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Friday 24 August 2018 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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August 24 Events

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Holidays and observances

  • International Strange Music Day
  • National Waffle Day (United States)

Events

  • In 2017 in a study published by Nature, researchers at the University of Manchester show that magnetic hysteresis is possible in individual molecules at -213 C. This proves that storing data with single-molecule magnets is more feasible than previously thought, and could theoretically give 100 times higher density than current technologies.
  • In 2016 astronomers announce the detection of Proxima b, an Earth-sized exoplanet that is in the habitable zone of the red dwarf star Proxima Centauri, the closest star to the Sun. Due to its closeness to Earth, Proxima b may be a flyby destination for a fleet of interstellar StarChip spacecrafts currently being developed by the Breakthrough Starshot project.
  • 1998 – First radio-frequency identification (RFID) human implantation tested in the United Kingdom.
  • 1995 – Microsoft Windows 95 was released to the public in North America.
  • 1989 – Tadeusz Mazowiecki is chosen as the first non-communist prime minister in Central and Eastern Europe.
  • 1963 – Buddhist crisis: As a result of the Xá Lợi Pagoda raids, the US State Department cables the United States Embassy, Saigon to encourage Army of the Republic of Vietnam generals to launch a coup against President Ngô Đình Diệm if he did not remove his brother Ngô Đình Nhu.
  • 1954 – The Communist Control Act goes into effect, outlawing the American Communist Party.
  • 1950 – Edith Sampson becomes the first black U.S. delegate to the United Nations.
  • 1932 – Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly across the United States non-stop (from Los Angeles to Newark, New Jersey).
  • 1914 – World War I: The Battle of Cer ends as the first Allied victory in the war.
  • 1911 – Manuel de Arriaga is elected and sworn-in as the first President of Portugal.
  • 1898 – Count Muravyov, Foreign Minister of Russia presents a rescript that convoked the First Hague Peace Conference.
  • 1891 – Thomas Edison patents the motion picture camera.
  • 1875 – Captain Matthew Webb became the first person to swim the English Channel.
  • 1857 – The Panic of 1857 begins, setting off one of the most severe economic crises in United States history.
  • 1781 – American Revolutionary War: A small force of Pennsylvania militia is ambushed and overwhelmed by an American Indian group, which forces George Rogers Clark to abandon his attempt to attack Detroit.
  • 1608 – The first official English representative to India lands in Surat.
  • 1200 – King John of England, signer of the first Magna Carta, marries Isabella of Angoulême in Bordeaux Cathedral.

Births

  • 1986 – Arian Foster, American football player
  • 1986 – Nick Adenhart, American baseball player (d. 2009)
  • 1984 – Charlie Villanueva, American basketball player
  • 1983 – Brett Gardner, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Chad Michael Murray, American model and actor
  • 1979 – Kaki King, American guitarist and composer
  • 1979 – Michael Redd, American basketball player
  • 1977 – John Green, American author and vlogger
  • 1973 – Dave Chappelle, American comedian, actor, producer and screenwriter
  • 1972 – Ava DuVernay, American director and screenwriter
  • 1970 – Rich Beem, American golfer
  • 1968 – Shoichi Funaki, Japanese-American wrestler and sportscaster
  • 1968 – Tim Salmon, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1966 – Nick Denton, English journalist and businessman, founded Gawker Media
  • 1965 – Marlee Matlin, American actress and producer
  • 1965 – Reggie Miller, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1964 – Mark Cerny, American video game designer, programmer, producer and business executive
  • 1962 – Major Garrett, American journalist and author
  • 1960 – Cal Ripken, Jr., American baseball player and coach
  • 1958 – Chris Offutt, American author and academic
  • 1958 – Steve Guttenberg, American actor and producer
  • 1957 – Jeffrey Daniel, American singer-songwriter and dancer
  • 1956 – Gerry Cooney, American boxer
  • 1956 – John Culberson, American lawyer and politician
  • 1955 – Mike Huckabee, American minister and politician, 44th Governor of Arkansas
  • 1953 – Ron Holloway, American saxophonist
  • 1952 – Bob Corker, American businessman and politician
  • 1952 – Carlo Curley, American organist and educator (d. 2012)
  • 1952 – Mike Shanahan, American football player and coach
  • 1951 – Danny Joe Brown, American southern rock singer-songwriter and musician (Molly Hatchet) (d. 2005)
  • 1951 – Oscar Hijuelos, American author and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1950 – John Banaszak, American football player and coach
  • 1950 – Tim D. White, American paleoanthropologist and academic
  • 1949 – Charles Rocket, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1949 – Stephen Paulus, American composer and educator (d. 2014)
  • 1947 – Anne Archer, American actress and producer
  • 1947 – Jim Fox, American rock drummer and organist (James Gang)
  • 1947 – Joe Manchin, American politician, 34th Governor of West Virginia
  • 1945 – Marsha P. Johnson, African American gay liberation activist and drag queen
  • 1945 – Ronee Blakley, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1945 – Vince McMahon, American wrestler, promoter, and entrepreneur; co-founded WWE
  • 1944 – Bill Goldsworthy, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (d. 1996)
  • 1944 – Gregory Jarvis, American captain, engineer, and astronaut (d. 1986)
  • 1944 – Henry Braden, American lawyer and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1944 – Rocky Johnson, Canadian-American wrestler and trainer
  • 1943 – John Cipollina, American rock guitarist (Quicksilver Messenger Service) (d. 1989)
  • 1942 – Jimmy Soul, American pop-soul singer (d. 1988)
  • 1942 – Max Cleland, American captain and politician
  • 1938 – David Freiberg, American singer and bass player
  • 1938 – Mason Williams, American guitarist and composer
  • 1937 – Susan Sheehan, Austrian-American journalist and author
  • 1936 – Arthur B. C. Walker, Jr., American physicist and academic (d. 2001)
  • 1936 – Kenny Guinn, American banker and politician, 27th Governor of Nevada (d. 2010)
  • 1932 – Robert D. Hales, American captain and religious leader
  • 1930 – Jackie Brenston, American singer-songwriter and saxophonist (d. 1979)
  • 1930 – Roger McCluskey, American race car driver (d. 1993)
  • 1929 – Betty Dodson, American author and educator
  • 1927 – Harry Markowitz, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1926 – Nancy Spero, American painter and academic (d. 2009)
  • 1924 – Louis Teicher, American pianist (Ferrante & Teicher) (d. 2008)
  • 1923 – Arthur Jensen, American psychologist and academic (d. 2012)
  • 1922 – Howard Zinn, American historian, author, and activist (d. 2010)
  • 1917 – Dennis James, American game show host (d. 1997)
  • 1915 – James Tiptree, Jr., American psychologist and author (d. 1987)
  • 1915 – Wynonie Harris, American singer and guitarist (d. 1969)
  • 1913 – Charles Snead Houston, American physician and mountaineer (d. 2009)
  • 1911 – Durward Kirby, American television host and announcer (d. 2000)
  • 1907 – Bruno Giacometti, Swiss architect, designed the Hallenstadion (d. 2012)
  • 1905 – Arthur "Big Boy" Crudup, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1974)
  • 1902 – Carlo Gambino, Italian-American mob boss (d. 1976)
  • 1901 – Preston Foster, American actor (d. 1970)
  • 1899 – Gaylord DuBois, American author and poet (d. 1993)
  • 1898 – Malcolm Cowley, American novelist, poet, literary critic (d. 1989)
  • 1897 – Fred Rose, American pianist, songwriter, and publisher (d. 1954)
  • 1895 – Richard Cushing, American cardinal (d. 1970)
  • 1890 – Duke Kahanamoku, American swimmer, actor, and surfer (d. 1968)
  • 1887 – Harry Hooper, American baseball player and Baseball Hall of Fame inductee (d. 1974)
  • 1884 – Earl Derr Biggers, American author and playwright (d. 1933)
  • 1845 – James Calhoun, American lieutenant (d. 1876)

Deaths

  • 2017 – Jay Thomas, American actor, comedian, and radio talk show host (b. 1948)
  • 2015 – Charlie Coffey, American football player and coach (b. 1934)
  • 2015 – Joseph F. Traub, German-American computer scientist and academic (b. 1932)
  • 2013 – Gerry Baker, American soccer player and manager (b. 1938)
  • 2013 – Julie Harris, American actress (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Muriel Siebert, American businesswoman and philanthropist (b. 1928)
  • 2012 – Steve Franken, American actor (b. 1932)
  • 2011 – Mike Flanagan, American baseball player, coach, and sportscaster (b. 1951)
  • 2007 – Aaron Russo, American director and producer (b. 1943)
  • 2006 – Rocco Petrone, American soldier and engineer (b. 1926)
  • 2004 – Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, Swiss-American psychiatrist and academic (b. 1926)
  • 2001 – Jane Greer, American actress (b. 1924)
  • 1999 – Mary Jane Croft, American actress (b. 1916)
  • 1998 – E. G. Marshall, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 1991 – Bernard Castro, Italian-American inventor (b. 1904)
  • 1990 – Sergei Dovlatov, Russian-American journalist and author (b. 1941)
  • 1985 – Paul Creston, American composer and educator (b. 1906)
  • 1983 – Scott Nearing, American economist, educator, and activist (b. 1883)
  • 1978 – Louis Prima, American singer-songwriter, trumpet player, and actor (b. 1910)
  • 1974 – Alexander P. de Seversky, Russian-American pilot and businessman, co-founded Republic Aviation (b. 1894)
  • 1967 – Henry J. Kaiser, American businessman, founded Kaiser Shipyards and Kaiser Aluminum (b. 1882)
  • 1946 – James Clark McReynolds, American lawyer and judge, 48th United States Attorney General (b. 1862)
  • 1940 – Paul Gottlieb Nipkow, Polish-German technician and inventor, invented the Nipkow disk (b. 1860)
  • 1939 – Frederick Carl Frieseke, American painter and educator (b. 1874)
  • 1932 – Kate M. Gordon, American activist (b. 1861)
  • 1923 – Kate Douglas Wiggin, American author and educator (b. 1856)
  • 1841 – John Ordronaux, French-American soldier (b. 1778)
  • 1818 – James Carr, American lawyer and politician (b. 1777)
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