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Thursday 19 July 2018 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Events

  • 1983 – The first three-dimensional reconstruction of a human head in a CT is published.
  • 1981 – In a private meeting with U.S. President Ronald Reagan, French President François Mitterrand reveals the existence of the Farewell Dossier, a collection of documents showing the Soviet Union had been stealing American technological research and development.
  • 1977 – The world's first Global Positioning System (GPS) signal was transmitted from Navigation Technology Satellite 2 (NTS-2) and received at Rockwell Collins in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, at 12:41 a.m. Eastern time (ET).
  • 1963 – Joe Walker flies a North American X-15 to a record altitude of 106,010 meters (347,800 feet) on X-15 Flight 90. Exceeding an altitude of 100 km, this flight qualifies as a human spaceflight under international convention.
  • 1942 – World War II: Battle of the Atlantic: German Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz orders the last U-boats to withdraw from their United States Atlantic coast positions in response to the effective American convoy system.
  • 1940 – Field Marshal Ceremony: First occasion in World War II, that Hitler appointed field marshals due to military achievements.
  • 1903 – Maurice Garin wins the first Tour de France.
  • 1900 – The first line of the Paris Métro opens for operation.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Morgan's Raid: At Buffington Island in Ohio, Confederate General John Hunt Morgan's raid into the north is mostly thwarted when a large group of his men are captured while trying to escape across the Ohio River.
  • 1843 – Brunel's steamship the SS Great Britain is launched, becoming the first ocean-going craft with an iron hull and screw propeller, becoming the largest vessel afloat in the world.
  • 1832 – The British Medical Association is founded as the Provincial Medical and Surgical Association by Sir Charles Hastings at a meeting in the Board Room of the Worcester Infirmary.
  • 1817 – Unsuccessful in his attempt to conquer the Kingdom of Hawaii for the Russian-American Company, Georg Anton Schäffer is forced to admit defeat and leave Kauai.
  • 1544 – Italian War of 1542–46: The first Siege of Boulogne begins.

Births

  • 1988 – Shane Dawson, American comedian and actor
  • 1987 – Jon Jones, American mixed martial artist
  • 1985 – LaMarcus Aldridge, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Adam Morrison, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Christopher Bear, American drummer
  • 1982 – Jared Padalecki, American actor
  • 1982 – Phil Coke, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Jimmy Gobble, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Rick Ankiel, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Tony Mamaluke, American wrestler and manager
  • 1974 – Preston Wilson, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1974 – Vince Spadea, American tennis player
  • 1971 – Michael Modest, American wrestler
  • 1970 – Bill Chen, American poker player and software designer
  • 1970 – Nicola Sturgeon, Scottish lawyer and politician, First Minister of Scotland
  • 1969 – Matthew Libatique, American cinematographer
  • 1968 – Jim Norton, American comedian, actor, and author
  • 1968 – Robb Flynn, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1962 – Anthony Edwards, American actor and director
  • 1961 – Campbell Scott, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1961 – Lisa Lampanelli, American comedian, actress, and author
  • 1958 – David Robertson, American conductor
  • 1958 – Robert Gibson, American wrestler
  • 1956 – Mark Crispin, American computer scientist, designed the IMAP (d. 2012)
  • 1954 – Mark O'Donnell, American playwright (d. 2012)
  • 1954 – Srđa Trifković, Serbian-American journalist and historian
  • 1954 – Steve O'Donnell, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1952 – Allen Collins, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 1990)
  • 1952 – Jayne Anne Phillips American novelist and short story writer
  • 1951 – Abel Ferrara, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1950 – Freddy Moore, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1948 – Keith Godchaux, American keyboard player and songwriter (d. 1980)
  • 1947 – Bernie Leadon, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1944 – George Frayne IV, Founder Commander Cody and His Lost Planet Airmen, American bandleader, keyboard player and vocalist
  • 1944 – Tim McIntire, American actor and singer (d. 1986)
  • 1941 – Vikki Carr, American singer and actress
  • 1938 – Richard Jordan, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1937 – George Hamilton IV, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2014)
  • 1935 – Nick Koback, American baseball player and golfer (d. 2015)
  • 1932 – Buster Benton, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1996)
  • 1929 – Gaston Glock, Austrian engineer and businessman, co-founded Glock Ges.m.b.H.
  • 1926 – Helen Gallagher, American actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1925 – Sue Thompson, American singer
  • 1924 – Arthur Rankin Jr., American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1924 – Pat Hingle, American actor and producer (d. 2009)
  • 1924 – Stanley K. Hathaway, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 40th United States Secretary of the Interior (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Joseph Hansen, American author and poet (d. 2004)
  • 1923 – Lon Simmons, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2015)
  • 1923 – William A. Rusher, American lawyer and journalist (d. 2011)
  • 1922 – George McGovern, American lieutenant, historian, and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1921 – Elizabeth Spencer, American novelist, short story writer, and playwright
  • 1921 – Harold Camping, American evangelist, author, radio host (d. 2013)
  • 1921 – Rosalyn Sussman Yalow, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2011)
  • 1920 – Richard Oriani, Salvadoran-American metallurgist and engineer (d. 2015)
  • 1920 – Robert Mann, American violinist, composer, and conductor
  • 1919 – Patricia Medina, English-American actress (d. 2012)
  • 1917 – William Scranton, American captain and politician, 13th United States Ambassador to the United Nations (d. 2013)
  • 1916 – Phil Cavarretta, American baseball player and manager (d. 2010)
  • 1914 – Marius Russo, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1912 – Peter Leo Gerety, American prelate (d. 2016)
  • 1907 – Isabel Jewell, American actress (d. 1972)
  • 1904 – Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith, American lawyer and farmer (d. 1985)
  • 1898 – Herbert Marcuse, German-American sociologist and philosopher (d. 1979)
  • 1896 – Bob Meusel, American baseball player and sailor (d. 1977)
  • 1894 – Percy Spencer, American physicist and inventor of the microwave oven (d. 1969)
  • 1883 – Max Fleischer, Austrian-American animator and producer (d. 1972)
  • 1876 – Joseph Fielding Smith, American religious leader, 10th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1972)
  • 1868 – Florence Foster Jenkins, American soprano and educator (d. 1945)
  • 1865 – Charles Horace Mayo, American surgeon, founded the Mayo Clinic (d. 1939)
  • 1860 – Lizzie Borden, American woman, tried and acquitted for the murders of her parents in 1892 (d. 1927)
  • 1842 – Frederic T. Greenhalge, English-American lawyer and politician, 38th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  • 1814 – Samuel Colt, American businessman, founded the Colt's Manufacturing Company (d. 1862)

Deaths

  • 2016 – Garry Marshall, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1934)
  • 2015 – Carmino Ravosa, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (b. 1930)
  • 2015 – Van Alexander, American composer and conductor (b. 1915)
  • 2014 – David Easton, Canadian-American political scientist and academic (b. 1917)
  • 2014 – James Garner, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – John Winkin, American baseball player, coach, and journalist (b. 1919)
  • 2014 – Paul M. Fleiss, American pediatrician and author (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Geeto Mongol, Canadian-American wrestler and trainer (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – Phil Woosnam, Welsh-American soccer player and manager (b. 1932)
  • 2012 – Sylvia Woods, American businesswoman, co-founded Sylvia's Restaurant of Harlem (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Tom Davis, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1952)
  • 2009 – Frank McCourt, American author and educator (b. 1930)
  • 2006 – Jack Warden, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Edward Bunker, American author and screenwriter (b. 1933)
  • 2004 – Francis A. Marzen, American priest and journalist (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – Bill Bright, American evangelist and author, founded the Campus Crusade for Christ (b. 1921)
  • 2002 – Alan Lomax, American historian, scholar, and activist (b. 1915)
  • 2002 – Dave Carter, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1952)
  • 1998 – Elmer Valo, Polish-American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1921)
  • 1990 – Eddie Quillan, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1982 – Hugh Everett III, American physicist and mathematician (b. 1930)
  • 1980 – Hans Morgenthau, German-American political scientist, philosopher, and academic (b. 1904)
  • 1980 – Margaret Craven, American journalist and author (b. 1901)
  • 1975 – Lefty Frizzell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1928)
  • 1974 – Ernő Schwarz, Hungarian-American soccer player and coach (b. 1904)
  • 1967 – Odell Shepard, American poet and politician, 66th Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut (b. 1884)
  • 1939 – Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American poet and author (b. 1850)
  • 1896 – Abraham H. Cannon, American publisher and religious leader (b. 1859)
  • 1850 – Margaret Fuller, American journalist and critic (b. 1810)
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