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Saturday 22 August 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances

Events

  • In 2017 engineers in the U.S. demonstrate how to make ultra-compact antennas for wireless communication 100 times smaller than their current size
  • 1989 – Nolan Ryan strikes out Rickey Henderson to become the first Major League Baseball pitcher to record 5,000 strikeouts.
  • 1968 – Pope Paul VI arrives in Bogotá, Colombia. It is the first visit of a pope to Latin America.
  • 1950 – Althea Gibson becomes the first black competitor in international tennis.
  • 1902 – Cadillac Motor Company is founded.
  • 1902 – Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to make a public appearance in an automobile.
  • 1864 – Twelve nations sign the First Geneva Convention.
  • 1851 – The first America's Cup is won by the yacht America.
  • 1849 – The first air raid in history. Austria launches pilotless balloons against the city of Venice.
  • 1654 – Jacob Barsimson arrives in New Amsterdam. He is the first known Jewish immigrant to America.
  • 1639 – Madras (now Chennai), India, is founded by the British East India Company on a sliver of land bought from local Nayak rulers.

Births

  • 1990 – Drew Hutchison, American baseball player. He previously played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Toronto Blue Jays, Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies and Texas Rangers.
  • 1987 – Apollo Crews, American wrestler. Sesugh Uhaa (born August 22, 1987) is an American professional wrestler currently signed to WWE, where he performs on the SmackDown brand under the ring name Apollo Crews.
  • 1985 – Jey Uso, Samoan-American wrestler. The Usos are an American professional wrestling tag team composed of twin brothers Joshua Samuel Fatu and Jonathan Solofa Fatu (born August 22, 1985), known by their ring names Jey and Jimmy Uso.
  • 1985 – Jimmy Uso, Samoan-American wrestler. The Usos are an American professional wrestling tag team composed of twin brothers Joshua Samuel Fatu and Jonathan Solofa Fatu (born August 22, 1985), known by their ring names Jey and Jimmy Uso.
  • 1985 – Luke Russert, American journalist. Lucas Russert (born August 22, 1985), best known as Luke Russert is an American broadcast news correspondent, who worked for NBC News from 2008 to 2016.
  • 1983 – Jahri Evans, American football player. Evans was drafted by the New Orleans Saints in the fourth round of the 2006 NFL Draft and won Super Bowl XLIV with the team over the Indianapolis Colts.
  • 1981 – Alex Holmes, American football player. Alex Holmes (born August 22, 1981 in San Diego, California) is a former National Football League tight end.
  • 1979 – Matt Walters, American football player. Matthew Jeremy Walters (born August 22, 1979) is a former American football player.
  • 1976 – Bryn Davies, American bassist, cellist, and pianist, was Leader of the Inner London Education Authority in the early 1980s.
  • 1976 – Randy Wolf, American baseball player. Randall Christopher Wolf (born August 22, 1976) is an American former professional baseball pitcher.
  • 1974 – Cory Gardner, American politician. Cory Scott Gardner (born August 22, 1974) is an American attorney and politician serving as the junior United States Senator for Colorado since 2015.
  • 1973 – Howie Dorough, American singer-songwriter and dancer. He is a member and co-founder of American music group Backstreet Boys.
  • 1973 – Kristen Wiig, American actress, comedian, and screenwriter. She later relocated to Los Angeles, where she broke into comedy as a member of the improvisational comedy troupe The Groundlings, and made her television debut in 2003.
  • 1972 – Paul Doucette, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and drummer. Paul John Doucette (born August 22, 1972) is an American musician best known for being the drummer, rhythm guitarist, and backing vocalist of the band Matchbox Twenty.
  • 1971 – Craig Finn, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Prior to forming The Hold Steady, Finn was the frontman of Lifter Puller.
  • 1970 – Giada De Laurentiis, Italian-American chef and author. She also appears regularly as a contributor and guest co-host on NBC's Today.
  • 1967 – Alfred Gough, American screenwriter and producer. Alfred Gough III (born August 22, 1967) is an American screenwriter and producer.
  • 1967 – Layne Staley, American singer-songwriter (d. 2002), was an American musician best known as the original lead singer and co-songwriter of the rock band Alice in Chains. The band rose to international fame in the early 1990s during Seattle's grunge movement, and became known for Staley's distinct vocal style and tenor voice, as well as the harmonized vocals between him and guitarist/vocalist Jerry Cantrell.
  • 1967 – Ty Burrell, American actor and comedian. He originally rose to prominence in several roles on Broadway including Macbeth, and the off-Broadway plays Corners, The Blue Demon, Burn This, and Show People.
  • 1966 – GZA, American rapper and producer. Grice (born August 22, 1966), better known by his stage names GZA (/ˈdʒɪzə/ JIZ-ə) and The Genius, is an American rapper and songwriter.
  • 1964 – Mats Wilander, Swedish-American tennis player and coach. His breakthrough came suddenly and unexpectedly (even in Sweden) when he won the 1982 French Open.
  • 1963 – James DeBarge, American R&B/soul singer. DeBarge was one of the members of the singing family vocal group DeBarge, who became famous with their mid-1980s songs "All This Love", "Love Me in a Special Way", "Rhythm of the Night", and "Who's Holding Donna Now".
  • 1963 – Terry Catledge, American basketball player. He ended his NBA career with 6,520 total points and 3,314 total rebounds.
  • 1963 – Tori Amos, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer. Having already begun composing instrumental pieces on piano, Amos won a full scholarship to the Peabody Institute at Johns Hopkins University at the age of five, the youngest person ever to have been admitted.
  • 1961 – Debbi Peterson, American singer-songwriter and drummer. Deborah Mary Peterson (born December 21, 1961) is an American musician and the drummer of the band The Bangles.
  • 1960 – Collin Raye, American country music singer. Floyd Collin Wray (born August 22, 1960) is an American country music singer, known professionally as Collin Raye, and previously as Bubba Wray.
  • 1959 – Juan Croucier, Cuban-American singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer. He is best known as the bassist for the heavy metal band Ratt.
  • 1958 – Colm Feore, American-Canadian actor. He is a Prix Iris and Screen Actors Guild Award winner and a Genie Award nominee.
  • 1958 – Stevie Ray, American semi-retired wrestler. Lash Huffman (born August 22, 1958) is an American semi-retired professional wrestler, better known by his ring name, Stevie Ray.
  • 1958 – Vernon Reid, English-born American guitarist and songwriter (Living Colour). Reid was the founder and primary songwriter of the rock band Living Colour, Reid was named No. 66 on Rolling Stone magazine's 2003 list of the 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time.
  • 1957 – Holly Dunn, American country music singer-songwriter (d. 2016). Dunn recorded for MTM Records between 1985 and 1988, Warner Bros.
  • 1956 – Paul Molitor, American baseball player and coach. Paul Leo Molitor (born August 22, 1956), nicknamed "Molly" and "The Ignitor", is an American former Major League Baseball (MLB) player and former manager of the Minnesota Twins, who is in the Baseball Hall of Fame.
  • 1953 – Paul Ellering, American weightlifter, wrestler, and manager. Ellering spent most of his wrestling career managing the Road Warriors (Animal and Hawk), working with them from 1983 to 1990 and again on occasion between 1992 and 1997.
  • 1952 – Peter Laughner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1977), was an American guitarist, songwriter and singer.
  • 1950 – Ray Burris, American baseball player and coach. Bertram Ray Burris (born August 22, 1950) is an American former professional baseball pitcher, who played his 15-year Major League Baseball (MLB) career for the Chicago Cubs, New York Mets, Montreal Expos, St.
  • 1950 – Scooter Libby, American lawyer and politician, Chief of Staff to the Vice President of the United States. Lewis "Scooter" Libby (first name generally given as Irv, Irve or Irving; born August 22, 1950) is an American lawyer and former adviser to Vice President Dick Cheney.
  • 1949 – Diana Nyad, American swimmer and author. Diana Nyad /ˈnaɪˌæd/ (née Sneed; born August 22, 1949) is an American author, journalist, motivational speaker, and long-distance swimmer.
  • 1949 – Doug Bair, American baseball player and coach. He played for 15 Major League Baseball (MLB) seasons — from 1976 to 1990 — for seven teams.
  • 1948 – David Marks, American singer-songwriter and guitarist, was an early member of the Beach Boys. Marks was a neighborhood friend of the original band members while growing up in Hawthorne, California, and was a frequent participant at the Wilson family Sunday night singalongs.
  • 1947 – Cindy Williams, American actress and producer. Cynthia Jane Williams (born August 22, 1947) is an American actress best known for her role as Shirley Feeney on the television sitcom Laverne & Shirley (1976–1982).
  • 1947 – Donna Jean Godchaux, American singer-songwriter (The Grateful Dead). Donna Jean Thatcher Godchaux-MacKay (born August 22, 1947) is an American singer, best known for having been a member of the Grateful Dead from 1972 until 1979.
  • 1945 – David Chase, American director, producer, and screenwriter. Chase has also produced and written for such shows as The Rockford Files, I'll Fly Away, and Northern Exposure.
  • 1945 – Ron Dante, American singer-songwriter and producer. Dante is best known as the lead singer of the fictional cartoon band The Archies; he was also the voice of The Cuff Links and co-produced Barry Manilow's first nine albums.
  • 1943 – Alun Michael, Welsh police commissioner and politician, inaugural First Minister of Wales. Alun Edward Michael JP (born 22 August 1943) is a British Labour politician serving as South Wales Police and Crime Commissioner since 2012.
  • 1943 – Masatoshi Shima, Japanese computer scientist and engineer, co-designed the Intel 4004. Working for Busicom in Japan, in 1968 he did the logic design for a specialized CPU to be translated into three-chip custom chips.
  • 1941 – Bill Parcells, American football player and coach, was a head coach in the National Football League (NFL) for 19 seasons. He rose to prominence as the head coach of the New York Giants, whom he led to two Super Bowl titles.
  • 1940 – Bill McCartney, American football player and coach, founded Promise Keepers. McCartney's 1990 team was crowned as national champions by the Associated Press, splitting the title with the Georgia Tech team that topped the final Coaches' Poll rankings.
  • 1939 – Carl Yastrzemski, American baseball player. Yastrzemski played his entire 23-year Major League career with the Boston Red Sox (1961–1983).
  • 1939 – Fred Milano, American doo-wop singer (Dion and the Belmonts) (d. 2012). Born in the Bronx, New York, he was a member (second tenor) of The Belmonts who became successful in the late 1950s as Dion and the Belmonts, and in the early 1960s.
  • 1939 – Valerie Harper, American actress. She began her career as a dancer on Broadway, making her debut in the musical Take Me Along in 1959.
  • 1938 – Jean Berkey, American businesswoman and politician (d. 2013), was an American politician.
  • 1936 – Chuck Brown, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2012), was an American guitarist, bandleader and singer who has garnered the honorific nickname "The Godfather of Go-Go". Go-go is a subgenre of funk music developed in and around the Washington metropolitan area in the mid-1970s.
  • 1936 – Dale Hawkins, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2010), was a pioneer American rock singer, songwriter, and rhythm guitarist who was often called the architect of swamp rock boogie. Ronnie Hawkins was his cousin.
  • 1936 – Werner Stengel, German roller coaster designer and engineer, designed the maverick roller coaster. Stengel is the founder of Stengel Engineering, also known as Ingenieurbüro Stengel GmbH (or Ingenieurbuero Stengel GmbH).
  • 1935 – Annie Proulx, American novelist, short story writer, and journalist. Annie Proulx and E.A.
  • 1934 – Norman Schwarzkopf, Jr., American general and engineer (d. 2012), was a United States Army General. While serving as the commander of United States Central Command, he led all coalition forces in the Gulf War.
  • 1932 – Gerald P. Carr, American engineer, colonel, and astronaut. Gerald Paul Carr (born August 22, 1932), (Col, USMC, Ret.), is an American mechanical and aeronautical engineer, former United States Marine Corps officer, naval aviator, and former NASA astronaut.
  • 1922 – Theoni V. Aldredge, Greek-American costume designer (d. 2011). Aldredge (August 22, 1922 – January 21, 2011) was a Greek-American stage and screen costume designer.
  • 1920 – Denton Cooley, American soldier and surgeon (d. 2016), was an American heart and cardiothoracic surgeon famous for performing the first implantation of a total artificial heart. Cooley was also founder and surgeon in-chief of The Texas Heart Institute, chief of Cardiovascular Surgery at clinical partner Baylor St.
  • 1920 – Ray Bradbury, American science fiction writer and screenwriter (d. 2012), was an American author and screenwriter. He worked in a variety of genres, including fantasy, science fiction, horror, and mystery fiction.
  • 1918 – Mary McGrory, American journalist and author (d. 2004), was an American journalist and columnist. She specialized in American politics, and was noted for her detailed coverage of political maneuverings.
  • 1917 – John Lee Hooker, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2001), was an American blues singer, songwriter, and guitarist. The son of a sharecropper, he rose to prominence performing an electric guitar-style adaptation of Delta blues.
  • 1915 – David Dellinger, American activist (d. 2004). Dellinger (August 22, 1915 – May 25, 2004) was an influential American radical pacifist and an activist for nonviolent social change.
  • 1915 – James Hillier, Canadian-American scientist, co-designed the electron microscope (d. 2007), was a Canadian-American scientist and inventor who designed and built, with Albert Prebus, the first successful high-resolution electron microscope in North America in 1938.
  • 1914 – Connie B. Gay, American businessman, co-founded the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum (d. 1989), was renowned as a "founding father" and "major force" in country music. He is credited for coining the country music genre, which had previously been called hillbilly music.
  • 1914 – Jack Dunphy, American author and playwright (d. 1992), was an American novelist and playwright, and partner of American author Truman Capote.
  • 1909 – Julius J. Epstein, American screenwriter and producer (d. 2000). Epstein (August 22, 1909 – December 30, 2000) was an American screenwriter, who had a long career, best remembered for his screenplay, written with his twin brother, Philip, and Howard E.
  • 1909 – Mel Hein, American football player and coach (d. 1992). In the era of one-platoon football, he played as a center (then a position on both offense and defense) and was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1954 and the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1963 as part of the first class of inductees.
  • 1903 – Jerry Iger, American cartoonist, co-founded Eisner & Iger (d. 1990), was an American cartoonist and art-studio entrepreneur. With business partner Will Eisner, he co-founded Eisner & Iger, a comic book packager that produced comics on demand for new publishers during the late-1930s and 1940s period known to fans and historians as the Golden Age of Comic Books.
  • 1902 – Edward Rowe Snow, American historian and author (d. 1982), was an American author and historian.
  • 1902 – Thomas Pelly, American lawyer and politician (d. 1973), was a U.S. Representative from Washington.
  • 1898 – Alexander Calder, American artist (d. 1976), was an American sculptor who is best known for his innovative mobiles (kinetic sculptures powered by motors or air currents) that embrace chance in their aesthetic and his monumental public sculptures. Born into a family of artists, Calder's work first gained attention in Paris in the 1920s and was soon championed by the Museum of Modern Art in New York, resulting in a retrospective exhibition in 1943.
  • 1896 – Laurence McKinley Gould, American geologist, educator, and polar explorer (d. 1995). He made expeditions to both the Arctic and Antarctic, and was chief scientist on Richard Evelyn Byrd's first Antarctic expedition, which Gould described in his 1931 book Cold: the Record of an Antarctic Sledge Journey.
  • 1893 – Dorothy Parker, American poet, short story writer, critic, and satirist (d. 1967), was an American poet, writer, critic, and satirist based in New York; she was best known for her wit, wisecracks, and eye for 20th-century urban foibles.
  • 1893 – Ernest H. Volwiler, American chemist (d. 1992). He spent his career at Abbott Laboratories working his way from staff chemist to CEO.
  • 1880 – George Herriman, American cartoonist (d. 1944), was an American cartoonist best known for the comic strip Krazy Kat (1913–1944). More influential than popular, Krazy Kat had an appreciative audience among those in the arts.
  • 1868 – Willis R. Whitney, American chemist (d. 1958), was an American chemist and founder of the research laboratory of the General Electric Company.
  • 1867 – Charles Francis Jenkins, American inventor (d. 1934), was an American pioneer of early cinema and one of the inventors of television, though he used mechanical rather than electronic technologies. His businesses included Charles Jenkins Laboratories and Jenkins Television Corporation (the corporation being founded in 1928, the year the Laboratories were granted the first commercial television license in the United States).
  • 1860 – Paul Gottlieb Nipkow, Polish-German technician and inventor, created the Nipkow disk (d. 1940). He invented the Nipkow disk, one of the first successful technologies for television transmission.
  • 1848 – Melville Elijah Stone, American publisher, founded the Chicago Daily News (d. 1929), was an American newspaper publisher, the founder of the Chicago Daily News, and was the general manager of the reorganized Associated Press.
  • 1845 – William Lewis Douglas, American businessman and politician, 42nd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1924), was a U.S. businessman and politician from Massachusetts. He served as the 42nd Governor of Massachusetts from 1905 until 1906.
  • 1844 – George W. De Long, American Naval officer and explorer (d. 1881), was a United States Navy officer and explorer who led the ill-fated Jeannette expedition of 1879–1881, in search of the Open Polar Sea.
  • 1836 – Archibald Willard, American soldier and painter (d. 1918), was an American painter who was born and raised in Bedford, Ohio. He was the son of Samuel Willard, the pastor of Bedford Baptist Church, and his wife.
  • 1834 – Samuel Pierpont Langley, American physicist and astronomer (d. 1906), was an American astronomer, physicist, inventor of the bolometer and aviation pioneer.
  • 1800 – William S. Harney, American general (d. 1889), was a Tennessee-born cavalry officer in the U.S. Army, who became known (and controversial) during the Indian Wars and the Mexican–American War.
  • 1778 – James Kirke Paulding, American poet, playwright, and politician, 11th United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1860), was an American writer and, for a time, the United States Secretary of the Navy.

Deaths

  • 2016 – Toots Thielemans, Belgian and American jazz musician (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – John S. Waugh, American chemist and academic (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – John Sperling, American businessman, founded the University of Phoenix (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Noella Leduc, American baseball player (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Pete Ladygo, American football player and coach (b. 1928)
  • 2013 – Paul Poberezny, American pilot and businessman, founded the Experimental Aircraft Association (b. 1921)
  • 2012 – Jeffrey Stone, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1926)
  • 2011 – Casey Ribicoff, American philanthropist (b. 1922)
  • 2011 – Nick Ashford, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1942)
  • 2009 – Elmer Kelton, American journalist and author (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Grace Paley, American short story writer and poet (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Ernest Kirkendall, American chemist and metallurgist (b. 1914)
  • 1994 – Allan Houser, American sculptor and painter (b. 1914)
  • 1991 – Colleen Dewhurst, Canadian-American actress (b. 1924)
  • 1989 – Huey P. Newton, American activist, co-founded the Black Panther Party (b. 1942)
  • 1987 – Joseph P. Lash, American author and journalist (b. 1909)
  • 1985 – Charles Gibson (historian), Historian of Mexico and its Indians, President of the American Historical Association (b. 1920)
  • 1980 – James Smith McDonnell, American pilot, engineer, and businessman, founded McDonnell Aircraft (b. 1899)
  • 1979 – James T. Farrell, American novelist, short-story writer, and poet (b. 1904)
  • 1967 – Gregory Goodwin Pincus, American biologist and academic, co-created the birth-control pill (b. 1903)
  • 1963 – William Morris, 1st Viscount Nuffield, English businessman and philanthropist, founded Morris Motors (b. 1877)
  • 1953 – Jim Tabor, American baseball player (b. 1916)
  • 1926 – Charles William Eliot, American academic (b. 1834)
  • 1904 – Kate Chopin, American novelist and poet (b. 1850)
  • 1607 – Bartholomew Gosnold, English lawyer and explorer, founded the London Company (b. 1572)
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