Punch the Clock Day (This holiday celebrates the system of calculating employee work hours through the Punch Clock system and its invention)
2003 – The first selections for the National Recording Registry are announced by the Library of Congress.
1996 – Germany first observes International Holocaust Remembrance Day.
1996 – In a military coup Colonel Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara deposes the first democratically elected president of Niger, Mahamane Ousmane.
1980 – Through cooperation between the U.S. and Canadian governments, six American diplomats secretly escape hostilities in Iran in the culmination of the Canadian Caper.
1973 – The Paris Peace Accords officially end the Vietnam War. Colonel William Nolde is killed in action becoming the conflict's last recorded American combat casualty.
1967 – United States, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union sign the Outer Space Treaty in Washington, D.C., banning deployment of nuclear weapons in space, and limiting use of the Moon and other celestial bodies to peaceful purposes.
1943 – World War II: The Eighth Air Force sorties ninety-one B-17s and B-24s to attack the U-boat construction yards at Wilhelmshaven, Germany. This was the first American bombing attack on Germany.
1939 – First flight of the Lockheed P-38 Lightning.
1880 – Thomas Edison receives the patent on the incandescent lamp.
1785 – The University of Georgia is founded, the first public university in the United States.
1776 – American Revolutionary War: Henry Knox's "noble train of artillery" arrives in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
1993 – Joe Landolina, American engineer and businessman, founded Vetigel. Joseph Alexander "Joe" Landolina (born January 27, 1993) is an American inventor and biomedical engineer, who is known for starting his company Cresilon, Inc. (formerly Suneris, Inc.) at a young age.
1987 – Katy Rose, American singer-songwriter and producer. Since her last album, Rose has released eight independent singles.
1983 – Deon Anderson, American football player. He was drafted in the sixth round of the 2007 NFL Draft by the Dallas Cowboys.
1983 – Gavin Floyd, American baseball player. Gavin Christopher Floyd (born January 27, 1983), is an American former professional baseball pitcher, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Philadelphia Phillies, Chicago White Sox, Atlanta Braves, Cleveland Indians, and Toronto Blue Jays.
1980 – Chanda Gunn, American ice hockey player and coach. At the games in Turin, she played close to 250 minutes and had 50 saves with a save percentage of 89.3%.
1978 – Pete Laforest, Canadian-American baseball player and manager, was the first manager of the Trois-Rivières Aigles (Can-Am). He is a graduate of Fort Scott Community College.
1976 – Clint Ford, American actor, voice actor and novelist. He is also known for his work in the American dubs of Japanese anime cartoon series, such as Yû yû hakusho, Blue Gender, and Dragon Ball Z.
1976 – Michael K. Winder, American businessman and politician. A Republican, he currently represents District 30 in the Utah House of Representatives, a position to which he was first elected in November 2016.
1969 – Patton Oswalt, American comedian and actor. Patton Peter Oswalt (born January 27, 1969) is an American stand-up comedian, actor, voice actor, and writer, known for playing Spencer Olchin in the sitcom The King of Queens (1998–2007), voicing Remy in the Pixar film Ratatouille (2007), co-starring opposite Charlize Theron in Young Adult (2011) and guest starring as the Koenigs on Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. (2014–2017).
1968 – Matt Stover, American football player. He has played for the New York Giants, Indianapolis Colts, Cleveland Browns, and Baltimore Ravens, with whom he played for 13 seasons.
1968 – Mike Patton, American singer, composer, and voice artist. Michael Allan Patton (born January 27, 1968) is an American musician, singer, songwriter, actor, record producer, multi-instrumentalist and film composer, best known as the lead vocalist of the alternative metal band Faith No More.
1968 – Tracy Lawrence, American country singer. He signed to Atlantic Records Nashville in 1991 after being found and working with Publisher Wanda Collier and made his debut late that year with the album Sticks and Stones.
1966 – Tamlyn Tomita, Japanese-American actress and singer. She made her screen debut in a leading role in The Karate Kid Part II (1986), and later was leading and supporting roles in films Come See the Paradise (1990), The Joy Luck Club (1993), Picture Bride (1994), Four Rooms (1995), Robot Stories (2003), The Day After Tomorrow (2004) and Gaijin 2: Love Me as I Am (2005).
1965 – Alan Cumming, Scottish-American actor. Alan Cumming OBE (born 27 January 1965) is a Scottish–American actor, comedian, singer, writer, producer, director, and activist who has appeared in numerous films, television shows, and plays.
1964 – Bridget Fonda, American actress. She is the daughter of Peter Fonda, niece of Jane Fonda and granddaughter of Henry Fonda.
1961 – Narciso Rodriguez, American fashion designer. Narciso Rodriguez (American Spanish: ) is a Cuban American fashion designer.
1959 – Cris Collinsworth, American football player and sportscaster, was a wide receiver in the National Football League (NFL) for eight seasons, all with the Cincinnati Bengals, during the 1980s. He played college football for the University of Florida, and was recognized as an All-American.
1959 – Keith Olbermann, American journalist and author. Keith Theodore Olbermann (/ˈoʊlbərmən/; born January 27, 1959) is an American sports and political commentator and writer.
1958 – James Grippando, American lawyer and author. James Grippando is an American novelist and lawyer best known as the 2017 winner of the Harper Lee Prize for Legal Fiction.
1956 – Mimi Rogers, American actress. Miriam "Mimi" Rogers (née Spickler; born January 27, 1956) is an American film and television actress, producer, and former professional poker player.
1955 – John Roberts, American lawyer and judge, 17th Chief Justice of the United States. Holder, National Federation of Independent Business v.
1954 – Ed Schultz, American talk show host and sportscaster, was an American television and radio host, a political commentator, news anchor, and a sports broadcaster.
1954 – Peter Laird, American author and illustrator. Peter Alan Laird (born January 27, 1954) is an American comic book writer and artist best known for co-creating the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles with writer and artist Kevin Eastman.
1952 – Brian Gottfried, American tennis player. Brian Edward Gottfried (born January 27, 1952) is a retired American tennis player who won 25 singles titles and 54 doubles titles during his professional career.
1952 – G. E. Smith, American guitarist and songwriter. George Edward Smith (né Haddad; born January 27, 1952) is an American guitarist.
1952 – Tam O'Shaughnessy, American tennis player, psychologist, and academic. Tam Elizabeth O'Shaughnessy (born January 27, 1952) is an American children's science writer and former professional tennis player who co-founded, with Sally Ride, the science education company Sally Ride Science.
1951 – Seth Justman, American keyboard player and songwriter. Geils Band.
1948 – Mikhail Baryshnikov, Russian-American dancer, choreographer, and actor. Mikhail Nikolayevich Baryshnikov (Russian: Михаи́л Никола́евич Бары́шников, IPA: ; Latvian: Mihails Barišņikovs; born January 27, 1948), nicknamed "Misha" (Russian diminutive of the name "Mikhail"), is a Latvian SSR born Russian and American dancer, choreographer, and actor.
1947 – Cal Schenkel, American painter and illustrator. Calvin "Cal" Schenkel (born January 27, 1947, Willow Grove, Pennsylvania) is an American illustrator, graphic designer, animator and comics artist, specializing in album cover design.
1946 – Nedra Talley, American singer. Nedra Talley, now known as Nedra Talley-Ross (born January 27, 1946), is an American singer best known as a former member of the girl group The Ronettes, in which she performed with her cousins Ronnie and Estelle Bennett.
1942 – Kate Wolf, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1986), was an American folk singer and songwriter. Though her career was relatively short, she had a significant impact on the folk music scene, and many musicians continue to cover her songs.
1942 – Stewart Raffill, American director and screenwriter. He is best known for directing the cult classic Mac and Me.
1940 – James Cromwell, American actor. Confidential (1997), The Green Mile (1999), Space Cowboys (2000), The Sum of All Fears (2002), I, Robot (2004), The Longest Yard (2005), The Queen (2006), W. (2008), Secretariat (2010), The Artist (2011), Big Hero 6 (2014), and Marshall (2017), as well as the television series Angels in America (2003), Six Feet Under (2003–2005), American Horror Story: Asylum (2012–2013), Boardwalk Empire (2012–2013), Halt and Catch Fire (2015), The Young Pope (2016), Succession (2018–2019), and Counterpart (2018–2019).
1940 – Reynaldo Rey, American actor and screenwriter (d. 2015), was an American actor, comedian, and television personality.
1936 – Samuel C. C. Ting, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate. Samuel Chao Chung Ting (Chinese: 丁肇中; pinyin: Dīng Zhàozhōng, born January 27, 1936) is an American physicist who received the Nobel Prize in 1976, with Burton Richter, for discovering the subatomic J/ψ particle.
1936 – Troy Donahue, American actor (d. 2001), was an American film and television actor and singer. He was a popular male sex symbol in the 1950s and 1960s.
1935 – Steve Demeter, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 2013), was an American professional baseball player and scout. He played in Major League Baseball as a third baseman for two seasons.
1934 – George Follmer, American race car driver. His family moved to California when he was just an infant.
1933 – Jerry Buss, American chemist and businessman (d. 2013), was an American businessman, investor, chemist, and philanthropist. He was the majority owner of the Los Angeles Lakers professional basketball team in the National Basketball Association (NBA), winning 10 league championships that were highlighted by the team's Showtime era during the 1980s.
1930 – Bobby "Blue" Bland, American blues singer-songwriter (d. 2013). Bland developed a sound that mixed gospel with the blues and R&B.
1921 – Donna Reed, American actress (d. 1986), was an American film, television actress and producer. Her career spanned more than 40 years, with performances in more than 40 films.
1918 – Elmore James, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1963), was an American blues guitarist, singer, songwriter and bandleader. He was known as "King of the Slide Guitar" and was noted for his use of loud amplification and his stirring voice.
1918 – Skitch Henderson, American pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 2005), was a pianist, conductor, and composer. His nickname "Skitch" came from his ability to "re-sketch" a song in a different key and Bing Crosby suggested that he should use the name professionally.
1918 – William Seawell, American general (d. 2005), was a Brigadier General in the United States Air Force and former head of Pan Am.
1915 – Jacques Hnizdovsky, Ukrainian-American painter, sculptor, and illustrator (d. 1985), was a Ukrainian-born American painter, printmaker, graphic designer, illustrator and sculptor.
1915 – Jules Archer, American historian and author (d. 2008), was an American author who wrote many volumes of non-fiction history for a general audience and for young adults. Archer attended DeWitt Clinton High School in New York City and the College of the City of New York, where he received a degree in advertising.
1912 – Francis Rogallo, American engineer, invented the Rogallo wing (d. 2009), was an American aeronautical engineer inventor born in Sanger, California, U.S.; he is credited with the invention of the Rogallo wing, or "flexible wing", a precursor to the modern hang glider and paraglider. His patents were ranged over mechanical utility patents and ornamental design patents for wing controls, airfoils, target kite, flexible wing, and advanced configurations for flexible wing vehicles.
1905 – Howard McNear, American actor (d. 1969), was an American stage, screen, and radio character actor. McNear is best remembered as Floyd Lawson, the barber in The Andy Griffith Show (1960-1968).
1904 – James J. Gibson, American psychologist and academic (d. 1979), was an American psychologist and one of the most important contributors to the field of visual perception. Gibson challenged the idea that the nervous system actively constructs conscious visual perception, and instead promoted ecological psychology, in which the mind directly perceives environmental stimuli without additional cognitive construction or processing.
1903 – Otto P. Weyland, American general (d. 1979), was a United States Air Force general and the post-World War II Commander of Far East Air Forces during the Korean War and of Tactical Air Command.
1901 – Art Rooney, American football player and coach, founded the Pittsburgh Steelers (d. 1988), was the founding owner of the Pittsburgh Steelers, an American football franchise in the National Football League (NFL), from 1933 until his death. Rooney is a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame, was an Olympic qualifying boxer, and was part or whole owner in several track sport venues and Pittsburgh area pro teams.
1900 – Hyman G. Rickover, American admiral (d. 1986). Rickover (January 27, 1900 – July 8, 1986) was an Admiral in the U.S.
1895 – Harry Ruby, American composer and screenwriter (d. 1974), was an American composer and screenwriter, who was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1970. He was married to silent film actress Eileen Percy.
1895 – Joseph Rosenstock, Polish-American conductor and manager (d. 1985). He worked at the State Theatre in Darmstadt, where he conducted on 12 April 1923 Hagith by Karol Szymanowski, and at the State Opera in Wiesbaden, where he conducted on 6 May 1928 the premiere of three short operas by Ernst Krenek, Der Diktator, Das geheime Königreich and Schwergewicht, oder Die Ehre der Nation as part of the festival Maifestwoche.
1885 – Jerome Kern, American composer and songwriter (d. 1945), was an American composer of musical theatre and popular music. One of the most important American theatre composers of the early 20th century, he wrote more than 700 songs, used in over 100 stage works, including such classics as "Ol' Man River", "Can't Help Lovin' Dat Man", "A Fine Romance", "Smoke Gets in Your Eyes", "The Song Is You", "All the Things You Are", "The Way You Look Tonight", "Long Ago (and Far Away)" and "Who?".
1878 – Dorothy Scarborough, American author (d. 1935), was an American writer who wrote about Texas, folk culture, cotton farming, ghost stories and women's life in the Southwest.
1869 – Will Marion Cook, American violinist and composer (d. 1944), was an African-American composer, violinist, and choral director. Cook was a student of Antonín Dvořák.
1850 – Samuel Gompers, English-American labor leader (d. 1924), was a Jewish immigrant labor union leader and a key figure in American labor history. Gompers founded the American Federation of Labor (AFL), and served as the organization's president from 1886 to 1894, and from 1895 until his death in 1924.
1821 – John Chivington, American colonel and pastor (d. 1892). John Milton Chivington (January 27, 1821 – October 4, 1894) was an American Methodist pastor and Mason who served as a colonel in the United States Volunteers during the New Mexico Campaign of the American Civil War.
1814 – Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, French architect, designed the Lausanne Cathedral (d. 1879), was a French architect and author who restored many prominent medieval landmarks in France, including those which had been damaged or abandoned during the French Revolution. His major restoration projects included Notre-Dame Cathedral, the Basilica of Saint Denis, Mont Saint-Michel, Sainte-Chapelle, and the medieval walls of the city of Carcassonne.
1795 – Eli Whitney Blake, American engineer, invented the Mortise lock (d. 1886), was an American inventor, best known for his mortise lock and stone-crushing machine, the latter of which earned him a place into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.
1687 – Johann Balthasar Neumann, German engineer and architect, designed Würzburg Residence and Basilica of the Fourteen Holy Helpers (d. 1753), was a German architect and military artillery engineer who developed a refined brand of Baroque architecture, fusing Austrian, Bohemian, Italian, and French elements to design some of the most impressive buildings of the period, including the Würzburg Residence and the Basilica of the Fourteen Holy Helpers (called Vierzehnheiligen in German).
2017 – Arthur H. Rosenfeld, American physicist (b. 1926)
2015 – Charles Hard Townes, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)
2015 – Larry Winters, American wrestler and trainer (b. 1956)
2015 – Rocky Bridges, American baseball player and coach (b. 1927)
2014 – Pete Seeger, American singer-songwriter, guitarist and activist (b. 1919)
2013 – Stanley Karnow, American journalist and historian (b. 1925)
2012 – Greg Cook, American football player and sportscaster (b. 1946)
2012 – Jeannette Hamby, American nurse and politician (b. 1933)
2012 – Kevin White, American politician, 51st Mayor of Boston (b. 1929)
2011 – Charlie Callas, American comedian and musician (b. 1927)
2010 – Howard Zinn, American historian, author, and activist (b. 1922)
2010 – J. D. Salinger, American soldier and author (b. 1919)
2010 – Zelda Rubinstein, American actress (b. 1933)
2009 – John Updike, American novelist, short story writer, and critic (b. 1932)
2008 – Gordon B. Hinckley, American religious leader and author, 15th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1910)
2008 – Louie Welch, American businessman and politician, 54th Mayor of Houston (b. 1918)
2006 – Gene McFadden, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1948)
2004 – Jack Paar, American talk show host and author (b. 1918)
1996 – Ralph Yarborough, American colonel, lawyer, and politician (b. 1903)