Monday 15 June 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
: Health Calendar
, United Nations Holidays
, Worldwide Holidays
, Environmental Dates
, Food holidays
, The Philippines
, United Kingdom
, Unusual Holidays
Holidays and observances
- 2012 – Nik Wallenda becomes the first person to successfully tightrope walk directly over Niagara Falls.
- 1992 – The United States Supreme Court rules in United States v. Álvarez-Machaín that it is permissible for the United States to forcibly extradite suspects in foreign countries and bring them to the United States for trial, without approval from those other countries.
- 1978 – King Hussein of Jordan marries American Lisa Halaby, who takes the name Queen Noor.
- 1977 – After the death of dictator (in 1975) Francisco Franco, the first democratic elections took place in Spain on this day.
- 1944 – In the Saskatchewan general election, the CCF, led by Tommy Douglas, is elected and forms the first socialist government in North America.
- 1944 – World War II: Battle of Saipan: The United States invade Japanese-occupied Saipan.
- 1936 – First flight of the Vickers Wellington bomber.
- 1934 – The United States Great Smoky Mountains National Park is founded.
- 1921 – Bessie Coleman earns her pilot's license, becoming the first female pilot of African-American descent.
- 1919 – John Alcock and Arthur Brown complete the first nonstop transatlantic flight when they reach Clifden, County Galway, Ireland.
- 1916 – United States President Woodrow Wilson signs a bill incorporating the Boy Scouts of America, making them the only American youth organization with a federal charter.
- 1877 – Henry Ossian Flipper becomes the first African American cadet to graduate from the United States Military Academy.
- 1864 – American Civil War: The Second Battle of Petersburg begins.
- 1859 – Pig War: Ambiguity in the Oregon Treaty leads to the "Northwestern Boundary Dispute" between United States and British/Canadian settlers.
- 1846 – The Oregon Treaty establishes the 49th parallel as the border between the United States and Canada, from the Rocky Mountains to the Strait of Juan de Fuca.
- 1804 – New Hampshire approves the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratifying the document.
- 1670 – The first stone of Fort Ricasoli is laid down in Malta.
- 1667 – The first human blood transfusion is administered by Dr. Jean-Baptiste Denys.
- 1648 – Margaret Jones is hanged in Boston for witchcraft in the first such execution for the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
- 1300 – The city of Bilbao is founded.
- 1997 – Madison Kocian, American gymnast. She was part of the gold medal-winning team dubbed the "Final Five" at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, and was a member of the first-place American teams at the 2014 and 2015 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships.
- 1991 – Emily Harman, American tennis player. Harman (born June 15, 1991 in Winchester, Virginia) is an American tennis player.
- 1989 – Bryan Clauson, American racing driver (d. 2016). 3 time Belleville Midget Nationals Champion (2009, 2010, 2015) Indycar Series Nation Fan Favorite driver (2016)
- 1986 – Trevor Plouffe, American baseball player. Trevor Patrick Plouffe (/pluːf/ PLOOF; born June 15, 1986) is an American professional baseball third baseman who is a free agent.
- 1984 – Tim Lincecum, American baseball player. Lincecum helped the Giants win three World Series championships in a five-year span.
- 1981 – Jeremy Reed, American baseball player. Jeremy Thomas Reed (born June 15, 1981) is an American hitting coach of the Los Angeles Angels.
- 1978 – Zach Day, American baseball player. Stephen Zachary Day (born June 15, 1978) is a former right-handed sinker-ball pitcher in Major League Baseball.
- 1977 – Michael Doleac, American basketball player and manager. Michael Scott Doleac (born June 15, 1977) is an American former professional basketball player.
- 1973 – Neil Patrick Harris, American actor and singer. On television, he is known for playing the title character on Doogie Howser, M.D. (1989–1993), Barney Stinson on How I Met Your Mother (2005–2014, for which he was nominated for four Emmy Awards), and Count Olaf in A Series of Unfortunate Events (2017–2019).
- 1972 – Andy Pettitte, American baseball player. Andrew Eugene Pettitte (/ˈpɛtɪt/; born June 15, 1972) is an American former professional baseball pitcher who played 18 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB), primarily for the New York Yankees.
- 1972 – Justin Leonard, American golfer. He has twelve career wins on the PGA Tour, including one major, the 1997 Open Championship.
- 1970 – Christian Bauman, American soldier and author. Of his 2005 novel Voodoo Lounge (about a female soldier with HIV during the 1994 occupation of Haiti), National Book Award-winning writer Robert Stone said, "The prose in Voodoo Lounge reverberates in the white space around it." Bauman's first two novels are among the very small group of war-based literary fiction produced by Generation X.
- 1970 – Leah Remini, American actress and producer. Leah Marie Remini (/ˈrɛmɪni/; born June 15, 1970) is an American actress, author, former Scientologist, Scientology critic, and activist.
- 1969 – Ice Cube, American rapper, producer, and actor. O'Shea Jackson (born June 15, 1969), known professionally as Ice Cube, is an American rapper, actor, producer, director and writer.
- 1969 – Idalis DeLeón, American singer and actress. DeLeón (born June 15, 1966) is an American actress, writer director television host, and now a top TV Host Coach/Media Trainer in Los Angeles.
- 1965 – Adam Smith, American lawyer and politician, was a Scottish economist, philosopher and author as well as a moral philosopher, a pioneer of political economy and a key figure during the Scottish Enlightenment, also known as ''The Father of Economics'' or ''The Father of Capitalism''. Smith wrote two classic works, The Theory of Moral Sentiments (1759) and An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776).
- 1964 – Courteney Cox, American actress and producer. Cox also starred in the FX series Dirt.
- 1963 – Helen Hunt, American actress, director, and producer. She rose to fame portraying Jamie Buchman in the sitcom Mad About You (1992–1999, 2019–present), for which she won three Golden Globe Awards for Best Actress in a Television Series – Musical or Comedy and four Emmy Awards (Primetime) for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series.
- 1959 – Eileen Davidson, American model and actress. Eileen Marie Davidson (born June 15, 1959) is an American actress, author, television personality and former model.
- 1958 – Scott Norton, American wrestler. He is best known for his tenures in World Championship Wrestling and New Japan Pro-Wrestling.
- 1958 – Wade Boggs, American baseball player. Wade Anthony Boggs (born June 15, 1958) is an American former professional baseball third baseman.
- 1957 – Brad Gillis, American guitarist. Bradley Frank "Brad" Gillis (born 15 June 1957) is a guitarist most famous for playing with the band Night Ranger.
- 1956 – Lance Parrish, American baseball player, coach, and manager. Lance Michael Parrish (born June 15, 1956), nicknamed "Big Wheel", is an American former professional baseball player who played as a catcher in Major League Baseball from 1977 through 1995.
- 1955 – Julie Hagerty, American model and actress. Her other film roles include A Midsummer Night's Sex Comedy (1982), Lost in America (1985), What About Bob? (1991), Freddy Got Fingered (2001), A Master Builder (2014) and Marriage Story (2019).
- 1955 – Polly Draper, American actress, producer, and screenwriter. Draper has received several awards, including a Writers Guild of America Award (WGA), and is noted for speaking in a "trademark throaty voice." She first gained recognition for her starring role in the ABC primetime television drama Thirtysomething (1987–91).
- 1954 – Jim Belushi, American actor. James Adam Belushi (/bəˈluːʃi/; born June 15, 1954) is an American actor, comedian, singer and musician.
- 1954 – Terri Gibbs, American country music singer and keyboard player. Records.
- 1951 – Vance A. Larson, American painter (d. 2000). Larson (1951–2010), was an abstract expressionist painter and portrait painter.
- 1949 – Dusty Baker, American baseball player and manager. Johnnie B. "Dusty" Baker Jr. (born June 15, 1949) is an American former Major League Baseball manager and retired player.
- 1949 – Jim Varney, American actor, comedian, and screenwriter (d. 2000), was an American actor, comedian, and writer. He is best known for his role as Ernest P.
- 1948 – Henry McLeish, Scottish footballer, academic, and politician, 2nd First Minister of Scotland. Henry Baird McLeish (born 15 June 1948) is a Scottish Labour Party politician, author and academic who briefly served as the First Minister of Scotland from 2000 until 2001, when he had to resign following a financial scandal, the first major scandal to face the Scottish Parliament since its reincarnation.
- 1948 – Mike Holmgren, American football player and coach. He served as the head coach of the Green Bay Packers from 1992 to 1998, where he won Super Bowl XXXI, and of the Seattle Seahawks from 1999 to 2008.
- 1947 – John Hoagland, American photographer and journalist (d. 1984), was covering the Salvadoran Civil War in El Salvador at the time he was killed. He had covered other conflicts, including those in Nicaragua and Lebanon.
- 1945 – Lawrence Wilkerson, American colonel. Lawrence B. "Larry" Wilkerson (born June 15, 1945) is a retired United States Army Colonel and former chief of staff to United States Secretary of State Colin Powell.
- 1944 – Robert D. Keppel, American police officer and academic. Keppel is commonly known for his contributions to the investigations of Ted Bundy and Gary Ridgway.
- 1942 – Ian Greenberg, Canadian broadcaster, founded Astral Media. Ian Greenberg (born June 15, 1942) is the co-founder of Astral Media, Inc. and has been its President and Chief Executive Officer since 1996.
- 1942 – John E. McLaughlin, American diplomat. John Edward McLaughlin (born June 15, 1942) is the former Deputy Director of Central Intelligence and former Acting Director of Central Intelligence.
- 1941 – Harry Nilsson, American singer-songwriter (d. 1994), was an American singer-songwriter who achieved the peak of his commercial success in the early 1970s. His work is characterized by pioneering vocal overdub experiments, returns to the Great American Songbook, and fusions of Caribbean sounds.
- 1941 – Neal Adams, American illustrator. Neal Adams (born June 15, 1941) is an American comic book and commercial artist known for helping to create some of the definitive modern imagery of the DC Comics characters Batman and Green Arrow; as the co-founder of the graphic design studio Continuity Associates; and as a creators-rights advocate who helped secure a pension and recognition for Superman creators Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster.
- 1939 – Ward Connerly, American activist and businessman, founded the American Civil Rights Institute. He is considered to be the man behind California's Proposition 209 prohibiting race- and gender-based preferences in state hiring, contracting and state university admissions, a program known as affirmative action.
- 1938 – Billy Williams, American baseball player and coach. Billy Leo Williams (born June 15, 1938) is a retired American baseball left fielder who played 16 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Chicago Cubs and 2 seasons for the Oakland Athletics.
- 1937 – Waylon Jennings, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2002), was an American singer, songwriter, and musician.
- 1936 – William Levada, American cardinal, was an American cardinal of the Catholic Church. From May 2005 until June 2012, he served as Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith under Pope Benedict XVI; he was the highest ranking American in the Roman Curia.
- 1934 – Ruby Nash Garnett, American R&B singer (Ruby & the Romantics). Ruby Nash Garnett (born June 15, 1934) is an American singer who led the rhythm and blues group Ruby & The Romantics.
- 1932 – Bernie Faloney, American-Canadian football player and sportscaster (d. 1999), was a professional football player in the Canadian Football League (primarily with the Hamilton Tiger-Cats) and an outstanding American college football player at the University of Maryland. Born in Carnegie, Pennsylvania, Faloney is a member of the Canadian Football Hall of Fame, Canada's Sports Hall of Fame, the Pennsylvania Sports Hall of Fame, the Western Pennsylvania Hall of Fame, and the University of Maryland Athletic Hall of Fame.
- 1932 – Mario Cuomo, American lawyer and politician, 52nd Governor of New York (d. 2015), was an American politician of the Democratic Party. He served as the 52nd Governor of New York for three terms, from 1983 to 1994, Lieutenant Governor of New York from 1979 to 1982, and Secretary of State of New York from 1975 to 1978.
- 1930 – Miguel Méndez, American author and academic (d. 2013), was the pen name for Miguel Méndez Morales, a Mexican American author best known for his novel Peregrinos de Aztlán (Pilgrims in Aztlán).
- 1927 – Ross Andru, American illustrator (d. 1993), was an American comics artist and editor. He is best known for his work on The Amazing Spider-Man, Wonder Woman, The Flash, and The Metal Men, and for having co-created the character called The Punisher.
- 1922 – Jaki Byard, American pianist and composer (d. 1999), was an American jazz multi-instrumentalist, composer and arranger. Mainly a pianist, he also played tenor and alto saxophones, among several other instruments.
- 1921 – Erroll Garner, American pianist and composer (d. 1977), was an American jazz pianist and composer known for his swing playing and ballads. His best-known composition, the ballad "Misty", has become a jazz standard.
- 1920 – Sam Sniderman, Canadian businessman, founded Sam the Record Man (d. 2012), was a Canadian businessman best known as the founder of the Canadian record shop chain Sam the Record Man. Sniderman was also a major promoter of Canadian music including involvement in pushing for the Canadian content (CANCON) broadcast regulations and creating the Juno Awards.
- 1917 – Lash LaRue, American actor and producer (d. 1996), was a popular western motion picture star of the 1940s and 1950s. He had exceptional skill with the bullwhip and taught Harrison Ford how to use it for the Indiana Jones movies.
- 1916 – Herbert A. Simon, American political scientist and economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2001), was an American economist, political scientist and cognitive psychologist, whose primary research interest was decision-making within organizations and is best known for the theories of "bounded rationality" and "satisficing". He received the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1978 and the Turing Award in 1975.
- 1916 – Olga Erteszek, Polish-American fashion designer (d. 1989), was a Polish-American undergarment designer and lingerie company owner. She is famous for her nightgowns with full flowing skirt width and generous sweep.
- 1915 – Thomas Huckle Weller, American biologist and virologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2008), was an American virologist. He, John Franklin Enders and Frederick Chapman Robbins were awarded a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1954 for showing how to cultivate poliomyelitis viruses in a test tube, using a combination of human embryonic skin and muscle tissue.
- 1914 – Hilda Terry, American cartoonist (d. 2006), was an American cartoonist who created the comic strip Teena. It ran in newspapers from 1944 to 1964.
- 1914 – Saul Steinberg, Romanian-American cartoonist (d. 1999), was a Romanian American cartoonist and illustrator, best known for his work for The New Yorker, most notably View of the World from 9th Avenue. He described himself as "a writer who draws".
- 1913 – Tom Adair, American songwriter, composer, and screenwriter (d. 1988). Tom Adair (Thomas Montgomery Adair) was born on 15 June 1913, in Newton, Kansas, the only child of William Adair and Madge Cochran.
- 1909 – Elena Nikolaidi, Greek-American soprano and educator (d. 2002), was a noted Greek-American opera singer and teacher. Nikolaidi sang leading mezzo-soprano roles with major opera companies worldwide and made numerous recordings.
- 1906 – Gordon Welchman, English-American mathematician and author (d. 1985), was a British-American mathematician. During World War II, he worked at Britain's secret codebreaking centre, "Station X" at Bletchley Park, where he was one of the most important contributors.
- 1902 – Erik Erikson, German-American psychologist and psychoanalyst (d. 1994), was a German-American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on psychological development of human beings. He may be most famous for coining the phrase identity crisis.
- 1900 – Otto Luening, German-American composer and conductor (d. 1996), was a German-American composer and conductor, and an early pioneer of tape music and electronic music.
- 1898 – Hubertus Strughold, German-American physiologist and academic (d. 1986), was a German-born physiologist and prominent medical researcher. Beginning in 1935 he served as chief of aeromedical research for the Luftwaffe, holding this position throughout World War II.
- 1894 – Robert Russell Bennett, American composer and conductor (d. 1981), was an American composer and arranger, best known for his orchestration of many well-known Broadway and Hollywood musicals by other composers such as Irving Berlin, George Gershwin, Jerome Kern, Cole Porter, and Richard Rodgers.
- 1884 – Harry Langdon, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1944), was an American comedian who appeared in vaudeville, silent films (where he had his greatest fame), and talkies.
- 1878 – Margaret Abbott, Indian-American golfer (d. 1955). She was the first American woman to win an Olympic event: the women's golf tournament at the 1900 Paris Games.
- 1835 – Adah Isaacs Menken, American actress, painter, and poet (d. 1868), was an American actress, painter and poet, and was the highest earning actress of her time. She was best known for her performance in the melodrama Mazeppa, with a climax that featured her apparently nude and riding a horse on stage.
- 1805 – William B. Ogden, American businessman and politician, 1st Mayor of Chicago (d. 1877), was an American politician and railroad executive who served as the first Mayor of Chicago. He was referred to as "the Astor of Chicago."
- 1801 – Benjamin Wright Raymond, American merchant and politician, 3rd Mayor of Chicago (d. 1883), was an American politician who twice served as mayor of Chicago, Illinois (1839–1840, 1842–1843) for the Whig Party.
- 1789 – Josiah Henson, American minister, author, and activist (d. 1883), was an author, abolitionist, and minister. Born into slavery, in Port Tobacco, Charles County, Maryland, he escaped to Upper Canada (now Ontario) in 1830, and founded a settlement and laborer's school for other fugitive slaves at Dawn, near Dresden, in Kent County, Upper Canada, of British Canada.
- 1767 – Rachel Jackson, American wife of Andrew Jackson (d. 1828), was the wife of Andrew Jackson, the 7th President of the United States. She lived with him at their home at The Hermitage, where she died just days after his election and before his inauguration in 1829—therefore she never served as First Lady, a role assumed by her niece, Emily Donelson.
- 1765 – Martin Baum, American businessman and politician, Mayor of Cincinnati (d. 1831). The son of German immigrants Jacob Baum and Magdalena Elizabeth Kershner, Baum fought with General Anthony Wayne at the Battle of Fallen Timbers.
- 2016 – Lois Duncan, American author (b. 1934)
- 2015 – Kirk Kerkorian, American businessman, founded the Tracinda Corporation (b. 1917)
- 2014 – Casey Kasem, American radio host, producer, and voice actor, co-created American Top 40 (b. 1932)
- 2014 – Daniel Keyes, American short story writer and novelist (b. 1927)
- 2014 – Moise Safra, Brazilian businessman and philanthropist, co-founded Banco Safra (b. 1934)
- 2013 – Kenneth G. Wilson, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1936)
- 2013 – Stan Lopata, American baseball player (b. 1925)
- 2012 – Barry MacKay, American tennis player and sportscaster (b. 1935)
- 2012 – Capitola Dickerson, American pianist and educator (b. 1913)
- 2012 – Jerry Tubbs, American football player and coach (b. 1935)
- 2012 – Phillip D. Cagan, American economist and author (b. 1927)
- 2011 – Bill Haast, American herpetologist and academic (b. 1910)
- 2003 – Hume Cronyn, Canadian-American actor (b. 1911)
- 2002 – Choi Hong Hi, South Korean general and martial artist, founded Taekwondo (b. 1918)
- 1996 – Dick Murdoch, American wrestler (b. 1946)
- 1996 – Ella Fitzgerald, American singer and actress (b. 1917)
- 1995 – John Vincent Atanasoff, American physicist and inventor, invented the Atanasoff–Berry computer (b. 1903)
- 1993 – John Connally, American commander, lawyer, and politician, 61st United States Secretary of the Treasury (b. 1917)
- 1992 – Chuck Menville, American animator, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1940)
- 1991 – Happy Chandler, American businessman and politician, 49th Governor of Kentucky (b. 1898)
- 1985 – Andy Stanfield, American sprinter (b. 1927)
- 1984 – Meredith Willson, American playwright, composer, and conductor (b. 1902)
- 1976 – Jimmy Dykes, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1896)
- 1971 – Wendell Meredith Stanley, American biochemist and virologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
- 1968 – Sam Crawford, American baseball player, coach, and umpire (b. 1880)
- 1968 – Wes Montgomery, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1925)
- 1849 – James K. Polk, American lawyer and politician, 11th President of the United States (b. 1795)