Thursday 23 April 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
: United Nations Holidays
, Worldwide Holidays
, Career Holidays (Recognition Holidays)
, Childrenís Days
, Food holidays
, Pet and Animal Holidays
, United Kingdom
, Unusual Holidays
, Womenís Days
Holidays and observances
- Bermuda Pepper Day (The Bermuda Peppercorn Ceremony is an event that occurs every year in April. Kingís Square in the town of St. George, Bermuda becomes the site where the Masonic Brothers of Lodge St. George pay the annual rent of one peppercorn)
- Canada Book Day
- Day of Castile and Leon in Spain (Día de Castilla y León - anniversary of the Battle of Villalar in 1521)
- First Day of Summer or Sumardagurinn fyrsti in Iceland (celebrated on the first Thursday after April 18)
- German Beer Day in Germany
- Independence Day in Conch Republic, Key West, Florida
- International Girls in ICT Day (aims to encourage and empower girls and young women to consider studies and careers in the growing field of Information and communications technology)
- International Nose Picking Day
- International Pixel-Stained Technopeasant Day (The Day is declared by author Jo Walton, held on April 23 and first celebrated in 2007, in response to remarks made by Howard V. Hendrix stating that he was opposed "to the increasing presence in our organization the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America of webscabs, who post their creations on the net for free". The purpose of the day, according to Walton was to encourage writers to post "professional quality" works for free on the internet. The name of the day originates from the assertion by Hendrix that the "webscabs" are "converting the noble calling of Writer into the life of Pixel-stained Technopeasant Wretch.")
- Khongjom Day (Manipur, India)
- La Diada de Sant Jordi (Catalonia, Spain, Andorra. The Día de Sant Jordi, where flowers and gifts are exchanged)
- National Cherry Cheesecake Day and National Picnic Day in USA
- National Choro Day in Brazil (Dia Nacional do Choro)
- National Lost Dog Awareness Day in US
- National Sovereignty and Children's Day in Turkey and Northern Cyprus
- Navy Day in China
- School Bus Driverís Day
- Scouting Day
- St. George's Day (Great Britain, Canada, Newfoundland)
- Take a Chance Day
- Talk Like Shakespeare Day
- UN English Language Day (United Nations)
- UN Spanish Language Day (United Nations)
- Villalar de los Comuneros in Spain (province of Valladolid)
- World Road Safety Week
- 2005 – The first ever YouTube video, titled "Me at the zoo", was published by user "jawed".
- 1951 – American journalist William N. Oatis is arrested for espionage by the Communist government of Czechoslovakia.
- 1920 – The Grand National Assembly of Turkey (TBMM) is founded in Ankara. The assembly denounces the government of Sultan Mehmed VI and announces the preparation of a temporary constitution.
- 1914 – First baseball game at Wrigley Field, then known as Weeghman Park, in Chicago.
- 1635 – The first public school in the United States, Boston Latin School, is founded in Boston.
- 1995 – Gigi Hadid, American fashion model and television personality. Jelena Noura "Gigi" Hadid (born April 23, 1995) is an American fashion model.
- 1991 – Caleb Johnson, American singer-songwriter. Caleb Perry Johnson (born April 23, 1991) is an American singer who won the thirteenth season of American Idol.
- 1987 – Emily Fox, American basketball player. Emily Fox (born April 23, 1987) is a former world record holder at sport stacking.
- 1986 – Alysia Montaño, American runner. She also ran the same race in 2017's Championships, again while pregnant—this time, at 5 months.
- 1983 – Carl Higbie, American Navy SEAL, author, and political commentator. In August 2017, Higbie was selected to serve as the chief of external affairs for the Corporation for National and Community Service, but resigned in January 2018 after racist, sexist, anti-Muslim, and anti-LGBT comments and comments about fellow veterans with PTSD came to light.
- 1982 – Tony Sunshine, American singer-songwriter. Tony Sunshine (born April 23 as Antonio Cruz in the Bronx, New York) is an American R&B singer, songwriter, musician, producer, voice actor, dancer, actor, entrepreneur and rapper of Puerto Rican descent, famous for singing on many Terror Squad's songs.
- 1979 – Jaime King, American actress and model. In her modeling career and early film roles, she used the names Jamie King and James King, which was a childhood nickname given to King by her parents, because her agency already represented another Jaime—the older, then-more famous model Jaime Rishar.
- 1979 – Joanna Krupa, Polish-American model and television personality. She is known internationally as the host and head judge of Polish Top Model as well as for appearances on reality television shows Dancing with the Stars and The Real Housewives of Miami.
- 1977 – John Cena, American wrestler. John Felix Anthony Cena Jr. (/ˈsiːnə/; born April 23, 1977) is an American professional wrestler, actor, rapper, and television presenter.
- 1977 – Kal Penn, Indian-American actor. Kalpen Suresh Modi (born April 23, 1977), known professionally as Kal Penn, is an American actor, comedian, and civil servant.
- 1976 – Aaron Dessner, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer. Dessner writes the majority of the music for The National, collaborating on songwriting with singer Matt Berninger.
- 1975 – Bobby Shaw, American football player. Shaw II (born April 23, 1975 in San Francisco, California) is a former American football wide receiver in the National Football League.
- 1974 – Carlos Dengler, American bass player. Carlos Andres Dengler (born April 23, 1974), previously known as Carlos D., is a Colombian-American musician and actor best known as the former bass guitarist for the rock band Interpol.
- 1971 – Uli Herzner, German-American fashion designer. Ulrike "Uli" Herzner (born 23 April 1971) is a fashion designer originally from East Germany, currently living in Miami Beach, Florida.
- 1970 – Dennis Culp, American singer-songwriter and trombonist. Dennis Culp (born April 23, 1970 in Denver, Colorado) is an American trombonist and singer/songwriter best known for his work with the bands Brave Saint Saturn and Five Iron Frenzy.
- 1969 – Martín López-Zubero, American-Spanish swimmer and coach. López-Zubero was born in the United States, swam in international competition for Spain, and holds dual Spanish-American citizenship.
- 1968 – Timothy McVeigh, American terrorist, Oklahoma City bombing co-perpetrator (d. 2001), was an American domestic terrorist who perpetrated the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing that killed 168 people and injured over 680 others. The bombing was the deadliest act of terrorism in the United States prior to the September 11 attacks, and remains the deadliest act of domestic terrorism in United States history.
- 1967 – Melina Kanakaredes, American actress. Melina Eleni Kanakaredes Constantinides (Greek: Μελίνα Ελένη Κανακαρίδη Κωνσταντινίδη; born April 23, 1967) is an American actress.
- 1963 – Robby Naish, American windsurfer. Robert Staunton Naish (born April 23, 1963 in La Jolla, San Diego, California) is an American athlete and entrepreneur who has won 23 World Championship Windsurfing titles.
- 1961 – George Lopez, American comedian, actor, and talk show host. His stand-up comedy examines race and ethnic relations, including Mexican American culture.
- 1960 – Valerie Bertinelli, American actress. Since 2015, she has hosted the cooking shows Valerie's Home Cooking and Kids Baking Championship on Food Network.
- 1957 – Jan Hooks, American actress and comedian (d. 2014), was an American actress and comedian, best known for her work on Saturday Night Live, where she was a repertory player from 1986 to 1991, and continued making cameo appearances until 1994. Her subsequent work included a regular role on the final two seasons of Designing Women, a recurring role on 3rd Rock from the Sun and a number of other roles in film and television including on Tina Fey’s NBC show 30 Rock and The Simpsons.
- 1954 – Michael Moore, American director, producer, and activist. Michael Francis Moore (born April 23, 1954) is an American documentary filmmaker and author.
- 1953 – James Russo, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. James Vincent Russo (born 23 April 1953) is an American film and television actor.
- 1952 – Narada Michael Walden, African-American singer-songwriter, drummer, and producer. He acquired the nickname Narada from Sri Chinmoy.
- 1951 – Martin Bayerle, American treasure hunter. Captain Martin Gerard Bayerle (born April 23, 1951) is an American treasure hunter and author, best known for finding the 1909 shipwreck of the White Star Liner RMS Republic.
- 1950 – Barbara McIlvaine Smith, Sac and Fox Nation Native American politician. Barbara McIlvaine Smith (born April 23, 1950) is a Democratic politician, and former member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives.
- 1946 – Blair Brown, American actress. Her later roles include Nina Sharp on the Fox television series Fringe and Judy King on the Netflix series Orange Is the New Black.
- 1946 – Carlton Sherwood, American soldier and journalist (d. 2014), was an American journalist who produced the anti-John Kerry film Stolen Honor. Sherwood served on two news teams which were responsible for the award of the Pulitzer Prize and the Peabody Award to their organizations.
- 1943 – Gail Goodrich, American basketball player and coach. Michigan, and his part in the Los Angeles Lakers' 1971–72 season.
- 1943 – Tony Esposito, Canadian-American ice hockey player, coach, and manager. Anthony James "Tony O" Esposito (born April 23, 1943) is a Canadian-American former professional ice hockey goaltender, who played in the National Hockey League, most notably for the Chicago Black Hawks.
- 1942 – Sandra Dee, American model and actress (d. 2005), was an American actress. Dee began her career as a child model, working first in commercials, and then film in her teenage years.
- 1941 – Michael Lynne, American film producer, co-founded New Line Cinema, was an American film executive.
- 1941 – Ray Tomlinson, American computer programmer and engineer (d. 2016), was a pioneering American computer programmer who implemented the first email program on the ARPANET system, the precursor to the Internet, in 1971; he is internationally known and credited as the inventor of email. It was the first system able to send mail between users on different hosts connected to ARPANET.
- 1940 – Dale Houston, American singer-songwriter (d. 2007), was an American singer who, along with his performing partner, Grace Broussard, hit the Billboard chart as Dale & Grace with two rock and roll singles. The first was the No. 1 gold record "I'm Leaving It Up to You" in 1963. "Stop and Think It Over" reached No. 8 in 1964.
- 1940 – Michael Copps, American academic and politician. Michael Joseph Copps (born April 23, 1940) is a former Commissioner of the U.S.
- 1939 – Lee Majors, American actor. Lee Majors (born Harvey Lee Yeary; April 23, 1939) is an American film, television and voice actor.
- 1939 – Ray Peterson, American pop singer (d. 2005), was an American pop singer who was best remembered for singing "Tell Laura I Love Her" and "Corrine, Corrina".
- 1936 – Roy Orbison, American singer-songwriter (d. 1988), was an American singer, songwriter, and musician known for his impassioned singing style, complex song structures, and dark, emotional ballads. Many critics described his music as operatic, nicknaming him "the Caruso of Rock" and "the Big O".
- 1933 – Annie Easley, African-American computer scientist, mathematician, and engineer (d. 2011). She worked for the Lewis Research Center (now Glenn Research Center) of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and its predecessor, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA).
- 1932 – Halston, American fashion designer (d. 1990), was an American fashion designer who rose to international fame in the 1970s.
- 1932 – Jim Fixx, American runner and author (d. 1984), was an American who wrote the 1977 best-selling book The Complete Book of Running. He is credited with helping start America's fitness revolution by popularizing the sport of running and demonstrating the health benefits of regular jogging.
- 1929 – George Steiner, French-American philosopher, author, and critic. An article in The Guardian described Steiner as a "polyglot and polymath", saying that he is either "often credited with recasting the role of the critic", or a "pretentious namedropper" whose "range comes at the price of inaccuracy" and "complacency".
- 1928 – Shirley Temple, American actress, singer, dancer, and diplomat (d. 2014), was an American actress, singer, dancer, businesswoman, and diplomat who was Hollywood's number one box-office draw as a child actress from 1935 to 1938. As an adult, she was named United States ambassador to Ghana and to Czechoslovakia, and also served as Chief of Protocol of the United States.
- 1926 – J.P. Donleavy, American-Irish novelist and playwright, was an Irish/American novelist and playwright. His best-known work is the novel The Ginger Man, which was initially banned for obscenity.
- 1924 – Bobby Rosengarden, American drummer and bandleader (d. 2007), was a jazz drummer and bandleader. A native of Elgin, Illinois, he played on many recordings and in television orchestras and talk show bands.
- 1924 – Chuck Harmon, American baseball player and scout, was an American professional baseball utility player in Major League Baseball who played for the Cincinnati Redlegs (1954–1956), St. Louis Cardinals (1956–1957) and Philadelphia Phillies (1957).
- 1923 – Avram Davidson, American soldier and author (d. 1993), was an American writer of fantasy fiction, science fiction, and crime fiction, as well as the author of many stories that do not fit into a genre niche. He won a Hugo Award and three World Fantasy Awards in the science fiction and fantasy genre, a World Fantasy Life Achievement award, and an Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine short story award and an Edgar Award in the mystery genre.
- 1923 – Dolph Briscoe, American lieutenant and politician, 41st Governor of Texas (d. 2010), was an American rancher and businessman who was the 41st Governor of Texas between 1973 and 1979. He was a member of the Democratic Party.
- 1921 – Janet Blair, American actress and singer (d. 2007), was a big-band singer who became a popular American film and television actress.
- 1921 – Warren Spahn, American baseball player and coach (d. 2003), was a Major League Baseball left-handed pitcher who played his entire 21-year baseball career in the National League. He won 20 games or more in 13 seasons, including a 23–7 record when he was age 42.
- 1917 – Dorian Leigh, American model (d. 2008), was an American model and one of the earliest modeling icons of the fashion industry. She is considered one of the first supermodels, and was well known in the United States and Europe.
- 1917 – Tony Lupien, American baseball player and coach (d. 2004), was an American first baseman in Major League Baseball. He was a left-handed batter who played for the Boston Red Sox, Philadelphia Phillies and Chicago White Sox.
- 1916 – Sinah Estelle Kelley, African-American chemist (d. 1982), was an American chemist who worked on the mass production of penicillin.
- 1913 – Diosa Costello, Puerto Rican-American entertainer, producer and club owner (d. 2013), was an American entertainer, performer, producer and club owner, often referred to as "the Latin Bombshell".
- 1911 – Ronald Neame, English-American director, cinematographer, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2010), was an English film producer, director, cinematographer, and screenwriter. Beginning his career as a cinematographer, for his work on the British war film One of Our Aircraft Is Missing (1943) he received an Academy Award nomination for Best Special Effects.
- 1908 – Myron Waldman, American animator and director (d. 2006), was an American animator, best known for his work at Fleischer Studios.
- 1907 – Fritz Wotruba, Austrian sculptor, designed the Wotruba Church (d. 1975), was an Austrian sculptor of Czecho-Hungarian descent. He was considered one of the most notable sculptors of the 20th century in Austria.
- 1907 – Lee Miller, American model and photographer (d. 1977), was an American photographer and photojournalist. She was a fashion model in New York City in the 1920s before going to Paris, where she became a fashion and fine art photographer.
- 1904 – Duncan Renaldo, American actor (d. 1985), was a Romanian-born American actor best remembered for his portrayal of The Cisco Kid in films and on the 1950-1956 American TV series, The Cisco Kid.
- 1900 – Jim Bottomley, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 1959). Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, and St.
- 1899 – Minoru Shirota, Japanese physician and microbiologist, invented Yakult (d. 1982), was a Japanese microbiologist. In the 1920s Shirota identified a strain of lactic acid bacteria that is part of normal gut flora that he originally called Lactobacillus casei Shirota; it appeared to help contain the growth of harmful bacteria in the gut.
- 1898 – Lucius D. Clay, American general (d. 1978), was a senior officer of the United States Army who was known for his administration of occupied Germany after World War II. He served as the deputy to General of the Army Dwight D.
- 1893 – Frank Borzage, American actor and director (d. 1952), was an Academy Award-winning American film director and actor, most remembered for directing 7th Heaven (1927), Street Angel (1928), Bad Girl (1931), Man's Castle (1933), The Mortal Storm (1940) and Moonrise (1948).
- 1861 – John Peltz, American baseball player and manager (d. 1906), was a professional baseball player in the 19th century. Peltz first played with the Indianapolis Hoosiers, in 1884 at the age of 23.
- 1856 – Granville Woods, American inventor and engineer (d. 1910), was an American inventor who held more than 60 patents. He is also the first American of African ancestry to be a mechanical and electrical engineer after the Civil War.
- 1853 – Winthrop M. Crane, American businessman and politician, 40th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1920), was a U.S. political figure and businessman. Born into the Dalton, Massachusetts family that owned the papermaking Crane & Co., he successfully expanded the company during the 1880s after securing an exclusive government contract to supply the paper for United States currency (a monopoly the company continues to hold).
- 1813 – Stephen A. Douglas, American educator and politician, 7th Illinois Secretary of State (d. 1861), was an American politician and lawyer from Illinois. He was the Democratic Party nominee for president in the 1860 election, but he was defeated by Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln.
- 1791 – James Buchanan, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 15th President of the United States (d. 1868). James Buchanan Jr. (/bjuːˈkænən/; April 23, 1791 – June 1, 1868) served as the 15th president of the United States from 1857 to 1861, serving directly prior to the American Civil War.
- 2015 – Francis Tsai, American author and illustrator (b. 1967)
- 2015 – Jim Steffen, American football player (b. 1936)
- 2015 – Richard Corliss, American journalist and critic (b. 1944)
- 2014 – F. Michael Rogers, American general (b. 1921)
- 2013 – Bob Brozman, American guitarist (b. 1954)
- 2013 – Frank W. J. Olver, English-American mathematician and academic (b. 1924)
- 2013 – Kathryn Wasserman Davis, American philanthropist and scholar (b. 1907)
- 2013 – Robert W. Edgar, American educator and politician (b. 1943)
- 2012 – Chris Ethridge, American bass player and songwriter (b. 1947)
- 2012 – LeRoy T. Walker, American football player and coach (b. 1918)
- 2011 – Tom King, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1943)
- 2007 – David Halberstam, American journalist, historian and author (b. 1934)
- 2007 – Paul Erdman, Canadian-American economist and author (b. 1932)
- 2006 – Phil Walden, American record producer and manager, co-founder of Capricorn Records (b. 1940)
- 2003 – Fernand Fonssagrives, French-American photographer (b. 1910)
- 1998 – James Earl Ray, American assassin of Martin Luther King, Jr. (b. 1928)
- 1995 – Howard Cosell, American lawyer and journalist (b. 1918)
- 1995 – John C. Stennis, American lawyer and politician (b. 1904)
- 1993 – Cesar Chavez, American activist, co-founded the United Farm Workers (b. 1927)
- 1991 – Johnny Thunders, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1952)
- 1990 – Paulette Goddard, American actress (b. 1910)
- 1986 – Harold Arlen, American composer (b. 1905)
- 1986 – Otto Preminger, Ukrainian-American actor, director, and producer (b. 1906)
- 1985 – Sam Ervin, American lawyer and politician (b. 1896)
- 1984 – Red Garland, American pianist (b. 1923)
- 1983 – Buster Crabbe, American swimmer and actor (b. 1908)
- 1965 – George Adamski, Polish-American ufologist and author (b. 1891)
- 1951 – Charles G. Dawes, American banker and politician, 30th Vice President of the United States, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1865)
- 1907 – Alferd Packer, American prospector (b. 1842)
- 1702 – Margaret Fell, English religious leader, founded the Religious Society of Friends (b. 1614)