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19

Thursday 19 July 2018 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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July 19 Events

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Holidays and observances

  • World Photography Day

Events

  • In 2017 archaeologists publish evidence that Aboriginal people have been in Australia for at least 65,000 years, suggesting the arrival of humans on the continent was up to 18,000 years earlier than previously thought.
  • 1983 – The first three-dimensional reconstruction of a human head in a CT is published.
  • 1981 – In a private meeting with U.S. President Ronald Reagan, French President François Mitterrand reveals the existence of the Farewell Dossier, a collection of documents showing the Soviet Union had been stealing American technological research and development.
  • 1977 – The world's first Global Positioning System (GPS) signal was transmitted from Navigation Technology Satellite 2 (NTS-2) and received at Rockwell Collins in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, at 12:41 a.m. Eastern time (ET).
  • 1963 – Joe Walker flies a North American X-15 to a record altitude of 106,010 meters (347,800 feet) on X-15 Flight 90. Exceeding an altitude of 100 km, this flight qualifies as a human spaceflight under international convention.
  • 1942 – World War II: Battle of the Atlantic: German Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz orders the last U-boats to withdraw from their United States Atlantic coast positions in response to the effective American convoy system.
  • 1940 – Field Marshal Ceremony: First occasion in World War II, that Hitler appointed field marshals due to military achievements.
  • 1903 – Maurice Garin wins the first Tour de France.
  • 1900 – The first line of the Paris Métro opens for operation.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Morgan's Raid: At Buffington Island in Ohio, Confederate General John Hunt Morgan's raid into the north is mostly thwarted when a large group of his men are captured while trying to escape across the Ohio River.
  • 1843 – Brunel's steamship the SS Great Britain is launched, becoming the first ocean-going craft with an iron hull and screw propeller, becoming the largest vessel afloat in the world.
  • 1832 – The British Medical Association is founded as the Provincial Medical and Surgical Association by Sir Charles Hastings at a meeting in the Board Room of the Worcester Infirmary.
  • 1817 – Unsuccessful in his attempt to conquer the Kingdom of Hawaii for the Russian-American Company, Georg Anton Schäffer is forced to admit defeat and leave Kauai.
  • 1544 – Italian War of 1542–46: The first Siege of Boulogne begins.

Births

  • 1988 – Shane Dawson, American comedian and actor
  • 1987 – Jon Jones, American mixed martial artist
  • 1985 – LaMarcus Aldridge, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Adam Morrison, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Christopher Bear, American drummer
  • 1982 – Jared Padalecki, American actor
  • 1982 – Phil Coke, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Jimmy Gobble, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Rick Ankiel, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Tony Mamaluke, American wrestler and manager
  • 1974 – Preston Wilson, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1974 – Vince Spadea, American tennis player
  • 1971 – Michael Modest, American wrestler
  • 1970 – Bill Chen, American poker player and software designer
  • 1970 – Nicola Sturgeon, Scottish lawyer and politician, First Minister of Scotland
  • 1969 – Matthew Libatique, American cinematographer
  • 1968 – Jim Norton, American comedian, actor, and author
  • 1968 – Robb Flynn, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1962 – Anthony Edwards, American actor and director
  • 1961 – Campbell Scott, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1961 – Lisa Lampanelli, American comedian, actress, and author
  • 1958 – David Robertson, American conductor
  • 1958 – Robert Gibson, American wrestler
  • 1956 – Mark Crispin, American computer scientist, designed the IMAP (d. 2012)
  • 1954 – Mark O'Donnell, American playwright (d. 2012)
  • 1954 – Srđa Trifković, Serbian-American journalist and historian
  • 1954 – Steve O'Donnell, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1952 – Allen Collins, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 1990)
  • 1952 – Jayne Anne Phillips American novelist and short story writer
  • 1951 – Abel Ferrara, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1950 – Freddy Moore, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1948 – Keith Godchaux, American keyboard player and songwriter (d. 1980)
  • 1947 – Bernie Leadon, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1944 – George Frayne IV, Founder Commander Cody and His Lost Planet Airmen, American bandleader, keyboard player and vocalist
  • 1944 – Tim McIntire, American actor and singer (d. 1986)
  • 1941 – Vikki Carr, American singer and actress
  • 1938 – Richard Jordan, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1937 – George Hamilton IV, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2014)
  • 1935 – Nick Koback, American baseball player and golfer (d. 2015)
  • 1932 – Buster Benton, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1996)
  • 1929 – Gaston Glock, Austrian engineer and businessman, co-founded Glock Ges.m.b.H.
  • 1926 – Helen Gallagher, American actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1925 – Sue Thompson, American singer
  • 1924 – Arthur Rankin Jr., American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1924 – Pat Hingle, American actor and producer (d. 2009)
  • 1924 – Stanley K. Hathaway, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 40th United States Secretary of the Interior (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Joseph Hansen, American author and poet (d. 2004)
  • 1923 – Lon Simmons, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2015)
  • 1923 – William A. Rusher, American lawyer and journalist (d. 2011)
  • 1922 – George McGovern, American lieutenant, historian, and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1921 – Elizabeth Spencer, American novelist, short story writer, and playwright
  • 1921 – Harold Camping, American evangelist, author, radio host (d. 2013)
  • 1921 – Rosalyn Sussman Yalow, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2011)
  • 1920 – Richard Oriani, Salvadoran-American metallurgist and engineer (d. 2015)
  • 1920 – Robert Mann, American violinist, composer, and conductor
  • 1919 – Patricia Medina, English-American actress (d. 2012)
  • 1917 – William Scranton, American captain and politician, 13th United States Ambassador to the United Nations (d. 2013)
  • 1916 – Phil Cavarretta, American baseball player and manager (d. 2010)
  • 1914 – Marius Russo, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1912 – Peter Leo Gerety, American prelate (d. 2016)
  • 1907 – Isabel Jewell, American actress (d. 1972)
  • 1904 – Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith, American lawyer and farmer (d. 1985)
  • 1898 – Herbert Marcuse, German-American sociologist and philosopher (d. 1979)
  • 1896 – Bob Meusel, American baseball player and sailor (d. 1977)
  • 1894 – Percy Spencer, American physicist and inventor of the microwave oven (d. 1969)
  • 1883 – Max Fleischer, Austrian-American animator and producer (d. 1972)
  • 1876 – Joseph Fielding Smith, American religious leader, 10th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1972)
  • 1868 – Florence Foster Jenkins, American soprano and educator (d. 1945)
  • 1865 – Charles Horace Mayo, American surgeon, founded the Mayo Clinic (d. 1939)
  • 1860 – Lizzie Borden, American woman, tried and acquitted for the murders of her parents in 1892 (d. 1927)
  • 1842 – Frederic T. Greenhalge, English-American lawyer and politician, 38th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  • 1814 – Samuel Colt, American businessman, founded the Colt's Manufacturing Company (d. 1862)

Deaths

  • 2016 – Garry Marshall, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1934)
  • 2015 – Carmino Ravosa, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (b. 1930)
  • 2015 – Van Alexander, American composer and conductor (b. 1915)
  • 2014 – David Easton, Canadian-American political scientist and academic (b. 1917)
  • 2014 – James Garner, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – John Winkin, American baseball player, coach, and journalist (b. 1919)
  • 2014 – Paul M. Fleiss, American pediatrician and author (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Geeto Mongol, Canadian-American wrestler and trainer (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – Phil Woosnam, Welsh-American soccer player and manager (b. 1932)
  • 2012 – Sylvia Woods, American businesswoman, co-founded Sylvia's Restaurant of Harlem (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Tom Davis, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1952)
  • 2009 – Frank McCourt, American author and educator (b. 1930)
  • 2006 – Jack Warden, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Edward Bunker, American author and screenwriter (b. 1933)
  • 2004 – Francis A. Marzen, American priest and journalist (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – Bill Bright, American evangelist and author, founded the Campus Crusade for Christ (b. 1921)
  • 2002 – Alan Lomax, American historian, scholar, and activist (b. 1915)
  • 2002 – Dave Carter, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1952)
  • 1998 – Elmer Valo, Polish-American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1921)
  • 1990 – Eddie Quillan, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1982 – Hugh Everett III, American physicist and mathematician (b. 1930)
  • 1980 – Hans Morgenthau, German-American political scientist, philosopher, and academic (b. 1904)
  • 1980 – Margaret Craven, American journalist and author (b. 1901)
  • 1975 – Lefty Frizzell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1928)
  • 1974 – Ernő Schwarz, Hungarian-American soccer player and coach (b. 1904)
  • 1967 – Odell Shepard, American poet and politician, 66th Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut (b. 1884)
  • 1939 – Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American poet and author (b. 1850)
  • 1896 – Abraham H. Cannon, American publisher and religious leader (b. 1859)
  • 1850 – Margaret Fuller, American journalist and critic (b. 1810)
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