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Tuesday 19 May 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances

Events

  • 1961 – Venera program: Venera 1 becomes the first man-made object to fly by another planet by passing Venus (the probe had lost contact with Earth a month earlier and did not send back any data).
  • 1921 – The United States Congress passes the Emergency Quota Act establishing national quotas on immigration.
  • 1917 – The Norwegian football club Rosenborg BK is founded.
  • 1911 – Parks Canada, the world's first national park service, is established as the Dominion Parks Branch under the Department of the Interior.
  • 1848 – Mexican–American War: Mexico ratifies the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo thus ending the war and ceding California, Nevada, Utah and parts of four other modern-day U.S. states to the United States for US$15 million.
  • 1828 – U.S. President John Quincy Adams signs the Tariff of 1828 into law, protecting wool manufacturers in the United States.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: A Continental Army garrison surrenders in the Battle of The Cedars.
  • 1535 – French explorer Jacques Cartier sets sail on his second voyage to North America with three ships, 110 men, and Chief Donnacona's two sons (whom Cartier had kidnapped during his first voyage).
  • 1445 – John II of Castile defeats the Infantes of Aragon at the First Battle of Olmedo.

Births

  • 1991 – Jordan Pruitt, American singer-songwriter. She went on to tour with the likes of numerous other artists such as Demi Lovato, The Jonas Brothers, High School Musical, The Cheetah Girls, and The Plain White T’s.
  • 1987 – Michael Angelakos, American singer-songwriter and producer. He is best known as the frontman of the indietronica band Passion Pit.
  • 1986 – Mario Chalmers, American basketball player. Almario Vernard "Mario" Chalmers (born May 19, 1986) is an American professional basketball player for AEK Athens of the Greek Basket League and the Basketball Champions League.
  • 1984 – Marcedes Lewis, American football player. He was selected by the Jacksonville Jaguars in the first round of the 2006 NFL Draft.
  • 1981 – Yo Gotti, American rapper. Mario Sentell Giden Mims (born May 17, 1981), known professionally as Yo Gotti, is an American rapper from Memphis, Tennessee.
  • 1977 – Brandon Inge, American baseball player. He bats and throws right-handed.
  • 1976 – Ed Cota, American basketball player. He is currently living in Charlotte, North Carolina.
  • 1976 – Kevin Garnett, American basketball player. Kevin Maurice Garnett (born May 19, 1976) is an American former professional basketball player who played for 21 seasons in the National Basketball Association (NBA).
  • 1975 – Josh Paul, American baseball player and manager. He played in MLB for the Los Angeles Angels, Chicago White Sox, Chicago Cubs, and Tampa Bay Devil Rays.
  • 1975 – London Fletcher, American football player. Louis Rams as an undrafted free agent in 1998.
  • 1971 – Ross Katz, American director, producer, and screenwriter. Ross Katz (born May 19, 1971 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is an American film producer, screenwriter and film director.
  • 1968 – Kyle Eastwood, American actor and bass player. After becoming a session player in the early 1990s and leading his own quartet, he released his first solo album, From There to Here, in 1998.
  • 1966 – Jodi Picoult, American author and educator. Currently approximately 14 million copies of her books are in print worldwide, translated into 34 languages.
  • 1965 – Maile Flanagan, American actress, producer, and screenwriter. Maile Flanagan (born May 19, 1965) is an American actress and voice actress, best known for her roles as Naruto Uzumaki in the English dub of Naruto and Terry Perry on Lab Rats.
  • 1961 – Gregory Poirier, American director, producer, and screenwriter. Gregory Stephen Poirier (born 19 May 1961) is an American film and television writer, director, and producer.
  • 1957 – Bill Laimbeer, American basketball player and coach. William Laimbeer Jr. (born May 19, 1957) is an American former basketball player and current coach of the Las Vegas Aces in the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA).
  • 1955 – James Gosling, Canadian-American computer scientist, created Java. IEEE John von Neumann Medal
  • 1954 – Rick Cerone, American baseball player and sportscaster. Richard Aldo Cerone (born May 19, 1954) is an American former professional baseball player, television sports color commentator and minor league baseball team owner.
  • 1951 – Dick Slater, American wrestler, was an American professional wrestler who wrestled in the 1970s, 1980s, and mid-1990s for various promotions including Mid-Atlantic Championship Wrestling and World Championship Wrestling (WCW).
  • 1951 – Joey Ramone, American singer-songwriter (d. 2001), was an American musician, singer-songwriter, and lead vocalist of the punk rock band the Ramones. Joey Ramone's image, voice, and tenure as frontman of the Ramones made him a countercultural icon.
  • 1949 – Archie Manning, American football player. Elisha Archibald Manning III (born May 19, 1949) is a former American football quarterback who played professionally for 13 seasons in the National Football League (NFL).
  • 1949 – Dusty Hill, American singer-songwriter and bass player. Hill was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of ZZ Top in 2004.
  • 1948 – Grace Jones, Jamaican-American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress. Jones began her modelling career in New York state, then in Paris, working for fashion houses such as Yves St.
  • 1946 – André the Giant, French-American wrestler and actor (d. 1993), was a French professional wrestler and actor.
  • 1944 – Peter Mayhew, English-American actor, was an English-American actor, best known for portraying Chewbacca in the Star Wars film series. He played the character in all of his live-action appearances from the 1977 original to 2015's The Force Awakens before his retirement from the role.
  • 1943 – Shirrel Rhoades, American author, publisher, and academic. Shirrel Rhoades (/ˈʃɜːrəl ˈroʊdz/; born May 19, 1942) is an American writer, publisher, professor, filmmaker, and the former executive vice president of Marvel Entertainment.
  • 1942 – Gary Kildall, American computer scientist, founded Digital Research Inc. (d. 1994), was an American computer scientist and microcomputer entrepreneur who created the CP/M operating system and founded Digital Research, Inc. (DRI). Kildall was one of the first people to see microprocessors as fully capable computers, rather than equipment controllers, and to organize a company around this concept.
  • 1941 – Nora Ephron, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2012), was an American journalist, writer, and filmmaker. She is best known for her romantic comedy films and was nominated three times for the Academy Award for Best Writing: for Silkwood (1983), When Harry Met Sally... (1989), and Sleepless in Seattle (1993).
  • 1940 – Mickey Newbury, American country/pop singer-songwriter (d. 2002), was an American songwriter, recording artist, and a member of the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame.
  • 1939 – Dick Scobee, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (d. 1986), was an American pilot, engineer and astronaut. He was killed while he was commanding the Space Shuttle Challenger in 1986, which suffered catastrophic booster failure during launch of the STS-51-L mission.
  • 1939 – Nancy Kwan, Hong Kong-American actress and makeup artist. Nancy "Ka Shen" Kwan (Chinese: 關家蒨; pinyin: Guān Jiāqiàn; born May 19, 1939) is a Hong Kong-born American actress who played a pivotal role in the acceptance of actors of Asian ancestry in major Hollywood film roles.
  • 1935 – David Hartman, American journalist and television personality. David Hartman is the name of:
  • 1934 – Bill Fitch, American basketball player and coach. William Charles Fitch (born May 19, 1932) is an American former National Basketball Association (NBA) coach who had been successful in developing a number of teams into playoff contenders.
  • 1934 – Jim Lehrer, American journalist and author. James Charles Lehrer (/ˈlɛərər/; born May 19, 1934) is an American journalist and novelist.
  • 1932 – Paul Erdman, American economist and author (d. 2007), was a Canadian-born American economist and banker who became known for writing novels based on monetary trends and international finance.
  • 1930 – Eugene Genovese, American historian and author (d. 2012), was an American historian of the American South and American slavery. He was noted for bringing a Marxist perspective to the study of power, class and relations between planters and slaves in the South.
  • 1930 – Lorraine Hansberry, American playwright and director (d. 1965), was a playwright and writer. She was the first African-American female author to have a play performed on Broadway.
  • 1929 – Helmut Braunlich, German-American violinist and composer (d. 2013), was a German-American violinist, composer, and musicologist.
  • 1929 – John Stroger, American politician (d. 2008). Stroger, Jr. (May 19, 1929 – January 18, 2008) was an American politician who served from 1994 until 2006 as the first African-American president of the Cook County, Illinois Board of Commissioners.
  • 1928 – Colin Chapman, English engineer and businessman, founded Lotus Cars (d. 1982), was an influential English design engineer, inventor, and builder in the automotive industry, and founder of Lotus Cars.
  • 1928 – Dolph Schayes, American basketball player and coach (d. 2015). Schayes won an NBA championship with the Syracuse Nationals in 1955.
  • 1928 – Gil McDougald, American baseball player and coach (d. 2010), was an American Major League Baseball (MLB) infielder who spent ten major league seasons playing for the New York Yankees from 1951 through 1960.
  • 1927 – Serge Lang, French-American mathematician, author and academic (d. 2005), was a French-American mathematician and activist who taught at Yale University for most of his career. He is known for his work in number theory and for his mathematics textbooks, including the influential Algebra.
  • 1925 – Malcolm X, American minister and activist (d. 1965), was an American Muslim minister and human rights activist who was a popular figure during the civil rights movement. He is best known for his controversial advocacy for the rights of blacks who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans; he was accused of preaching racism and violence.
  • 1921 – Harry W. Brown, American colonel and pilot (d. 1991). John Henry Brown VC (10 May 1898 – 17 August 1917), also known as Harry W.
  • 1921 – Yuri Kochiyama, American activist (d. 2014), was an American Civil Rights Activist. Influenced by her Japanese American family's internment and her association with Malcolm X, she advocated for many causes, including Black separatism, the anti-war movement, Maoist revolution, reparations for Japanese-American internees, and the rights of people imprisoned by the U.S. government for violent offenses whom she considered to be "political prisoners".
  • 1919 – Georgie Auld, Canadian-American saxophonist, clarinet player, and bandleader (d. 1990), was a jazz tenor saxophonist, clarinetist, and bandleader.
  • 1918 – Abraham Pais, Dutch-American physicist, historian, and academic (d. 2000), was a Dutch-American physicist and science historian. Pais earned his Ph.D. from University of Utrecht just prior to a Nazi ban on Jewish participation in Dutch universities during World War II.
  • 1914 – John Vachon, American photographer and journalist (d. 1975). He worked as a filing clerk for the Farm Security Administration before Roy Stryker recruited him to join a small group of photographers who were employed to publicize the conditions of the rural poor in America.
  • 1908 – Merriam Modell, American author (d. 1994), was an American author of short stories, suspense and pulp fiction, who wrote primarily under the pen name Evelyn Piper. Many had a common theme: the domestic conflicts faced by American families.
  • 1906 – Bruce Bennett, American shot putter and actor (d. 2007), was an American actor and Olympic silver medalist in the shot put.
  • 1903 – Ruth Ella Moore, American scientist (d. 1994), was a bacteriologist, who in 1933 became the first African-American woman to gain a PhD in a natural science. She was a professor and head of the Department of Bacteriology at Howard University, publishing work on tuberculosis, immunology and dental caries, the response of gut microorganisms to antibiotics, and the blood type of African-Americans.
  • 1897 – Frank Luke, American lieutenant and pilot, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1918), was an American fighter ace, ranking second among U.S. Army Air Service pilots after Captain Eddie Rickenbacker in number of aerial victories during World War I (Rickenbacker was credited with 26 victories, while Luke's official score was 18).
  • 1890 – Eveline Adelheid von Maydell, German-American illustrator (d. 1962), was a German silhouette artist. Born in Iran, she studied drawing in Pärnu, Estonia, in Riga, Latvia and in St.
  • 1889 – Henry B. Richardson, American archer (d. 1963). He won two Olympic bronze medals.
  • 1886 – Francis Biddle, American lawyer and judge, 58th United States Attorney General (d. 1968), was an American lawyer and judge who was Attorney General of the United States during World War II and who served as the primary American judge during the postwar Nuremberg trials. He also served as a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit.
  • 1884 – David Munson, American runner (d. 1953), was an American athlete who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
  • 1880 – Albert Richardson, English architect and educator, designed the Manchester Opera House (d. 1964), was a leading English architect, teacher and writer about architecture during the first half of the 20th century. He was Professor of Architecture at University College London, a President of the Royal Academy, editor of Architects' Journal and founder of the Georgian Group.
  • 1879 – Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor, American-English politician (d. 1964), was an American-born British politician who was the second female Member of Parliament (MP) but the first to take her seat, serving from 1919 to 1945. Sinn Fein's Constance Markievicz had become the first elected female MP in 1918, but refused to take up her seat in line with party policy.
  • 1871 – Walter Russell, American painter, sculptor, and author (d. 1963), was an impressionist American painter (of the Boston School), sculptor, musician,and author. His lectures and writing place him firmly in the New Thought Movement.
  • 1857 – John Jacob Abel, American biochemist and pharmacologist (d. 1938). He established the pharmacology department at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in 1893, and then became America's first full-time professor of pharmacology.
  • 1795 – Johns Hopkins, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1873), was an American entrepreneur, abolitionist and philanthropist of 19th-century Baltimore, Maryland.

Deaths

  • 2016 – Alan Young, English-born Canadian-American actor (b. 1919)
  • 2016 – Morley Safer, American journalist (b. 1931)
  • 2015 – Bruce Lundvall, American businessman (b. 1935)
  • 2015 – Happy Rockefeller, American philanthropist, socialite; 31st Second Lady of the United States (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Gabriel Kolko, American historian and author (b. 1932)
  • 2014 – Sam Greenlee, American author and poet (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Terry W. Gee, American businessman and politician (b. 1940)
  • 2014 – Vincent Harding, American historian and scholar (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – G. Sarsfield Ford, American lawyer and jurist (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Bob Boozer, American basketball player (b. 1937)
  • 2012 – Tamara Brooks, American conductor and educator (b. 1941)
  • 2011 – Jeffrey Catherine Jones, American artist (b.1944)
  • 2009 – Robert F. Furchgott, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1916)
  • 2002 – Walter Lord, American historian and author (b. 1917)
  • 2001 – Susannah McCorkle, American singer (b. 1946)
  • 1996 – John Beradino, American baseball player and actor (b. 1917)
  • 1994 – Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, American journalist, 37th First Lady of the United States (b. 1929)
  • 1987 – James Tiptree, Jr., American psychologist and author (b. 1915)
  • 1986 – Jimmy Lyons, American saxophonist (b. 1931)
  • 1971 – Ogden Nash, American poet (b. 1902)
  • 1969 – Coleman Hawkins, American saxophonist and clarinet player (b. 1901)
  • 1963 – Walter Russell, American painter, sculptor, and author (b. 1871)
  • 1954 – Charles Ives, American composer and educator (b. 1874)
  • 1946 – Booth Tarkington, American novelist and dramatist (b. 1869)
  • 1918 – Gervais Raoul Lufbery, French-American soldier and pilot (b. 1885)
  • 1907 – Benjamin Baker, English engineer, designed the Forth Bridge (b. 1840)
  • 1904 – Jamsetji Tata, Indian businessman, founded Tata Group (b. 1839)
  • 1864 – Nathaniel Hawthorne, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1804)
  • 1795 – Josiah Bartlett, American physician and politician, 4th Governor of New Hampshire (b. 1729)
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