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Friday 14 April 2023 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances


  • 2003 – U.S. troops in Baghdad capture Abu Abbas, leader of the Palestinian group that killed an American on the hijacked cruise liner the MS Achille Lauro in 1985.
  • 1994 – In a U.S. friendly fire incident during Operation Provide Comfort in northern Iraq, two United States Air Force aircraft mistakenly shoot-down two United States Army helicopters, killing 26 people.
  • 1981 – STS-1: The first operational Space Shuttle, Columbia completes its first test flight.
  • 1958 – The Soviet satellite Sputnik 2 falls from orbit after a mission duration of 162 days. This was the first spacecraft to carry a living animal, a female dog named Laika, who likely lived only a few hours.
  • 1939 – The Grapes of Wrath, by American author John Steinbeck is first published by the Viking Press.
  • 1928 – The Bremen, a German Junkers W 33 type aircraft, reaches Greenly Island, Canada - the first successful transatlantic aeroplane flight from east to west.
  • 1927 – The first Volvo car premieres in Gothenburg, Sweden.
  • 1894 – The first ever commercial motion picture house opened in New York City using ten Kinetoscopes, a device for peep-show viewing of films.
  • 1890 – The Pan-American Union is founded by the First International Conference of American States in Washington, D.C.
  • 1828 – Noah Webster copyrights the first edition of his dictionary.
  • 1816 – Bussa, a slave in British-ruled Barbados, leads a slave rebellion and is killed. For this, he is remembered as the first national hero of Barbados.
  • 1775 – The first abolition society in North America is established. The Society for the Relief of Free Negroes Unlawfully Held in Bondage is organized in Philadelphia by Benjamin Franklin and Benjamin Rush.


  • 1996 – Abigail Breslin, American actress. Her other film roles include Raising Helen (2004), Little Miss Sunshine (2006), for which she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, No Reservations (2007), Nim's Island (2008), Definitely, Maybe (2008), My Sister's Keeper (2009), Zombieland (2009), Rango (2011), The Call (2013), August: Osage County (2013), and Zombieland: Double Tap (2019).
  • 1989 – Joe Haden, American football player. Joseph Walter Haden III (born April 14, 1989) is an American football cornerback for the Pittsburgh Steelers of the National Football League (NFL).
  • 1987 – Michael Baze, American jockey (d. 2011), was an American Thoroughbred horse racing jockey.
  • 1984 – Adán Sánchez, American-Mexican musician (d. 2004), was an American singer of Regional Mexican music who performed under the stage name Adan "Chalino" Sánchez, honoring his famous father who was assassinated in 1992.
  • 1984 – Blake Costanzo, American football player. He played college football at Lafayette.
  • 1984 – Tyler Thigpen, American football player. Thigpen was drafted out of Coastal Carolina University in the seventh round of the 2007 NFL Draft (217th overall) by the Minnesota Vikings.
  • 1983 – William Obeng, Ghanaian-American football player. He played college football at San Jose State.
  • 1980 – Win Butler, American-Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist. His wife Régine Chassagne and younger brother Will Butler are both members of the band.
  • 1979 – Patrick Somerville, American novelist and short story writer. Patrick Somerville (born April 14, 1979) is an American novelist and television writer living in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
  • 1979 – Rebecca DiPietro, American wrestler and model. Rebecca DiPietro (born April 14, 1979) is an American model, former professional wrestling valet and retired professional wrestler who is best known for her time as the backstage interviewer on WWE's ECW brand.
  • 1977 – Nate Fox, American basketball player (d. 2014), was an American professional basketball player.
  • 1977 – Rob McElhenney, American actor, producer, and screenwriter. He is also one of the developers, executive producers, and the co-creator of the show, which has provided him with writing and directing credits for various episodes.
  • 1977 – Sarah Michelle Gellar, American actress and producer. Her television breakthrough came in 1993, when she originated the role of Kendall Hart on the ABC daytime soap opera All My Children, winning the 1995 Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Younger Actress in a Drama Series.
  • 1976 – Anna DeForge, American basketball player. Anna Louise DeForge (born April 14, 1976) is an American professional female basketball player who most recently played for the Detroit Shock in the WNBA.
  • 1976 – Georgina Chapman, English model, actress, and fashion designer, co-founded Marchesa. She was married to Harvey Weinstein from 2007 to 2017 and they have two children together.
  • 1976 – Kyle Farnsworth, American baseball player. In 2017, Farnsworth was the pitching coach for the Brookhaven Bucks of the Sunbelt Baseball League.
  • 1975 – Avner Dorman, Israeli-American composer and academic. Avner Dorman (Hebrew: אבנר דורמן; born April 14, 1975 in Tel Aviv, Israel) is an Israeli-born composer, educator and conductor.
  • 1974 – Da Brat, American rapper. Shawntae Harris (born April 14, 1974), better known by her stage name Da Brat, is an American rapper and actress from Chicago, Illinois.
  • 1973 – Adrien Brody, American actor. Brody is the only male American actor to receive the César Award for Best Actor.
  • 1972 – Dean Potter, American rock climber and BASE jumper (d. 2015), was an American free climber, alpinist, BASE jumper, and highliner. He was noted for hard first ascents, free solo ascents, speed ascents, and enchainments in Yosemite National Park and Patagonia.
  • 1971 – Gregg Zaun, American baseball player and sportscaster. Gregory Owen Zaun (/ˈzɔːn/; born April 14, 1971) is an American baseball analyst, public speaker and a retired professional baseball catcher.
  • 1970 – Steve Avery, American baseball player. Steven Thomas Avery (born April 14, 1970) is an American former left-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball (MLB), perhaps best known for his time with the Atlanta Braves in the early to mid 1990s.
  • 1969 – Brad Ausmus, American baseball player and manager. He was also the manager of the Tigers and Los Angeles Angels, and of the Israel national baseball team.
  • 1969 – Martyn LeNoble, Dutch-American bass player. Martyn LeNoble (Dutch: Martijn LeNoble; born 14 April 1969) is a Dutch bassist and a founding member of the alternative rock band Porno for Pyros.
  • 1968 – Anthony Michael Hall, American actor. Michael Anthony Hall (born April 14, 1968), known professionally as Anthony Michael Hall, is an American actor who starred in several teen-oriented films of the 1980s.
  • 1967 – Barrett Martin, American drummer, songwriter, and producer. Martin has also played on albums by R.E.M., the Stone Temple Pilots, Luna, and Queens Of The Stone Age.
  • 1966 – David Justice, American baseball player and sportscaster. David Christopher Justice (born April 14, 1966) is a retired American professional baseball outfielder and designated hitter in Major League Baseball who played for the Atlanta Braves (1989–1996), Cleveland Indians (1997–2000), New York Yankees (2000–2001), and Oakland Athletics (2002).
  • 1966 – Greg Maddux, American baseball player, coach, and manager. Gregory Alan Maddux (born April 14, 1966) is an American college baseball coach and former Major League Baseball (MLB) pitcher.
  • 1965 – Tom Dey, American director and producer. Thomas Ridgeway "Tom" Dey (born April 14, 1965) is an American film director, screenwriter, and producer.
  • 1964 – Greg Battle, American-Canadian football player. Greg Battle (born April 14, 1964) is a former Canadian Football League linebacker for the Winnipeg Blue Bombers.
  • 1964 – Jeff Andretti, American race car driver. He competed in CART, and was the series' Rookie of the Year in 1991.
  • 1964 – Stuart Duncan, American bluegrass musician. Stuart Duncan (born April 14, 1964) is an American bluegrass musician who plays the violin, mandolin, guitar and banjo.
  • 1961 – Daniel Clowes, American cartoonist and screenwriter. An Eightball issue typically contained several short pieces and a chapter of a longer narrative that was later collected and published as a graphic novel, such as Like a Velvet Glove Cast in Iron (1993), Ghost World (1997), and David Boring (2000).
  • 1960 – Brad Garrett, American actor and comedian. Gerstenfeld (born April 14, 1960), known professionally as Brad Garrett, is an American stand-up comedian, actor, voice actor, and professional poker player.
  • 1960 – Tina Rosenberg, American journalist and author. For one of them, The Haunted Land: Facing Europe's Ghosts After Communism (1995), she won the Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction and the National Book Award for Nonfiction.
  • 1952 – Kenny Aaronson, American bass player. He has recorded and performed with several notable artists, such as Billy Idol, Joan Jett and the Blackhearts, and Hall and Oates.
  • 1950 – Francis Collins, American physician and geneticist. Francis Sellers Collins (born April 14, 1950) is an American physician-geneticist who discovered the genes associated with a number of diseases and led the Human Genome Project.
  • 1949 – DeAnne Julius, American-British economist and academic. Dame DeAnne Shirley Julius, DCMG, CBE (born April 14, 1949) is a former economic analyst for the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and an American-British economist, notable as a founder member of the Monetary Policy Committee of the Bank of England.
  • 1949 – John Shea, American actor and director. Shortly after his Off-Broadway career began, Lee Strasberg invited Shea to join the Actors Studio where he spent several years studying method acting.
  • 1948 – Berry Berenson, American model, actress, and photographer (d. 2001), was an American photographer, actress, and model. Perkins, who was the wife of actor Anthony Perkins, died in the September 11 attacks as a passenger on American Airlines Flight 11.
  • 1946 – Mireille Guiliano, French-American author. Mireille Guiliano (born April 14, 1946, in Moyeuvre-Grande, France) is a French-American author.
  • 1941 – Pete Rose, American baseball player and manager. Peter Edward Rose (born April 14, 1941), also known by his nickname "Charlie Hustle", is an American former professional baseball player and manager.
  • 1937 – Efi Arazi, Israeli businessman, founded the Scailex Corporation (d. 2013). Arazi enrolled as a Shoher to study electronics in the Israel Defense Forces at the Air Force Technological Academy, He earned an engineering degree in the 1960s at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (he was accepted to MIT via the "extraordinary cases" as he did not have a matriculation certificate).
  • 1936 – Arlene Martel, American actress and singer (d. 2014). Prior to 1964, she was frequently billed as Arline Sax or Arlene Sax.
  • 1936 – Bobby Nichols, American golfer. Robert Herman Nichols (born April 14, 1936) is an American professional golfer, best known for winning the PGA Championship in 1964.
  • 1936 – Frank Serpico, American-Italian soldier, police officer and lecturer. Francesco Vincent Serpico (born April 14, 1936) is a former New York City Police Department (NYPD) officer who holds both American and Italian citizenship.
  • 1934 – Fredric Jameson, American philosopher and theorist. Jameson's best-known books include Postmodernism, or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism (1991) and The Political Unconscious (1981).
  • 1933 – Shani Wallis, English-American actress and singer. Shani Wallis (born 14 April 1933) is an English-born American actress and singer of theatre, television and film, in both her native United Kingdom and in the United States.
  • 1932 – Loretta Lynn, American singer-songwriter and musician. She is famous for hits such as "You Ain't Woman Enough (To Take My Man)", "Don't Come Home A-Drinkin' (With Lovin' on Your Mind)", "One's on the Way", "Fist City", and "Coal Miner's Daughter" along with the 1980 biographical film of the same name.
  • 1930 – Arnold Burns, American lawyer and politician, 21st United States Deputy Attorney General (d. 2013). Attorney General Edwin Meese.
  • 1930 – Bradford Dillman, American actor and author. Bradford Dillman was born on April 14, 1930 in San Francisco, California, the son of Dean Dillman, a stockbroker, and Josephine (née Moore).
  • 1929 – Inez Andrews, African-American singer-songwriter (d. 2012), was an American gospel singer, songwriter and recording artist. Her soaring, wide-ranging voice — from contralto croon to soul-wrenching wail — made her a pillar of gospel music.
  • 1926 – Gloria Jean, American actress and singer, was an American actress and singer who starred or co-starred in 26 feature films from 1939 to 1959, and made numerous radio, television, stage, and nightclub appearances. She is probably best remembered today for her appearance with W.C.
  • 1926 – Liz Renay, American actress and author (d. 2007), was an American author and actress who appeared in John Waters' film Desperate Living (1977).
  • 1925 – Rod Steiger, American soldier and actor (d. 2002), was an American actor, noted for his portrayal of offbeat, often volatile and crazed characters. Cited as "one of Hollywood's most charismatic and dynamic stars," he is closely associated with the art of method acting, embodying the characters he played, which at times led to clashes with directors and co-stars.
  • 1924 – Joseph Ruskin, American actor and producer (d. 2013), was an American character actor.
  • 1924 – Shorty Rogers, American trumpet player and composer (d. 1994), was one of the principal creators of West Coast jazz. He played trumpet and flugelhorn and was in demand for his skills as an arranger.
  • 1922 – Audrey Long, American actress (d. 2014), was an American actress of English descent, who appeared mainly in low-budget films in the 1940s and early 1950s. Some of her more notable film performances include Tall in the Saddle (1944) opposite John Wayne, Wanderer of the Wasteland (1945), Born to Kill (1947), and Desperate (1947).
  • 1921 – Thomas Schelling, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2016), was an American economist and professor of foreign policy, national security, nuclear strategy, and arms control at the School of Public Policy at University of Maryland, College Park. He was also co-faculty at the New England Complex Systems Institute.
  • 1917 – Marvin Miller, American baseball executive (d. 2012), was an American baseball executive who served as the Executive Director of the Major League Baseball Players Association (MLBPA) from 1966 to 1982. Under Miller's direction, the players' union was transformed into one of the strongest unions in the United States.
  • 1905 – Elizabeth Huckaby, American author and educator (d. 1999). As the Vice-Principal for Girls of Little Rock Central High School, Huckaby was given the responsibility for protecting the six female members of the first nine black students admitted to the school after desegregation.
  • 1892 – Claire Windsor, American actress (d. 1972), was an American film actress of the silent screen era.
  • 1868 – Peter Behrens, German architect, designed the AEG turbine factory (d. 1940), was a German architect and designer. He was important to the Jugendstil and modernist movement, and several of the movement's leading names (including Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier and Walter Gropius) worked for him in earlier stages of their careers.
  • 1866 – Anne Sullivan, American educator (d. 1936), was an American teacher best known for being the instructor and lifelong companion of Helen Keller.
  • 1788 – David G. Burnet, American politician, 2nd Vice-President of Texas (d. 1870), was an early politician within the Republic of Texas, serving as interim President of Texas (1836 and again in 1841), second Vice President of the Republic of Texas (1839–1841), and Secretary of State (1846) for the new state of Texas after it was annexed to the United States of America.


  • 2015 – Mark Reeds, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (b. 1960)
  • 2015 – Percy Sledge, American singer (b. 1940)
  • 2014 – Crad Kilodney, American-Canadian author (b. 1948)
  • 2014 – Mick Staton, American soldier and politician (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Efi Arazi, Israeli businessman, founded the Scailex Corporation (b. 1937)
  • 2013 – R. P. Goenka, Indian businessman, founded RPG Group (b. 1930)
  • 2010 – Peter Steele, American singer-songwriter and bass player (b. 1962)
  • 2008 – Ollie Johnston, American animator and voice actor (b. 1912)
  • 2008 – Tommy Holmes, American baseball player and manager (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Don Ho, American singer and ukulele player (b. 1930)
  • 2004 – Micheline Charest, English-Canadian television producer, co-founded the Cookie Jar Group (b. 1953)
  • 2000 – Phil Katz, American computer programmer, co-created the zip file format (b. 1962)
  • 1999 – Bill Wendell, American television announcer (b. 1924)
  • 1999 – Ellen Corby, American actress and screenwriter (b. 1911)
  • 1995 – Burl Ives, American actor, folk singer, and writer (b. 1909)
  • 1990 – Thurston Harris, American singer (b. 1931)
  • 1978 – Joe Gordon, American baseball player and manager (b. 1915)
  • 1975 – Fredric March, American actor (b. 1897)
  • 1968 – Al Benton, American baseball player (b. 1911)
  • 1964 – Rachel Carson, American biologist and author (b. 1907)
  • 1951 – Al Christie, Canadian-American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1881)
  • 1935 – Emmy Noether, German-American mathematician and academic (b. 1882)
  • 1925 – John Singer Sargent, American painter (b. 1856)
  • 1914 – Hubert Bland, English activist, co-founded the Fabian Society (b. 1855)
  • 1911 – Addie Joss, American baseball player and journalist (b. 1880)
  • 1864 – Charles Lot Church, American-Canadian politician (b. 1777)