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Friday 6 August 2021 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances

Events

  • In 2016 engineers at the University of California, Berkeley, create the first dust-sized wireless sensors that may be implanted within the body.
  • 2011 – War in Afghanistan: A United States military helicopter is shot down, killing 30 American special forces members and a working dog, 7 Afghan soldiers, and 1 Afghan civilian. It was the deadliest single event for the United States in the War in Afghanistan.
  • 1991 – Takako Doi, chair of the Social Democratic Party, becomes Japan's first female speaker of the House of Representatives.
  • 1960 – Cuban Revolution: Cuba nationalizes American and foreign-owned property in the nation.
  • 1956 – After going bankrupt in 1955, the American broadcaster DuMont Television Network makes its final broadcast, a boxing match from St. Nicholas Arena in New York in the Boxing from St. Nicholas Arena series.
  • 1945 – World War II: Hiroshima, Japan is devastated when the atomic bomb "Little Boy" is dropped by the United States B-29 Enola Gay. Around 70,000 people are killed instantly, and some tens of thousands die in subsequent years from burns and radiation poisoning.
  • 1942 – Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands becomes the first reigning queen to address a joint session of the United States Congress.
  • 1926 – Gertrude Ederle becomes the first woman to swim across the English Channel.
  • 1914 – World War I: First Battle of the Atlantic: Two days after the United Kingdom had declared war on Germany over the German invasion of Belgium, ten German U-boats leave their base in Heligoland to attack Royal Navy warships in the North Sea.
  • 1890 – At Auburn Prison in New York, murderer William Kemmler becomes the first person to be executed by electric chair.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: The Confederate ironclad CSS Arkansas is scuttled on the Mississippi River after suffering catastrophic engine failure near Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
  • 1819 – Norwich University is founded in Vermont as the first private military school in the United States.
  • 1787 – Sixty proof sheets of the Constitution of the United States are delivered to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1777 – American Revolutionary War: The bloody Battle of Oriskany prevents American relief of the Siege of Fort Stanwix.
  • 1538 – Bogotá, Colombia, is founded by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada.

Births

  • 1985 – Garrett Weber-Gale, American swimmer. Garrett Weber-Gale (born August 6, 1985) is an American competition swimmer, two-time Olympic gold medalist, and world record-holder in two events.
  • 1980 – Seneca Wallace, American football player. He played college football at Iowa State.
  • 1979 – Travis Reed, American basketball player. He played professionally in the Netherlands, Estonia, Romania, Australia and Germany.
  • 1978 – Marvel Smith, American football player. Marvel Amos Smith (born August 6, 1978) is a former American football offensive tackle who played nine seasons in the National Football League (NFL).
  • 1976 – Melissa George, Australian-American actress. After moving to the United States, George made her big-screen debut in 1998 in the neo-noir/science fiction film Dark City.
  • 1976 – Soleil Moon Frye, American actress and producer. When she was seven years old, Frye won the role of Penelope "Punky" Brewster in the sitcom Punky Brewster.
  • 1974 – Alvin Williams, American basketball player and coach. Alvin Leon Williams (born August 6, 1974) is an American retired professional basketball player who played in the National Basketball Association (NBA) from 1997 to 2007.
  • 1973 – Max Kellerman, American sportscaster and radio host. Max Kellerman (born August 6, 1973) is an American sports television personality and boxing commentator.
  • 1973 – Vera Farmiga, American actress. Vera Ann Farmiga (/fɑːrˈmiːɡə/; born August 6, 1973) is an American actress and producer.
  • 1972 – Paolo Bacigalupi, American author. Paolo Tadini Bacigalupi (born August 6, 1972 in Paonia, Colorado) is an American science fiction and fantasy writer.
  • 1972 – Ray Lucas, American football player and sportscaster. Ray Lucas (born August 6, 1972) is a former American football quarterback in the National Football League.
  • 1970 – M. Night Shyamalan, Indian-American director, producer, and screenwriter. He is known for making films with contemporary supernatural plots and twist endings.
  • 1969 – Elliott Smith, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2003), was an American singer, songwriter, and multi-instrumentalist. Smith was born in Omaha, Nebraska, raised primarily in Texas, and lived much of his life in Portland, Oregon, where he first gained popularity.
  • 1967 – Mike Greenberg, American journalist and sportscaster. Michael Darrow Greenberg (born August 6, 1967) is a television anchor, television show host, former radio show host for ESPN and ABC, and novelist.
  • 1965 – David Robinson, American basketball player and lieutenant. David Maurice Robinson (born August 6, 1965) is an American former professional basketball player, who played center for the San Antonio Spurs in the National Basketball Association (NBA) for his entire career.
  • 1963 – Kevin Mitnick, American computer hacker and author. Kevin David Mitnick (born August 6, 1963) is an American computer security consultant, author, and convicted hacker, best known for his high-profile 1995 arrest and five years in prison for various computer and communications-related crimes.
  • 1960 – Dale Ellis, American basketball player. Dale Ellis (born August 6, 1960) is an American retired professional basketball player, who played in the National Basketball Association (NBA).
  • 1958 – Randy DeBarge, American singer-songwriter and bass player. William Randall "Randy" DeBarge (born August 6, 1958) is an American R&B/soul singer and bass guitarist, best known for being one of the original members of the popular Motown singing family group DeBarge.
  • 1957 – Bob Horner, American baseball player. James Robert Horner (born August 6, 1957) is an American former professional baseball player who played the majority of his Major League Baseball career with the Atlanta Braves.
  • 1957 – Jim McGreevey, American lawyer and politician, 52nd Governor of New Jersey. He was the Democratic nominee for Governor of New Jersey in 1997 but was narrowly defeated by Republican incumbent Christine Todd Whitman.
  • 1952 – Pat MacDonald, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Pat MacDonald is the name of:
  • 1951 – Catherine Hicks, American actress. Other notable roles include Dr.
  • 1950 – Dorian Harewood, American actor. Dorian Harewood (born August 6, 1950) is an American actor and voice-over artist.
  • 1949 – Clarence Richard Silva, American bishop. Clarence Richard Silva (born August 6, 1949), popularly known as Larry Silva, is a bishop of the Roman Catholic Church.
  • 1949 – Richard Prince, American painter and photographer. He began copying other photographers' work in 1977.
  • 1943 – Jon Postel, American computer scientist and academic (d. 1998), was an American computer scientist who made many significant contributions to the development of the Internet, particularly with respect to standards. He is known principally for being the Editor of the Request for Comment (RFC) document series, for Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP), and for administering the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) until his death.
  • 1942 – Byard Lancaster, American saxophonist and flute player (d. 2012), was an avant-garde jazz saxophonist and flutist.
  • 1941 – Ray Culp, American baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Philadelphia Phillies (1963–1966), Chicago Cubs (1967), and Boston Red Sox (1968–1973).
  • 1940 – Louise Sorel, American actress. Louise Jacqueline Sorel (born August 6, 1940) is an American actress.
  • 1938 – Bert Yancey, American golfer (d. 1994), was an American professional golfer who won seven times on the PGA Tour and later played on the Senior PGA Tour.
  • 1938 – Paul Bartel, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2000), was an American actor, writer and director. Bartel was perhaps most known for his 1982 hit black comedy Eating Raoul, which he wrote, starred in and directed.
  • 1938 – Peter Bonerz, American actor and director. Jerry Robinson on The Bob Newhart Show.
  • 1937 – Charlie Haden, American bassist and composer (d. 2014), was an American jazz double bass player, bandleader, composer and educator whose career spanned more than fifty years. In the late 1950s, Haden was an original member of the ground-breaking Ornette Coleman Quartet.
  • 1934 – Piers Anthony, English-American soldier and author. Piers Anthony Dillingham Jacob (born 6 August 1934 in Oxford, England) is an English-American author in the science fiction and fantasy genres, publishing under the name Piers Anthony.
  • 1931 – Chalmers Johnson, American scholar and author (d. 2010), was an American political scientist and professor emeritus of the University of California, San Diego. He served in the Korean War, was a consultant for the CIA from 1967 to 1973, and chaired the Center for Chinese Studies at the University of California, Berkeley from 1967 to 1972.
  • 1930 – Abbey Lincoln, American singer-songwriter and actress (d. 2010), was an American jazz vocalist, songwriter, and actress. She was a civil rights activist beginning in the 1960s.
  • 1928 – Andy Warhol, American painter and photographer (d. 1987), was an American artist, film director, and producer who was a leading figure in the visual art movement known as pop art. His works explore the relationship between artistic expression, advertising, and celebrity culture that flourished by the 1960s, and span a variety of media, including painting, silkscreening, photography, film, and sculpture.
  • 1928 – Herb Moford, American baseball player (d. 2005), was an American right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball for the St. Louis Cardinals (1955), Detroit Tigers (1958), Boston Red Sox (1959) and New York Mets (1962).
  • 1926 – Clem Labine, American baseball player and manager (d. 2007), was an American right-handed relief pitcher in Major League Baseball best known for his years with the Brooklyn and Los Angeles Dodgers from 1950 to 1960. As a key member of the Dodgers in the early 1950s, he helped the team to its first World Series title in 1955 with a win and a save in four games.
  • 1926 – Norman Wexler, American screenwriter (d. 1999), was an American screenwriter whose work included films such as Saturday Night Fever, Serpico and Joe. A New Bedford native and 1944 Central High School graduate in Detroit, Wexler attended Harvard University before moving to New York in 1951.
  • 1924 – Samuel Bowers, American activist, co-founded the White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan (d. 2006), was a convicted murderer and leading white supremacist in Mississippi during the Civil Rights Movement. In response to this movement and perceived threats to national security from Judaism and Communism, he co-founded the White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan and became its Imperial Wizard.
  • 1923 – Jess Collins, American painter (d. 2004), was an American visual artist.
  • 1922 – Freddie Laker, English businessman, founded Laker Airways (d. 2006), was an English airline entrepreneur, best known for founding Laker Airways in 1966, which went bankrupt in 1982. Known as Freddie Laker, he was one of the first airline owners to adopt the "low cost / no-frills" airline business model that has since proven to be very successful worldwide with companies such as Norwegian Air, Ryanair, easyJet, AirAsia and WestJet.
  • 1920 – Ella Raines, American actress (d. 1988), was an American film and television actress.
  • 1920 – Selma Diamond, Canadian-American actress and screenwriter (d. 1985), was a Canadian-born American comedic actress and radio and television writer, known for her high-range, raspy voice, and her portrayal of Selma Hacker on the first two seasons of the NBC television comedy series Night Court.
  • 1919 – Pauline Betz, American tennis player (d. 2011), was an American professional tennis player. She won five Grand Slam singles titles and was the runner-up on three other occasions.
  • 1918 – Norman Granz, American-Swiss record producer and manager (d. 2001), was an American jazz music impresario.
  • 1917 – Barbara Cooney, American author and illustrator (d. 2000), was an American writer and illustrator of 110 children's books, published over sixty years. She received two Caldecott Medals for her work on Chanticleer and the Fox (1958) and Ox-Cart Man (1979), and a National Book Award for Miss Rumphius (1982).
  • 1917 – Robert Mitchum, American actor (d. 1997), was an American film actor, director, author, poet, composer, and singer. Mitchum rose to prominence for his starring roles in several classic films noir, and is generally considered a forerunner of the antiheroes prevalent in film during the 1950s and 1960s.
  • 1916 – Richard Hofstadter, American historian and academic (d. 1970), was an American historian and public intellectual of the mid-20th century.
  • 1912 – Richard C. Miller, American photographer (d. 2010). Richard Crump Miller (August 6, 1912 – October 15, 2010)was an American photographer best known for his vintage carbro prints, photos of celebrities, and work documenting the Hollywood Freeway.
  • 1911 – Lucille Ball, American actress, television producer and businesswoman (d. 1989), was an American actress, comedian, model, entertainment studio executive and producer. She was the star of the self-produced sitcoms I Love Lucy, The Lucy Show, Here's Lucy, and Life with Lucy, as well as comedy television specials aired under the title The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour.
  • 1908 – Helen Jacobs, American tennis player and commander (d. 1997), was an American tennis player who won nine Grand Slam titles. She was born in Globe, Arizona, United States.
  • 1906 – Vic Dickenson, American trombonist (d. 1984), was an African-American jazz trombonist. His career began in the 1920s and continued through musical partnerships with Count Basie (1940–41), Sidney Bechet (1941), and Earl Hines.
  • 1904 – Henry Iba, American basketball player and coach (d. 1993), was an American basketball coach and college athletics administrator. He served as the head basketball coach at Northwest Missouri State Teacher's College, now known as Northwest Missouri State University, from 1929 to 1933; the University of Colorado Boulder from 1933 to 1934; and the Oklahoma State University–Stillwater, known as Oklahoma A&M prior to 1957, from 1934 to 1970, compiling a career college basketball coaching record of 751–340.
  • 1902 – Dutch Schultz, American gangster (d. 1935), was a New York City-area German-Jewish-American mobster of the 1920s and 1930s who made his fortune in organized crime-related activities, including bootlegging and the numbers racket. Weakened by two tax evasion trials led by prosecutor Thomas Dewey, Schultz's rackets were also threatened by fellow mobster Lucky Luciano.
  • 1900 – Cecil Howard Green, English-American geophysicist and businessman, co-founded Texas Instruments (d. 2003), was a British-born American geophysicist who trained at the University of British Columbia and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
  • 1893 – Wright Patman, American lieutenant and politician (d. 1976), was a U.S. Congressman from Texas in Texas's 1st congressional district and chair of the United States House Committee on Banking and Currency (1963–75).
  • 1892 – Hoot Gibson, American actor, director, and producer (d. 1962), was an American rodeo champion, film actor, film director and producer. While acting and stunt work began as a sideline to Gibson's focus on rodeo, he successfully transitioned from silent films to become a leading performer in Hollywood's growing cowboy film industry.
  • 1889 – George Kenney, Canadian-American general (d. 1977). George Churchill Kenney (6 August 1889 – 9 August 1977) was a United States Army Air Forces general during World War II.
  • 1886 – Edward Ballantine, American composer and academic (d. 1971), was an American composer and professor of music.
  • 1883 – Scott Nearing, American economist and educator (d. 1983), was an American radical economist, educator, writer, political activist, pacifist, and advocate of simple living.
  • 1881 – Leo Carrillo, American actor (d. 1961), was an American actor, vaudevillian, political cartoonist, and conservationist. He was best known for playing Pancho in the very popular Western television series The Cisco Kid (1950–1956) and in several films.
  • 1881 – Louella Parsons, American journalist (d. 1972), was the first American movie columnist and a screenwriter. She was retained by William Randolph Hearst because she had championed Hearst's mistress Marion Davies and subsequently became an influential figure in Hollywood.
  • 1877 – Wallace H. White, Jr., American lawyer and politician (d. 1952), was an American politician and Republican leader in United States Congress from 1916 until 1949. White was from the U.S. state of Maine and served in the U.S.
  • 1874 – Charles Fort, American author (d. 1932). Charles Hoy Fort (August 6, 1874 – May 3, 1932) was an American writer and researcher who specialized in anomalous phenomena.
  • 1846 – Anna Haining Bates, Canadian-American giant (d. 1888), was a Canadian woman famed for her great stature of 7 feet 11 inches (2.41 m). Her parents were of average height and were Scottish immigrants.

Deaths

  • 2017 – Darren Daulton, American baseball player (b. 1962)
  • 2015 – Frederick R. Payne, Jr., American general and pilot (b. 1911)
  • 2015 – Ray Hill, American football player (b. 1975)
  • 2014 – John Woodland Hastings, American biochemist and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Jeremy Geidt, English-American actor and educator (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Jerry Wolman, American businessman (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Mava Lee Thomas, American baseball player (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Stan Lynde, American author and illustrator (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Dan Roundfield, American basketball player (b. 1953)
  • 2012 – Mark O'Donnell, American playwright (b. 1954)
  • 2012 – Marvin Hamlisch, American pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1944)
  • 2012 – Richard Cragun, American-Brazilian ballet dancer and choreographer (b. 1944)
  • 2012 – Robert Hughes, Australian-American author and critic (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – Ruggiero Ricci, American violinist and educator (b. 1918)
  • 2009 – Willy DeVille, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1950)
  • 2004 – Donald Justice, American poet and academic (b. 1925)
  • 2004 – Rick James, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1948)
  • 2003 – Julius Baker, American flute player and educator (b. 1915)
  • 1998 – André Weil, French-American mathematician and academic (b. 1906)
  • 1993 – Tex Hughson, American baseball player (b. 1916)
  • 1991 – Harry Reasoner, American journalist, co-created 60 Minutes (b. 1923)
  • 1987 – Ira C. Eaker, American general (b. 1896)
  • 1978 – Edward Durell Stone, American architect, designed Radio City Music Hall and the Kennedy Center (b. 1902)
  • 1976 – Gregor Piatigorsky, Russian-American cellist and educator (b. 1903)
  • 1959 – Preston Sturges, American director, screenwriter, and playwright (b. 1898)
  • 1946 – Tony Lazzeri, American baseball player and coach (b. 1903)
  • 1945 – Hiram Johnson, American lawyer and politician, 23rd Governor of California (b. 1866)
  • 1945 – Richard Bong, American soldier and pilot, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1920)
  • 1931 – Bix Beiderbecke, American cornet player, pianist, and composer (b. 1903)
  • 1881 – James Springer White, American religious leader, co-founded the Seventh-day Adventist Church (b. 1821)
  • 1815 – James A. Bayard, American lawyer and politician (b. 1767)
  • 1679 – John Snell, Scottish-English soldier and philanthropist, founded the Snell Exhibition (b. 1629)
  • 1221 – Saint Dominic, Spanish priest, founded the Dominican Order (b. 1170)
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