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Wednesday 22 July 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances

Events

  • 2011 – Norway is the victim of twin terror attacks, the first being a bomb blast which targeted government buildings in central Oslo, the second being a massacre at a youth camp on the island of Utøya.
  • 2003 – Members of 101st Airborne of the United States, aided by Special Forces, attack a compound in Iraq, killing Saddam Hussein's sons Uday and Qusay, along with Mustapha Hussein, Qusay's 14-year-old son, and a bodyguard.
  • 1992 – Near Medellín, Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar escapes from his luxury prison fearing extradition to the United States.
  • 1990 – Greg LeMond, an American road racing cyclist, wins his third Tour de France after leading the majority of the race. It was LeMond’s second consecutive Tour de France victory.
  • 1942 – The United States government begins compulsory civilian gasoline rationing due to the wartime demands.
  • 1937 – New Deal: The United States Senate votes down President Franklin D. Roosevelt's proposal to add more justices to the Supreme Court of the United States.
  • 1933 – Aviator Wiley Post returns to Floyd Bennett Field in New York City, completing the first solo flight around the world in seven days, 18 hours and 49 minutes.
  • 1894 – The first ever motor race is held in France between the cities of Paris and Rouen. The fastest finisher was the Comte Jules-Albert de Dion, but the 'official' victory was awarded to Albert Lemaître driving his 3 hp petrol engined Peugeot.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Atlanta: Outside Atlanta, Confederate General John Bell Hood leads an unsuccessful attack on Union troops under General William T. Sherman on Bald Hill.
  • 1793 – Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean becoming the first recorded human to complete a transcontinental crossing of North America.
  • 1209 – Massacre at Béziers: The first major military action of the Albigensian Crusade.
  • 1099 – First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon is elected the first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem.

Births

  • 1995 – Ezekiel Elliott, American football player. Ezekiel Elijah Elliott (born July 22, 1995) is an American football running back for the Dallas Cowboys of the National Football League (NFL).
  • 1992 – Selena Gomez, American singer and actress. Gomez also starred in the films Another Cinderella Story (2008), Princess Protection Program (2009), Wizards of Waverly Place: The Movie (2009), Ramona and Beezus (2010), and Monte Carlo (2011).
  • 1989 – Keegan Allen, American actor, photographer and musician. Allen is known for his main role as Toby Cavanaugh on the Freeform series Pretty Little Liars.
  • 1985 – Takudzwa Ngwenya, Zimbabwean-American rugby player. Takudzwa Ngwenya (born 22 July 1985) is a rugby union player who plays on the wing for the United States national rugby union team and San Diego Legion in Major League Rugby.
  • 1983 – Steven Jackson, American football player. Louis Rams in the first round with the 24th overall selection in the 2004 NFL Draft.
  • 1973 – Brian Chippendale, American singer and drummer. Brian Chippendale (born July 22, 1973) is an American musician and artist, known as the drummer and vocalist for the experimental noise rock band Lightning Bolt and for his graphic art.
  • 1973 – Mike Sweeney, American baseball player and sportscaster. Michael John Sweeney (born July 22, 1973) is a former Major League Baseball designated hitter and first baseman.
  • 1973 – Rufus Wainwright, American-Canadian singer-songwriter. He has also written a classical opera and set Shakespeare sonnets to music for a theater piece by Robert Wilson.
  • 1972 – Keyshawn Johnson, American football player and sportscaster, was a wide receiver in the National Football League (NFL) for eleven seasons.
  • 1972 – Seth Fisher, American illustrator (d. 2006), was an American comic book artist.
  • 1970 – Jason Becker, American guitarist and songwriter. They released the albums Speed Metal Symphony in 1987 and Go Off! in 1988.
  • 1965 – Doug Riesenberg, American football player and coach. Douglas John Riesenberg (born July 22, 1965) is a former American football offensive tackle in the National Football League for the New York Giants and Tampa Bay Buccaneers, and started in Super Bowl XXV.
  • 1965 – Shawn Michaels, American wrestler, trainer, and actor. Michael Shawn Hickenbottom (born July 22, 1965), better known by his ring name Shawn Michaels, is an American retired professional wrestler, actor, and television presenter.
  • 1964 – David Spade, American actor, producer, and screenwriter. David Wayne Spade (born July 22, 1964) is an American actor, stand-up comedian, writer, television personality, and late-night talk show host.
  • 1964 – John Leguizamo, Colombian-American actor, producer, and screenwriter. Other roles include Sid the Sloth in the animated Ice Age films (2002–2016) and the narrator of the sitcom The Brothers García (2000–2004).
  • 1964 – Will Calhoun, American rock drummer (Living Colour). William "Will" Calhoun (born July 22, 1964) is an American drummer who is a member of the rock band Living Colour.
  • 1963 – Emily Saliers, American singer-songwriter and musician. Saliers plays lead guitar as well as banjo, piano, mandolin, ukulele, bouzouki and many other instruments.
  • 1962 – Alvin Robertson, American basketball player. Alvin Cyrrale Robertson (born July 22, 1962) is an American retired basketball player who played in the National Basketball Association (NBA) from 1984 to 1993, and for one final season in 1995–96.
  • 1961 – Keith Sweat, American singer-songwriter and producer. He has released 13 solo albums and 2 as a part of the R&B supergroup LSG, and discovered the groups Silk and Kut Klose.
  • 1960 – Jon Oliva, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player. John Nicholas "Jon" Oliva (born July 22, 1960) is an American composer, multi-instrumentalist and singer.
  • 1958 – David Von Erich, American wrestler (d. 1984), was an American professional wrestler, better known by the ring name David Von Erich. A member of the Von Erich Family, Von Erich is best known for his appearances with World Class Championship Wrestling, the Dallas, Texas-based professional wrestling promotion owned by his father, Fritz Von Erich.
  • 1957 – Dave Stieb, American baseball player. David Andrew Stieb (/ˈstiːb/; born July 22, 1957) is a former Major League Baseball right-handed starting pitcher for the Toronto Blue Jays.
  • 1955 – Richard J. Corman, American businessman, founded the R.J. Corman Railroad Group (d. 2013), was the founder and owner of R. J.
  • 1955 – Willem Dafoe, American actor. He has frequently collaborated with filmmakers Paul Schrader, Abel Ferrara, Lars von Trier, and Wes Anderson.
  • 1954 – Al Di Meola, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer. Between the 1970s and 1980s, albums such as Elegant Gypsy and Friday Night in San Francisco earned him both critical and commercial success.
  • 1954 – Lonette McKee, American actress and singer. Lonette Rita McKee (born July 22, 1954) is an American film, television and theater actress, music composer, producer, songwriter, screenwriter and director.
  • 1954 – Steve LaTourette, American lawyer and politician (d. 2016), was an American politician who served as the U.S. Representative for Ohio's 19th congressional district and then Ohio's 14th congressional district from 1995 to 2013.
  • 1951 – J. V. Cain, American football player (d. 1979), was a tight end in the NFL for the St. Louis Cardinals.
  • 1950 – S. E. Hinton, American Author. Susan Eloise Hinton (born July 22, 1948) is an American writer best known for her young-adult novels (YA) set in Oklahoma, especially The Outsiders (1967), which she wrote during high school.
  • 1949 – Alan Menken, American pianist and composer. Alan Irwin Menken (born July 22, 1949) is an American composer, songwriter, music conductor, director and record producer.
  • 1947 – Albert Brooks, American actor, comedian, director, and screenwriter. His voice acting credits include Marlin in Finding Nemo (2003) and Finding Dory (2016), Tiberius in The Secret Life of Pets (2016) and recurring guest voices for The Simpsons, including Russ Cargill in The Simpsons Movie (2007) and Hank Scorpio.
  • 1947 – Don Henley, American singer-songwriter and drummer. He has been the only constant member of the band since its formation.
  • 1946 – Danny Glover, American actor, director, and producer. He also has leading roles in the films The Color Purple (1985), To Sleep with Anger (1990), Predator 2 (1990), Angels in the Outfield (1994) and Operation Dumbo Drop (1995).
  • 1946 – Paul Schrader, American director and screenwriter. He has directed 18 feature films, including his directing debut, the crime drama Blue Collar (co-written with his brother, Leonard Schrader), the crime drama Hardcore (a loosely autobiographical film also written by Schrader), his 1982 remake of the horror classic Cat People, the crime drama American Gigolo (1980), the biographical drama Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters (1985), the true life biopic Patty Hearst (1988), the cult film Light Sleeper (1992), the drama Affliction (1997), the biographical film Auto Focus (2002), the erotic dramatic thriller The Canyons (2013), and the dramatic thriller First Reformed (2017), which earned him his first Academy Award nomination.
  • 1944 – Sparky Lyle, American baseball player and manager. Albert Walter "Sparky" Lyle (born July 22, 1944) is an American former left-handed relief pitcher who spent sixteen seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) from 1967 through 1982.
  • 1943 – Bobby Sherman, American singer-songwriter and actor. Sherman mostly retired from music in the 1970s for a career as a paramedic and later police officer, though he occasionally performed into the 1990s.
  • 1943 – Kay Bailey Hutchison, American lawyer and politician. Kay Bailey Hutchison (born Kathryn Ann Bailey; July 22, 1943) is an American attorney, television correspondent, politician, and diplomat who is the 22nd United States Permanent Representative to NATO.
  • 1941 – David M. Kennedy, American historian and author, was an American politician and businessman. He served as the 60th U.S.
  • 1941 – Estelle Bennett, American singer (d. 2009). Bennett was a member of the girl group The Ronettes, along with her sister Ronnie and cousin Nedra Talley.
  • 1941 – Vaughn Bodē, American illustrator (d. 1975), was an American underground cartoonist and illustrator known for his character Cheech Wizard and his artwork depicting voluptuous women. A contemporary of Ralph Bakshi, Bodē has been credited as an influence on Bakshi's animated films Wizards and The Lord of the Rings.
  • 1940 – Alex Trebek, Canadian-American game show host and producer. Trebek is contracted to host Jeopardy! until 2022.
  • 1940 – Judith Walzer Leavitt, American historian and academic. Judith Walzer Leavitt (born July 22, 1940) is an American historian.
  • 1937 – Chuck Jackson, American R&B singer and songwriter, was one of the first artists to record material by Burt Bacharach and Hal David successfully. He has performed with moderate success since 1961.
  • 1937 – Yasuhiro Kojima, Japanese-American wrestler and manager (d. 1999), was a Japanese-American professional wrestler and trainer best known by his ring name Hiro Matsuda (ヒロ松田, Hiro Matsuda). He trained many professional wrestlers including Hulk Hogan, The Great Muta, "Mr.
  • 1936 – Geraldine Claudette Darden, American mathematician. She was the fourteenth African American woman to earn a Ph.D. in mathematics.
  • 1934 – Junior Cook, American saxophonist (d. 1992), was a hard bop tenor saxophone player.
  • 1934 – Louise Fletcher, American actress. Estelle Louise Fletcher (born July 22, 1934), known professionally as Louise Fletcher, is an American actress.
  • 1932 – Oscar de la Renta, Dominican-American fashion designer (d. 2014). American Fashion Critic's Award, Order of Juan Pablo Duarte,
  • 1932 – Tom Robbins, American novelist. His novel Even Cowgirls Get the Blues was made into a movie in 1993 by Gus Van Sant and stars Uma Thurman, Lorraine Bracco, and Keanu Reeves.
  • 1929 – Neil Welliver, American painter (d. 2005), was an American-born modern artist, best known for his large-scale landscape paintings inspired by the deep woods near his home in Maine.
  • 1928 – Orson Bean, American actor. Orson Bean (born Dallas Frederick Burrows; July 22, 1928) is an American film, television, and stage actor, as well as a comedian, writer, and producer.
  • 1925 – Joseph Sargent, American actor, director, and producer (d. 2014), was an American film director. Though he directed many television movies, his best known feature-length works were arguably the theatrical releases: Burt Reynolds action movie White Lightning, Gregory Peck biopic MacArthur, and horror anthology Nightmares.
  • 1924 – Margaret Whiting, American singer (d. 2011), was an American popular music and country music singer who gained popularity in the 1940s and 1950s.
  • 1923 – Bob Dole, American soldier, lawyer, and politician. Robert Joseph Dole (born July 22, 1923) is an American retired politician, statesman, and attorney who represented Kansas in the U.S House of Representatives from 1961 to 1969 and in the U.S.
  • 1921 – William V. Roth Jr., American lawyer and politician (d. 2003), was an American lawyer and politician from Wilmington, Delaware. He was a veteran of World War II and a member of the Republican Party.
  • 1910 – Ruthie Tompson, American animator and artist. She is best known for her work on animated features at The Walt Disney Company.
  • 1909 – Licia Albanese, Italian-American soprano and actress (d. 2014), was an Italian-born American operatic soprano. Noted especially for her portrayals of the lyric heroines of Verdi and Puccini, Albanese was a leading artist with the Metropolitan Opera from 1940 to 1966.
  • 1908 – Amy Vanderbilt, American author (d. 1974), was an American authority on etiquette. In 1952 she published the best-selling book Amy Vanderbilt's Complete Book of Etiquette.
  • 1898 – Stephen Vincent Benét, American poet, short story writer, and novelist (d. 1943). He is best known for his book-length narrative poem of the American Civil War John Brown's Body (1928), for which he received the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry, and for the short stories "The Devil and Daniel Webster" (1936) and "By the Waters of Babylon" (1937).
  • 1893 – Jesse Haines, American baseball player and coach (d. 1978), was a right-handed pitcher in for the Cincinnati Reds and St. Louis Cardinals of Major League Baseball (MLB).
  • 1893 – Karl Menninger, American psychiatrist and author (d. 1990), was an American psychiatrist and a member of the Menninger family of psychiatrists who founded the Menninger Foundation and the Menninger Clinic in Topeka, Kansas.
  • 1890 – Rose Kennedy, American philanthropist (d. 1995), was an American philanthropist, socialite, and the matriarch of the Kennedy family. She was deeply embedded in the "lace curtain" Irish Catholic community in Boston, where her father John F.
  • 1888 – Selman Waksman, Jewish-American biochemist and microbiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973), was a Ukrainian-born, Jewish-American inventor, biochemist and microbiologist whose research into the decomposition of organisms that live in soil enabled the discovery of streptomycin and several other antibiotics. A professor of biochemistry and microbiology at Rutgers University for four decades, he discovered a number of antibiotics (and introduced the modern sense of that word to name them), and he introduced procedures that have led to the development of many others.
  • 1884 – Odell Shepard, American poet and politician, 66th Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut (d. 1967), was an American professor, poet, and politician who was the 66th Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut from 1941 to 1943. He won a Pulitzer Prize in 1938.
  • 1882 – Edward Hopper, American painter and etcher (d. 1967), was an American realist painter and printmaker. While he is best known for his oil paintings, he was equally proficient as a watercolorist and printmaker in etching.
  • 1881 – Augusta Fox Bronner, American psychologist, specialist in juvenile psychology (d. 1966), was an American psychologist, best known for her work in juvenile psychology. She co-directed the first child guidance clinic, and her research shaped psychological theories about the causes behind child delinquency, emphasizing the need to focus on social and environmental factors over inherited traits.
  • 1849 – Emma Lazarus, American poet and educator (d. 1887), was a Jewish author of poetry, prose, and translations in the United States, as well as an activist for Jewish causes.
  • 1713 – Jacques-Germain Soufflot, French architect, designed the Panthéon (d. 1780), was a French architect in the international circle that introduced neoclassicism. His most famous work is the Panthéon in Paris, built from 1755 onwards, originally as a church dedicated to Saint Genevieve.

Deaths

  • 2013 – Dennis Farina, American policeman and actor (b. 1944)
  • 2013 – Natalie de Blois, American architect, co-designed the Lever House (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Rosalie E. Wahl, American lawyer and judge (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – Frank Pierson, American director and screenwriter (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – George Armitage Miller, American psychologist and academic (b. 1920)
  • 2011 – Linda Christian, Mexican-American actress (b. 1923)
  • 2010 – Kenny Guinn, American banker and politician, 27th Governor of Nevada (b. 1936)
  • 2009 – Richard M. Givan, American lawyer and judge (b. 1921)
  • 2008 – Estelle Getty, American actress (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – László Kovács, Hungarian-American director and cinematographer (b. 1933)
  • 2007 – Mike Coolbaugh, American baseball player and coach (b. 1972)
  • 2007 – Rollie Stiles, American baseball player (b. 1906)
  • 2006 – Dika Newlin, American composer, singer-songwriter, and pianist (d. 1923)
  • 2005 – Eugene Record, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1940)
  • 2004 – Illinois Jacquet, American saxophonist and composer (b. 1922)
  • 1992 – David Wojnarowicz, American painter, photographer, and activist (b. 1954)
  • 1986 – Floyd Gottfredson, American author and illustrator (b. 1905)
  • 1979 – J. V. Cain, American football player (b. 1951)
  • 1974 – Wayne Morse, American lawyer and politician (b. 1900)
  • 1967 – Carl Sandburg, American poet and historian (b. 1878)
  • 1934 – John Dillinger, American gangster (b. 1903)
  • 1932 – Flo Ziegfeld, American actor and producer (b. 1867)
  • 1932 – Reginald Fessenden, Canadian inventor and academic (b. 1866)
  • 1922 – Jokichi Takamine, Japanese-American chemist and academic (b. 1854)
  • 1920 – William Kissam Vanderbilt, American businessman and horse breeder (b. 1849)
  • 1916 – James Whitcomb Riley, American poet and author (b. 1849)
  • 1915 – Sandford Fleming, Scottish-Canadian engineer and inventor, developed Standard time (b. 1827)
  • 1869 – John A. Roebling, German-American engineer, designed the Brooklyn Bridge (b. 1806)
  • 1864 – James B. McPherson, American general (b. 1828)
  • 1726 – Hugh Drysdale, English-American politician, Colonial Governor of Virginia
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