Tuesday 1 June 2021 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
: United Nations Holidays
, Women’s Days
, Worldwide Holidays
, Children’s Days
, Environmental Dates
, Food holidays
, Health Calendar
, Sports and Fitness Special Days
, United Kingdom
, Unusual Holidays
Holidays and observances
- 2009 – General Motors files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. It is the fourth largest United States bankruptcy in history.
- 1999 – American Airlines Flight 1420 slides and crashes while landing at Little Rock National Airport, killing 11 people on a flight from Dallas to Little Rock.
- 1979 – The first black-led government of Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) in 90 years takes power.
- 1978 – The first international applications under the Patent Cooperation Treaty are filed.
- 1967 – The Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band was released.
- 1939 – First flight of the German Focke-Wulf Fw 190 fighter-bomber airplane.
- 1922 – The Royal Ulster Constabulary is founded.
- 1916 – Louis Brandeis becomes the first Jew appointed to the United States Supreme Court.
- 1890 – The United States Census Bureau begins using Herman Hollerith's tabulating machine to count census returns.
- 1862 – American Civil War: Peninsula Campaign: The Battle of Seven Pines (or the Battle of Fair Oaks) ends inconclusively, with both sides claiming victory.
- 1861 – American Civil War: The Battle of Fairfax Court House is fought.
- 1855 – The American adventurer William Walker conquers Nicaragua.
- 1831 – James Clark Ross becomes the first European at the North Magnetic Pole.
- 1796 – Tennessee is admitted as the 16th state of the United States.
- 1794 – The battle of the Glorious First of June is fought, the first naval engagement between Britain and France during the French Revolutionary Wars.
- 1792 – Kentucky is admitted as the 15th state of the United States.
- 1779 – Benedict Arnold, a general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, is court-martialed for malfeasance.
- 1495 – A monk, John Cor, records the first known batch of Scotch whisky.
- 1987 – Jerel McNeal, American basketball player. He played college basketball for Marquette University before playing professionally in Belgium, the NBA D-League, Italy, China, Greece, Germany and Israel, including a short stint in the NBA with the Phoenix Suns in 2014.
- 1981 – Amy Schumer, American comedian, actress, and screenwriter. Since 2013, she has been the creator, co-producer, co-writer, and star of the Comedy Central sketch comedy series Inside Amy Schumer, for which she received a Peabody Award and for which Schumer has been nominated for five Primetime Emmy Awards, winning Outstanding Variety Sketch Series in 2015.
- 1981 – Brandi Carlile, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. As of 2018, Carlile has released six studio albums and earned seven Grammy Award nominations, including one for The Firewatcher's Daughter and six for By the Way, I Forgive You.
- 1981 – Carlos Zambrano, Venezuelan-American baseball player. Carlos Alberto Zambrano Matos (born June 1, 1981), nicknamed "Big Z" or "El Toro", is a Venezuelan professional baseball pitcher for the Chicago Dogs of the American Association of Independent Professional Baseball.
- 1981 – Smush Parker, American basketball player. William Henry "Smush" Parker (born June 1, 1981) is an American former professional basketball player who last played for the Albany Patroons of the North American Premier Basketball.
- 1979 – Markus Persson, Swedish game designer, founded Mojang. Markus Alexej Persson (Swedish: (listen); born 1 June 1979), better known as Notch, is a Swedish video game programmer and designer.
- 1979 – Santana Moss, American football player. Santana Terrell Moss (born June 1, 1979) is a former American football wide receiver who played in the National Football League (NFL) for fourteen seasons.
- 1978 – Matthew Hittinger, American poet and author. Matthew Hittinger (born June 1, 1978) is an American poet and printmaker.
- 1977 – Brad Wilkerson, American baseball player and coach. Stephen Bradley Wilkerson (born June 1, 1977) is an American former professional baseball outfielder and first baseman in Major League Baseball for eight seasons.
- 1974 – Alanis Morissette, Canadian-American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actress. Afterwards, as part of a recording deal, she moved to Holmby Hills, Los Angeles and in 1995 released Jagged Little Pill, a more rock-oriented album which sold more than 33 million copies globally and is her most critically acclaimed work.
- 1973 – Derek Lowe, American baseball player. During his career, he played for the Seattle Mariners, Boston Red Sox, Los Angeles Dodgers, Atlanta Braves, Cleveland Indians, New York Yankees, and Texas Rangers.
- 1973 – Heidi Klum, German-American model, fashion designer, and producer. She appeared on the cover of the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue in 1998 and was the first German model to become a Victoria's Secret Angel.
- 1971 – Mario Cimarro, Cuban-American actor and singer. He appeared in the telenovelas Pasión de Gavilanes, which ran from 2003 to 2004, and El Cuerpo del Deseo (2005–2006).
- 1970 – Alexi Lalas, American soccer player, manager, and sportscaster. After the World Cup, Lalas went on to become the first American in Italy's Serie A as a member of Calcio Padova.
- 1969 – Teri Polo, American actress. She was one of the stars of the sitcom I'm with Her (2003–2004), had a recurring role as Helen Santos on the political drama series The West Wing (2005–2006) and played the role of police officer Stef Adams Foster in the ABC Family series The Fosters (2013–2018) and its spinoff Good Trouble (2019).
- 1966 – Greg Schiano, American football player and coach. He is the current head coach of the Rutgers Scarlet Knights of the Big Ten Conference.
- 1956 – Lisa Hartman Black, American actress. Lisa Hartman Black (born June 1, 1956) is an American actress and singer.
- 1955 – Tony Snow, American journalist, 26th White House Press Secretary (d. 2008), was an American journalist, political commentator, television news anchor, syndicated columnist, radio host, musician, and the twenty-third White House Press Secretary under President George W. Bush, from May 2006 until his resignation in September 2007.
- 1953 – Ronnie Dunn, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. He released his self-titled debut album for Arista Nashville on June 7, 2011, reaching the Top 10 with its lead-off single "Bleed Red".
- 1953 – Ted Field, American entrepreneur and racing driver. Frederick Woodruff "Ted" Field (born June 1, 1953) is an American media mogul, entrepreneur and film producer.
- 1950 – Michael McDowell, American author and screenwriter (d. 1999). Michael McDowell is the name of:
- 1950 – Wayne Nelson, American singer-songwriter and bass player. Wayne Nelson (born June 1, 1950) is an American singer and musician best known for being a member of the rock band Little River Band.
- 1948 – Powers Boothe, American actor (d. 2017), was an American television, video game, and film actor and voice actor. Some of his most notable roles include his Emmy-winning portrayal of Jim Jones in Guyana Tragedy: The Story of Jim Jones and his turns as TV detective Philip Marlowe in the 1980s, Cy Tolliver on Deadwood, "Curly Bill" Brocius in Tombstone, Vice President and subsequently President Noah Daniels on 24, and Lamar Wyatt in Nashville.
- 1948 – Tom Sneva, American race car driver and sportscaster. He primarily raced in Indy cars, and was named to the Motorsports Hall of Fame of America in 2005.
- 1947 – Ron Dennis, English businessman, founded the McLaren Group. Ronald Dennis CBE (born 1 June 1947) is a British businessman and Official British Business Ambassador for The United Kingdom.
- 1945 – Frederica von Stade, American soprano and actress. Conductors with whom she has appeared include Abbado, Bernstein, Giulini, Karajan and Solti.
- 1945 – Jim McCarty, American blues rock guitarist. James Stanley McCarty (born 25 July 1943) is an English musician, best known as the drummer for the Yardbirds and Renaissance.
- 1945 – Linda Scott, American singer, was active from the late 1950s to the early 1970s. Her biggest hit was the 1961 million-selling single, "I've Told Every Little Star".
- 1943 – Richard Goode, American pianist. Richard Goode (born June 1, 1943) is an American classical pianist who is especially known for his interpretations of Mozart and Beethoven.
- 1941 – Dean Chance, American baseball player and manager (d. 2015), was an American professional baseball player. A right-handed pitcher, he played in 11 Major League Baseball seasons for the Los Angeles Angels, Minnesota Twins, Cleveland Indians, New York Mets and Detroit Tigers.
- 1941 – Toyo Ito, Japanese architect, designed the Torre Realia BCN and Hotel Porta Fira. Toyo Ito (伊東 豊雄, Itō Toyoo, born 1 June 1941) is a Japanese architect known for creating conceptual architecture, in which he seeks to simultaneously express the physical and virtual worlds.
- 1940 – Kip Thorne, American physicist, astronomer, and academic. Kip Stephen Thorne (born June 1, 1940) is an American theoretical physicist and Nobel laureate, known for his contributions in gravitational physics and astrophysics.
- 1940 – René Auberjonois, American actor, was an American actor, singer, voice artist, narrator, and director.
- 1939 – Cleavon Little, American actor and comedian (d. 1992), was an American stage, film, and television actor. He began his career in the late 1960s on the stage.
- 1937 – Morgan Freeman, American actor and producer. He has also won a Golden Globe Award and a Screen Actors Guild Award.
- 1935 – Jack Kralick, American baseball player (d. 2012), was a professional baseball player who pitched in the Major Leagues from 1959 to 1967. He participated in 235 games in the course of an eight-year career that included stints with the Washington Senators/Minnesota Twins and Cleveland Indians.
- 1935 – John C. Reynolds, American computer scientist and academic (d. 2013). John Reynolds studied at Purdue University and then earned a PhD in theoretical physics from Harvard University in 1961.
- 1935 – Norman Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank, English architect, founded Foster and Partners. The Norman Foster Foundation promotes interdisciplinary thinking and research to help new generations of architects, designers and urbanists to anticipate the future.
- 1935 – Reverend Ike, American minister and television host (d. 2009). Eikerenkoetter II, better known as Reverend Ike (June 1, 1935 – July 28, 2009), was an American minister and evangelist based in New York City.
- 1934 – Doris Buchanan Smith, American author (d. 2002), was an American author of award-winning children's books, including A Taste of Blackberries (HarperCollins, 1973).
- 1934 – Pat Boone, American singer-songwriter and actor. Patrick Charles Eugene Boone (born June 1, 1934) is an American singer, composer, actor, writer, television personality, motivational speaker, and spokesman.
- 1934 – Peter Masterson, American actor, director, producer and screenwriter, was an American actor, director, producer, and writer.
- 1932 – Christopher Lasch, American historian and critic (d. 1994), was an American historian, moralist, and social critic who was a history professor at the University of Rochester. Lasch sought to use history as a tool to awaken American society to the pervasiveness with which major institutions, public and private, were eroding the competence and independence of families and communities.
- 1930 – Richard Levins, American ecologist and geneticist (d. 2016), was an ex-tropical farmer turned ecologist, a population geneticist, biomathematician, mathematical ecologist, and philosopher of science who had researched diversity in human populations. Until his death, Levins was a university professor at the Harvard T.H.
- 1929 – James H. Billington, American librarian and academic, was a leading American academic and author who taught history at Harvard and Princeton before serving for 42 years as CEO of four federal cultural institutions. He served as the 13th Librarian of Congress after being nominated by President Ronald Reagan in 1987, and his appointment was approved unanimously by the U.S.
- 1926 – Andy Griffith, American actor, singer, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2012), was an American actor, comedian, television producer, Southern Gospel singer, and writer whose career spanned seven decades in music and television. Known for his southern drawl, his characters with a folksy-friendly personality, and his gruff, gregarious voice, Griffith was a Tony Award nominee for two roles, and gained prominence in the starring role in director Elia Kazan's film A Face in the Crowd (1957) before he became better known for his television roles, playing the lead roles of Andy Taylor in the sitcom The Andy Griffith Show (1960–1968) and Ben Matlock in the legal drama Matlock (1986–1995).
- 1926 – Marilyn Monroe, American model and actress (d. 1962), was an American actress, model, and singer. Famous for playing comedic "blonde bombshell" characters, she became one of the most popular sex symbols of the 1950s and early 1960s and was emblematic of the era's changing attitudes towards sexuality.
- 1926 – Richard Schweiker, American soldier and politician, 14th United States Secretary of Health and Human Services (d. 2015), was an American businessman and politician. A member of the Republican Party, he served as the 14th U.S.
- 1924 – William Sloane Coffin, American minister and activist (d. 2006), was an American Christian clergyman and long-time peace activist. He was ordained in the Presbyterian Church, and later received ministerial standing in the United Church of Christ.
- 1922 – Joan Caulfield, American model and actress (d. 1991), was an American actress and model. After being discovered by Broadway producers, she began a stage career in 1943 that eventually led to signing as an actress with Paramount Pictures.
- 1922 – Joan Copeland, American actress. She began her career during the mid-1940s, appearing in theatre in New York City, where, shortly thereafter, she would become one of the very first members admitted to the newly formed Actors Studio.
- 1921 – Nelson Riddle, American composer and bandleader (d. 1985), was an American arranger, composer, bandleader and orchestrator whose career stretched from the late 1940s to the mid-1980s. His work for Capitol Records kept such vocalists as Frank Sinatra, Ella Fitzgerald, Nat King Cole, Judy Garland, Dean Martin, Peggy Lee, Johnny Mathis, Rosemary Clooney and Keely Smith household names.
- 1917 – William Standish Knowles, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2012). He was born in Taunton, Massachusetts.
- 1915 – John Randolph, American actor (d. 2004). John Randolph is the name of:
- 1908 – Julie Campbell Tatham, American author (d. 1999), was an American writer of children's novels, who also wrote for adults, especially on Christian Science. As Julie Campbell she was the creator of the Trixie Belden series (she wrote the first six) and the Ginny Gordon series.
- 1905 – Robert Newton, English-American actor (d. 1956), was an English stage and film actor. Along with Errol Flynn, Newton was one of the more popular actors among the male juvenile audience of the 1940s and early 1950s, especially with British boys.
- 1901 – John Van Druten, English-American playwright and director (d. 1957), was an English playwright and theatre director, known professionally as John Van Druten. He began his career in London, and later moved to America becoming a U.S. citizen.
- 1890 – Frank Morgan, American actor (d. 1949), was an American character actor on radio, stage and film. He was best known for his appearances in films starting in the silent era in 1916, and then numerous sound films throughout the 1930s and 1940s, mostly as a contract player at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, with his most celebrated performance playing the title role in The Wizard of Oz (1939).
- 1889 – James Daugherty, American author, illustrator, and painter (d. 1974), was an American modernist painter, muralist, children's book author, and illustrator.
- 1879 – Max Emmerich, American triathlete and gymnast (d. 1956), was an American track and field athlete and gymnast who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics. He was born in Indianapolis, Indiana.
- 1844 – John J. Toffey, American lieutenant, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1911), was a United States Union Army officer during the American Civil War who received the Medal of Honor.
- 1833 – John Marshall Harlan, American lawyer, judge, and politician, Attorney General of Kentucky (d. 1911), was an American lawyer and politician who served as an associate justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.
- 1831 – John Bell Hood, American general (d. 1879), was a Confederate general during the American Civil War. Hood had a reputation for bravery and aggressiveness that sometimes bordered on recklessness.
- 1825 – John Hunt Morgan, American general (d. 1864). Morgan (June 1, 1825 – September 4, 1864) was a Confederate general in the American Civil War.
- 1801 – Brigham Young, American religious leader, 2nd President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1877), was an American religious leader, politician, and settler. He was the second president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) from 1847 until his death in 1877.
- 1762 – Edmund Ignatius Rice, Irish priest and missionary, founded the Irish Christian Brothers (d. 1844), was a Roman Catholic missionary and educationalist. He was the founder of two religious institutes of religious brothers: the Congregation of Christian Brothers and the Presentation Brothers.
- 2015 – Jean Ritchie, American singer-songwriter (b. 1922)
- 2014 – Ann B. Davis, American actress (b. 1926)
- 2012 – Faruq Z. Bey, American saxophonist and composer (b. 1942)
- 2007 – Tony Thompson, American singer and songwriter (Hi-Five) (b. 1975)
- 2005 – George Mikan, American basketball player and coach (b. 1924)
- 2005 – Hilda Crosby Standish, American physician (b. 1902)
- 2004 – James Dudleu, American baseball player, wrestling manager and executive
- 2004 – William Manchester, American historian and author (b. 1922)
- 2001 – Hank Ketcham, American cartoonist, created Dennis the Menace (b. 1920)
- 2000 – Tito Puente, American drummer, composer, and producer (b. 1923)
- 1999 – Christopher Cockerell, English engineer, invented the hovercraft (b. 1910)
- 1991 – David Ruffin, American singer-songwriter (b. 1941)
- 1989 – Aurelio Lampredi, Italian engineer, designed the Ferrari Lampredi engine (b. 1917)
- 1981 – Carl Vinson, American lawyer and politician (b. 1883)
- 1980 – Arthur Nielsen, American businessman, founded the ACNielsen company (b. 1897)
- 1971 – Reinhold Niebuhr, American theologian and academic (b. 1892)
- 1968 – Helen Keller, American author and activist (b. 1880)
- 1966 – Papa Jack Laine, American drummer and bandleader (b. 1873)
- 1965 – Curly Lambeau, American football player and coach, founded the Green Bay Packers (b. 1898)
- 1952 – John Dewey, American psychologist and philosopher (b. 1859)
- 1948 – Alex Gard, Russian-American cartoonist (b. 1900)
- 1927 – Lizzie Borden, American accused murderer (b. 1860)
- 1908 – Allen Butler Talcott, American painter (b. 1867)
- 1872 – James Gordon Bennett, Sr., American publisher, founded the New York Herald (b. 1795)
- 1868 – James Buchanan, American lawyer and politician, 15th President of the United States (b. 1791)
- 1861 – John Quincy Marr, American captain (b. 1825)
- 1833 – Oliver Wolcott Jr., American lawyer and politician, 2nd United States Secretary of the Treasury, 24th Governor of Connecticut (b. 1760)
- 1769 – Edward Holyoke, American pastor and academic (b. 1689)
- 1660 – Mary Dyer, English-American martyr (b. 1611)