Wednesday 15 July 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
: Career Holidays (Recognition Holidays)
, United Nations Holidays
, Worldwide Holidays
, Brunei Darussalam
, Father’s Days
, Food holidays
, Pet and Animal Holidays
, Unusual Holidays
Holidays and observances
- 2006 – Twitter is launched, becoming one of the largest social media platforms in the world.
- 2003 – AOL Time Warner disbands Netscape. The Mozilla Foundation is established on the same day.
- 2002 – "American Taliban" John Walker Lindh pleads guilty to supplying aid to the enemy and to possession of explosives during the commission of a felony.
- 1975 – Space Race: Apollo–Soyuz Test Project features the dual launch of an Apollo spacecraft and a Soyuz spacecraft on the first joint Soviet-United States human-crewed flight. It was both the last launch of an Apollo spacecraft, and the Saturn family of rockets.
- 1971 – The United Red Army is founded in Japan.
- 1966 – Vietnam War: The United States and South Vietnam begin Operation Hastings to push the North Vietnamese out of the Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone.
- 1959 – The steel strike of 1959 begins, leading to significant importation of foreign steel for the first time in United States history.
- 1955 – Eighteen Nobel laureates sign the Mainau Declaration against nuclear weapons, later co-signed by thirty-four others.
- 1954 – First flight of the Boeing 367-80, prototype for both the Boeing 707 and C-135 series.
- 1916 – In Seattle, Washington, William Boeing and George Conrad Westervelt incorporate Pacific Aero Products (later renamed Boeing).
- 1910 – In his book Clinical Psychiatry, Emil Kraepelin gives a name to Alzheimer's disease, naming it after his colleague Alois Alzheimer.
- 1870 – Reconstruction Era of the United States: Georgia becomes the last of the former Confederate states to be readmitted to the Union.
- 1870 – Rupert's Land and the North-Western Territory are transferred to Canada from the Hudson's Bay Company, and the province of Manitoba and the Northwest Territories are established from these vast territories.
- 1862 – The CSS Arkansas, the most effective ironclad on the Mississippi River, battles with Union ships commanded by Admiral David Farragut, severely damaging three ships and sustaining heavy damage herself. The encounter changed the complexion of warfare on the Mississippi and helped to reverse Rebel fortunes on the river in the summer of 1862.
- 1806 – Pike expedition: United States Army Lieutenant Zebulon Pike begins an expedition from Fort Bellefontaine near St. Louis, Missouri, to explore the west.
- 1741 – Aleksei Chirikov sights land in Southeast Alaska. He sends men ashore in a longboat, making them the first Europeans to visit Alaska.
- 1149 – The reconstructed Church of the Holy Sepulchre is consecrated in Jerusalem.
- 1099 – First Crusade: Christian soldiers take the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem after the final assault of a difficult siege.
- 1992 – Tobias Harris, American basketball player. Tobias John Harris (born July 15, 1992) is an American professional basketball player for the Philadelphia 76ers of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
- 1991 – Derrick Favors, American basketball player. Derrick Bernard Favors (born July 15, 1991) is an American professional basketball player for the New Orleans Pelicans of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
- 1990 – Damian Lillard, American basketball player. Damian Lamonte Ollie Lillard Sr. (born July 15, 1990) is an American professional basketball player for the Portland Trail Blazers of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
- 1990 – Zach Bogosian, American ice hockey player. Bogosian (born July 15, 1990) is an American professional ice hockey defenseman for the Buffalo Sabres of the National Hockey League (NHL).
- 1989 – Anthony Randolph, American basketball player. Born in Germany, to two American parents who served in the US military there, Randolph's family eventually relocated to the United States, where he grew up in Pasadena, California.
- 1989 – Tristan Wilds, American actor, singer-songwriter and producer. He was also featured in the Adele music video for "Hello".
- 1983 – Heath Slater, American wrestler. He is currently signed to WWE, where he performs on the SmackDown brand under the ring name Heath Slater.
- 1980 – Kelli Martin, American fashion designer. She was a contestant on the fifth season of the Bravo television series Project Runway.
- 1980 – Reggie Abercrombie, American baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Florida Marlins and Houston Astros.
- 1979 – Laura Benanti, American actress and singer. Laura Ilene Benanti (born Laura Ilene Vidnovic; July 15, 1979) is an American actress and singer.
- 1977 – John St. Clair, American football player. Clair (born July 15, 1977) is a former American football offensive tackle of the National Football League.
- 1977 – Lana Parrilla, American actress. She was a regular cast member in the fifth season of the ABC sitcom Spin City from 2000 to 2001.
- 1977 – Ray Toro, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Raymond Manuel Toro-Ortiz (born July 15, 1977) is an American musician who serves as lead guitarist and backing vocalist of the band My Chemical Romance.
- 1976 – Gabriel Iglesias, Mexican-American comedian and voice actor. He is known for his shows I'm Not Fat… I'm Fluffy and Hot & Fluffy.
- 1976 – Steve Cunningham, American boxer. Steven Ormain Cunningham (born July 15, 1976) is an American professional boxer who held the IBF cruiserweight title twice between 2007 and 2011.
- 1975 – Cherry, American wrestler and manager. A cherry is the fruit of many plants of the genus Prunus, and is a fleshy drupe (stone fruit).
- 1973 – Brian Austin Green, American actor. Brian Austin Green (born Brian Green; July 15, 1973) is an American actor and producer best known for his portrayal of David Silver on the television series Beverly Hills, 90210 (1990–2000).
- 1972 – Scott Foley, American actor. He has also guest starred in series including Grey's Anatomy, Dawson's Creek, and House.
- 1968 – Eddie Griffin, American comedian, actor, and producer. He is best known for portraying Eddie Sherman on the sitcom Malcolm & Eddie, the title character in the 2002 comedy film Undercover Brother, and Tiberius Jefferson "T.J." Hicks in Deuce Bigalow: Male Gigolo (1999) and Deuce Bigalow: European Gigolo (2005).
- 1967 – Adam Savage, American actor and special effects designer. Adam Whitney Savage (born July 15, 1967) is an American special effects designer and fabricator, actor, educator, and television personality and producer, known as the former co-host (with Jamie Hyneman) of the Discovery Channel television series MythBusters and Unchained Reaction.
- 1967 – Elbert West, American singer-songwriter (d. 2015), was an American country music artist. Initially a session songwriter in Nashville, Tennessee, West saw his first chart success in the 1990s as a co-writer on singles for country singer Tracy Lawrence, including the Number Ones "Sticks and Stones" and "Can't Break It to My Heart".
- 1961 – Forest Whitaker, American actor. Forest Steven Whitaker III (born July 15, 1961) is an American actor, producer, and director.
- 1961 – Scott Ritter, American soldier and international weapons inspector. Prior to the invasion of Iraq in March 2003, Ritter stated that Iraq possessed no significant weapons of mass destruction (WMD) capabilities, becoming according to The New York Times "the loudest and most credible skeptic of the Bush administration’s contention that Hussein was hiding weapons of mass destruction."
- 1960 – Kim Alexis, American fashion model. Kim Alexis (born July 15, 1960) is an American model and actress.
- 1958 – Mac Thornberry, American lawyer and politician. He has served since 1995, when the House seated its first Republican majority in 40 years, and signed the "Contract with America" authored by then Speaker Newt Gingrich.
- 1956 – Joe Satriani, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. He is a 15-time Grammy Award nominee and has sold over 10 million albums, making him the best-selling instrumental rock guitarist of all time.
- 1954 – Giorgos Kaminis, American-Greek lawyer and politician, 78th Mayor of Athens. Georgios Kaminis (Greek: Γεώργιος Καμίνης, born 15 July 1954) is a Greek professor of constitutional law.
- 1954 – Jeff Jarvis, American journalist and blogger. Jeff Jarvis (born July 15, 1954) is an American journalist, associate professor, public speaker and former television critic.
- 1953 – Alicia Bridges, American singer-songwriter. Alicia Bridges (born July 15, 1953) is an American singer and songwriter who co-wrote and performed her international hit "I Love the Nightlife (Disco 'Round)" in 1978.
- 1952 – David Pack, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer. David Robert Pack (born July 15, 1952) is an American musician and singer who co-founded the rock group Ambrosia in the 1970s.
- 1952 – Johnny Thunders, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1991), was an American guitarist, singer and songwriter. He came to prominence in the early 1970s as a member of the New York Dolls.
- 1952 – Marky Ramone, American drummer and songwriter. Marc Steven Bell (born July 15, 1952), known professionally as Marky Ramone, is an American musician.
- 1952 – Terry O'Quinn, American actor. He has also hosted Mysteries of the Missing on The Science Channel.
- 1951 – Jesse Ventura, American wrestler, actor, and politician, 38th Governor of Minnesota. Jesse Ventura (born James George Janos; July 15, 1951) is an American media personality, actor, author, retired professional wrestler, and former politician who served as the Mayor of Brooklyn Park from 1991 to 1995 and as the 38th Governor of Minnesota from 1999 to 2003.
- 1950 – Arianna Huffington, Greek-American journalist and publisher (The Huffington Post). Arianna Stassinopoulos Huffington (born Ariadni-Anna Stasinopoulou, Greek: Αριάδνη-Άννα Στασινοπούλου, July 15, 1950) is a Greek-American author, syndicated columnist, and businesswoman.
- 1949 – Richard Russo, American novelist, short story writer, and screenwriter. Richard Russo (born July 15, 1949) is an American novelist, short story writer, screenwriter, and teacher.
- 1948 – Artimus Pyle, American rock drummer and songwriter (Lynyrd Skynyrd). He and his Lynyrd Skynyrd bandmates were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2006.
- 1947 – Lydia Davis, American short story writer, novelist, and essayist. Lydia Davis (born July 15, 1947) is an American writer noted for literary works of extreme brevity (commonly called "flash fiction").
- 1947 – Roky Erickson, American singer-songwriter and musician, was an American musician and singer-songwriter. He was a founding member of the 13th Floor Elevators and a pioneer of the psychedelic rock genre.
- 1946 – Linda Ronstadt, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress. Linda Maria Ronstadt (born July 15, 1946) is a retired popular music American singer who performed and recorded in diverse genres including rock, country, light opera, and Latin.
- 1945 – Peter Lewis (musician), American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Peter Lewis (born July 15, 1945) is one of the founding members of the band Moby Grape.
- 1944 – Jan-Michael Vincent, American actor. He was best known for having played helicopter pilot Stringfellow Hawke on the television series Airwolf (1984–1987) and the protagonist, Matt Johnson, in the 1978 film Big Wednesday.
- 1944 – Millie Jackson, American singer-songwriter. Jackson vocal performances are often distinguished by long, humorous, and explicit spoken sections in her music, which she started doing on stage to get the attention of the audience.
- 1942 – Vivian Malone Jones, American civil rights activist (d. 2005), was one of the first two black students to enroll at the University of Alabama in 1963, and in 1965 became the university's first black graduate. She was made famous when George Wallace, the Governor of Alabama, attempted to block her and James Hood from enrolling at the all-white university.
- 1940 – Ronald Gene Simmons, American sergeant and convicted murderer (d. 1990), was an American spree killer, who killed 16 people over a week-long period in Arkansas in 1987. A retired military serviceman, Simmons murdered 14 members of his family, including a daughter he had sexually abused and the child he had fathered with her, a former co-worker, and a stranger, and wounded four others.
- 1938 – Carmen Callil, Australian publisher, founded Virago Press. She is a recipient of the Benson Medal from the Royal Society of Literature in 2017.
- 1938 – Ernie Barnes, American football player, actor, and painter (d. 2009), was an American artist, well known for his unique style of elongation and movement. He was also a professional football player, actor and author.
- 1936 – George Voinovich, American lawyer and politician, 65th Governor of Ohio (d. 2016), was an American politician from the state of Ohio. A member of the Republican Party, Voinovich served as a United States Senator from 1999 to 2011, as the 65th governor of Ohio from 1991 to 1998, and as the 54th mayor of Cleveland from 1980 to 1989, the last Republican to serve in that office.
- 1935 – Alex Karras, American football player, wrestler, and actor (d. 2012), was an American football player, professional wrestler, sportscaster, and actor. He was a four-time Pro Bowl player with the Detroit Lions of the National Football League (NFL), where he played from 1958 to 1970.
- 1935 – Donn Clendenon, American baseball player and lawyer (d. 2005), was an American professional baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball as a first baseman from 1961 to 1972. He is most notable for winning the 1969 World Series Most Valuable Player Award as a member of the New York Mets
- 1935 – Ken Kercheval, American actor and director, was an American actor, best known for his role as Cliff Barnes on the television series Dallas and its 2012 revival.
- 1931 – Clive Cussler, American archaeologist and author. Cussler is the founder and chairman of the National Underwater and Marine Agency (NUMA), which has discovered more than 60 shipwreck sites and numerous other notable underwater wrecks.
- 1931 – Joanna Merlin, American actress and casting director. Joanna Merlin (born July 15, 1931) is an American actress and casting director who has worked with Stephen Sondheim and starred in the original Broadway production of Fiddler on the Roof.
- 1930 – Stephen Smale, American mathematician and computer scientist. Stephen Smale (born July 15, 1930) is an American mathematician, known for his research in topology, dynamical systems and mathematical economics.
- 1928 – Carl Woese, American microbiologist and biophysicist (d. 2012). Woese is famous for defining the Archaea (a new domain of life) in 1977 by phylogenetic taxonomy of 16S ribosomal RNA, a technique he pioneered that revolutionized microbiology.
- 1927 – Carmen Zapata, American actress (d. 2014), was an American actress best known for her role in the PBS bilingual children's program Villa Alegre. Zapata is also the co-founder and director of the Bilingual Foundation of the Arts in Los Angeles.
- 1927 – Nan Martin, American actress (d. 2010), was an American actress who starred in movies and on television.
- 1925 – Philip Carey, American actor (d. 2009). On July 15, 1925, Carey was born as Eugene Joseph Carey in Hackensack, New Jersey.
- 1925 – Taylor Hardwick, American architect, designed Haydon Burns Library and Friendship Fountain Park (d. 2014), was an American architect, interior designer, filmmaker, and educator who designed hundreds of buildings throughout northeast Florida, predominantly in and near the city of Jacksonville.
- 1924 – Jeremiah Denton, American admiral and politician (d. 2014), was a U.S. Senator representing Alabama from 1981 to 1987, a United States Navy Rear Admiral, and Naval Aviator taken captive during the Vietnam War.
- 1922 – Leon M. Lederman, American physicist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate, was an American experimental physicist who received the Wolf Prize in Physics in 1982, along with Martin Lewis Perl, for their research on quarks and leptons, and the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1988, along with Melvin Schwartz and Jack Steinberger, for their research on neutrinos. Lederman was Director Emeritus of Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) in Batavia, Illinois.
- 1921 – Jack Beeson, American pianist and composer (d. 2010), was an American composer. He was known particularly for his operas, the best known of which are Lizzie Borden, Hello Out There! and The Sweet Bye and Bye.
- 1921 – Robert Bruce Merrifield, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2006), was an American biochemist who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1984 for the invention of solid phase peptide synthesis.
- 1917 – Joan Roberts, American actress and singer (d. 2012), was an American actress, most famous for creating the role of Laurey in the original Broadway production of Oklahoma! in 1943.
- 1917 – Robert Conquest, English-American historian, poet, and academic (d. 2015), was a British-American historian and poet. Conquest was most notable for his influential works of non-fiction including The Great Terror: Stalin's Purges of the 1930s (1968).
- 1916 – Sumner Gerard, American politician and diplomat (d. 2004). Born in New York to a prominent family descended from Huguenots, Gerard attended Groton School and Trinity College, Cambridge.
- 1915 – Albert Ghiorso, American chemist and academic (d. 2010), was an American nuclear scientist and co-discoverer of a record 12 chemical elements on the periodic table. His research career spanned six decades, from the early 1940s to the late 1990s.
- 1913 – Cowboy Copas, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1963), was an American country music singer popular from the 1940s until his death in the 1963 plane crash that also killed country stars Patsy Cline and Hawkshaw Hawkins. He was a member of the Grand Ole Opry.
- 1905 – Dorothy Fields, American songwriter (d. 1974), was an American librettist and lyricist. She wrote over 400 songs for Broadway musicals and films.
- 1904 – Rudolf Arnheim, German-American psychologist and author (d. 2007), was a German-born author, art and film theorist, and perceptual psychologist. He learned Gestalt psychology from studying under Max Wertheimer and Wolfgang Köhler at the University of Berlin and applied it to art.
- 1903 – Walter D. Edmonds, American journalist and author (d. 1998), was an American writer best known for historical novels. One of them, Drums Along the Mohawk (1936), was adapted as a Technicolor feature film in 1939, directed by John Ford and starring Henry Fonda and Claudette Colbert.
- 1894 – Tadeusz Sendzimir, Polish-American engineer (d. 1989), was a Polish engineer and inventor of international renown with 120 patents in mining and metallurgy, 73 of which were awarded to him in the United States.
- 1893 – Dick Rauch, American football player and coach (d. 1970). Rauch attended Pennsylvania State University.
- 1893 – Enid Bennett, Australian-American actress (d. 1969), was an Australian silent film actress, mostly active in American film.
- 1887 – Wharton Esherick, American sculptor (d. 1970), was a sculptor who worked primarily in wood, especially applying the principles of sculpture to common utilitarian objects. Consequently, he is best known for his sculptural furniture and furnishings.
- 1865 – Alfred Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Northcliffe, Irish-English publisher, founded the Amalgamated Press (d. 1922), was a British newspaper and publishing magnate. As owner of the Daily Mail and the Daily Mirror, he was an early developer of popular journalism, and he exercised vast influence over British popular opinion during the Edwardian era.
- 1850 – Francesca S. Cabrini, Italian-American nun and saint (d. 1917), was an Italian-American Roman Catholic nun. She founded the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, a Catholic religious institute that was a major support to her fellow Italian immigrants to the United States.
- 1827 – W. W. Thayer, American lawyer and politician, 6th Governor of Oregon (d. 1899), was an American Democratic politician active in U.S. states of Idaho and Oregon. Most notably, he served as the sixth Governor of Oregon from 1878 to 1882 and Chief Justice of the Oregon Supreme Court from 1888 to 1889.
- 1800 – Sidney Breese, American jurist and politician (d. 1878). Sidney Breese (July 15, 1800 – June 27, 1878), a lawyer, soldier, author and jurist born in New York, became an early Illinois pioneer and represented the state in the United States Senate as well as served as Chief Justice of the Illinois Supreme Court and Speaker of the Illinois House of Representatives, and has been called "father of the Illinois Central Railroad".
- 1799 – Reuben Chapman, American lawyer and politician, 13th Governor of Alabama (d. 1882). Born on July 15th, 1799 in Bowling Green, Virginia, he moved to Alabama in 1824, where he established a law practice.
- 1796 – Thomas Bulfinch, American mythologist (d. 1867), was an American writer born in Newton, Massachusetts, best known for the book Bulfinch's Mythology.
- 1779 – Clement Clarke Moore, American author, poet, and educator (d. 1863), was a writer and American Professor of Oriental and Greek Literature, as well as Divinity and Biblical Learning, at the General Theological Seminary of the Protestant Episcopal Church, in New York City. The seminary was developed on land donated by Moore and it continues on this site at Ninth Avenue between 20th and 21st streets, in an area known as Chelsea Square.
- 1573 – Inigo Jones, English architect, designed the Queen's House (d. 1652), was the first significant English architect in the early modern period, and the first to employ Vitruvian rules of proportion and symmetry in his buildings. As the most notable architect in England, Jones was the first person to introduce the classical architecture of Rome and the Italian Renaissance to Britain.
- 2017 – Martin Landau, American film and television actor (b. 1928)
- 2015 – Masahiko Aoki, Japanese-American economist and academic (b. 1938)
- 2014 – Edward Perl, American neuroscientist and academic (b. 1926)
- 2014 – James MacGregor Burns, American historian, political scientist, and author (b. 1918)
- 2014 – Robert A. Roe, American soldier and politician (b. 1924)
- 2013 – Earl Gros, American football player (b. 1940)
- 2013 – Henry Braden, American lawyer and politician (b. 1944)
- 2013 – John T. Riedl, American computer scientist and academic (b. 1962)
- 2013 – Ninos Aho, Syrian-American poet and activist (b. 1945)
- 2013 – Noël Lee, Chinese-American pianist and composer (b. 1924)
- 2013 – Tom Greenwell, American lawyer and judge (b. 1956)
- 2012 – Celeste Holm, American actress and singer (b. 1917)
- 2012 – Grant Feasel, American football player (b. 1960)
- 2010 – James E. Akins, American politician and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Saudi Arabia (b. 1926)
- 2006 – Robert H. Brooks, American businessman, founder of Hooters and Naturally Fresh, Inc. (b. 1937)
- 2003 – Elisabeth Welch, American actress and singer (b. 1904)
- 1997 – Gianni Versace, Italian fashion designer, founded Versace (b. 1946)
- 1991 – Bert Convy, American actor, singer, and game show host (b. 1933)
- 1990 – Omar Abu Risha, Syrian poet and diplomat, 4th Syrian Ambassador to the United States (b. 1910)
- 1988 – Eleanor Estes, American librarian, author, and illustrator (b. 1906)
- 1986 – Billy Haughton, American harness racer and trainer (b. 1923)
- 1982 – Bill Justis, American saxophonist, songwriter, and producer (b. 1926)
- 1976 – Paul Gallico, American journalist and author (b. 1897)
- 1974 – Christine Chubbuck, American journalist (b. 1944)
- 1965 – Francis Cherry, American lawyer and politician, 35th Governor of Arkansas (b. 1908)
- 1960 – Lawrence Tibbett, American singer and actor (b. 1896)
- 1959 – Ernest Bloch, Swiss-American composer and academic (b. 1880)
- 1957 – James M. Cox, American publisher and politician, 46th Governor of Ohio (b. 1870)
- 1953 – Geevarghese Mar Ivanios, Indian archbishop, founded the Order of the Imitation of Christ (b. 1882)
- 1948 – John J. Pershing, American general (b. 1860)
- 1947 – Walter Donaldson, American soldier and songwriter (b. 1893)
- 1940 – Robert Wadlow, American giant, 8"11' 271 cm (b.1918)
- 1933 – Freddie Keppard, American cornet player (b. 1890)
- 1933 – Irving Babbitt, American scholar, critic, and academic (b. 1865)
- 1898 – Jean-Baptiste Salpointe, French-American archbishop (d. 1825)
- 1883– General Tom Thumb, American circus performer (b. 1838)