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Monday 16 March 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances

Events

  • 1988 – Iran–Contra affair: Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North and Vice Admiral John Poindexter are indicted on charges of conspiracy to defraud the United States.
  • 1985 – Associated Press newsman Terry Anderson is taken hostage in Beirut. He is released on December 4, 1991.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War: My Lai Massacre occurs; between 347 and 500 Vietnamese villagers (men, women, and children) are killed by American troops.
  • 1966 – Launch of Gemini 8, the 12th manned American space flight and first space docking with the Agena target vehicle.
  • 1940 – First person killed (James Isbister) in a German bombing raid on the UK in World War II during a raid on Scapa Flow in the Orkney Islands.
  • 1926 – History of Rocketry: Robert Goddard launches the first liquid-fueled rocket, at Auburn, Massachusetts.
  • 1918 – Finnish Civil War: Battle of Länkipohja is infamous for its bloody aftermath as the Whites executed 70–100 capitulated Reds.
  • 1894 – Jules Massenet's opera Thaïs is first performed.
  • 1872 – The Wanderers F.C. won the first FA Cup, the oldest football competition in the world, beating Royal Engineers A.F.C. 1–0 at The Oval in Kennington, London.
  • 1870 – The first version of the overture fantasy Romeo and Juliet by Tchaikovsky receives its première performance.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: The Battle of Averasborough began as Confederate forces suffer irreplaceable casualties in the final months of the war.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: During the Red River Campaign, Union troops reach Alexandria, Louisiana.
  • 1815 – Prince Willem proclaims himself King of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, the first constitutional monarch in the Netherlands.
  • 1802 – The Army Corps of Engineers is established to found and operate the United States Military Academy at West Point.
  • 1782 – American Revolutionary War: Spanish troops capture the British-held island of Roatán.
  • 1689 – The 23rd Regiment of Foot, or Royal Welch Fusiliers, is founded.

Births

  • 1991 – Reggie Bullock, American basketball player. Reginald Ryedell Bullock (born March 16, 1991) is an American professional basketball player for the New York Knicks of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
  • 1991 – Wolfgang Van Halen, American bassist. Wolfgang William Van Halen (born March 16, 1991) is an American musician who is currently the bassist for Van Halen, having replaced Michael Anthony in 2006.
  • 1989 – Blake Griffin, American basketball player. Blake Austin Griffin (born March 16, 1989) is an American professional basketball player for the Detroit Pistons of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
  • 1986 – Alexandra Daddario, American actress. She has also starred in the films Texas Chainsaw 3D and Hall Pass and has guest starred in television series such as White Collar, It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia, True Detective, New Girl, and American Horror Story: Hotel.
  • 1986 – Kenny Dykstra, American wrestler. Kenneth George Doane (born March 16, 1986) is an American professional wrestler.
  • 1986 – T. J. Jordan, American basketball player. Taurean Yves Jordan (born March 16, 1986 in Denver, Colorado) is a women's basketball player who played collegiately for Old Dominion University.
  • 1986 – Toney Douglas, American basketball player. He subsequently transferred to Florida State University for the remainder of his collegiate career, where he switched to the point guard position.
  • 1984 – Levi Brown, American football player. Levi Brown is the name of:
  • 1983 – Brandon League, American baseball player. He is a former closer and one-time All-Star.
  • 1983 – Stephen Drew, American baseball player. His two brothers, outfielder J.D. and pitcher Tim, also played in MLB.
  • 1983 – Tramon Williams, American football player. Tramon Vernell Williams Sr. (born March 16, 1983) is an American football cornerback for the Green Bay Packers of the National Football League (NFL).
  • 1981 – Curtis Granderson, American baseball player. He has played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Detroit Tigers, New York Yankees, New York Mets, Los Angeles Dodgers, Toronto Blue Jays, Milwaukee Brewers, and Miami Marlins.
  • 1980 – Todd Heap, American football player. Todd Benjamin Heap (born March 16, 1980) is a former American football tight end who played 12 seasons in the National Football League (NFL).
  • 1979 – Rashad Moore, American football player. He played college football at Tennessee.
  • 1978 – Brooke Burns, American fashion model and actress. However, Burns won recognition in 1998, when she joined the cast of the action drama series Baywatch alongside David Hasselhoff and Kelly Packard, in her breakthrough role portraying the character Jessie Owens.
  • 1976 – Blu Cantrell, American singer-songwriter and producer. Blu Cantrell (born Tiffany Cobb; March 16, 1976) is an American R&B and soul singer-songwriter.
  • 1973 – Vonda Ward, American boxer, was also a well known NCAA basketball player.
  • 1971 – Alan Tudyk, American actor. Alan Wray Tudyk (/ˈtjuːdɪk/ TYOO-dik; born March 16, 1971) is an American actor and voice actor known for his roles as Hoban "Wash" Washburne in the space western series Firefly and the film Serenity and Tucker McGee in Tucker & Dale vs.
  • 1969 – Judah Friedlander, American comedian and actor. Judah Friedlander (born March 16, 1969) is an American actor and comedian, known for playing the role of writer Frank Rossitano on the NBC sitcom 30 Rock.
  • 1967 – John Darnielle, American musician and novelist. John Darnielle (/dɑːrˈniːl/ dar-NEEL; born March 16, 1967) is an American musician and novelist best known as the primary, and originally sole, member of the American band the Mountain Goats, for which he is the writer, composer, guitarist, pianist, and vocalist.
  • 1967 – Lauren Graham, American actress and producer. She is best known for her roles as Lorelai Gilmore on the television series Gilmore Girls (2000–2007 and 2016), for which she received nominations for Screen Actors Guild, Golden Globe and Satellite Awards, and as Sarah Braverman on the NBC television drama Parenthood (2010–2015).
  • 1967 – Ronnie McCoury, American bluegrass mandolin player, singer and songwriter. He is the son of bluegrass musician Del McCoury, and is best known for his work with the Del McCoury Band and the Travelin' McCourys.
  • 1967 – Tracy Bonham, American singer and violinist. Tracy Bonham (born March 16, 1967) is an American alternative rock musician, best known for her 1996 single "Mother Mother".
  • 1965 – Steve Armstrong, American wrestler. Steven James (born March 16, 1965), better known by his ring name Steve Armstrong is a professional wrestler and is the son of "Bullet" Bob Armstrong.
  • 1964 – Gore Verbinski, American director, producer, and screenwriter. Verbinski is a graduate of UCLA School of Theater, Film and Television.
  • 1964 – Patty Griffin, American singer-songwriter. She is known for her stripped-down songwriting style in the folk music genre.
  • 1961 – Todd McFarlane, Canadian author, illustrator, and businessman, founded McFarlane Toys. Todd McFarlane (/məkˈfɑːrlɪn/; born March 16, 1961) is a Canadian comic book creator and entrepreneur, best known for his work as the artist on The Amazing Spider-Man and as the writer and artist on the horror-fantasy series Spawn.
  • 1959 – Flavor Flav, American rapper and actor. William Jonathan Drayton Jr. (born March 16, 1959), better known by his stage name Flavor Flav (/ˈfleɪvər ˌfleɪv/), is an American musician, rapper, actor, television personality, and comedian who rose to prominence as a member of the hip-hop group Public Enemy.
  • 1959 – Michael J. Bloomfield, American astronaut. Michael John "Bloomer" Bloomfield (born March 16, 1959) is an American former astronaut and a veteran of three Space Shuttle missions.
  • 1959 – Sebastian Currier, American composer and educator. He was also a professor of music at Columbia University from 1999 to 2007.
  • 1959 – Steve Marker, American musician. Steve Marker (born March 16, 1959) is an American musician, songwriter, and record producer, best known as a cofounder and guitarist in the alternative rock band Garbage.
  • 1958 – Kate Worley, American author (d. 2004), was an American comic book writer best known for her work on Omaha the Cat Dancer. She was a writer and performer for the science fiction comedy radio program Shockwave Radio Theater.
  • 1956 – Clifton Powell, American actor, director, and producer. Clifton Powell (born March 16, 1956) is an American actor, who primarily plays supporting roles in films, such as in Ray (2004), for which he received an NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture nomination.
  • 1956 – Ozzie Newsome, American football player and manager. Ozzie Newsome Jr. (born March 16, 1956) is a former American football tight end for the Cleveland Browns, as well as a former general manager of the Baltimore Ravens of the National Football League (NFL).
  • 1953 – Richard Stallman, American computer scientist and programmer. Richard Matthew Stallman (/ˈstɔːlmən/; born March 16, 1953), often known by his initials, rms, and occasionally upper-case RMS, is an American free software movement activist and programmer.
  • 1951 – Joe DeLamielleure, American football player, was an All-American at Michigan State. He was selected by the Buffalo Bills in the first round of the 1973 NFL Draft.
  • 1951 – Ray Benson, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer. Ray Benson (born Ray Benson Seifert, March 16, 1951) is the front man of the Western swing band Asleep at the Wheel as well as an actor and voice actor.
  • 1949 – Elliott Murphy, American-French singer-songwriter and journalist. Elliott James Murphy (born March 16, 1949) is an American rock singer-songwriter, novelist, producer and journalist living in Paris.
  • 1949 – Erik Estrada, American actor. Henry Enrique "Erik" Estrada (born March 16, 1949) is an American actor, voice actor, and police officer known for his co-starring lead role as California Highway Patrol officer Francis (Frank) Llewelyn "Ponch" Poncherello in the police drama television series CHiPs, which ran from 1977 to 1983.
  • 1948 – Michael Owen Bruce, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Michael Owen Bruce (born March 16, 1948) is an American rock musician, best known as a member of Alice Cooper.
  • 1946 – J. Z. Knight, American New Age teacher and author. Z." Knight (born Judith Darlene Hampton; March 16, 1946) is an American New Age teacher and author known for her purported channelling of a spiritual entity named Ramtha.
  • 1944 – Andrew S. Tanenbaum, American computer scientist and academic. Andrew Stuart Tanenbaum (born March 16, 1944), sometimes referred to by the handle ast, is a Dutch / American computer scientist and professor emeritus of computer science at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam in the Netherlands.
  • 1943 – Ursula Goodenough, American biologist, zoologist, and author. Goodenough (born March 16, 1943) is a Professor of Biology Emerita Washington University in St.
  • 1942 – Jerry Jeff Walker, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Jerry Jeff Walker (born Ronald Clyde Crosby; March 16, 1942, Oneonta, New York, United States) is an American country music singer and songwriter.
  • 1942 – Roger Crozier, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (d. 1996), was a Canadian professional ice hockey goaltender who played fourteen seasons in the National Hockey League (NHL) for the Detroit Red Wings, Buffalo Sabres and Washington Capitals. During his career, Crozier was named to the NHL First All-Star Team once, was a Calder Memorial Trophy winner, and was the first player to win the Conn Smythe Trophy while playing for the losing team in the Stanley Cup Finals.
  • 1941 – Chuck Woolery, American game show host and television personality. Woolery was the original host of Wheel of Fortune (1975–1981), the original incarnation of Love Connection (1983–1994), Scrabble (1984–1990, and during a brief revival in 1993), Greed on Fox from 1999 to 2000, and Lingo on GSN from 2002–2007.
  • 1937 – Amos Tversky, Israeli-American psychologist and academic (d. 1996), was a cognitive and mathematical psychologist, a student of cognitive science, a collaborator of Daniel Kahneman, and a figure in the discovery of systematic human cognitive bias and handling of risk.
  • 1936 – Fred Neil, American folk singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2001), was an American folk singer-songwriter in the 1960s and early 1970s. He did not achieve commercial success as a performer and is mainly known through other people's recordings of his material – particularly "Everybody's Talkin'", which became a hit for Harry Nilsson after it was used in the film Midnight Cowboy in 1969.
  • 1936 – Raymond Vahan Damadian, Armenian-American inventor, invented the MRI. Raymond Vahan Damadian (born March 16, 1936) is an American physician, medical practitioner, and inventor of the first MR (Magnetic Resonance) Scanning Machine.
  • 1933 – Keith Critchlow, English architect and academic, co-founded Temenos Academy. Keith Barry Critchlow (born 16 March 1933) is an artist, lecturer, author, and professor of architecture in England, and a co-founder of the Temenos Academy.
  • 1933 – Sanford I. Weill, American banker, financier, and philanthropist. He served in those positions from 1998 until October 1, 2003, and April 18, 2006, respectively.
  • 1932 – Don Blasingame, American baseball player and manager (d. 2005), was an American professional baseball second baseman. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the St.
  • 1932 – Walter Cunningham, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut. He was NASA's third civilian astronaut (after Neil Armstrong and Elliot See), and has also been a fighter pilot, physicist, entrepreneur, venture capitalist, and author of The All-American Boys.
  • 1931 – Alan Heyman, American-South Korean musicologist and composer (d. 2014). Born in the United States, he first came to South Korea in 1953 with the United States Army during the Korean War, and after completing a graduate degree in music education at Columbia University, moved to South Korea permanently in 1960 to devote himself to research and composition.
  • 1930 – Tommy Flanagan, American pianist and composer (d. 2001), was an American jazz pianist and composer. He grew up in Detroit, initially influenced by such pianists as Art Tatum, Teddy Wilson, and Nat King Cole, and then by the newer bebop musicians.
  • 1929 – Betty Johnson, American singer. Betty Johnson (born March 16, 1929; other sources give 1931) is an American traditional pop and cabaret singer who reached her career peak in the 1950s.
  • 1929 – Tihomir Novakov, Serbian-American physicist and academic (d. 2015), was a Serbian-born American physicist. As a scientist, Novakov is known for his black carbon, air quality, and climate change research.
  • 1927 – Daniel Patrick Moynihan, American sociologist and politician, 12th United States Ambassador to the United Nations (d. 2003), was an American politician, sociologist, and diplomat. A member of the Democratic Party, he represented New York in the United States Senate and served as an adviser to Republican U.S.
  • 1927 – Olga San Juan, American actress and dancer (d. 2009), was a Nuyorican (a New York-born Puerto Rican) actress, dancer and comedian, mainly active in films during the 1940s.
  • 1926 – Charles Goodell, American lawyer and politician (d. 1987), was an American United States House of Representative and a United States Senator from New York. In both cases he came into office following the deaths of his predecessors, first in a special election and second as a temporary appointee.
  • 1926 – Jerry Lewis, American actor and comedian (d. 2017), was an American comedian, actor, singer, filmmaker and humanitarian, dubbed as "The King of Comedy" and "The Total Filmmaker", who gained his career breakthrough with singer Dean Martin, billed as Martin & Lewis, in 1946 and would perform together for ten years until an acrimonious breakup in 1956, then pursued a solo career as an actor, filmmaker and comedian, starring in several movies, did behind-the-scenes work as a director, producer and screenwriter, performed comedy routines on stage and released albums as a singer, selling millions of records. Throughout his career, he raised awareness for muscular dystrophy, while as national chairman of the Muscular Dystrophy Association, most notably the telethons he hosted every Labor Day weekend, raising billions of dollars for the cause.
  • 1925 – Mary Hinkson, American dancer and choreographer (d. 2014), was an African American dancer and choreographer known for breaking racial boundaries throughout her dance career in both modern and ballet techniques. She is best known for her work as a member of the Martha Graham Dance Company.
  • 1922 – Harding Lemay, American screenwriter and playwright. Born near the Mohawk Indian reservation in North Bangor, New York, where his mother grew up, he ran away to New York City at age 17.
  • 1920 – John Addison, English-American soldier and composer (d. 1998), was a British composer best known for his film scores.
  • 1920 – Sid Fleischman, American author and screenwriter (d. 2010), was an American author of children's books, screenplays, novels for adults, and nonfiction books about stage magic. His works for children are known for their humor, imagery, zesty plotting, and exploration of the byways of American history.
  • 1918 – Frederick Reines, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998). He was awarded the 1995 Nobel Prize in Physics for his co-detection of the neutrino with Clyde Cowan in the neutrino experiment.
  • 1917 – Louis C. Wyman, American lawyer and politician (d. 2002), was an American politician from the Republican Party. He was a U.S.
  • 1916 – Mercedes McCambridge, American actress (d. 2004), was an American actress of radio, stage, film, and television. Orson Welles called her "the world's greatest living radio actress." She won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for All the King's Men (1949) and was nominated in the same category for Giant (1956).
  • 1912 – Pat Nixon, First Lady of the United States (d. 1993), was an American educator and the wife of Richard Nixon, the 37th President of the United States. During her more than 30 years in public life, she served as both the Second (1953–1961) and First Lady of the United States (1969–1974).
  • 1908 – Robert Rossen, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1966), was an American screenwriter, film director, and producer whose film career spanned almost three decades.
  • 1906 – Henny Youngman, English-American violinist and comedian (d. 1998), was an English-American comedian and musician famous for his mastery of the "one-liner"; his best known one-liner being "Take my wife ... please".
  • 1903 – Mike Mansfield, American politician and diplomat, 22nd United States Ambassador to Japan (d. 2001). A member of the Democratic Party, he served as a U.S.
  • 1900 – Cyril Hume, American novelist (d. 1966), was an American novelist and screenwriter.
  • 1897 – Conrad Nagel, American actor (d. 1970), was an American film, stage, television and radio actor. He was considered a famous matinée idol and leading man of the 1920s and 1930s.
  • 1887 – S. Stillman Berry, American marine zoologist (1984), was an American marine zoologist specialized in cephalopods.
  • 1884 – Eric P. Kelly, American journalist and author (d. 1960), was an American journalist, academic and author of children's books. He was a professor of English at Dartmouth College and briefly a lecturer at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków.
  • 1882 – James Lightbody, American runner (d. 1953), was an American middle distance runner, winner of six Olympic medals (two of which are no longer recognized by the International Olympic Committee following its downgrading of the 1906 Intercalated Games) in the early 20th century.
  • 1881 – Fannie Charles Dillon, American composer (d. 1947), was an American pianist, music educator and composer.
  • 1865 – Patsy Donovan, Irish-American baseball player and manager (d. 1953), was an Irish-American right fielder and manager in Major League Baseball who played for several teams from 1890 to 1907, most notably the Pittsburgh Pirates.
  • 1846 – Rebecca Cole, American physician and social reformer (d. 1922). In 1867, she became the second African-American woman to become a doctor in the United States after Rebecca Lee Crumpler's achievement three years earlier.
  • 1836 – Andrew Smith Hallidie, English-American engineer and businessman (d. 1900), was the promoter of the Clay Street Hill Railroad in San Francisco, USA. This was the world's first practical cable car system, and Hallidie is often therefore regarded as the inventor of the cable car and father of the present day San Francisco cable car system, although both claims are open to dispute.
  • 1822 – John Pope, American general (d. 1892). John Pope is the name of:
  • 1751 – James Madison, American academic and politician, 4th President of the United States (d. 1836), was an American statesman, lawyer, diplomat, philosopher and Founding Father who served as the fourth president of the United States from 1809 to 1817. He is hailed as the "Father of the Constitution" for his pivotal role in drafting and promoting the Constitution of the United States and the United States Bill of Rights.

Deaths

  • 2016 – Alexander Esenin-Volpin, Russian-American mathematician and poet (b. 1924)
  • 2015 – Don Robertson, American pianist and composer (b. 1922)
  • 2015 – Jack Haley, American basketball player, coach, and sportscaster (b. 1964)
  • 2014 – Donald Crothers, American chemist and academic (b. 1937)
  • 2014 – Gary Bettenhausen, American race car driver (b. 1941)
  • 2013 – Ruchoma Shain, American-born teacher and author (b. 1914)
  • 2012 – Donald E. Hillman, American colonel and pilot (b. 1918)
  • 2011 – Richard Wirthlin, American religious leader (b. 1931)
  • 2008 – Ivan Dixon, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – Dick Radatz, American baseball player (b. 1937)
  • 2005 – Todd Bell, American football player (b. 1958)
  • 2003 – Rachel Corrie, American activist (b. 1979)
  • 2000 – Thomas Ferebee, American colonel and pilot (b. 1918)
  • 1998 – Derek Barton, English-American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
  • 1998 – Esther Bubley, American photographer (b. 1921)
  • 1994 – Eric Show, American baseball player (b. 1956)
  • 1991 – Chris Austin, American country singer (b .1964)
  • 1990 – Ernst Bacon, American pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1898)
  • 1988 – Mickey Thompson, American race car driver (b. 1928)
  • 1985 – Eddie Shore, Canadian-American ice hockey player (b. 1902)
  • 1985 – Roger Sessions, American composer, critic, and educator (b. 1896)
  • 1983 – Arthur Godfrey, American actor and television host (b. 1903)
  • 1980 – Tamara de Lempicka, Polish-American painter (b. 1898)
  • 1975 – T-Bone Walker, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1910)
  • 1971 – Bebe Daniels, American actress (b. 1901)
  • 1971 – Thomas E. Dewey, American lawyer and politician, 47th Governor of New York (b. 1902)
  • 1968 – Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco, Italian-American pianist and composer (b. 1895)
  • 1963 – Laura Adams Armer, American author and photographer (b. 1874)
  • 1958 – Leon Cadore, American baseball player (b. 1891)
  • 1903 – Roy Bean, American lawyer and judge (b. 1825)
  • 1899 – Joseph Medill, American journalist and politician, 26th Mayor of Chicago (b. 1823)
  • 1884 – Art Croft, American baseball player (b. 1855)
  • 1838 – Nathaniel Bowditch, American captain and mathematician (b. 1773)
  • 1738 – George Bähr, German architect, designed the Dresden Frauenkirche (b. 1666)
  • 1737 – Benjamin Wadsworth, American minister and academic (b. 1670)
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