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Friday 28 July 2023 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances


  • In 2017 an organic compound, acrylonitrile, or vinyl cyanide, (C2H3CN), possibly essential for life by being related to cell membrane and vesicle structure formation, is reported to have been found on Titan, moon of Saturn.
  • 2010 – Airblue Flight 202 crashes into the Margalla Hills north of Islamabad, Pakistan, killing all 152 people aboard. It is the deadliest aviation accident in Pakistan history and the first involving an Airbus A321.
  • 2001 – Australian Ian Thorpe becomes the first swimmer to win six gold medals at a single World Championship.
  • 1996 – The remains of a prehistoric man are discovered near Kennewick, Washington. Such remains will be known as the Kennewick Man.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces his order to increase the number of United States troops in South Vietnam from 75,000 to 125,000.
  • 1939 – The Sutton Hoo helmet is discovered.
  • 1938 – Hawaii Clipper disappears between Guam and Manila as the first loss of an airliner in trans-Pacific China Clipper service.
  • 1935 – First flight of the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress.
  • 1932 – U.S. President Herbert Hoover orders the United States Army to forcibly evict the "Bonus Army" of World War I veterans gathered in Washington, D.C.
  • 1917 – The Silent Parade took place in New York City, in protest to murders, lynchings, and other violence directed towards African Americans.
  • 1915 – The United States begins a 19-year occupation of Haiti.
  • 1868 – The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution is certified, establishing African American citizenship and guaranteeing due process of law.
  • 1866 – At the age of 18, Vinnie Ream becomes the first and youngest female artist to receive a commission from the United States government for a statue (of Abraham Lincoln).
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Ezra Church: Confederate troops make a third unsuccessful attempt to drive Union forces from Atlanta, Georgia.
  • 1854 – USS Constellation (1854), the last all-sail warship built by the United States Navy, is commissioned.
  • 1571 – La Laguna encomienda, known today as the Laguna province in the Philippines is founded by the Spaniards as one of the oldest encomiendas (provinces) in the country.


  • 1990 – Soulja Boy, American rapper, producer, and actor. DeAndre Cortez Way (born July 28, 1990), better known as Soulja Boy Tell 'Em or simply Soulja Boy, is an American rapper, record producer, actor and entrepreneur.
  • 1988 – Greg Hardy, American football player. Gregory McKarl Hardy (born July 28, 1988) is an American mixed martial artist and former American football defensive end.
  • 1986 – Alexandra Chando, American actress. She is known for her role as Maddie Coleman in the CBS soap opera, As the World Turns and for her dual role as identical twins, Emma Becker and Sutton Mercer in the ABC Family drama series, The Lying Game.
  • 1984 – Zach Parise, American ice hockey player. Zachary Justin Parise (born July 28, 1984) is an American professional ice hockey left winger who is currently serving as an alternate captain for the Minnesota Wild in the National Hockey League (NHL).
  • 1980 – Anthony Weaver, American football player, was defensive end and is currently the defensive line coach for the Houston Texans. He was drafted by the Baltimore Ravens in the second round of the 2002 NFL Draft.
  • 1980 – Stephen Christian, American singer-songwriter. Stephen Christian is an American singer and songwriter best known as the lead vocalist of the alternative rock band Anberlin, as well as the vocalist of his acoustic side-project Anchor & Braille.
  • 1976 – Jacoby Shaddix, American singer-songwriter. He is best known as being the founding member and the continuous lead singer of the California-based rock band Papa Roach since the band's formation in 1993.
  • 1974 – Elizabeth Berkley, American actress. Berkley's most notable roles were as Jessie Spano in the television series Saved by the Bell, and as Nomi Malone in the 1995 Paul Verhoeven film Showgirls.
  • 1969 – Alexis Arquette, American actress (d. 2016), was an American actress, cabaret performer, underground cartoonist, and activist.
  • 1969 – Garth Snow, American ice hockey player and manager. Snow (born July 28, 1969) is an American former professional ice hockey goaltender and former general manager, president and alternate governor of the New York Islanders of the National Hockey League (NHL).
  • 1966 – Jimmy Pardo, American stand-up comedian, actor, and host. He last hosted the game show Race to Escape on the Science Channel.
  • 1964 – Lori Loughlin, American actress. Loughlin has also had success playing the roles of Jody Travis in The Edge of Night (1980–1983), Debbie Wilson in The CW series 90210 (2008–2011, 2012), Jennifer Shannon in the Garage Sale Mystery television film series (2013–2018), and Abigail Stanton in When Calls the Heart (2014–2019).
  • 1962 – Rachel Sweet, American singer, television writer, and actress. Rachel Sweet (born July 28, 1962 in Akron, Ohio) is an American singer, television writer and actress.
  • 1960 – Jon J. Muth, American author and illustrator. Jon J Muth (/mjuːθ/; born July 28, 1960) is an American comics artist and children's book illustrator who is known for his painted artwork.
  • 1959 – William T. Vollmann, American novelist, short story writer and journalist. He won the 2005 National Book Award for Fiction for the novel Europe Central.
  • 1958 – Michael Hitchcock, American actor, producer, and screenwriter. Michael Hitchcock is an American actor, comedian, screenwriter, and television producer.
  • 1956 – John Feinstein, American journalist and author. John Feinstein (born July 28, 1956) is an American sportswriter, author and sports commentator.
  • 1954 – Steve Morse, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Morse (born July 28, 1954) is an American guitarist and composer, best known as the founder of the Dixie Dregs and as the lead guitarist of Deep Purple since 1994.
  • 1951 – Gregg Giuffria, American rock musician and businessman. He was the keyboardist for AOR bands Angel, House of Lords, and Giuffria.
  • 1951 – Santiago Calatrava, Spanish architect and engineer, designed the Athens Olympic Sports Complex. Santiago Calatrava Valls (born 28 July 1951) is a Spanish architect, structural engineer, sculptor and painter, particularly known for his bridges supported by single leaning pylons, and his railway stations, stadiums, and museums, whose sculptural forms often resemble living organisms.
  • 1949 – Randall Wallace, American screenwriter and producer. Randall Wallace (born July 28, 1949) is an American screenwriter, film director, producer, and songwriter who came to prominence by writing the screenplay for the historical drama film Braveheart (1995).
  • 1949 – Vida Blue, American baseball player and sportscaster. He won the American League Cy Young Award and Most Valuable Player Award in 1971.
  • 1948 – Georgia Engel, American actress. She is best known for having played Georgette Franklin Baxter in the sitcom The Mary Tyler Moore Show from 1972 to 1977 and Pat MacDougall on Everybody Loves Raymond from 2003 to 2005.
  • 1948 – Gerald Casale, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and director. Gerald Vincent "Jerry" Casale (born Gerald Vincent Pizzute; July 28, 1948) is an American musician, composer, music video director, and vintner.
  • 1947 – Sally Struthers, American actress. She was the voice of Charlene Sinclair on the ABC sitcom Dinosaurs and Rebecca Cunningham on the Disney animated series TaleSpin.
  • 1946 – Linda Kelsey, American actress. She is best known for her role on the CBS drama television series Lou Grant (1977–1982), which earned her three Golden Globe Award nominations and five Primetime Emmy Award nominations.
  • 1943 – Bill Bradley, American basketball player and politician. Senator from New Jersey.
  • 1943 – Mike Bloomfield, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 1981), was an American guitarist and composer, born in Chicago, Illinois, who became one of the first popular music superstars of the 1960s to earn his reputation almost entirely on his instrumental prowess, since he rarely sang before 1969. Respected for his guitar playing, Bloomfield knew and played with many of Chicago's blues musicians before achieving his own fame and was instrumental in popularizing blues music in the mid-1960s.
  • 1942 – Marty Brennaman, American sportscaster. Franchester Martin Brennaman (born July 28, 1942) is an American retired sportscaster, best known as the play-by-play voice of Major League Baseball's Cincinnati Reds on the Cincinnati Reds Radio Network from 1974 until 2019.
  • 1940 – Philip Proctor, American voice actor and screenwriter. He has performed voice-over work for video games, films and television series.
  • 1932 – Natalie Babbitt, American author and illustrator (d. 2016), was an American writer and illustrator of children's books. Her acclaimed 1975 novel Tuck Everlasting has been adapted into two feature films and a Broadway musical.
  • 1930 – Junior Kimbrough, American singer and guitarist (d. 1998), was an American blues musician. His best-known works are "Keep Your Hands off Her" and "All Night Long".
  • 1929 – Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, American journalist and socialite, 37th First Lady of the United States (d. 1994), was First Lady of the United States during the presidency of John F. Kennedy and was regarded then and afterward as an international icon of style and culture.
  • 1929 – Shirley Ann Grau, American novelist and short story writer. She was born in New Orleans, and her work is set primarily in the Deep South and explores issues of race and gender.
  • 1927 – John Ashbery, American poet (d. 2017), was an American poet and art critic.
  • 1926 – Charlie Biddle, American-Canadian bassist (d. 2003), was an American-Canadian jazz bassist. He lived most of his life in Montreal, organizing and performing in jazz music events.
  • 1925 – Baruch Samuel Blumberg, American physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2011), was an American physician, geneticist, and co-recipient of the 1976 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (with Daniel Carleton Gajdusek), for his work on the hepatitis B virus while an investigator at the NIH. He was President of the American Philosophical Society from 2005 until his death.
  • 1924 – C. T. Vivian, American minister, author, and activist, was a close friend and lieutenant of Martin Luther King Jr. during the Civil Rights Movement. Vivian continues to reside in Atlanta, Georgia and most recently founded the C.
  • 1923 – Ray Ellis, American conductor and producer (d. 2008), was an American record producer, arranger and conductor. He was responsible for the orchestration in Billie Holiday's Lady in Satin (1958).
  • 1920 – Andrew V. McLaglen, English-American director and producer (d. 2014), was a British-born American film and television director, known for Westerns and adventure films, often starring John Wayne or James Stewart.
  • 1915 – Charles Hard Townes, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2015). Townes worked on the theory and application of the maser, for which he obtained the fundamental patent, and other work in quantum electronics associated with both maser and laser devices.
  • 1915 – Dick Sprang, American illustrator (d. 2000). Sprang (July 28, 1915 – May 10, 2000) was an American comic book artist and penciller, best known for his work on the superhero Batman during the period fans and historians call Golden Age of Comic Books.
  • 1915 – Frankie Yankovic, American polka musician (d. 1998), was an American accordion player and polka musician. Known as "America's Polka King," Yankovic was considered the premier artist to play in the Slovenian style during his long career.
  • 1914 – Carmen Dragon, American conductor and composer (d. 1984), was an American conductor, composer, and arranger who in addition to live performances and recording, worked in radio, film, and television.
  • 1907 – Earl Tupper, American inventor and businessman, founded Tupperware Brands (d. 1983), was an American businessman and inventor, best known as the inventor of Tupperware, an airtight plastic container for storing food, and for founding the related home products company that bears his name, Tupperware Plastics Company.
  • 1901 – Freddie Fitzsimmons, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1979). Frederick Landis Fitzsimmons (July 28, 1901 – November 18, 1979) was an American professional baseball right-handed pitcher, manager, and coach, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) from 1925 to 1943 with the New York Giants and Brooklyn Dodgers.
  • 1901 – Rudy Vallée, American actor, singer, and saxophonist (d. 1986), was an American singer, actor, and radio host. He was one of the first modern pop stars of the teen idol type.
  • 1898 – Lawrence Gray, American actor (d. 1970). Born in San Francisco in 1898, Gray served during World War I in the U.
  • 1896 – Barbara La Marr, American actress and screenwriter (d. 1926), was an American film actress and screenwriter who appeared in 27 films during her career between 1920 and 1926. La Marr was also noted by the media for her beauty, dubbed as the "Girl Who Is Too Beautiful," as well as her tumultuous personal life.
  • 1887 – Marcel Duchamp, French-American painter and sculptor (d. 1968), was a French-American painter, sculptor, chess player, and writer whose work is associated with Cubism, Dada, and conceptual art. He was careful about his use of the term Dada and was not directly associated with Dada groups.
  • 1887 – Willard Price, Canadian-American journalist and author (d. 1983), was a Canadian-born American traveller, journalist and author.
  • 1879 – Lucy Burns, American activist, co-founded the National Woman's Party (d. 1966), was an American suffragist and women's rights advocate. She was a passionate activist in the United States and in the United Kingdom.
  • 1874 – Ernst Cassirer, Polish-American philosopher and academic (d. 1945), was a German philosopher. Trained within the Neo-Kantian Marburg School, he initially followed his mentor Hermann Cohen in attempting to supply an idealistic philosophy of science.
  • 1867 – Charles Dillon Perrine, American-Argentinian astronomer (d. 1951), was an American astronomer living in Argentina. He won the Lalande Prize in 1897.
  • 1866 – Albertson Van Zo Post, American fencer (d. 1938), was an American fencer who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics and 1912 Summer Olympics. He was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, and died in New York City.
  • 1860 – Elias M. Ammons, American businessman and politician, 19th Governor of Colorado (d. 1925). Elias Milton Ammons (July 28, 1860 – May 20, 1925) served as the 19th Governor of Colorado from 1913 to 1915.
  • 1857 – Ballington Booth, English-American activist, co-founded Volunteers of America (d. 1940), was a British-born American Christian minister who co-founded Volunteers of America, a Christian charitable organization, and became its first General (1896-1940). He was a former officer in The Salvation Army.
  • 1796 – Ignaz Bösendorfer, Austrian businessman, founded the Bösendorfer Company (d. 1859), was an Austrian musician and piano manufacturer, who in 1828 founded the Bösendorfer company in Vienna-Josefstadt.
  • 1746 – Thomas Heyward, Jr., American judge and politician (d. 1809), was a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence and of the Articles of Confederation as a delegate of South Carolina.


  • 2014 – Margot Adler, American journalist and author (b. 1946)
  • 2014 – Theodore Van Kirk, American soldier, pilot, and navigator (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Eileen Brennan, American actress and singer (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – William Scranton, American captain and politician, 13th United States Ambassador to the United Nations (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – William F. Milliken Jr., American race car driver and engineer (b. 1911)
  • 2009 – Jim Johnson, American football player and coach (b. 1941)
  • 2007 – Jim LeRoy, American soldier and pilot (b. 1961)
  • 2007 – Karl Gotch, Belgian-American wrestler and trainer (b. 1924)
  • 2000 – Abraham Pais, Dutch-American physicist and historian (b. 1918)
  • 1996 – Roger Tory Peterson, American ornithologist and academic (b. 1908)
  • 1982 – Keith Green, American singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1953)
  • 1981 – Stanley Rother, American priest and missionary (b. 1935)
  • 1980 – Rose Rand, Austrian-born American logician and philosopher (b. 1903)
  • 1972 – Helen Traubel, American soprano and actress (b. 1903)
  • 1971 – Charles E. Pont, French-American minister and painter (b. 1898)
  • 1971 – Myril Hoag, American baseball player (b. 1908)
  • 1969 – Frank Loesser, American composer (b. 1910)
  • 1967 – Karl W. Richter, American lieutenant and pilot (b. 1942)
  • 1957 – Edith Abbott, American economist, social worker, and educator (b. 1876)
  • 1946 – Saint Alphonsa, first woman of Indian origin to be Canonization as a saint by the Catholic Church (b. 1910)
  • 1934 – Marie Dressler, Canadian-American actress and singer (b. 1868)
  • 1895 – Edward Beecher, American minister and theologian (b. 1803)
  • 1878 – George Law Curry, American publisher and politician (b. 1820)
  • 1527 – Rodrigo de Bastidas, Spanish explorer, founded the city of Santa Marta (b. 1460)