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15

Wednesday 15 August 2018 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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August 15 Events

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Holidays and observances

  • Feast day of the Assumption of Mary (Christian feast day, one of the Catholic holy days of obligation a public holiday in Austria, Belgium, Benin, Bosnia, Burundi, Cameroon, Chile, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, Italy, Ivory Coast, Lebanon, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malta, Mauritius, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Senegal, Seychelles, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Togo, and Vanuatu)
  • Lady's Day in Ireland
  • Mother's Day in Antwerp and Costa Rica
  • National Acadian Day (Canada)
  • National Day (Liechtenstein)
  • National Day (Nova Scotia, Canada)
  • Victory over Japan Day in United Kingdom
  • Virgin of Candelaria, patron of the Canary Islands (Tenerife, Spain) and Feast day of the Assumption of Mary, one of the Catholic holy days of obligation

Events

  • In 2016 a possible new subatomic particle could provide evidence of a fifth fundamental force of nature, according to research published in Physical Review Letters by scientists at the University of California, Irvine.
  • 2013 – The Smithsonian announces the discovery of the olinguito, the first new carnivorous species found in the Americas in 35 years.
  • 1995 – In South Carolina, Shannon Faulkner becomes the first female cadet matriculated at The Citadel (she drops out less than a week later).
  • 1975 – Takeo Miki makes the first official pilgrimage to Yasukuni Shrine by an incumbent prime minister on the anniversary of the end of World War II.
  • 1974 – Yuk Young-soo, First Lady of South Korea, is killed during an apparent assassination attempt upon President Park Chung-hee.
  • 1973 – Vietnam War: The United States bombing of Cambodia ends.
  • 1971 – President Richard Nixon completes the break from the gold standard by ending convertibility of the United States dollar into gold by foreign investors.
  • 1970 – Patricia Palinkas becomes the first woman to play professionally in an American football game.
  • 1947 – Founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah is sworn in as first Governor-General of Pakistan in Karachi.
  • 1914 – A servant of American architect Frank Lloyd Wright murders seven people and sets fire to the living quarters of Wright's Wisconsin home, Taliesin.
  • 1914 – World War I: Beginning of the Battle of Cer, the first Allied victory of World War I.
  • 1914 – World War I: The First Russian Army, led by Paul von Rennenkampf, enters East Prussia.
  • 1907 – Ordination in Constantinople of Fr. Raphael Morgan, the first African-American Orthodox priest, "Priest-Apostolic" to America and the West Indies.
  • 1843 – The Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace in Honolulu, Hawaii is dedicated. Now the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu, it is the oldest Roman Catholic cathedral in continuous use in the United States.
  • 1824 – The Marquis de Lafayette, the last surviving French general of the American Revolutionary War, arrives in New York and begins a tour of 24 states.
  • 1540 – Arequipa, Peru is founded.
  • 1537 – Asunción, Paraguay is founded.
  • 1519 – Panama City, Panama is founded.
  • 1038 – King Stephen I, the first king of Hungary, dies; his nephew, Peter Orseolo, succeeds him.

Births

  • 1990 – Jennifer Lawrence, American actress
  • 1989 – Joe Jonas, American singer-songwriter
  • 1987 – Ryan D'Imperio, American football player
  • 1982 – Casey Burgener, American weightlifter
  • 1982 – David Harrison, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Óliver Pérez, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Brendan Hansen, American swimmer
  • 1979 – Carl Edwards, American race car driver
  • 1978 – Kerri Walsh Jennings, American volleyball player
  • 1978 – Tim Foreman, American bass player
  • 1975 – Bertrand Berry, American football player and radio host
  • 1975 – Kara Wolters, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Ben Affleck, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1970 – Anthony Anderson, American comedian, actor, and producer
  • 1970 – Ben Silverman, American actor, producer, and screenwriter, founded Electus Studios
  • 1968 – Debra Messing, American actress
  • 1966 – Scott Brosius, American baseball player and coach
  • 1965 – Rob Thomas, American author, screenwriter, and producer
  • 1964 – Melinda Gates, American businesswoman and philanthropist, co-founded the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
  • 1962 – Tom Colicchio, American chef and author
  • 1961 – Ed Gillespie, American political strategist
  • 1961 – Gary Kubiak, American football player and coach
  • 1959 – Scott Altman, American captain, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1957 – Željko Ivanek, Slovenian-American actor
  • 1952 – Chuck Burgi, American drummer
  • 1951 – Ann Biderman, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1951 – Bobby Caldwell, American singer-songwriter
  • 1950 – Tom Kelly, American baseball player
  • 1950 – Tommy Aldridge, American drummer
  • 1948 – Tom Johnston, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1946 – Jimmy Webb, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1941 – Don Rich, American country musician (The Buckaroos) (d. 1974)
  • 1941 – Jim Brothers, American sculptor (d. 2013)
  • 1940 – Gudrun Ensslin, German militant leader, founded Red Army Faction (d. 1977)
  • 1938 – Maxine Waters, American educator and politician
  • 1938 – Stephen Breyer, American lawyer and judge
  • 1938 – Stix Hooper, American jazz drummer (The Crusaders)
  • 1936 – Rita Shane, American soprano and educator (d. 2014)
  • 1934 – Bobby Byrd, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Bobby Helms, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1997)
  • 1933 – Mike Seeger, American folk musician and folklorist (d. 2009)
  • 1933 – Stanley Milgram, American social psychologist (d. 1984)
  • 1932 – Abby Dalton, American actress
  • 1931 – Ernest C. Brace, American captain and pilot (d. 2014)
  • 1931 – Richard F. Heck, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2015)
  • 1930 – Jackie Brenston, American singer-songwriter (d. 1979)
  • 1928 – Malcolm Glazer, American businessman (d. 2014)
  • 1926 – John Silber, American philosopher and academic (d. 2012)
  • 1926 – Julius Katchen, American pianist and composer (d. 1969)
  • 1925 – Bill Pinkney, American singer (The Drifters) (d. 2007)
  • 1925 – Mike Connors, American actor and producer (d. 2017)
  • 1925 – Rose Maddox, American singer-songwriter and fiddle player (d. 1998)
  • 1924 – Hedy Epstein, German-American Holocaust survivor and activist (d. 2016)
  • 1924 – Phyllis Schlafly, American lawyer, writer, and political activist (d. 2016)
  • 1923 – Rose Marie, American actress and singer
  • 1922 – Leonard Baskin, American sculptor and illustrator (d. 2000)
  • 1919 – Huntz Hall, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1915 – Signe Hasso, Swedish-American actress (d. 2002)
  • 1914 – Paul Rand, American graphic designer and art director (d. 1996)
  • 1912 – Julia Child, American chef and author (d. 2004)
  • 1909 – Hugo Winterhalter, American composer and bandleader (d. 1973)
  • 1904 – George Klein, Canadian inventor, invented the Motorized wheelchair (d. 1992)
  • 1900 – Estelle Brody, American silent film actress (d. 1995)
  • 1900 – Jack Tworkov, Polish-American painter and educator (d. 1982)
  • 1896 – Catherine Doherty, Russian-Canadian activist, founded the Madonna House Apostolate (d. 1985)
  • 1896 – Gerty Cori, Czech-American biochemist and physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1957)
  • 1896 – Paul Outerbridge, American photographer and educator (d. 1958)
  • 1885 – Edna Ferber, American novelist, short story writer, and playwright (d. 1968)
  • 1882 – Marion Bauer, American composer and critic (d. 1955)
  • 1881 – Alfred Wagenknecht, German-American activist and politician (d. 1956)
  • 1879 – Ethel Barrymore, American actress (d. 1959)
  • 1865 – Mikao Usui, Japanese spiritual leader, founded Reiki (d. 1926)
  • 1860 – Florence Harding, American publisher, 31st First Lady of the United States (d. 1924)
  • 1859 – Charles Comiskey, American baseball player and manager (d. 1931)
  • 1824 – John Chisum, American businessman (d. 1884)
  • 1652 – John Grubb, American politician (d. 1708)

Deaths

  • 2017 – Gunnar Birkerts, Latvian-American architect (b. 1925)
  • 2015 – Julian Bond, American academic and politician (b. 1940)
  • 2014 – Licia Albanese, Italian-American soprano and actress (b. 1909)
  • 2013 – Rosalía Mera, Spanish businesswoman, co-founded Inditex and Zara (b. 1944)
  • 2012 – Bob Birch, American bass player and saxophonist (b. 1956)
  • 2012 – Harry Harrison, American author and illustrator (b. 1925)
  • 2008 – Jerry Wexler, American journalist and producer (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – John Gofman, American biologist, chemist, and physicist (b. 1918)
  • 1995 – John Cameron Swayze, American journalist and actor (b. 1906)
  • 1992 – Linda Laubenstein, American physician and academic (b. 1947)
  • 1982 – Ernie Bushmiller, American cartoonist (b. 1905)
  • 1981 – Carol Ryrie Brink, American author (b. 1895)
  • 1975 – Clay Shaw, American businessman (b. 1913)
  • 1971 – Paul Lukas, Hungarian-American actor (b. 1887)
  • 1935 – Wiley Post, American pilot (b. 1898)
  • 1935 – Will Rogers, American actor, comedian, and screenwriter (b. 1879)
  • 1928 – Anatole von Hügel, Italian ethnologist and academic, co-founded St Edmund's College, Cambridge (b. 1854)
  • 1917 – Thomas J. Higgins, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1831)
  • 1859 – Nathaniel Claiborne, American farmer and politician (b. 1777)
  • 1274 – Robert de Sorbon, French theologian and educator, founded the College of Sorbonne (b. 1201)
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