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Tuesday 27 February 2018 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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February 27 Events

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Holidays and observances

  • Anosmia Awareness Day (International observance)
  • Independence Day (Dominican Republic), celebrates the first independence of Dominican Republic from Haiti in 1844.
  • World NGO Day

Events

  • 1991 – Gulf War: U.S. President George H. W. Bush announces that "Kuwait is liberated".
  • 1971 – Doctors in the first Dutch abortion clinic (the Mildredhuis in Arnhem) start performing aborti provocati.
  • 1963 – The Dominican Republic receives its first democratically elected president, Juan Bosch, since the end of the dictatorship led by Rafael Trujillo.
  • 1961 – The first congress of the Spanish Trade Union Organisation is inaugurated.
  • 1951 – The Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution, limiting Presidents to two terms, is ratified.
  • 1940 – Martin Kamen and Sam Ruben discover carbon-14.
  • 1939 – United States labor law: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that sit-down strikes violate property owners' rights and are therefore illegal.
  • 1922 – A challenge to the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, allowing women the right to vote, is rebuffed by the Supreme Court of the United States in Leser v. Garnett.
  • 1921 – The International Working Union of Socialist Parties is founded in Vienna.
  • 1900 – Fußball-Club Bayern München is founded.
  • 1900 – The British Labour Party is founded.
  • 1881 – First Boer War: The Battle of Majuba Hill takes place.
  • 1870 – The current flag of Japan is first adopted as the national flag for Japanese merchant ships.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The first Northern prisoners arrive at the Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia.
  • 1860 – Abraham Lincoln makes a speech at Cooper Union in the city of New York that is largely responsible for his election to the Presidency.
  • 1812 – Poet Lord Byron gives his first address as a member of the House of Lords, in defense of Luddite violence against Industrialism in his home county of Nottinghamshire.
  • 1812 – Argentine War of Independence: Manuel Belgrano raises the Flag of Argentina in the city of Rosario for the first time.
  • 1801 – Pursuant to the District of Columbia Organic Act of 1801, Washington, D.C. is placed under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Congress.
  • 1782 – American Revolutionary War: The House of Commons of Great Britain votes against further war in America.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: The Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge in North Carolina breaks up a Loyalist militia.
  • 1700 - The island of New Britain is discovered.
  • 425 – The University of Constantinople is founded by Emperor Theodosius II at the urging of his wife Aelia Eudocia.

Births

  • 1992 – Meyers Leonard, American basketball player
  • 1992 – Ty Dillon, American race car driver
  • 1986 – Yovani Gallardo, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Aníbal Sánchez, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Devin Harris, American basketball player
  • 1983 – Kate Mara, American actress
  • 1981 – Josh Groban, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
  • 1980 – Chelsea Clinton, American journalist and academic
  • 1974 – Carte Goodwin, American lawyer and politician
  • 1974 – Colin Edwards, American motorcycle racer
  • 1971 – Rozonda Thomas, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress (TLC)
  • 1971 – Sara Blakely, American businesswoman, founded Spanx
  • 1970 – Kent Desormeaux, American jockey
  • 1969 – Juan E. Gilbert, American computer scientist, inventor, and academic
  • 1965 – Noah Emmerich, American actor
  • 1964 – Jeffrey Pasley, American educator and academic
  • 1962 – Adam Baldwin, American actor
  • 1961 – James Worthy, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1959 – Johnny Van Zant, American singer-songwriter
  • 1958 – Maggie Hassan, American politician, 81st Governor and junior senator of New Hampshire
  • 1957 – Kevin Curran, American screenwriter and television producer (d. 2016)
  • 1954 – Neal Schon, American rock guitarist and singer-songwriter
  • 1951 – Lee Atwater, American journalist, activist and political strategist (d. 1991)
  • 1947 – Alan Guth, American physicist and cosmologist
  • 1944 – Ken Grimwood, American author (d. 2003)
  • 1943 – Mary Frann, American actress (d. 1998)
  • 1943 – Morten Lauridsen, American composer and conductor
  • 1942 – Charlayne Hunter-Gault, American journalist
  • 1942 – Jimmy Burns, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1942 – Robert H. Grubbs, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1940 – Howard Hesseman, American actor
  • 1939 – Peter Revson, American race car driver (d. 1974)
  • 1937 – Barbara Babcock, American actress
  • 1936 – Roger Mahony, American cardinal
  • 1935 – Uri Shulevitz, American author and illustrator
  • 1934 – Ralph Nader, American lawyer, politician, and activist
  • 1933 – Malcolm Wallop, American politician (d. 2011)
  • 1933 – Raymond Berry, American football player and coach
  • 1932 – Elizabeth Taylor, English-American actress and humanitarian (d. 2011)
  • 1930 – Joanne Woodward, American actress
  • 1930 – Paul von Ragué Schleyer, American chemist and academic (d. 2014)
  • 1930 – Peter Stone, American screenwriter and producer (d. 2003)
  • 1926 – David H. Hubel, Canadian-American neurophysiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
  • 1925 – Kenneth Koch, American poet, playwright and professor (d. 2002)
  • 1923 – Dexter Gordon, American saxophonist, composer, and actor (d. 1990)
  • 1921 – Theodore Van Kirk, American soldier, pilot, and navigator (d. 2014)
  • 1917 – John Connally, American lieutenant and politician, 61st United States Secretary of Treasury (d. 1993)
  • 1913 – Irwin Shaw, American author and screenwriter (d. 1984)
  • 1910 – Joan Bennett, American actress (d. 1990)
  • 1910 – Peter De Vries, American journalist and author (d. 1993)
  • 1910 – Kelly Johnson, American engineer, co-founded Skunk Works (d. 1990)
  • 1907 – Mildred Bailey, American singer (d. 1951)
  • 1907 – Momčilo Đujić, Serbian-American priest and commander (d. 1999)
  • 1905 – Franchot Tone, American actor, singer, and producer (d. 1968)
  • 1904 – James T. Farrell, American author and poet (d. 1979)
  • 1903 – Joseph B. Soloveitchik, Belorussian-American rabbi and philosopher (d. 1993)
  • 1903 – Reginald Gardiner, English-American actor and singer (d. 1980)
  • 1902 – Gene Sarazen, American golfer and sportscaster (d. 1999)
  • 1902 – John Steinbeck, American journalist and author, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1968)
  • 1902 – Lúcio Costa, French-Brazilian architect and engineer, designed Gustavo Capanema Palace (d. 1998)
  • 1899 – Charles Herbert Best, American-Canadian physiologist and biochemist, co-discovered Insulin (d. 1978)
  • 1897 – Marian Anderson, American singer (d. 1993)
  • 1892 – William Demarest, American actor (d. 1983)
  • 1891 – David Sarnoff, American businessman, founded RCA (d. 1971)
  • 1890 – Mabel Keaton Staupers, American nurse and advocate (d. 1989)
  • 1888 – Lotte Lehmann, German-American soprano and actress (d. 1976)
  • 1886 – Hugo Black, American captain, jurist, and politician (d. 1971)
  • 1878 – Alvan T. Fuller, American businessman and politician, 50th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1958)
  • 1877 – Joseph Grinnell, American zoologist and biologist (d. 1939)
  • 1869 – Alice Hamilton, American physician and academic (d. 1970)
  • 1867 – Irving Fisher, American economist and statistician (d. 1947)
  • 1863 – George Herbert Mead, American sociologist and philosopher (d. 1930)
  • 1807 – Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American poet and educator (d. 1882)
  • 1795 – José Antonio Navarro, American merchant and politician (d. 1871)
  • 1779 – Thomas Hazlehurst, English businessman, founded Hazlehurst & Sons (d. 1842)

Deaths

  • 2016 – James Z. Davis, American lawyer and judge (b. 1943)
  • 2015 – Boris Nemtsov, Russian academic and politician, First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia (b. 1959)
  • 2015 – Leonard Nimoy, American actor (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Aaron Allston, American game designer and author (b. 1960)
  • 2014 – Terry Rand, American basketball player (b. 1934)
  • 2013 – Dale Robertson, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Van Cliburn, American pianist (b. 1934)
  • 2011 – Duke Snider, American baseball player, manager, and sportscaster (b. 1926)
  • 2011 – Frank Buckles, American soldier (b. 1901)
  • 2011 – Gary Winick, American director and producer (b. 1961)
  • 2008 – Myron Cope, American journalist and sportscaster (b. 1929)
  • 2008 – William F. Buckley, Jr., American author and journalist, founded the National Review (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Otis Chandler, American publisher (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Robert Lee Scott, Jr., American general and author (b. 1908)
  • 2004 – Paul Sweezy, American economist and journalist (b. 1910)
  • 2003 – Fred Rogers, American minister and television host (b. 1928)
  • 1999 – Horace Tapscott American pianist and composer (b. 1934)
  • 1998 – George H. Hitchings, American pharmacologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
  • 1993 – Lillian Gish, American actress (b. 1893)
  • 1992 – S. I. Hayakawa, Canadian-American linguist and politician (b. 1906)
  • 1987 – Bill Holman, American cartoonist (b. 1903)
  • 1985 – Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., American politician and diplomat, 3rd United States Ambassador to the United Nations (b. 1902)
  • 1985 – J. Pat O'Malley, English-American actor and singer (b. 1904)
  • 1980 – George Tobias, American actor (b. 1901)
  • 1977 – John Dickson Carr, American author and playwright (b. 1905)
  • 1973 – Bill Everett, American author and illustrator (b. 1917)
  • 1968 – Frankie Lymon, American singer-songwriter (b. 1942)
  • 1964 – Orry-Kelly, Australian-American costume designer (b. 1897)
  • 1937 – Emily Malbone Morgan, American saint, foundress of the Society of the Companions of the Holy Cross (b. 1862)
  • 1936 – Joshua W. Alexander, American judge and politician, 2nd United States Secretary of Commerce (b. 1852)
  • 1892 – Louis Vuitton, French fashion designer and businessman, founded Louis Vuitton (b. 1821)
  • 1844 – Nicholas Biddle, American banker and politician (b. 1786)
  • 1720 – Samuel Parris, English-American minister (b. 1653)
  • 1659 – Henry Dunster, English-American clergyman and academic (b. 1609)
Tuesday 27 February 2018
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