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Thursday 27 February 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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February 27 Events

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Holidays and observances

Events

  • 1991 Gulf War: U.S. President George H. W. Bush announces that "Kuwait is liberated".
  • 1971 – Doctors in the first Dutch abortion clinic (the Mildredhuis in Arnhem) start performing aborti provocati.
  • 1963 The Dominican Republic receives its first democratically elected president, Juan Bosch, since the end of the dictatorship led by Rafael Trujillo.
  • 1961 The first congress of the Spanish Trade Union Organisation is inaugurated.
  • 1951 The Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution, limiting Presidents to two terms, is ratified.
  • 1940 – Martin Kamen and Sam Ruben discover carbon-14.
  • 1939 – United States labor law: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that sit-down strikes violate property owners' rights and are therefore illegal.
  • 1922 – A challenge to the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, allowing women the right to vote, is rebuffed by the Supreme Court of the United States in Leser v. Garnett.
  • 1921 The International Working Union of Socialist Parties is founded in Vienna.
  • 1900 – Fußball-Club Bayern München is founded.
  • 1900 The British Labour Party is founded.
  • 1881 – First Boer War: The Battle of Majuba Hill takes place.
  • 1870 – The current flag of Japan is first adopted as the national flag for Japanese merchant ships.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The first Northern prisoners arrive at the Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia.
  • 1860 Abraham Lincoln makes a speech at Cooper Union in the city of New York that is largely responsible for his election to the Presidency.
  • 1812 – Poet Lord Byron gives his first address as a member of the House of Lords, in defense of Luddite violence against Industrialism in his home county of Nottinghamshire.
  • 1812 Argentine War of Independence: Manuel Belgrano raises the Flag of Argentina in the city of Rosario for the first time.
  • 1801 Pursuant to the District of Columbia Organic Act of 1801, Washington, D.C. is placed under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Congress.
  • 1782 – American Revolutionary War: The House of Commons of Great Britain votes against further war in America.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: The Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge in North Carolina breaks up a Loyalist militia.
  • 1700 - The island of New Britain is discovered.
  • 425 – The University of Constantinople is founded by Emperor Theodosius II at the urging of his wife Aelia Eudocia.

Births

  • 1992 – Meyers Leonard, American basketball player. Meyers Patrick Leonard (born February 27, 1992) is an American professional basketball player for the Miami Heat of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
  • 1992 – Ty Dillon, American race car driver. He is the younger brother of fellow NASCAR driver Austin Dillon, son of former driver and RCR general manager Mike Dillon, and grandson of Richard Childress.
  • 1986 – Yovani Gallardo, American baseball player. He has played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Milwaukee Brewers, Baltimore Orioles, Texas Rangers, Seattle Mariners, and Cincinnati Reds.
  • 1984 – Aníbal Sánchez, American baseball player. Aníbal Alejandro Sánchez Jr. (Spanish: ; born February 27, 1984) is a Venezuelan- American professional baseball pitcher for the Washington Nationals of Major League Baseball (MLB).
  • 1983 – Devin Harris, American basketball player. Devin Lamar Harris (born February 27, 1983) is an American professional basketball player who last played for the Dallas Mavericks of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
  • 1983 – Kate Mara, American actress. In 2018 she starred in the first season of FX series, Pose.
  • 1981 – Josh Groban, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor. As of 2012, he had sold over 25 million records worldwide.
  • 1980 – Chelsea Clinton, American journalist and academic. President Bill Clinton and former U.S.
  • 1974 – Carte Goodwin, American lawyer and politician. Carte Patrick Goodwin (born February 27, 1974) is an American attorney who served as a United States Senator from West Virginia in 2010.
  • 1974 – Colin Edwards, American motorcycle racer. Colin Edwards II (born February 27, 1974) nicknamed the Texas Tornado, is an American former professional motorcycle racer who retired half-way through the 2014 season, but continues in the sport as a factory test rider.
  • 1971 – Rozonda Thomas, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress (TLC). Rozonda Ocielian Thomas (born February 27, 1971), known professionally as Chilli, is an American singer-songwriter, dancer, actress, television personality and model who rose to fame in the early 1990s as a member of group TLC, one of the best-selling girl groups of the 20th century.
  • 1971 – Sara Blakely, American businesswoman, founded Spanx. Sara Treleaven Blakely (born February 27, 1971) is an American billionaire businesswoman, and founder of Spanx, an American intimate apparel company with pants and leggings, founded in Atlanta, Georgia.
  • 1970 – Kent Desormeaux, American jockey. Breeders' Cup wins:Breeders' Cup Turf (1993)Breeders' Cup Sprint (1995, 2017)Breeders' Cup Dirt Mile (2007)Breeders' Cup Distaff (2010)Breeders' Cup Juvenile (2014)
  • 1969 – Juan E. Gilbert, American computer scientist, inventor, and academic. A staunch advocate of diversity in the computing sciences, Gilbert's successful efforts to increase the number of underrepresented minorities in the computing disciplines have been recognized by professional engineering organizations and the United States government.
  • 1965 – Noah Emmerich, American actor. Noah Nicholas Emmerich (born February 27, 1965) is an American film actor who is best known for his roles in films such as Beautiful Girls (1996), The Truman Show (1998), Frequency (2000), Miracle (2004), Little Children (2006) and Super 8 (2011).
  • 1964 – Jeffrey Pasley, American educator and academic. Jeffrey Lingan Pasley (born February 27, 1964) is a professor of American history at the University of Missouri, specializing in the Early Republic.
  • 1962 – Adam Baldwin, American actor. His roles include Stillman in Ordinary People (1980), Colonel John Casey in Chuck, and Mike Slattery in The Last Ship.
  • 1961 – James Worthy, American basketball player and sportscaster. James Ager Worthy (born February 27, 1961) is an American former professional basketball player who is currently a commentator, television host, and analyst.
  • 1959 – Johnny Van Zant, American singer-songwriter. Johnny Roy Van Zant (born February 27, 1960) is an American musician/composer and the current lead vocalist of Southern rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd.
  • 1958 – Maggie Hassan, American politician, 81st Governor and junior senator of New Hampshire. She was the 81st Governor of New Hampshire, from 2013 to 2017.
  • 1954 – Neal Schon, American rock guitarist and singer-songwriter. Neal Joseph Schon (born February 27, 1954) is an American rock guitarist, songwriter, and vocalist, best known for his work with the bands Journey (in which he is the sole constant original member) and Bad English.
  • 1951 – Lee Atwater, American journalist, activist and political strategist (d. 1991), was an American political consultant and strategist for the Republican Party. He was an adviser to US presidents Ronald Reagan and George H.
  • 1947 – Alan Guth, American physicist and cosmologist. Oscar Klein Medal (1991) Benjamin Franklin Medal for Physics of the Franklin Institute Institute of Physics Isaac Newton Medal (2009) Dirac Prize of the International Center for Theoretical Physics in Trieste Gruber Prize in Cosmology (2004) Fundamental Physics Prize (2012)
  • 1944 – Ken Grimwood, American author (d. 2003), was an American author, who also published work under the name of Alan Cochran. In his fantasy fiction, Grimwood combined themes of life-affirmation and hope with metaphysical concepts, themes found in his best-known novel, Replay (1986).
  • 1943 – Mary Frann, American actress (d. 1998), was an American stage, film and television actress. Frann is best known for her role as Bob Newhart's wife, Joanna Loudon, on the CBS sitcom Newhart, which aired from 1982 to 1990.
  • 1943 – Morten Lauridsen, American composer and conductor. A National Medal of Arts recipient (2007), he was composer-in-residence of the Los Angeles Master Chorale (1994–2001) and has been a professor of composition at the University of Southern California Thornton School of Music for more than 40 years.
  • 1942 – Charlayne Hunter-Gault, American journalist. Charlayne Hunter-Gault (born February 27, 1942) is an American journalist and former foreign correspondent for National Public Radio, and the Public Broadcasting Service.
  • 1942 – Jimmy Burns, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. His elder brother, Eddie "Guitar" Burns, was a Detroit blues musician.
  • 1942 – Robert H. Grubbs, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate. Robert Howard Grubbs ForMemRS (born February 27, 1942) is an American chemist and the Victor and Elizabeth Atkins Professor of Chemistry at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, California.
  • 1940 – Howard Hesseman, American actor. Johnny Fever on WKRP in Cincinnati, Captain Pete Lassard in Police Academy 2: Their First Assignment, Sam Royer on One Day at a Time and schoolteacher Charlie Moore on Head of the Class.
  • 1939 – Peter Revson, American race car driver (d. 1974), was an American race car driver and heir to the Revlon cosmetics fortune. He was a two-time Formula One race winner and had success at the Indianapolis 500.
  • 1937 – Barbara Babcock, American actress. Quinn, Medicine Woman, for which she was nominated for an Emmy Award in 1993.
  • 1936 – Roger Mahony, American cardinal. Roger Michael Cardinal Mahony KGCHS (born February 27, 1936) is an American cardinal and retired prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Archbishop of Los Angeles from 1985 to 2011.
  • 1935 – Uri Shulevitz, American author and illustrator. He won the 1969 Caldecott Medal for U.S. picture book illustration, recognizing The Fool of the World and the Flying Ship, a Russian fairy tale retold by Arthur Ransome in 1916.
  • 1934 – Ralph Nader, American lawyer, politician, and activist. Ralph Nader (/ˈneɪdər/; born February 27, 1934) is an American political activist, author, lecturer, and attorney, noted for his involvement in consumer protection, environmentalism and government reform causes.
  • 1933 – Malcolm Wallop, American politician (d. 2011), was a Wyoming rancher, Republican politician, and three-term United States Senator from Wyoming.
  • 1933 – Raymond Berry, American football player and coach. With the Colts, Berry led the NFL in receptions and receiving yards three times and in receiving touchdowns twice, and he was invited to six Pro Bowls.
  • 1932 – Elizabeth Taylor, English-American actress and humanitarian (d. 2011), was a British-American actress, businesswoman, and humanitarian. She began her career as a child actress in the early 1940s, and was one of the most popular stars of classical Hollywood cinema in the 1950s.
  • 1930 – Joanne Woodward, American actress. Joanne Gignilliat Trimmier Woodward (born February 27, 1930) is an American actress, producer, and philanthropist.
  • 1930 – Paul von Ragué Schleyer, American chemist and academic (d. 2014), was an American physical organic chemist of substantial significance whose research is cited with great frequency. A 1997 survey indicated that Dr.
  • 1930 – Peter Stone, American screenwriter and producer (d. 2003), was an American screenwriter and playwright. Stone is perhaps best remembered by the general public for the screenplays he wrote or co-wrote in the mid-1960s, Charade (1963), Father Goose (1964), and Mirage (1965).
  • 1926 – David H. Hubel, Canadian-American neurophysiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013), was a Canadian American neurophysiologist noted for his studies of the structure and function of the visual cortex. He was co-recipient with Torsten Wiesel of the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (shared with Roger W.
  • 1925 – Kenneth Koch, American poet, playwright and professor (d. 2002), was an American poet, playwright, and professor, active from the 1950s until his death at age 77. He was a prominent poet of the New York School of poetry.
  • 1923 – Dexter Gordon, American saxophonist, composer, and actor (d. 1990), was an American jazz tenor saxophonist. He was one of the first players of the instrument in the bebop idiom of musicians such as Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, and Bud Powell.
  • 1921 – Theodore Van Kirk, American soldier, pilot, and navigator (d. 2014), was a navigator in the United States Army Air Forces, best known as the navigator of the Enola Gay when it dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima. Upon the death of fellow crewman Morris Jeppson on March 30, 2010, Van Kirk became the last surviving member of the Enola Gay crew.
  • 1917 – John Connally, American lieutenant and politician, 61st United States Secretary of Treasury (d. 1993), was an American politician. He served as the 39th Governor of Texas and as the 61st United States Secretary of the Treasury.
  • 1913 – Irwin Shaw, American author and screenwriter (d. 1984), was an American playwright, screenwriter, novelist, and short-story author whose written works have sold more than 14 million copies. He is best known for two of his novels: The Young Lions (1948), about the fate of three soldiers during World War II, made into a film of the same name starring Marlon Brando and Montgomery Clift, and Rich Man, Poor Man (1970), about the fate of two siblings after World War II.
  • 1910 – Joan Bennett, American actress (d. 1990), was an American stage, film, and television actress. She came from a showbiz family, one of three acting sisters.
  • 1910 – Peter De Vries, American journalist and author (d. 1993), was an American editor and novelist known for his satiric wit. He has been described by the philosopher Daniel Dennett as "probably the funniest writer on religion ever".
  • 1907 – Mildred Bailey, American singer (d. 1951), was a Native American jazz singer during the 1930s, known as "The Queen of Swing", "The Rockin' Chair Lady" and "Mrs. Swing".
  • 1907 – Momčilo Đujić, Serbian-American priest and commander (d. 1999), was a Serbian Orthodox priest and Chetnik commander (Serbo-Croatian: vojvoda, војвода) who led a significant proportion of the Chetniks within the northern Dalmatia and western Bosnia regions of the Independent State of Croatia during World War II. After the assassination of King Alexander of Yugoslavia in 1934, he joined the Chetnik Association of Kosta Pećanac.
  • 1905 – Franchot Tone, American actor, singer, and producer (d. 1968), was an American stage, film and television actor. He was Oscar-nominated for his role as Midshipman Roger Byam in Mutiny on the Bounty (1935).
  • 1904 – James T. Farrell, American author and poet (d. 1979), was an American novelist, short-story writer and poet.
  • 1903 – Joseph B. Soloveitchik, Belorussian-American rabbi and philosopher (d. 1993), was a major American Orthodox rabbi, Talmudist, and modern Jewish philosopher. He was a scion of the Lithuanian Jewish Soloveitchik rabbinic dynasty.
  • 1903 – Reginald Gardiner, English-American actor and singer (d. 1980), was an English actor on the stage, in films and television.
  • 1902 – Gene Sarazen, American golfer and sportscaster (d. 1999), was an American professional golfer, one of the world's top players in the 1920s and 1930s, and the winner of seven major championships. He is one of five players (along with Ben Hogan, Gary Player, Jack Nicklaus, and Tiger Woods) to win each of the four majors at least once, now known as the Career Grand Slam: U.S.
  • 1902 – John Steinbeck, American journalist and author, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1968), was an American author. He won the 1962 Nobel Prize in Literature "for his realistic and imaginative writings, combining as they do sympathetic humour and keen social perception." He has been called "a giant of American letters," and many of his works are considered classics of Western literature.
  • 1902 – Lúcio Costa, French-Brazilian architect and engineer, designed Gustavo Capanema Palace (d. 1998), was a Brazilian architect and urban planner, best known for his plan for Brasília.
  • 1899 – Charles Herbert Best, American-Canadian physiologist and biochemist, co-discovered Insulin (d. 1978), was an American-Canadian medical scientist and one of the co-discoverers of insulin.
  • 1897 – Marian Anderson, American singer (d. 1993), was an American singer of classical music and spirituals. Music critic Alan Blyth said: "Her voice was a rich, vibrant contralto of intrinsic beauty." She performed in concert and recital in major music venues and with famous orchestras throughout the United States and Europe between 1925 and 1965.
  • 1892 – William Demarest, American actor (d. 1983), was an American character actor, known for playing Uncle Charley in My Three Sons. A veteran of World War I, Demarest became a prolific film and television actor, appearing in over 140 films, beginning in 1927 and ending in the 1970s.
  • 1891 – David Sarnoff, American businessman, founded RCA (d. 1971), was a Russian-American businessman and pioneer of American radio and television. Throughout most of his career he led the Radio Corporation of America (RCA) in various capacities from shortly after its founding in 1919 until his retirement in 1970.
  • 1890 – Mabel Keaton Staupers, American nurse and advocate (d. 1989), was a pioneer in the American nursing profession. Faced with racial discrimination after graduating from nursing school, Staupers became an advocate for racial equality in the nursing profession.
  • 1888 – Lotte Lehmann, German-American soprano and actress (d. 1976), was a German soprano who was especially associated with German repertory. She gave memorable performances in the operas of Richard Strauss, Richard Wagner, Ludwig van Beethoven, Puccini, Mozart, and Massenet.
  • 1886 – Hugo Black, American captain, jurist, and politician (d. 1971), was an American lawyer, politician, and jurist who served as a U.S. Senator from 1927 to 1937 and as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1937 to 1971.
  • 1878 – Alvan T. Fuller, American businessman and politician, 50th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1958), was an American businessman, politician, art collector, and philanthropist from Massachusetts. He opened one of the first automobile dealerships in Massachusetts, which in 1920 was recognized as "the world's most successful auto dealership", and made him one of the state's wealthiest men.
  • 1877 – Joseph Grinnell, American zoologist and biologist (d. 1939), was an American field biologist and zoologist. He made extensive studies of the fauna of California, and is credited with introducing a method of recording precise field observations known as the Grinnell System.
  • 1869 – Alice Hamilton, American physician and academic (d. 1970), was an American physician, research scientist, and author who is best known as a leading expert in the field of occupational health and a pioneer in the field of industrial toxicology.
  • 1867 – Irving Fisher, American economist and statistician (d. 1947). Joseph Schumpeter described him as "the greatest economist the United States has ever produced", an assessment later repeated by James Tobin and Milton Friedman.
  • 1863 – George Herbert Mead, American sociologist and philosopher (d. 1930), was an American philosopher, sociologist and psychologist, primarily affiliated with the University of Chicago, where he was one of several distinguished pragmatists. He is regarded as one of the founders of symbolic interactionism and of what has come to be referred to as the Chicago sociological tradition.
  • 1807 – Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American poet and educator (d. 1882), was an American poet and educator whose works include "Paul Revere's Ride", The Song of Hiawatha, and Evangeline. He was also the first American to translate Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy and was one of the Fireside Poets from New England.
  • 1795 – José Antonio Navarro, American merchant and politician (d. 1871), was a Texas statesman, revolutionary, rancher, and merchant. The son of Ángel Navarro and Josefa María Ruiz y Peña, he was born into a distinguished noble family at San Antonio de Béxar in the Viceroyalty of New Spain (now the American city of San Antonio, Texas).

Deaths

  • 2016 – James Z. Davis, American lawyer and judge (b. 1943)
  • 2015 – Boris Nemtsov, Russian academic and politician, First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia (b. 1959)
  • 2015 – Leonard Nimoy, American actor (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Aaron Allston, American game designer and author (b. 1960)
  • 2014 – Terry Rand, American basketball player (b. 1934)
  • 2013 – Dale Robertson, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Van Cliburn, American pianist (b. 1934)
  • 2011 – Duke Snider, American baseball player, manager, and sportscaster (b. 1926)
  • 2011 – Frank Buckles, American soldier (b. 1901)
  • 2011 – Gary Winick, American director and producer (b. 1961)
  • 2008 – Myron Cope, American journalist and sportscaster (b. 1929)
  • 2008 William F. Buckley, Jr., American author and journalist, founded the National Review (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Otis Chandler, American publisher (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Robert Lee Scott, Jr., American general and author (b. 1908)
  • 2004 – Paul Sweezy, American economist and journalist (b. 1910)
  • 2003 – Fred Rogers, American minister and television host (b. 1928)
  • 1999 – Horace Tapscott American pianist and composer (b. 1934)
  • 1998 – George H. Hitchings, American pharmacologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
  • 1993 – Lillian Gish, American actress (b. 1893)
  • 1992 – S. I. Hayakawa, Canadian-American linguist and politician (b. 1906)
  • 1987 – Bill Holman, American cartoonist (b. 1903)
  • 1985 – Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., American politician and diplomat, 3rd United States Ambassador to the United Nations (b. 1902)
  • 1985 – J. Pat O'Malley, English-American actor and singer (b. 1904)
  • 1980 – George Tobias, American actor (b. 1901)
  • 1977 – John Dickson Carr, American author and playwright (b. 1905)
  • 1973 – Bill Everett, American author and illustrator (b. 1917)
  • 1968 – Frankie Lymon, American singer-songwriter (b. 1942)
  • 1964 – Orry-Kelly, Australian-American costume designer (b. 1897)
  • 1937 – Emily Malbone Morgan, American saint, foundress of the Society of the Companions of the Holy Cross (b. 1862)
  • 1936 – Joshua W. Alexander, American judge and politician, 2nd United States Secretary of Commerce (b. 1852)
  • 1892 Louis Vuitton, French fashion designer and businessman, founded Louis Vuitton (b. 1821)
  • 1720 – Samuel Parris, English-American minister (b. 1653)
  • 1659 – Henry Dunster, English-American clergyman and academic (b. 1609)
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