinson III, who played college basketball at the University of Michigan and plays in the NBA with the Golden State Warriors.
- 1970 – Buff Bagwell, American wrestler and actor. Marcus Alexander Bagwell (born January 10, 1970) is an American professional wrestler and actor, better known by his ring name, Buff Bagwell.
- 1963 – Mark Pryor, American lawyer and politician, 53rd Arkansas Attorney General. Mark Lunsford Pryor (born January 10, 1963) is an American attorney and politician who served as a United States Senator from Arkansas from 2003 to 2015.
- 1962 – Kathryn S. McKinley, American computer scientist and academic. Hoard memory allocator DaCapo Java Benchmarks Immix Mark-Region Garbage Collector
- 1961 – Janet Jones, American actress. She is married to retired ice hockey Hall of Famer Wayne Gretzky.
- 1961 – Nadja Salerno-Sonnenberg, Italian-American violinist, author, and educator. Nadja Salerno-Sonnenberg (born January 10, 1961) is an Italian and American classical violinist and teacher.
- 1959 – Chandra Cheeseborough, American sprinter and coach. In 1976, she set the World junior record at 11.13 seconds by placing second at the U.S.
- 1959 – Chris Van Hollen, American lawyer and politician. Van Hollen Jr. (born January 10, 1959) is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator from Maryland since January 3, 2017.
- 1958 – Eddie Cheever, American race car driver. Edward McKay Cheever Jr. (born January 10, 1958) is an American former racing driver who raced for almost 30 years in Formula One, sports cars, CART, and the Indy Racing League.
- 1956 – Shawn Colvin, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. While Colvin has been a solo recording artist for nearly three decades, she is perhaps best known for her 1997 Grammy-winning song, "Sunny Came Home".
- 1953 – Bobby Rahal, American race car driver. Robert Woodward "Bobby" Rahal (born January 10, 1953) is an American former auto racing driver and team owner.
- 1953 – Pat Benatar, American singer-songwriter. Patricia Mae Giraldo (née Andrzejewski; born January 10, 1953), known professionally as Pat Benatar, is an American singer, songwriter, actress, and four-time Grammy Award winner.
- 1952 – Scott Thurston, American guitarist and songwriter. He was a member of the Stooges, and of Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers, in which he sang harmony vocals and played guitar, bass, keyboards, and harmonica.
- 1950 – Roy Blunt, American academic and politician. Roy Dean Blunt (born January 10, 1950) is an American politician who is the senior United States Senator for Missouri, serving since 2011.
- 1949 – George Foreman, American boxer, actor, and businessman. Outside of boxing, he is also an author and entrepreneur.
- 1948 – Donald Fagen, American singer-songwriter and musician. Donald Jay Fagen (born January 10, 1948) is an American musician best known as the co-founder, lead singer, co-songwriter, and keyboardist of the band Steely Dan, formed in the early 1970s.
- 1947 – George Alec Effinger, American author (d. 2002), was an American science fiction author, born in Cleveland, Ohio.
- 1945 – Gunther von Hagens, German anatomist, invented plastination. The sourcing of biological specimens for his exhibits has been controversial, but he insists that informed consent was given before death of donors, and extensive documentation of this has been made available.
- 1943 – Jim Croce, American singer-songwriter (d. 1973), was an American folk and rock singer-songwriter. Between 1966 and 1973, Croce released five studio albums and numerous singles.
- 1940 – Walter Hill, American director, producer, and screenwriter. He has directed such films as The Warriors, Hard Times, The Driver, Southern Comfort, 48 Hrs. and its sequel Another 48 Hrs., Red Heat, Last Man Standing, Undisputed, and Bullet to the Head, as well as writing the screenplay for the Jim Thompson crime drama The Getaway starring Steve McQueen and directed by Sam Peckinpah.
- 1939 – David Horowitz, American activist and author. Horowitz also founded the organization Students for Academic Freedom.
- 1939 – Jared Carter, American poet and author. Jared Carter is an American poet and editor.
- 1939 – Sal Mineo, American actor (d. 1976), was an American film and theatre actor and director. Mineo is chiefly known for his performance as John "Plato" Crawford opposite James Dean in the film Rebel Without a Cause (1955).
- 1938 – Donald Knuth, American computer scientist and mathematician. He is the 1974 recipient of the ACM Turing Award, informally considered the Nobel Prize of computer science.
- 1938 – Willie McCovey, American baseball player, was an American Major League Baseball first baseman. Known as "Stretch" during his playing days, and later also nicknamed "Mac" and "Willie Mac," he is best known for his long tenure as one of the sport's greatest stars with the San Francisco Giants.
- 1937 – Daniel Walker Howe, American historian and academic. Daniel Walker Howe (born January 10, 1937 in Ogden, Utah) is an American historian who specializes in the early national period of U.S. history, with a particular interest in its intellectual and religious dimensions.
- 1937 – Thomas Penfield Jackson, American soldier, lawyer, and judge (d. 2013), was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia.
- 1936 – Robert Woodrow Wilson, American physicist and astronomer, Nobel Prize laureate. Robert Woodrow Wilson (born January 10, 1936) is an American astronomer who, along with Arno Allan Penzias, discovered cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB) in 1964.
- 1936 – Stephen E. Ambrose, American historian and author (d. 2002), was an American historian and biographer of U.S. Presidents Dwight D.
- 1935 – Ronnie Hawkins, American rockabilly singer-songwriter and guitarist. Ronald Hawkins, OC, (born January 10, 1935) is an American/Canadian rock and roll musician whose career has spanned more than half a century.
- 1935 – Sherrill Milnes, American opera singer and educator. Sherrill Milnes (born January 10, 1935) is an American dramatic baritone most famous for his Verdi roles.
- 1930 – Roy E. Disney, American businessman (d. 2009), was a longtime senior executive for The Walt Disney Company, which was founded by his father, Roy Oliver Disney, and his uncle, Walt Disney. At the time of his death he held more than 16 million shares (about 1% of the company), and served as a consultant for the company, as Director Emeritus for the Board of Directors.
- 1927 – Gisele MacKenzie, Canadian-American singer and actress (d. 2003), was a Canadian-American singer, actress, and commercial spokesperson, best known for her performances on the US television program Your Hit Parade.
- 1927 – Johnnie Ray, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1990). Highly popular for most of the 1950s, Ray has been cited by critics as a major precursor to what would become rock and roll, for his jazz and blues-influenced music and his animated stage personality.
- 1925 – Billie Sol Estes, American financier and businessman (d. 2013), was an American businessman and financier best known for his involvement in a business fraud scandal that complicated his ties to friend and future U.S. President Lyndon Johnson.
- 1924 – Max Roach, American drummer and composer (d. 2007), was an American jazz drummer and composer. A pioneer of bebop, he worked in many other styles of music, and is generally considered alongside the most important drummers in history.
- 1921 – Rodger Ward, American race car driver and sportscaster (d. 2004). Ward (January 10, 1921 – July 5, 2004) was a WWII P-38 aviator in the United States Army Air Forces, and an American race driver with 26 victories in top echelon open-wheel racing in North America, two Indianapolis 500 victories, and two USAC National Championships, who conceived the classic tri-oval design and layout of Pocono International Raceway, modeled after his three favorite signature turns, at Trenton, Indianapolis and Milwaukee.
- 1920 – Max Patkin, American baseball player and clown (d. 1999), was an American baseball player and clown, best known as the Clown Prince of Baseball (a play on "Crown Prince").
- 1920 – Rosella Hightower, American ballerina (d. 2008), was an American ballerina who achieved fame in both the United States and Europe.
- 1919 – Milton Parker, American businessman, co-founded the Carnegie Deli (d. 2009), was a co-owner of the Carnegie Deli, located at 55th Street and Seventh Avenue next to Carnegie Hall in the New York City borough of Manhattan, serving as the behind-the-scenes preparer of towering pastrami sandwiches while his partner Leo Steiner was the tummler who entertained celebrities, locals and tourists.
- 1917 – Jerry Wexler, American journalist and producer (d. 2008), was a music journalist-turned music producer, and was one of the main record industry players behind music from the 1950s through the 1980s. He coined the term "rhythm and blues", and was integral in signing and/or producing many of the biggest acts of the time, including Ray Charles, the Allman Brothers, Chris Connor, Aretha Franklin, Led Zeppelin, Wilson Pickett, Dire Straits, Dusty Springfield and Bob Dylan.
- 1916 – Eldzier Cortor, American painter (d. 2015), was an African-American artist and printmaker. His work typically features elongated nude figures in intimate settings, influenced by both traditional African art and European surrealism.
- 1915 – Cynthia Freeman, American author (d. 1988), was an American novelist.
- 1915 – Dean Dixon, American-Swiss conductor (d. 1976), was an American conductor.
- 1908 – Paul Henreid, Italian-American actor and director (d. 1992), was an Austrian-born American actor and film director. He is best remembered for two roles: Victor Laszlo in Casablanca and Jerry Durrance in Now, Voyager, both released in 1942.
- 1907 – Gordon Kidd Teal, American engineer and inventor (d. 2003). He invented a method of applying the Czochralski method to produce extremely pure germanium single crystals used in making greatly improved transistors.
- 1904 – Ray Bolger, American actor and dancer (d. 1987), was an American film and television actor, vaudevillian, singer, dancer (particularly of tap) and stage performer (particularly musical theatre) who started in the silent film era. He was a major Broadway performer in the 1930s and beyond (see below).
- 1900 – Violette Cordery, English race car driver (d. 1983), was a British racing driver and long distance record breaker.
- 1898 – Katharine Burr Blodgett, American physicist and engineer (d. 1979), was an American physicist and chemist known for her work on surface chemistry, in particular her invention of "invisible" or nonreflective glass while working at General Electric. She was the first woman to be awarded a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Cambridge, in 1926.
- 1892 – Dumas Malone, American historian and author (d. 1986), was an American historian, biographer, and editor noted for his six-volume biography on Thomas Jefferson, Jefferson and His Time, for which he received the 1975 Pulitzer Prize for history. In 1983 he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
- 1891 – Ann Shoemaker, American actress (d. 1978), was an American actress who appeared in 70 films and TV movies between 1928 and 1976. She portrayed Sara Roosevelt, mother of Franklin D.
- 1887 – Robinson Jeffers, American poet and philosopher (d. 1962), was an American poet, known for his work about the central California coast. Much of Jeffers' poetry was written in narrative and epic form.
- 1883 – Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy, Russian journalist, author, and poet (d. 1945), was a Russian and Soviet writer who wrote in many genres but specialized in science fiction and in historical novels.
- 1883 – Francis X. Bushman, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1966), was an American film actor and director. His career as a matinee idol started in 1911 in the silent film His Friend's Wife.
- 1877 – Frederick Gardner Cottrell, American physical chemist, inventor and philanthropist (d. 1948). He is best known for his invention of the electrostatic precipitator, one of the first inventions designed to eliminate air pollution—and for establishing the Research Corporation for Science Advancement, a foundation that has funded scientific research since 1912.
- 1873 – Jack O'Neill, Irish-American baseball player (d. 1935). Jonathan J. "Jack" O'Neill, Lieutenant General, USAF, is a fictional character in the military science fiction franchise Stargate, and primarily one of the main characters of the television series Stargate SG-1.
- 1858 – Heinrich Zille, German illustrator and photographer (d. 1929), was a German illustrator, caricaturist, lithographer and photographer.
- 1850 – John Wellborn Root, American architect, designed the Rookery Building and Monadnock Building (d. 1891), was an American architect who was based in Chicago with Daniel Burnham. He was one of the founders of the Chicago School style.
- 1849 – Robert Crosbie, Canadian theosophist, founded the United Lodge of Theosophists (d. 1919), was a theosophist and founder of the United Lodge of Theosophists (ULT).
- 1848 – Reinhold Sadler, American merchant and politician, 9th Governor of Nevada (d. 1906), was an American politician. He was the ninth Governor of Nevada.
- 1843 – Frank James, American soldier and criminal (d. 1915), was a Confederate soldier, guerrilla, and outlaw. He was the older brother of outlaw Jesse James and was also part of the James–Younger Gang.
- 1836 – Charles Ingalls, American farmer and carpenter (d. 1902), was the father of Laura Ingalls Wilder, known for her Little House series of books. He is depicted as the character "Pa" in the books and the television series.
- 1810 – Jeremiah S. Black, American jurist and politician, 23rd United States Secretary of State (d. 1883), was an American statesman and lawyer. He served as a justice on the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania (1851–1857) and as the Court's Chief Justice (1851–1854).
- 1802 – Carl Ritter von Ghega, Italian-Austrian engineer, designed the Semmering railway (d. 1860), was an Albanian-Austrian nobleman and the designer of the Semmering Railway from Gloggnitz to Mürzzuschlag. During his time, he was the most prominent of Austrian railway engineers and architects.
- 1776 – George Birkbeck, English physician and academic, founded Birkbeck, University of London (d. 1841), was a British physician, academic, philanthropist, pioneer in adult education and a professor of natural philosophy at the University of Strathclyde. He is the founder of Birkbeck, University of London and was head of the Chemical Society.
- 2017 – Buddy Greco, American jazz and pop singer and pianist (b. 1926)
- 2015 – Taylor Negron, American actor, playwright, and painter (b. 1957)
- 2014 – Larry Speakes, American journalist, 16th White House Press Secretary (b. 1939)
- 2013 – Claude Nobs, Swiss businessman, founded the Montreux Jazz Festival (b. 1936)
- 2011 – Margaret Whiting, American singer (b. 1924)
- 2008 – Christopher Bowman, American figure skater and actor (b. 1967)
- 2008 – Maila Nurmi, Finnish-American actress, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1922)
- 2007 – Bradford Washburn, American explorer, photographer, and cartographer (b. 1910)
- 2005 – Jack Horner, American journalist (b. 1912)
- 2004 – Spalding Gray, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1941)
- 1997 – Sheldon Leonard, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1907)
- 1989 – Herbert Morrison, American journalist and producer (b. 1905)
- 1987 – Marion Hutton, American singer (b. 1919)
- 1982 – Paul Lynde, American actor and comedian (b. 1926)
- 1981 – Fawn M. Brodie, American historian and author (b. 1915)
- 1980 – Bo Rein, American football player and coach (b. 1945)
- 1980 – George Meany, American plumber and trade union leader (b. 1894)
- 1980 – Hughie Critz, American baseball player and scout (b. 1900)
- 1978 – Don Gillis, American composer and conductor (b. 1912)
- 1976 – Howlin' Wolf, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1910)
- 1971 – Coco Chanel, French fashion designer, founded Chanel (b. 1883)
- 1967 – Charles E. Burchfield, American painter (b. 1893)
- 1961 – Dashiell Hammett, American detective novelist and screenwriter (b. 1894)
- 1954 – Chester Wilmot, American journalist and historian (b. 1911)
- 1951 – Sinclair Lewis, American novelist, short-story writer, and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)
- 1941 – Joe Penner, Hungarian-American actor (b. 1904)
- 1917 – Buffalo Bill, American soldier and hunter (b. 1846)
- 1863 – Lyman Beecher, American minister and activist, co-founded the American Temperance Society (b. 1775)
- 1862 – Samuel Colt, American engineer and businessman, founded Colt's Manufacturing Company (b. 1814)
- 1754 – Edward Cave, English publisher, founded The Gentleman's Magazine (b. 1691)