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23

Friday 23 August 2019 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances

Events

  • 2007 – The skeletal remains of Russia's last royal family members Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia, and his sister Grand Duchess Anastasia are discovered near Yekaterinburg, Russia.
  • 1994 – Eugene Bullard, the only black pilot in World War I, is posthumously commissioned as Second Lieutenant in the United States Air Force.
  • 1987 – The American male basketball team lost the gold medal to Brazilian team at the Pan American Games in Indianapolis, 120–115.
  • 1970 – Organized by Mexican American labor union leader César Chávez, the Salad Bowl strike, the largest farm worker strike in U.S. history, begins.
  • 1966 – Lunar Orbiter 1 takes the first photograph of Earth from orbit around the Moon.
  • 1954 – First flight of the Lockheed C-130 multi-role aircraft.
  • 1944 – Freckleton Air Disaster: A United States Army Air Forces B-24 Liberator bomber crashes into a school in Freckleton, England, killing 61 people.
  • 1923 – Captain Lowell Smith and Lieutenant John P. Richter performed the first mid-air refueling on De Havilland DH-4B, setting an endurance flight record of 37 hours.
  • 1921 – British airship R-38 experiences structural failure over Hull in England and crashes in the Humber estuary. Of her 49 British and American training crew, only four survive.
  • 1904 – The automobile tire chain is patented.
  • 1898 – The Southern Cross Expedition, the first British venture of the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration, departs from London.
  • 1839 – The United Kingdom captures Hong Kong as a base as it prepares for war with Qing China. The ensuing three-year conflict will later be known as the First Opium War.
  • 1784 – Western North Carolina (now eastern Tennessee) declares itself an independent state under the name of Franklin; it is not accepted into the United States, and only lasts for four years.
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: King George III delivers his Proclamation of Rebellion to the Court of St James's stating that the American colonies have proceeded to a state of open and avowed rebellion.
  • 1628 – George Villiers, the first Duke of Buckingham, is assassinated by John Felton.

Births

  • 1997 – Lil Yachty, American rapper and singer
  • 1990 – Seth Curry, American basketball player
  • 1989 – Breanna Conrad, American fashion designer
  • 1988 – Jeremy Lin, American basketball player
  • 1986 – Sky Blu, American rapper
  • 1983 – Tony Moll, American football player
  • 1982 – Natalie Coughlin, American swimmer
  • 1982 – Scott Palguta, American soccer player
  • 1980 – Rex Grossman, American football player
  • 1978 – Julian Casablancas, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1978 – Kobe Bryant, American basketball player and businessman
  • 1978 – Randal Tye Thomas, American journalist and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1976 – Pat Garrity, American basketball player
  • 1974 – Mark Bellhorn, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Casey Blake, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Raul Casanova, Puerto Rican-American baseball player
  • 1970 – Jay Mohr, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1970 – Lawrence Frank, American basketball player and coach
  • 1970 – River Phoenix, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1969 – Jeremy Schaap, American journalist and author
  • 1968 – Chris DiMarco, American golfer
  • 1968 – Laura Claycomb, American soprano
  • 1966 – Rik Smits, Dutch-American basketball player
  • 1963 – Kenny Wallace, American race car driver
  • 1961 – Dean DeLeo, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1960 – Gary Hoey, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1960 – Rodney Greenblat, American painter and graphic designer
  • 1954 – Charles Busch, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1951 – Allan Bristow, American basketball player and coach
  • 1951 – Jimi Jamison, American singer-songwriter and musician (Survivor) (d. 2014)
  • 1951 – Mark Hudson, American musician, songwriter, and producer
  • 1949 – Rick Springfield, Australian-American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1949 – Shelley Long, American actress
  • 1948 – Rudy Ruettiger, American football player
  • 1945 – Rayfield Wright, American football player and coach
  • 1944 – Antonia Novello, Puerto Rican-American physician and admiral, 14th Surgeon General of the United States
  • 1943 – Nelson DeMille, American lieutenant and author
  • 1942 – Nancy Richey, American tennis player
  • 1940 – Galen Rowell, American mountaineer and photographer (d. 2002)
  • 1940 – Richard Sanders, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1936 – Henry Lee Lucas, American murderer (d. 2001)
  • 1936 – Rudy Lewis, American R&B singer (The Drifters) (d. 1964)
  • 1934 – Sonny Jurgensen, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1933 – Pete Wilson, American commander and politician, 36th Governor of California
  • 1933 – Robert Curl, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1932 – Mark Russell, American comedian and pianist
  • 1931 – Barbara Eden, American actress and singer
  • 1931 – Hamilton O. Smith, American microbiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1928 – Marian Seldes, American actress (d. 2014)
  • 1927 – Allan Kaprow, American painter and author (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Clifford Geertz, American anthropologist and academic (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Robert Mulligan, American director and producer (d. 2008)
  • 1924 – Robert Solow, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1923 – Edgar F. Codd, English-American computer scientist and programmer (d. 2003)
  • 1922 – George Kell, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2009)
  • 1922 – Jean Darling, American actress and singer (d. 2015)
  • 1921 – Kenneth Arrow, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2017)
  • 1917 – Tex Williams, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1985)
  • 1913 – Bob Crosby, American swing singer and bandleader (d. 1993)
  • 1912 – Gene Kelly, American actor, singer, and dancer (d. 1996)
  • 1910 – Lonny Frey, American baseball player and soldier (d. 2009)
  • 1905 – Ernie Bushmiller, American cartoonist (d. 1982)
  • 1901 – Guy Bush, American baseball player and manager (d. 1985)
  • 1901 – John Sherman Cooper, American captain, lawyer, and politician, 2nd United States Ambassador to East Germany (d. 1991)
  • 1900 – Ernst Krenek, Austrian-American composer and educator (d. 1991)
  • 1900 – Malvina Reynolds, American singer-songwriter and activist (d. 1978)
  • 1897 – Henry F. Pringle, American historian and journalist (d. 1958)
  • 1890 – Harry Frank Guggenheim, American businessman and publisher, co-founded Newsday (d. 1971)
  • 1884 – Ogden L. Mills, American captain, lawyer, and politician, 50th United States Secretary of the Treasury (d. 1937)
  • 1884 – Will Cuppy, American author and critic (d. 1949)
  • 1883 – Jonathan M. Wainwright, American general, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1953)
  • 1868 – Edgar Lee Masters, American lawyer, author, poet, and playwright (d. 1950)
  • 1847 – Sarah Frances Whiting, American physicist and astronomer (d. 1927)
  • 1846 – Alexander Milne Calder, Scottish-American sculptor (d. 1923)
  • 1814 – James Roosevelt Bayley, American archbishop (d. 1877)
  • 1785 – Oliver Hazard Perry, American commander (d. 1819)
  • 1783 – William Tierney Clark, English engineer, designed the Hammersmith Bridge (d. 1852)
  • 1724 – Abraham Yates, Jr., American lawyer and civil servant (d. 1796)

Deaths

  • 2016 – Steven Hill, American actor (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Dan Magill, American swimmer, tennis player, and coach (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Charles Lisanby, American production designer and set director (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Richard J. Corman, American businessman, founded the R.J. Corman Railroad Group (b. 1955)
  • 2013 – William Glasser, American psychiatrist and author (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – Jerry Nelson, American puppeteer and voice actor (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Josepha Sherman, American anthologist and author (b. 1946)
  • 2008 – John Russell, English-American author and critic (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – Brock Peters, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Bobby Bonds, American baseball player and manager (b. 1946)
  • 2002 – Hoyt Wilhelm, American baseball player and coach (b. 1922)
  • 2001 – Kathleen Freeman, American actress (b. 1919)
  • 2001 – Peter Maas, American journalist and author (b. 1929)
  • 2000 – John Anthony Kaiser, American priest and missionary (b. 1932)
  • 1999 – Norman Wexler, American screenwriter (b. 1926)
  • 1995 – Alfred Eisenstaedt, German-American photographer and journalist (b. 1898)
  • 1990 – David Rose, American pianist and composer (b. 1910)
  • 1982 – Stanford Moore, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1913)
  • 1967 – Nathaniel Cartmell, American runner and coach (b. 1883)
  • 1966 – Francis X. Bushman, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1883)
  • 1962 – Hoot Gibson, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1892)
  • 1960 – Oscar Hammerstein II, American director, producer, and composer (b. 1895)
  • 1949 – Helen Churchill Candee, American geographer, journalist, and author (b. 1858)
  • 1933 – Adolf Loos, Austrian architect and theoretician, designed Villa Müller (b. 1870)
  • 1853 – Alexander Calder, American lawyer and politician (b. 1806)
  • 1819 – Oliver Hazard Perry, American commander (b. 1785)
  • 1813 – Alexander Wilson (ornithologist), Scottish-American poet, ornithologist, and illustrator (b. 1766)
  • 1723 – Increase Mather, American minister and author (b. 1639)
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