Sunday 22 March 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
: Environmental Dates
, Food holidays
, Puerto Rico
, United Nations Holidays
, Worldwide Holidays
, Brunei Darussalam
, United Kingdom
, Unusual Holidays
, Women’s Days
Holidays and observances
- 1993 – The Intel Corporation ships the first Pentium chips (80586), featuring a 60 MHz clock speed, 100+ MIPS, and a 64 bit data path.
- 1972 – In Eisenstadt v. Baird, the United States Supreme Court decides that unmarried persons have the right to possess contraceptives.
- 1972 – The United States Congress sends the Equal Rights Amendment to the states for ratification.
- 1960 – Arthur Leonard Schawlow and Charles Hard Townes receive the first patent for a laser
- 1945 – The Arab League is founded when a charter is adopted in Cairo, Egypt.
- 1906 – The first England vs France rugby union match is played at Parc des Princes in Paris
- 1894 – The first playoff game for the Stanley Cup starts.
- 1872 – Illinois becomes the first state to require gender equality in employment.
- 1871 – In North Carolina, William Woods Holden becomes the first governor of a U.S. state to be removed from office by impeachment.
- 1765 – The British Parliament passes the Stamp Act that introduces a tax to be levied directly on its American colonies.
- 1989 – J. J. Watt, American football player. J." Watt (born March 22, 1989) is an American football defensive end for the Houston Texans of the National Football League (NFL).
- 1987 – Ike Davis, American baseball player. Isaac Benjamin Davis (born March 22, 1987) is an American former professional baseball first baseman.
- 1986 – David Choi, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer. David Choi (born March 22, 1986) is a Korean American musician, YouTuber and a member of parody K-pop group BgA based in Los Angeles.
- 1986 – Dexter Fowler, American baseball player. He previously played for the Colorado Rockies, Houston Astros, and Chicago Cubs.
- 1985 – Justin Masterson, American baseball player. Masterson also played in MLB for the Cleveland Indians and St.
- 1979 – Aaron North, American guitarist. North is noted for his chaotic and unconventional guitar approach, his use and command of feedback, and the flailing of his guitar wildly while on stage.
- 1977 – Joey Porter, American football player and coach. Joseph Eugene Porter (born March 22, 1977) is a former American football linebacker who played thirteen seasons in the National Football League (NFL), and is a former outside linebackers coach for the Pittsburgh Steelers.
- 1977 – Tom Poti, American ice hockey player. He played 14 seasons in the National Hockey League (NHL).
- 1976 – Kathryn Jean Lopez, American journalist. Kathryn Jean Lopez (born March 22, 1976) is an American conservative columnist who is nationally syndicated by the United Feature Syndicate.
- 1976 – Kellie Shanygne Williams, American actress. She is best known for her role as Laura Lee Winslow, the middle-born child of Carl and Harriette Winslow on the ABC/CBS television series Family Matters which ran from 1989–1998.
- 1976 – Reese Witherspoon, American actress and producer. Time magazine named her one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2006 and 2015.
- 1975 – Cole Hauser, American actor and producer. He starred as Officer Randy Willitz on the police crime drama series High Incident and Ethan Kelly on the police drama Rogue.
- 1974 – Marcus Camby, American basketball player. Marcus Dion Camby (born March 22, 1974) is an American retired professional basketball player who played 17 seasons in the National Basketball Association.
- 1972 – Cory Lidle, American baseball player (d. 2006), was an American professional baseball player. A right-handed pitcher, Lidle spent nine seasons in Major League Baseball with seven different teams.
- 1972 – Shawn Bradley, German-American basketball player, coach, and actor. Shawn Paul Bradley (born March 22, 1972) is a German-American former basketball player who played center for the Philadelphia 76ers, New Jersey Nets, and Dallas Mavericks of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
- 1971 – Keegan-Michael Key, American actor, comedian, and writer. Keegan-Michael Key (born March 22, 1971) is an American comedian, actor, writer, and producer.
- 1966 – Brian Shaw, American basketball player and coach. Brian Keith Shaw (born March 22, 1966) is an American former professional basketball player and former head coach for the Denver Nuggets of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
- 1959 – Matthew Modine, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. Matthew Avery Modine (born March 22, 1959) is an American actor, activist and filmmaker, who rose to prominence through his role as United States Marine Corps Private Joker in Stanley Kubrick's Full Metal Jacket.
- 1957 – Stephanie Mills, American actress and singer. The song "Home" from the show later became a Number 1 U.S.
- 1955 – Pete Sessions, American politician. He is a member of the Republican Party.
- 1948 – Wolf Blitzer, American journalist. Wolf Isaac Blitzer (born March 22, 1948) is an American journalist, television news anchor and author who has been a CNN reporter since 1990.
- 1947 – James Patterson, American author and producer. His books have sold more than 300 million copies and he was the first person to sell 1 million e-books.
- 1946 – Don Chaney, American basketball player and coach. Donald Ray Chaney (born March 22, 1946) is an American former professional basketball player and coach, most notable for his long stints as a player on the Boston Celtics.
- 1946 – Rudy Rucker, American mathematician, computer scientist, and author. Dick Awards.
- 1945 – Eric Roth, American screenwriter and producer. He has been nominated five times for the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay for Forrest Gump (1994), The Insider (1999), Munich (2005), The Curious Case of Benjamin Button (2008), and A Star Is Born (2018), winning for Forrest Gump.
- 1943 – George Benson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Benson uses a rest-stroke picking technique similar to that of gypsy jazz players such as Django Reinhardt.
- 1941 – Billy Collins, American poet. William James Collins, known as Billy Collins, (born March 22, 1941) is an American poet, appointed as Poet Laureate of the United States from 2001 to 2003.
- 1940 – George Edward Alcorn, Jr. American physicist and inventor. He was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 2015.
- 1940 – Haing S. Ngor, Cambodian-American physician and author (d. 1996), was a Cambodian American gynecologist, obstetrician, actor and author. He is best remembered for winning the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor in 1985 for his debut performance in the film The Killing Fields (1984), in which he portrayed Cambodian journalist and refugee Dith Pran.
- 1937 – Angelo Badalamenti, American pianist and composer. Angelo Badalamenti (born March 22, 1937) is an American composer, best known for his work scoring films for director David Lynch, notably Blue Velvet, the Twin Peaks saga (1990–1992, 2017), The Straight Story and Mulholland Drive.
- 1937 – Jon Hassell, American trumpet player and composer. The concept was first articulated on Fourth World, Vol. 1: Possible Musics, his 1980 collaboration with Brian Eno.
- 1935 – Frank Pulli, American baseball player and umpire (d. 2013), was a baseball umpire, working in the National League from 1972 until 1999. During his career, he officiated in four World Series (1978, 1983, 1990 (crew chief), and 1995), six National League Championship Series (1975, 1979, 1986, 1991, 1993, and 1997), four National League Division Series (1981, 1995, 1996 and 1998), and two All-Star games (1977 and 1988--crew chief).
- 1935 – M. Emmet Walsh, American actor. Michael Emmet Walsh (born March 22, 1935) is an American character actor and comedian who has appeared in over 200 films and television series.
- 1934 – Orrin Hatch, American lawyer and politician. Orrin Grant Hatch (born March 22, 1934) is an American attorney, retired politician, and composer who served as a United States Senator from Utah for 42 years (1977–2019).
- 1931 – Burton Richter, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate. He led the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) team which co-discovered the J/ψ meson in 1974, alongside the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) team led by Samuel Ting for which they won Nobel Prize for Physics in 1976.
- 1930 – Derek Bok, American lawyer and academic. Derek Curtis Bok (born March 22, 1930) is an American lawyer and educator, and the former president of Harvard University.
- 1930 – Pat Robertson, American minister and broadcaster, founded the Christian Broadcasting Network. Marion Gordon "Pat" Robertson (born March 22, 1930) is an American media mogul, televangelist, political commentator, former Republican presidential candidate, and former Southern Baptist minister.
- 1930 – Stephen Sondheim, American composer and songwriter. Stephen Joshua Sondheim (/ˈsɒndhaɪm/; born March 22, 1930) is an American composer and lyricist known for his work in musical theater.
- 1928 – Carrie Donovan, American journalist (d. 2001), was an American fashion editor for Vogue, Harper's Bazaar and The New York Times Magazine. In the 1990s she became known for her work in Old Navy commercials where she wore her trademark large eyeglasses and black clothing, often declaring the merchandise "Fabulous!".
- 1928 – E. D. Hirsch, American author, critic, and academic. Eric Donald Hirsch Jr. (born 1928), usually cited as E.
- 1928 – Ed Macauley, American basketball player, coach, and priest (d. 2011). His playing nickname was "Easy Ed."
- 1927 – Marty Blake, American basketball player and manager (d. 2013), was a general manager of the Atlanta Hawks franchise, and the NBA's longtime Director of Scouting. He was a recipient of the Basketball Hall of Fame's John Bunn Award.
- 1924 – Al Neuharth, American journalist and author, founded USA Today (d. 2013), was an American businessman, author, and columnist born in Eureka, South Dakota. He was the founder of USA Today, The Freedom Forum, and its Newseum.
- 1924 – Bill Wendell, American television announcer (d. 1999), was an NBC television staff announcer for almost his entire professional career.
- 1924 – Yevgeny Ostashev, the test pilot of rocket, participant in the launch of the first artificial Earth satellite, Lenin prize winner, Candidate of Technical Sciences (d. 1960), was the test pilot of rocket and space complexes, participant in the launch of the first artificial Earth satellite, head of the 1st control polygon NIIP-5 (Baikonur), Lenin prize winner, Candidate of Technical Sciences, engineer-podpolkovnik.
- 1922 – John J. Gilligan, American lieutenant and politician, 62nd Governor of Ohio (d. 2013), was an American Democratic politician from the state of Ohio who served as a U.S. Representative and as the 62nd Governor of Ohio from 1971 to 1975.
- 1922 – Stewart Stern, American screenwriter (d. 2015). He is best known for writing the screenplay for the film Rebel Without a Cause (1955), starring James Dean.
- 1920 – Fanny Waterman, English pianist and educator, founded the Leeds International Pianoforte Competition. She is also president of the Harrogate International Music Festival and a Patron of The Purcell School for Young Musicians.
- 1920 – Werner Klemperer, German-American actor (d. 2000), was a German-American actor, stage entertainer, and singer. He was best known for the role of Colonel Wilhelm Klink on the popular CBS television sitcom Hogan's Heroes, for which he twice won the award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series at the Primetime Emmy Awards in 1968 and 1969.
- 1919 – Bernard Krigstein, American illustrator (d. 1990), was an American illustrator and gallery artist who received acclaim for his innovative and influential approach to comic book art, notably in EC Comics. He was known as Bernie Krigstein, and his artwork usually displayed the signature B.
- 1917 – Irving Kaplansky, Canadian-American mathematician and academic (d. 2006), was a mathematician, college professor, author, and musician.
- 1917 – Virginia Grey, American actress (d. 2004), was an American actress who appeared in over 100 films and a number of radio and television shows from the 1930s to the early 1980s.
- 1913 – Lew Wasserman, American businessman and talent agent (d. 2002), was an American talent agent and studio executive, sometimes credited with creating and later taking apart the studio system in a career spanning more than six decades. He was also the manager of MCA.
- 1913 – Tom McCall, American journalist and politician, 30th Governor of Oregon (d. 1983), was an American politician and journalist in the state of Oregon. A Republican, he was the state's thirtieth governor from 1967 to 1975.
- 1912 – Agnes Martin, Canadian-American painter and educator (d. 2004), was a Canadian-born American abstract painter. Her work has been defined as an "essay in discretion on inward-ness and silence".
- 1912 – Karl Malden, American actor (d. 2009). He was primarily a character actor who "for more than 60 years brought an intelligent intensity and a homespun authenticity to roles in theater, film and television", especially in such classic films as A Streetcar Named Desire (1951) — for which he won the Oscar for Best Supporting Actor — On the Waterfront (1954), Pollyanna (1960), and One-Eyed Jacks (1961).
- 1908 – Louis L'Amour, American novelist and short story writer (d. 1988). His books consisted primarily of Western novels (though he called his work "frontier stories"); however, he also wrote historical fiction (The Walking Drum), science fiction (Haunted Mesa), non-fiction (Frontier), as well as poetry and short-story collections.
- 1907 – James M. Gavin, American general and diplomat, United States Ambassador to France (d. 1990), was a senior United States Army officer, with the rank of lieutenant general, who was the third Commanding General (CG) of the 82nd Airborne Division during World War II. During the war, he was often referred to as "The Jumping General" because of his practice of taking part in combat jumps with the paratroopers under his command; he was the only American general officer to make four combat jumps in the war.
- 1903 – Bill Holman, American cartoonist (d. 1987), was the Premier of New South Wales, Australia.
- 1902 – Johannes Brinkman, Dutch architect, designed the Van Nelle Factory (d. 1949), was a Dutch architect and exponent of Nieuwe Bouwen, modern architecture in the Netherlands.
- 1901 – Greta Kempton, Austrian-American painter (d. 1991). Greta Kempton (March 22, 1901 – December 10, 1991) born Martha Greta Kempton in Vienna, Austria.
- 1899 – Ruth Page, American ballerina and choreographer (d. 1991). Ruth Page is the name of:
- 1896 – Joseph Schildkraut, Austrian-American actor (d. 1964). He won an Oscar for his performance as Captain Alfred Dreyfus in the film The Life of Emile Zola (1937), later he was nominated for a Golden Globe for his performance as Otto Frank in the film The Diary of Anne Frank (1959) and a Primetime Emmy for his performance as Rabbi Gottlieb in a 1962 episode of the television series Sam Benedict.
- 1892 – Charlie Poole, American country banjo player (d. 1931), was an American musician, singer and banjo player, as well as the leader of the North Carolina Ramblers, a string band that recorded many popular songs between 1925 and 1930.
- 1887 – Chico Marx, American actor (d. 1961), was an American comedian, musician, actor and film star. He was a member of the Marx Brothers (with Groucho Marx, Harpo Marx, and Zeppo Marx).
- 1884 – Arthur H. Vandenberg, American journalist and politician (d. 1951), was an American politician who served as a United States Senator from Michigan from 1928 to 1951. A member of the Republican Party, he participated in the creation of the United Nations.
- 1880 – Ernest C. Quigley, Canadian-American football player and coach (d. 1960), was a Canadian-born American sports official who became notable both as a basketball referee and as an umpire in Major League Baseball. He also worked as an American football coach and official.
- 1873 – Ernest Lawson, Canadian-American painter (d. 1939), was a Canadian-American painter and a member of The Eight, a group of artists who formed a loose association in 1908 to protest the narrowness of taste and restrictive exhibition policies of the conservative, powerful National Academy of Design. Though Lawson was primarily a landscape painter, he also painted a small number of realistic urban scenes.
- 1868 – Robert Andrews Millikan, American colonel and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1953), was an American experimental physicist honored with the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1923 for the measurement of the elementary electric charge and for his work on the photoelectric effect.
- 1866 – Jack Boyle, American baseball player and umpire (d. 1913), was an American catcher and first baseman in Major League Baseball. His younger brother, Eddie Boyle, played in 1896.
- 1846 – James Timberlake, American lieutenant, police officer, and farmer (d. 1891). Timberlake (March 22, 1846 – February 21, 1891) was an American law enforcement officer, Civil War soldier, farmer and rancher who served as a deputy U.S. marshal for the Western District of Missouri.
- 1818 – John Ainsworth Horrocks, English-Australian explorer, founded Penwortham (d. 1846), was an English pastoralist and explorer who was one of the first European settlers in the Clare Valley of South Australia where, in 1840, he established the village of Penwortham.
- 1817 – Braxton Bragg, American general (d. 1876). Braxton Bragg (March 22, 1817 – September 27, 1876) was an American career army officer during the Second Seminole War and Mexican–American War.
- 1812 – Stephen Pearl Andrews, American author and activist (d. 1886), was an American individualist anarchist, linguist, political philosopher, outspoken abolitionist and author of several books on the labor movement and individualist anarchism.
- 1808 – David Swinson Maynard, American physician and lawyer (d. 1873), was an American pioneer, doctor, and businessman. He was one of Seattle's primary founders.
- 1720 – Nicolas-Henri Jardin, French architect, designed the Yellow Palace and Bernstorff Palace (d. 1799), was born in St. Germain des Noyers, Dept.
- 2016 – Phife Dawg, American rapper (b. 1970)
- 2016 – Rita Gam, American actress (b. 1927)
- 2015 – George Neel, Jr., American businessman (b. 1930)
- 2015 – Norman Scribner, American pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1936)
- 2013 – James Nabrit, American lawyer and academic (b. 1932)
- 2013 – Ray Williams, American basketball player and coach (b. 1954)
- 2012 – David Waltz, American computer scientist and academic (b. 1943)
- 2012 – Joe Blanchard, American football player and wrestler (b. 1928)
- 2012 – John Payton, American lawyer and activist (b. 1946)
- 2012 – Mickey Sullivan, American baseball player and coach (b. 1932)
- 2008 – Cachao López, Cuban-American bassist and composer (b. 1918)
- 2005 – Kenzō Tange, Japanese architect, designed the Yoyogi National Gymnasium and Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum (b. 1913)
- 2004 – Ahmed Yassin, Palestinian leader, co-founded Hamas (b. 1937)
- 2004 – Janet Akyüz Mattei, Turkish-American astronomer and academic (b. 1943)
- 2001 – William Hanna, American animator, director, producer, and voice actor, co-founded Hanna-Barbera (b. 1910)
- 1999 – David Strickland, American actor (b. 1969)
- 1996 – Don Murray, American drummer (b. 1945)
- 1996 – Robert F. Overmyer, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1936)
- 1994 – Dan Hartman, American singer-songwriter, and producer (b. 1950)
- 1994 – Walter Lantz, American animator, director, and producer (b. 1900)
- 1993 – Steve Olin, American baseball player (b. 1965)
- 1991 – Dave Guard, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1934)
- 1991 – Gloria Holden, English-American actress (b. 1908)
- 1991 – Paul Engle, American novelist, poet, playwright, and critic (b. 1908)
- 1986 – Mark Dinning, American singer (b. 1933)
- 1986 – Olive Deering, American actress (b. 1918)
- 1979 – Ben Lyon, American actor and studio executive (b. 1901)
- 1978 – Karl Wallenda, German-American acrobat and tightrope walker, founded The Flying Wallendas (b. 1905)
- 1976 – John Dwyer McLaughlin, American painter (b. 1898)
- 1974 – Peter Revson, American race car driver (b. 1939)
- 1971 – Johannes Villemson, Estonian-American runner (b. 1893)
- 1966 – John Harlin, American mountaineer and pilot (b. 1935)
- 1958 – Mike Todd, American film producer (b. 1909)
- 1945 – John Hessin Clarke, American lawyer and judge (b. 1857)
- 1820 – Stephen Decatur, American commander (b. 1779)