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Thursday 12 March 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances

Events

  • 2004 – The President of South Korea, Roh Moo-hyun, is impeached by its National Assembly: The first such impeachment in the nation's history.
  • 2003 – WHO officially released global warning on pandemic SARS disease.
  • 1994 – The Church of England ordains its first female priests.
  • 1961 – First winter ascent of the North Face of the Eiger.
  • 1933 Great Depression: Franklin D. Roosevelt addresses the nation for the first time as President of the United States. This is also the first of his "fireside chats".
  • 1912 – The Girl Guides (later renamed the Girl Scouts of the USA) are founded in the United States.
  • 1894 – Coca-Cola is bottled and sold for the first time in Vicksburg, Mississippi, by local soda fountain operator Joseph A. Biedenharn.
  • 1881 – Andrew Watson makes his Scotland debut as the world's first black international football player and captain.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The Red River Campaign begins as a US Navy fleet of 13 Ironclads and 7 Gunboats and other support ships enter the Red River

Births

  • 1994 – Christina Grimmie, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 2016), was an American YouTuber, singer, songwriter, and actress. In 2009, she began posting covers of popular songs onto YouTube.
  • 1988 – Tyler Ward, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Tyler Ray Ward (born March 12, 1988) is an American independent singer, writer and producer.
  • 1987 – Chris Seitz, American soccer player. United in Major League Soccer.
  • 1987 – Jessica Hardy, American swimmer. Jessica Adele Hardy (born March 12, 1987) is an American competition swimmer who specializes in breaststroke and freestyle events.
  • 1982 – Erick Stevens, American wrestler. He is best known by his ring name Erick Stevens and for his time in Ring of Honor.
  • 1982 – Zach Miner, American baseball player. Zachary Charles Miner (born March 12, 1982) is an American former professional baseball pitcher.
  • 1981 – Holly Williams, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Williams has released three studio albums: The Ones We Never Knew in 2004, Here with Me in 2009 and The Highway in 2013.
  • 1979 – Nidia Guenard, American wrestler and manager. She is best known for winning the reality television series Tough Enough in 2001 and for her subsequent appearances with the World Wrestling Federation/World Wrestling Entertainment (now WWE) from 2001 to 2004.
  • 1978 – Casey Mears, American race car driver. A former winner of the Coca-Cola 600, Mears is the nephew of four-time Indianapolis 500 winner Rick Mears and the son of IndyCar and off-road veteran Roger Mears.
  • 1978 – Claudio Sanchez, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Claudio Paul Sanchez III (born March 12, 1978) is an American writer and musician of Puerto Rican and Italian descent best known for being the lead singer, guitarist and primary lyricist for the alternative/progressive rock group Coheed and Cambria.
  • 1978 – Neal Obermeyer, American cartoonist. Neal Obermeyer (March 12, 1978) is an editorial cartoonist for the Lincoln Journal-Star, the San Diego Reader, and the Omaha Reader.
  • 1977 – Ramiro Corrales, American soccer player. Ramiro Corrales (born March 12, 1977) is an American soccer player who is currently a player-coach for Premier Development League team Santa Cruz Breakers FC.
  • 1974 – Matt Barela, American wrestler and actor. He is best known for working for Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA), where, under the ring name Anarquia, he was a member of the Mexican America stable with Hernandez, Rosita and Sarita.
  • 1972 – Hector Luis Bustamante, Colombian-American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. Héctor Luis Bustamante (born March 12, 1972) is a Colombian-American actor.
  • 1971 – Isaiah Rider, American basketball player and rapper. Isaiah Rider Jr., nicknamed J.R. (born March 12, 1971), is an American former professional basketball player.
  • 1970 – Dave Eggers, American author and screenwriter. He wrote the best-selling memoir A Heartbreaking Work of Staggering Genius.
  • 1970 – John Nemechek, American race car driver (d. 1997), was an American race car driver who most notably competed in the NASCAR Craftsman Truck Series.
  • 1970 – Rex Walters, American basketball player and coach. Previously, he was the men's basketball coach at the University of San Francisco.
  • 1969 – Jake Tapper, American journalist and author. He is the Chief Washington Correspondent for CNN, and hosts the weekday television news show The Lead with Jake Tapper and the Sunday morning affairs program State of the Union.
  • 1968 – Aaron Eckhart, American actor and producer. Several years later, he began his acting career by performing in school plays, before moving to Australia for his high school senior year.
  • 1968 – Dylan Carlson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Dylan Carlson (born March 12, 1968) is the lead guitarist, lead singer, and only constant member of the drone doom group Earth, and the main contributor to his solo project Drcarlsonalbion.
  • 1968 – Tammy Duckworth, Thai-American colonel, pilot, and politician. A member of the Democratic Party, she represented Illinois's 8th district in the United States House of Representatives from 2013 to 2017.
  • 1966 – Grant Long, American basketball player and sportscaster. He played over 1,000 NBA games over a 15-year career.
  • 1965 – Shawn Gilbert, American baseball player and coach. After high school, he attended Fresno State and Arizona State University.
  • 1965 – Steve Finley, American baseball player. Steven Allen Finley (born March 12, 1965) is an American former Major League Baseball outfielder.
  • 1962 – Darryl Strawberry, American baseball player and minister. Darryl Eugene Strawberry (born March 12, 1962) is an American former professional baseball right fielder and author who played 17 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB).
  • 1961 – Titus Welliver, American actor. He is best known for his portrayals of the Man in Black in Lost, Silas Adams in Deadwood, Jimmy O’Phelan in Sons of Anarchy, and the title role in the television series Bosch.
  • 1960 – Courtney B. Vance, American actor and painter. Courtney Bernard Vance (born March 12, 1960) is an American actor notable for his roles in the feature films Hamburger Hill and The Hunt for Red October, the television series Law & Order: Criminal Intent, in which he played Assistant District Attorney Ron Carver and The People v.
  • 1958 – Matt Millen, American football player, executive, and sportscaster. He won a Super Bowl ring with each of the three teams for which he played; moreover, he won a Super Bowl ring in each of the four cities in which he played (the Raiders won championships in both Oakland and Los Angeles during his tenure).
  • 1957 – Marlon Jackson, American singer-songwriter and dancer. Jackson was a member of the Jackson 5, and is the sixth child of the Jackson family.
  • 1956 – Dale Murphy, American baseball player, coach, and sportscaster. His entire big league career was spent in the National League (NL), during which time he won consecutive Most Valuable Player (MVP) awards (1982–1983), the Silver Slugger Award for four straight years (1982–1985), and the Gold Glove Award for five straight years (1982–1986).
  • 1949 – Bill Payne, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer. Bill Payne (born March 12, 1949) is an American pianist who, with Lowell George, co-founded the American rock band Little Feat.
  • 1949 – Rob Cohen, American director, producer, and screenwriter. Beginning his career as an executive producer at 20th Century Fox, Cohen produced and developed numerous high-profile film and television programs, including The Wiz, The Witches of Eastwick, and Light of Day, before concentrating full-time on directing in the 1990s.
  • 1948 – James Taylor, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. He is one of the best-selling music artists of all time, having sold more than 100 million records worldwide.
  • 1948 – Kent Conrad, American politician, was a United States Senator from North Dakota. He is a member of the North Dakota Democratic-NPL Party, the North Dakota affiliate of the Democratic Party.
  • 1947 – Mary Jean Harrold, American computer scientist and academic (d. 2013), was an American computer scientist noted for her research on software engineering. She was also noted for her leadership in broadening participation in computing.
  • 1947 – Mitt Romney, American businessman and politician, 70th Governor of Massachusetts. Willard Mitt Romney (born March 12, 1947) is an American politician and businessman who has served as the junior United States senator from Utah since January 2019.
  • 1946 – Frank Welker, American voice actor and singer. In 2016, Welker was honored with an Emmy Award for his lifetime achievement.
  • 1946 – Liza Minnelli, American actress, singer, and dancer. She is the daughter of Judy Garland and Vincente Minnelli.
  • 1942 – Jimmy Wynn, American baseball player and sportscaster. James Sherman Wynn (born March 12, 1942), nicknamed "The Toy Cannon", is an American retired professional baseball player who had a 15-year career with the Houston Colt .45s / Astros and four other teams, primarily as a center fielder.
  • 1940 – Al Jarreau, American singer (d. 2017), was an American singer and musician. He received a total of seven Grammy Awards and was nominated for over a dozen more.
  • 1939 – Jude Milhon, American hacker and author (d. 2003). Judith Milhon (1939 – July 19, 2003), in Washington D.C., best known by her pseudonym St.
  • 1938 – Johnny Rutherford, American race car driver and sportscaster. 1980 PPG Indycar World Series champion 1986 Michigan 500 champion 1974 USAC Pocono 500 champion 1987 Indianapolis Motor Speedway Hall of Fame Inductee 1996 Motorsports Hall of Fame of America Inductee 1995 National Sprint Car Hall of Fame Inductee
  • 1938 – Lew DeWitt, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1990), was an American country music singer, guitarist, and composer. He was a founding member of The Statler Brothers and the group's original tenor.
  • 1936 – Eddie Sutton, American basketball player and coach. Sutton became the first coach to take four schools to the NCAA tournament, and he reached the Final Four with Arkansas in 1978 and Oklahoma State in 1995 and 2004.
  • 1936 – Lloyd Dobyns, American journalist and author. Lloyd Allen Dobyns, Jr. (born March 12, 1936) is a former NBC news reporter and correspondent.
  • 1934 – Virginia Hamilton, American author (d. 2002), was an African-American children's books author. She wrote 41 books, including M.
  • 1933 – Barbara Feldon, American actress. Barbara Feldon (born March 12, 1933) is an American character actress, primarily known for her roles on television.
  • 1932 – Andrew Young, American pastor and politician, 14th United States Ambassador to the United Nations. Young later became active in politics, serving as a U.S.
  • 1931 – Herb Kelleher, American lawyer and businessman, co-founded Southwest Airlines, was an American billionaire airline businessman and lawyer. He was the co-founder, later CEO, and chairman emeritus of Southwest Airlines until his death in 2019.
  • 1931 – Robert B. Oakley, American soldier and diplomat, 19th United States Ambassador to Pakistan (d. 2014), was an American diplomat whose 34-year career (1957–1991) as a Foreign Service Officer included appointments as United States Ambassador to Zaire, Somalia, and Pakistan and, in the early 1990s, as a special envoy during the American involvement in Somalia.
  • 1930 – Vern Law, American baseball player, coach, and manager. Vernon Sanders "Vern" Law (born March 12, 1930) is an American former baseball pitcher who played sixteen seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Pittsburgh Pirates.
  • 1930 – Win Tin, Burmese journalist and politician, co-founded the National League for Democracy (d. 2014), was a Burmese journalist, politician and political prisoner. He co-founded the National League for Democracy (NLD).
  • 1928 – Edward Albee, American director and playwright (d. 2016), was an American playwright known for works such as The Zoo Story (1958), The Sandbox (1959), Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1962), and A Delicate Balance (1966). Three of his plays won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama, and two of his other works won the Tony Award for Best Play.
  • 1926 – George Ariyoshi, American lawyer and politician, 3rd Governor of Hawaii. He assumed gubernatorial powers and duties when Governor John A.
  • 1923 – Clara Fraser, American activist, co-founded Radical Women (d. 1998), was a feminist and socialist political organizer, who co-founded and led the Freedom Socialist Party and Radical Women.
  • 1923 – Joseph F. Weis, Jr., American lawyer and judge (d. 2014), was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit and previously was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania.
  • 1923 – Mae Young, American wrestler (d. 2014), was an American professional wrestler. She wrestled throughout the United States and Canada and won multiple titles in the National Wrestling Alliance.
  • 1923 – Wally Schirra, American captain, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2007), was an American naval aviator and NASA astronaut. In 1959, he became one of the original seven astronauts chosen for Project Mercury, which was the United States' first effort to put human beings into space.
  • 1922 – Jack Kerouac, American author and poet (d. 1969), was an American novelist and poet of French-Canadian ancestry.
  • 1922 – Lane Kirkland, American sailor and union leader (d. 1999), was a US labor union leader who served as President of the AFL-CIO for over sixteen years.
  • 1921 – Gordon MacRae, American actor and singer (d. 1986), was an American actor, singer and radio/television host, who appeared in the film versions of two Rodgers and Hammerstein musicals, Oklahoma! (1955) and Carousel (1956), and played the leading man of Doris Day in On Moonlight Bay (1951) and sequel By The Light of the Silvery Moon (1953).
  • 1919 – Mike Stepovich, American lawyer and politician, Governor of the Territory of Alaska (d. 2014), was an American lawyer who, from 1957 to 1958, served as the last non-acting Governor of Alaska Territory. Following his education and military service during World War II, Stepovich established a law practice in his home town of Fairbanks, Alaska and began his political career by winning three terms in the Alaska Territorial legislature.
  • 1918 – Elaine de Kooning, American painter and academic (d. 1989), was an Abstract Expressionist and Figurative Expressionist painter in the post-World War II era. She wrote extensively on the art of the period and was an editorial associate for Art News magazine.
  • 1917 – Leonard Chess, American record company executive, co-founder of Chess Records (d. 1969). He was influential in the development of electric blues, Chicago blues, and rock and roll.
  • 1917 – Millard Kaufman, American author and screenwriter (d. 2009), was an American screenwriter and novelist. His works include the Academy Award-nominated Bad Day at Black Rock (1955).
  • 1915 – Willibald C. Bianchi, American lieutenant, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1945), was an officer in the Philippine Scouts who received the Medal of Honor for actions in Bataan, Philippines during that country's capitulation to Japanese forces during World War II. After the action near Bagac in the Bataan Province, Bianchi was among the troops captured by the Japanese at the fall of Bataan, on April 9, 1942.
  • 1913 – Agathe von Trapp, Hungarian-American singer and author (d. 2010), was the eldest daughter of Georg von Trapp and his first wife, Agatha Whitehead von Trapp. She was also a member of the Trapp Family Singers, whose lives were the inspiration for the musical play and film The Sound of Music.
  • 1912 – Edgar Tafel, American architect (d. 2011). Tafel (March 12, 1912 – January 18, 2011) was an American architect, best known as a disciple of Frank Lloyd Wright.
  • 1912 – Paul Weston, American pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1996), was an American pianist, arranger, composer, and conductor who worked in music and television from the 1930s to the 1970s, pioneering mood music and becoming known as "the Father of Mood Music". His compositions include popular music songs such as "I Should Care", "Day by Day", and "Shrimp Boats".
  • 1907 – Dorrit Hoffleit, American astronomer and academic (d. 2007), was an American senior research astronomer at Yale University. She is most widely known for her work in variable stars, astrometry, spectroscopy, meteors, and the Bright Star Catalog, as well as her mentorship of many young women and generations of astronomers.
  • 1896 – Jesse Fuller, American singer-songwriter and musician (d. 1976), was an American one-man band musician, best known for his song "San Francisco Bay Blues".
  • 1895 – William C. Lee, American general (d. 1948), was a senior United States Army officer who fought in both World War I and World War II, where he commanded the 101st Airborne Division, nicknamed the "Screaming Eagles". Lee is often referred to as the "Father of the U.S.
  • 1891 – George W. Mason, American businessman (d. 1954), was an American industrialist. During his career Mason served as the Chairman and CEO of the Kelvinator Corporation (1928-1937), Chairman and CEO of the Nash-Kelvinator Corporation (1937-1954), and Chairman and CEO of American Motors Corporation (1954).
  • 1890 – William Dudley Pelley, American screenwriter and politician, founded the Silver Legion of America (d. 1965), was an American writer, spiritualist and fascist political activist.
  • 1880 – Henry Drysdale Dakin, English-American chemist and academic (d. 1952), was an English chemist.
  • 1874 – Charles Weeghman, American businessman (d. 1938), was one of the founders of the short-lived professional baseball organization called the Federal League (1914–1915). He had made a fortune in lunch counters in the Chicago area.
  • 1859 – Abraham H. Cannon, American religious leader (d. 1896). Abraham Hoagland Cannon (also reported as Abram H.
  • 1858 – Adolph Ochs, American publisher (d. 1935), was an American newspaper publisher and former owner of The New York Times and The Chattanooga Times (now the Chattanooga Times Free Press).
  • 1851 – Theodore Thurston Geer, American journalist and politician, 10th Governor of Oregon (d. 1924), was the tenth Governor of Oregon (the first born in the territory of the state), serving from January 9, 1899 to January 14, 1903. The Republican politician was in office when the legislature adopted the "Oregon System", Oregon's system of initiative and referendum.
  • 1835 – Simon Newcomb, Canadian-American astronomer and mathematician (d. 1909), was a Canadian–American astronomer, applied mathematician and autodidactic polymath, who was Professor of Mathematics in the U.S. Navy and at Johns Hopkins.
  • 1831 – Clement Studebaker, American businessman, co-founded Studebaker (d. 1901), was an American wagon and carriage manufacturer. With his brother Henry, he co-founded the H & C Studebaker Company, precursor of the Studebaker Corporation, which built Pennsylvania-German Conestoga wagons and carriages during his lifetime, and automobiles after his death, in South Bend, Indiana.
  • 1806 – Jane Pierce, American wife of Franklin Pierce, 15th First Lady of the United States (d. 1863). Jane Means Pierce (née Appleton; March 12, 1806 – December 2, 1863), wife of U.S.

Deaths

  • 2016 – Lloyd Shapley, American mathematician and economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Michael Graves, American architect and academic, designed the Portland Building and the Humana Building (b. 1934)
  • 2015 – Willie Barrow, American minister and activist (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Ola L. Mize, American colonel, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Paul C. Donnelly, American scientist and engineer (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – George Burditt, American lawyer and politician (b. 1921)
  • 2012 – Dick Harter, American basketball player and coach (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Michael Hossack, American drummer (b. 1946)
  • 2012 – Samuel Glazer, American businessman, co-founded Mr. Coffee (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – Arnold Drake, American author and screenwriter (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Victor Sokolov, Russian-American priest and journalist (b. 1947)
  • 2004 – Milton Resnick, Russian-American painter (b. 1917)
  • 2003 – Howard Fast, American novelist and screenwriter (b. 1914)
  • 2003 – Lynne Thigpen, American actress and singer (b. 1948)
  • 2001 – Morton Downey, Jr., American singer-songwriter, actor, and talk show host (b. 1933)
  • 2001 – Robert Ludlum, American author (b. 1927)
  • 1999 – Yehudi Menuhin, American-Swiss violinist and conductor (b. 1916)
  • 1998 – Beatrice Wood, American painter and potter (b. 1893)
  • 1992 – Lucy M. Lewis, American potter (b. 1890)
  • 1989 – Maurice Evans, English-American actor (b. 1901)
  • 1987 – Woody Hayes, American football player and coach (b. 1913)
  • 1985 – Eugene Ormandy, Hungarian-American violinist and conductor (b. 1899)
  • 1974 – George D. Sax, American banker and businessman (b. 1904)
  • 1973 – Frankie Frisch, American baseball player and manager (b. 1898)
  • 1971 – Eugene Lindsay Opie, American physician and pathologist (b. 1873)
  • 1957 – Josephine Hull, American actress (b. 1877)
  • 1955 – Charlie Parker, American saxophonist and composer (b. 1920)
  • 1947 – Winston Churchill, American author and playwright (b. 1871)
  • 1942 – Robert Bosch, German engineer and businessman, founded Robert Bosch GmbH (b. 1861)
  • 1935 – Mihajlo Pupin, Serbian-American physicist and chemist (b. 1858)
  • 1929 – Asa Griggs Candler, American businessman and politician, 44th Mayor of Atlanta (b. 1851)
  • 1929 – William Turner Dannat, American painter (b. 1853)
  • 1914 – George Westinghouse, American engineer and businessman (b. 1846)
  • 1909 – Joseph Petrosino, American police officer (b. 1860)
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