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Saturday 31 March 2018 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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March 31 Events

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Calendars: United Kingdom

Holidays and observances

  • Cesar Chavez Day (United States)
  • Mothering Sunday (United Kingdom, Western Christianity; celebrated on the fourth Sunday of Lent)
  • Thomas Mundy Peterson Day (New Jersey, United States)
  • Transfer Day (US Virgin Islands)
  • World Backup Day

Events

  • 2004 – Iraq War in Anbar Province: In Fallujah, Iraq, four American private military contractors working for Blackwater USA, are killed after being ambushed.
  • 1992 – The USS Missouri, the last active United States Navy battleship, is decommissioned in Long Beach, California.
  • 1985 – The first WrestleMania, the biggest wrestling event from the WWE (then the WWF), takes place in Madison Square Garden in New York City.
  • 1966 – The Soviet Union launches Luna 10 which later becomes the first space probe to enter orbit around the Moon.
  • 1951 – Remington Rand delivers the first UNIVAC I computer to the United States Census Bureau.
  • 1945 – World War II: A defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1, the world's first operational jet-powered fighter aircraft, to the Americans, the first to fall into Allied hands.
  • 1933 – The Civilian Conservation Corps is established with the mission of relieving rampant unemployment in the United States.
  • 1918 – Daylight saving time goes into effect in the United States for the first time.
  • 1917 – The United States takes possession of the Danish West Indies after paying $25 million to Denmark, and renames the territory the United States Virgin Islands.
  • 1906 – The Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States (later the National Collegiate Athletic Association) is established to set rules for college sports in the United States.
  • 1899 – Malolos, capital of the First Philippine Republic, is captured by American forces.
  • 1854 – Commodore Matthew Perry signs the Convention of Kanagawa with the Tokugawa Shogunate, opening the ports of Shimoda and Hakodate to American trade.
  • 1774 – American Revolutionary War: The Kingdom of Great Britain orders the port of Boston, Massachusetts closed pursuant to the Boston Port Act.
  • 1561 – The city of San Cristóbal, Táchira is founded.
  • 1146 – Bernard of Clairvaux preaches his famous sermon in a field at Vézelay, urging the necessity of a Second Crusade. Louis VII is present, and joins the Crusade.

Births

  • 1998 – Jakob Chychrun, American-born Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1990 – George Iloka, American football player
  • 1988 – DeAndre Liggins, American basketball player
  • 1988 – Dorin Dickerson, American football player
  • 1987 – Justin Braun, American soccer player
  • 1987 – Winston Venable, American football player
  • 1985 – Jo-Lonn Dunbar, American football player
  • 1985 – Kory Sheets, American football player
  • 1984 – James Jones, American football player
  • 1982 – Audrey Kawasaki, American painter
  • 1982 – Bam Childress, American football player
  • 1981 – Ryan Bingham, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1980 – Kate Micucci, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress
  • 1979 – Charlie Manning, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Jonna Mendes, American skier
  • 1978 – Jarrod Cooper, American football player
  • 1976 – Howard Frier, American basketball player
  • 1975 – Adam Green, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1975 – Ryan Rupe, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Andrew Bowen, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1972 – Evan Williams, American businessman, co-founded Twitter and Pyra Labs
  • 1971 – Craig McCracken, American animator, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1970 – Samantha Brown, American television host
  • 1969 – Steve Smith, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1966 – Nick Firestone, American race car driver
  • 1965 – Patty Fendick, American tennis player and coach
  • 1965 – Steven T. Seagle, American author and screenwriter
  • 1965 – Tom Barrasso, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1965 – William McNamara, American actor and producer
  • 1961 – Howard Gordon, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1961 – Ron Brown, American sprinter and football player
  • 1953 – Dennis Kamakahi, American guitarist and composer (d. 2014)
  • 1950 – Ed Marinaro, American football player and actor
  • 1950 – Sandra Morgen, American anthropologist and academic
  • 1948 – Al Gore, American soldier and politician, 45th Vice President of the United States and Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1948 – Rhea Perlman, American actress
  • 1947 – Augustin Banyaga, Rwandan-American mathematician and academic
  • 1947 – Wendy Overton, American tennis player
  • 1945 – Edwin Catmull, American computer scientist and engineer
  • 1945 – Gabe Kaplan, American actor and comedian
  • 1944 – Angus King, American politician
  • 1943 – Christopher Walken, American actor
  • 1942 – Hugh McCracken, American guitarist and producer (d. 2013)
  • 1942 – Michael Savage, American radio host and author
  • 1940 – Barney Frank, American lawyer and politician
  • 1940 – Patrick Leahy, American lawyer and politician
  • 1939 – Israel Horovitz, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1939 – Walker David Miller, American lawyer and judge (d. 2013)
  • 1938 – Arthur B. Rubinstein, American pianist, composer, and conductor
  • 1936 – Marge Piercy, American poet and novelist
  • 1936 – Walter E. Williams, American economist and academic
  • 1935 – Herb Alpert, American singer-songwriter, trumpet player, and producer
  • 1935 – Judith Rossner, Jewish-American author (d. 2005)
  • 1934 – John D. Loudermilk, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2016)
  • 1934 – Richard Chamberlain, American actor
  • 1934 – Shirley Jones, American actress and singer
  • 1933 – Anita Carter, American singer-songwriter and bassist (d. 1999)
  • 1932 – John Jakes, American author
  • 1931 – Miller Barber, American golfer (d. 2013)
  • 1930 – Jim Mutscheller, American football player and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1930 – Yehuda Nir, Polish Jewish-American psychiatrist (d. 2014)
  • 1929 – Bert Fields, American lawyer and author
  • 1929 – Liz Claiborne, Belgian-American fashion designer, founded Liz Claiborne Inc. (d. 2007)
  • 1928 – Lefty Frizzell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1975)
  • 1927 – Cesar Chavez, American labor union leader and activist (d. 1993)
  • 1927 – Elmer Diedtrich, American businessman and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1927 – William Daniels, American actor
  • 1926 – Rocco Petrone, American colonel and engineer (d. 2006)
  • 1924 – Charles Guggenheim, American director and producer (d. 2002)
  • 1924 – Leo Buscaglia, American author and academic (d. 1998)
  • 1922 – Richard Kiley, American actor and singer (d. 1999)
  • 1921 – Lowell Fulson, African-American blues singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1999)
  • 1921 – Peggy Rea, American actress and casting director (d. 2011)
  • 1919 – Frank Akins, American football player (d. 1993)
  • 1918 – Ted Post, American director (d. 2013)
  • 1917 – Dorothy DeLay, American violinist and educator (d. 2002)
  • 1916 – John H. Wood, Jr., American lawyer and judge (d. 1979)
  • 1916 – Lucille Bliss, American voice actress (d. 2012)
  • 1916 – Tommy Bolt, American golfer (d. 2008)
  • 1913 – Etta Baker, Afrian-American singer and guitarist (d. 2006)
  • 1912 – William Lederer, American soldier and author (d. 2009)
  • 1911 – Freddie Green, American guitarist (d. 1987)
  • 1908 – Red Norvo, American vibraphone player and composer (d. 1999)
  • 1895 – Vardis Fisher, American author and academic (d. 1968)
  • 1891 – Victor Varconi, Hungarian-American actor and director (d. 1976)
  • 1890 – Ben Adams, American jumper (d. 1961)
  • 1885 – Pascin, Sephardi Jewish Bulgarian-American painter and illustrator (d. 1930)
  • 1884 – Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch-American astronomer and academic (d. 1946)
  • 1878 – Jack Johnson, American boxer (d. 1946)
  • 1872 – Sergei Diaghilev, Russian ballet manager and critic, founded the Ballets Russes (d. 1929)
  • 1855 – Alfred E. Hunt, American businessman (d. 1899)
  • 1823 – Mary Boykin Chesnut, American author (d. 1886)
  • 1794 – Thomas McKean Thompson McKennan, American lawyer and politician, 2nd United States Secretary of the Interior (d. 1852)

Deaths

  • 2017 – Gilbert Baker, American artist and LGBT rights activist (b. 1951)
  • 2016 – Zaha Hadid, Iraqi-born English architect and academic, designed the Bridge Pavilion (b. 1950)
  • 2015 – Riccardo Ingram, American baseball player and coach (b. 1966)
  • 2014 – Charles Keating, American lawyer, businessman, and criminal (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Bob Clarke, American illustrator (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Helena Carroll, Scottish-American actress (b. 1928)
  • 2012 – Bernard O. Gruenke, American stained glass artist (b. 1914)
  • 2012 – Dale R. Corson, American physicist and academic (b. 1914)
  • 2012 – Halbert White, American economist and academic (b. 1950)
  • 2012 – Jerry Lynch, American baseball player (b. 1930)
  • 2011 – Gil Clancy, American boxer and trainer (b. 1922)
  • 2011 – Henry Taub, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1927)
  • 2008 – Bill Keightley, American equipment manager (b. 1926)
  • 2008 – Jules Dassin, American director, producer, screenwriter, and actor (b. 1911)
  • 2007 – Paul Watzlawick, Austrian-American psychologist and philosopher (b. 1921)
  • 2006 – Jackie McLean, American saxophonist and composer (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – Frank Perdue, American businessman (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Stanley J. Korsmeyer, American oncologist and academic (b. 1951)
  • 2004 – Scott Helvenston, American soldier (b. 1965)
  • 2003 – Anne Gwynne, American actress (b. 1918)
  • 2001 – Clifford Shull, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)
  • 1998 – Bella Abzug, American lawyer, activist, and politician (b. 1920)
  • 1998 – Joel Ryce-Menuhin, American pianist (b. 1933)
  • 1998 – Tim Flock, American race car driver (b. 1924)
  • 1996 – Jeffrey Lee Pierce, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1958)
  • 1995 – Selena, American singer-songwriter (b. 1971)
  • 1993 – Brandon Lee, American actor and martial artist (b. 1965)
  • 1993 – Mitchell Parish, Lithuanian-American songwriter (b. 1900)
  • 1980 – Jesse Owens, American sprinter and long jumper (b. 1913)
  • 1978 – Charles Herbert Best, American-Canadian physiologist and biochemist, co-discovered Insulin (b. 1899)
  • 1976 – Paul Strand, American photographer and director (b. 1890)
  • 1968 – Grover Lowdermilk, American baseball player (b. 1885)
  • 1956 – Ralph DePalma, Italian-American race car driver and actor (b. 1884)
  • 1952 – Wallace H. White, Jr., American lawyer and politician (b. 1877)
  • 1935 – Georges V. Matchabelli, Georgian-American businessman and diplomat, founded Prince Matchabelli perfume (b. 1885)
  • 1931 – Knute Rockne, American football player and coach (b. 1888)
  • 1913 – J. P. Morgan, American banker and financier (b. 1837)
  • 1850 – John C. Calhoun, American lawyer and politician, 7th Vice President of the United States (b. 1782)
Saturday 31 March 2018
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Saturday 31 March 2018
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