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Thursday 3 September 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances

Events

  • 1976 – Viking program: The American Viking 2 spacecraft lands at Utopia Planitia on Mars.
  • 1954 – The People's Liberation Army begins shelling the Republic of China-controlled islands of Quemoy, starting the First Taiwan Strait Crisis.
  • 1950 – "Nino" Farina becomes the first Formula One Drivers' champion after winning the 1950 Italian Grand Prix.
  • 1935 – Sir Malcolm Campbell reaches a speed of 304.331 miles per hour on the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah, becoming the first person to drive an automobile over 300 mph.
  • 1933 – Yevgeniy Abalakov is the first man to reach the highest point in the Soviet Union, Communism Peak (now called Ismoil Somoni Peak and situated in Tajikistan) (7495 m).
  • 1925 – USS Shenandoah, the United States' first American-built rigid airship, was destroyed in a squall line over Noble County, Ohio. Fourteen of her 42-man crew perished, including her commander, Zachary Lansdowne.
  • 1916 – World War I: Leefe Robinson destroys the German airship Schütte-Lanz SL 11 over Cuffley, north of London; the first German airship to be shot down on British soil.
  • 1895 – John Brallier becomes the first openly professional American football player, when he was paid US$10 by David Berry, to play for the Latrobe Athletic Association in a 12–0 win over the Jeanette Athletic Association.
  • 1879 – Siege of the British Residency in Kabul: British envoy Sir Louis Cavagnari and 72 men of the Guides are massacred by Afghan troops while defending the British Residency in Kabul. Their heroism and loyalty became famous and revered throughout the British Empire.
  • 1875 – The first official game of polo is played in Argentina after being introduced by British ranchers.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Confederate General Leonidas Polk invades neutral Kentucky, prompting the state legislature to ask for Union assistance.
  • 1855 – American Indian Wars: In Nebraska, 700 soldiers under United States General William S. Harney avenge the Grattan massacre by attacking a Sioux village and killing 100 men, women and children.
  • 1783 – American Revolutionary War: The war ends with the signing of the Treaty of Paris by the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain.
  • 1777 – American Revolutionary War: During the Battle of Cooch's Bridge, the Flag of the United States is flown in battle for the first time.
  • 1260 – The Mamluks defeat the Mongols at the Battle of Ain Jalut in Palestine, marking their first decisive defeat and the point of maximum expansion of the Mongol Empire.
  • 301 – San Marino, one of the smallest nations in the world and the world's oldest republic still in existence, is founded by Saint Marinus.

Births

  • 1992 – August Alsina, American singer-songwriter. August Anthony Alsina Jr. (born September 3, 1992) is an American recording artist from New Orleans signed to Def Jam Recordings.
  • 1986 – Shaun White, American snowboarder, skateboarder, and guitarist. He holds the record for the most X-Games gold medals and most Olympic gold medals by a snowboarder, and has won 10 ESPY Awards.
  • 1984 – Garrett Hedlund, American actor. His films include Friday Night Lights (2004), Troy (2004), Four Brothers (2005), Eragon (2006), Country Strong (2010), Tron: Legacy (2010), On the Road (2012), Inside Llewyn Davis (2013), Unbroken (2014), Pan (2015), Mudbound (2017), and Triple Frontier (2019).
  • 1984 – T.J. Perkins, Filipino-American wrestler. Theodore James Perkins (born September 3, 1984) better known by the ring name T.J.
  • 1983 – Marcus McCauley, American football player. He played college football at Fresno State.
  • 1982 – Andrew McMahon, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer. On April 30, 2013, he debuted his first solo work, an EP titled The Pop Underground, which was followed by his debut album Andrew McMahon in the Wilderness, released on October 14, 2014.
  • 1979 – Tomo Miličević, Bosnian-American guitarist. Tomislav "Tomo" Miličević (Croatian pronunciation: ; born September 3, 1979) is a Bosnian-American musician and record producer.
  • 1977 – Nate Robertson, American baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball for the Florida Marlins, Detroit Tigers and Philadelphia Phillies.
  • 1976 – Jevon Kearse, American football player, was a defensive end in the National Football League (NFL) for eleven seasons during the late 1990s and 2000s. Kearse played college football for the University of Florida, and received All-American honors.
  • 1976 – Raheem Morris, American football player and coach. Raheem Morris (born September 3, 1976) is an American football coach who is the defensive coordinator for the Atlanta Falcons of the National Football League (NFL).
  • 1975 – Redfoo, American singer-songwriter, producer, and dancer. Stefan Kendal Gordy (born September 3, 1975), better known by his stage name Redfoo, is an American rapper, singer, composer, dancer, record producer and DJ best known for being part of the musical duo LMFAO, and for their hit song, "Party Rock Anthem".
  • 1974 – Clare Kramer, American actress, producer, and screenwriter. Clare Elizabeth Kramer (born September 3, 1974) is an American actress best known for her starring role as the big bad Glory in the 2000-2001 season of Buffy the Vampire Slayer and for her role as Courtney in Bring It On.
  • 1973 – Damon Stoudamire, American basketball player and coach. He played collegiately at the University of Arizona, and professionally for the Toronto Raptors, Portland Trail Blazers, Memphis Grizzlies and San Antonio Spurs.
  • 1971 – Kiran Desai, Indian-American author. Her novel The Inheritance of Loss won the 2006 Man Booker Prize and the National Book Critics Circle Fiction Award.In January 2015, The Economic Times, India's leading business publication, listed her as one of 20 "most influential" global Indian women.
  • 1970 – Jeremy Glick, American businessman (d. 2001), was a passenger on board United Airlines Flight 93, which was hijacked and crashed as part of the September 11 attacks. Aware of the earlier attacks at the World Trade Center, Glick and some of his fellow passengers attempted to foil the hijacking.
  • 1969 – John Fugelsang, American comedian, actor, and talk show host. John Joseph Fugelsang (born September 3, 1969) is an American actor, television personality and comedian.
  • 1969 – Noah Baumbach, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. Noah Baumbach (born September 3, 1969) is an American filmmaker.
  • 1967 – Chris Gatling, American basketball player. He played for the US national team in the 1990 FIBA World Championship, winning the bronze medal.
  • 1966 – Steven Johnson Leyba, American painter and author. Steven Johnson Leyba (born September 3, 1966) is an artist, painter, fine art book maker, author, spoken word performance artist, and musician.
  • 1965 – Charlie Sheen, American actor and producer. Carlos Irwin Estévez (born September 3, 1965), known professionally as Charlie Sheen, is an American actor.
  • 1965 – Vaden Todd Lewis, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Toadies, Burden Brothers). In July 2017, Lewis opened The Loop Artist Rehearsal Studios in Fort Worth TX.
  • 1964 – Adam Curry, American-Dutch businessman and television host, co-founded mevio. Adam Clark Curry (born September 3, 1964) is a podcaster, announcer, internet entrepreneur and media personality, known for his stint as VJ on MTV and being one of the first celebrities personally to create and administer Web sites.
  • 1964 – Spike Feresten, American screenwriter and producer. Michael Donovan "Spike" Feresten Jr. (born September 3, 1964) is an American television writer, screenwriter, comedian and television personality, who is best known for his work on Seinfeld, writing for David Letterman, and hosting the late night Talkshow with Spike Feresten from 2006 to 2009 on Fox.
  • 1957 – Earl Cureton, American basketball player and coach. His nickname was "The Twirl".
  • 1957 – Garth Ancier, American businessman. Garth Ancier (born September 3, 1957 in Perth Amboy, New Jersey) is an American television producer media executive.
  • 1957 – Steve Schirripa, American actor and producer. Schirripa is a producer and host of two Investigation Discovery series: Karma's A B*tch! and Nothing Personal.
  • 1950 – Doug Pinnick, American rock singer-songwriter and bass player (King's X). Douglas Theodore Pinnick (born September 3, 1950), sometimes stylized as dUg Pinnick or simply dUg, is an American musician best known as the bass guitarist, songwriter, and co-lead vocalist for the hard rock and progressive metal band King's X.
  • 1948 – Don Brewer, American drummer and singer-songwriter (Grand Funk Railroad). Donald George Brewer (born September 3, 1948) is an American drummer who is best known as the drummer, co-lead vocalist and only constant member of American rock band Grand Funk Railroad.
  • 1945 – George Biondo, American bass player and songwriter, was the bass guitarist of the American rock band, Steppenwolf, from April 1970 to October 1976. Though born in New York, he has been based in Southern California throughout his ongoing career as a session musician and songwriter.
  • 1943 – Valerie Perrine, American model and actress. Her other film appearances include Superman (1978), The Electric Horseman (1979), and Superman II (1980).
  • 1942 – Al Jardine, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. His song "Lady Lynda" became a UK top 10 hit for the group in 1978.
  • 1941 – Sergei Dovlatov, Russian-American journalist and author (d. 1990), was a Soviet journalist and writer. Internationally, he is one of the most popular Russian writers of the late 20th century.
  • 1938 – Richard MacCormac, English architect, founded MJP Architects (d. 2014), was a modernist English architect and the founder of MJP Architects.
  • 1936 – Pilar Pallete, Peruvian-American actress. Pilar Pallete (born September 3, 1928) is a Peruvian actress and the widow of the American actor John Wayne.
  • 1934 – Freddie King, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1976), was an American blues guitarist and singer. He recorded several hits for Federal Records in the early 1960s.
  • 1933 – Tompall Glaser, American singer-songwriter (d. 2013), was an American outlaw country music artist.
  • 1932 – Eileen Brennan, American actress and singer (d. 2013), was an American film, stage, and television actress. She made her film debut in the satire Divorce American Style (1967), followed by a supporting role in Peter Bogdanovich's The Last Picture Show (1971), which earned her a BAFTA award nomination for Best Supporting Actress.
  • 1931 – Dick Motta, American basketball player and coach. John Richard Motta (born September 3, 1931) is an American former basketball coach whose career in the National Basketball Association (NBA) spanned 25 years, and he continues to rank among the NBA's all-time top 10 in coaching victories.
  • 1929 – Whitey Bulger, American gangster and murderer, was an Irish-American organized crime boss and FBI informant who led the Winter Hill Gang in the Winter Hill neighborhood of Somerville, Massachusetts, a city directly northwest of Boston. Federal prosecutors indicted him for nineteen murders based on the grand jury testimony from Kevin Weeks and other former associates.
  • 1926 – Alison Lurie, American author and academic. Although better known as a novelist, she has also written numerous non-fiction books and articles, particularly on children's literature and the semiotics of dress.
  • 1925 – Anne Jackson, American actress (d. 2016), was an American actress of stage, screen, and television. She was the wife of actor Eli Wallach, with whom she often co-starred.
  • 1924 – Mary Grace Canfield, American actress (d. 2014), was an American theatre, film and television actress.
  • 1923 – Fred Hawkins, American golfer (d. 2014), was an American professional golfer who played on the PGA Tour from the mid-1940s to the mid-1960s.
  • 1923 – Glen Bell, American businessman, founded Taco Bell (d. 2010), was an American entrepreneur who founded the Taco Bell chain of restaurants.
  • 1923 – Mort Walker, American cartoonist, was an American comic strip writer, best known for creating the newspaper comic strips Beetle Bailey in 1950 and Hi and Lois in 1954. He signed Addison to some of his strips.
  • 1921 – Marguerite Higgins, American journalist and author (d. 1966), was an American reporter and war correspondent. Higgins covered World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War, and in the process advanced the cause of equal access for female war correspondents.
  • 1919 – Phil Stern, American soldier and photographer (d. 2014), was an American photographer noted for his iconic portraits of Hollywood stars, as well as his war photography while serving as a U.S. Army Ranger with "Darby's Rangers" during the North African and Italian campaigns in World War II.
  • 1918 – Helen Wagner, American actress (d. 2010). Born in Lubbock, Texas, she is best known for her long-running role as Nancy Hughes McClosky on the soap opera As the World Turns.
  • 1916 – Eddie Stanky, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1999). Louis Cardinals between 1943 and 1953.
  • 1915 – Memphis Slim, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1988), was an American blues pianist, singer, and composer. He led a series of bands that, reflecting the popular appeal of jump blues, included saxophones, bass, drums, and piano.
  • 1914 – Dixy Lee Ray, American biologist and politician, 17th Governor of Washington (d. 1994), was an American scientist and politician who served as the 17th Governor of the U.S. state of Washington. Variously described as idiosyncratic, and "ridiculously smart," she was the state's first female governor and was in office during the 1980 eruption of Mount St.
  • 1913 – Alan Ladd, American actor and producer (d. 1964), was an American actor and film and television producer. Ladd found success in film in the 1940s and early 1950s, particularly in Westerns such as Shane (1953) and in films noir.
  • 1911 – Bernard Mammes, American cyclist and sergeant (d. 2000). Born in Manhattan, Mammes moved with his family to Rockaway Park, Queens around 1920.
  • 1910 – Kitty Carlisle, American actress, singer, socialite, and game show panelist (d. 2007), was an American stage and screen actress, singer and spokeswoman for the arts. She is best remembered as a regular panelist on the television game show To Tell the Truth.
  • 1907 – Loren Eiseley, American anthropologist, philosopher, and author (d. 1977), was an American anthropologist, educator, philosopher, and natural science writer, who taught and published books from the 1950s through the 1970s. He received many honorary degrees and was a fellow of multiple professional societies.
  • 1905 – Carl David Anderson, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1991). He is best known for his discovery of the positron in 1932, an achievement for which he received the 1936 Nobel Prize in Physics, and of the muon in 1936.
  • 1897 – Sally Benson, American author and screenwriter (d. 1972), was an American screenwriter, who was also a prolific short story author, best known for her semi-autobiographical stories collected in Junior Miss and Meet Me in St. Louis.
  • 1893 – Andrey Dikiy, Russian-American journalist, historian, and politician (d. 1977), was a Russian writer, emigre politician and journalist, and a member of the Vlasov movement, known for his antisemitism and anti-Ukrainian sentiment. Dikiy has been described by Christian essayist Dmitry Talantsev as one of the main theorists of Judophobia.
  • 1875 – Ferdinand Porsche, Austrian-German engineer and businessman, founded Porsche (d. 1951), was an Austrian-German automotive engineer and founder of the Porsche car company. He is best known for creating the first gasoline-electric hybrid vehicle (Lohner-Porsche), the Volkswagen Beetle, the Mercedes-Benz SS/SSK, several other important developments and Porsche automobiles.
  • 1856 – Louis Sullivan, American architect and educator, designed the Carson, Pirie, Scott and Company Building (d. 1924), was an American architect, and has been called the "father of skyscrapers" and "father of modernism". He is considered by many as the creator of the modern skyscraper, was an influential architect and critic of the Chicago School, was a mentor to Frank Lloyd Wright, and an inspiration to the Chicago group of architects who have come to be known as the Prairie School.
  • 1849 – Sarah Orne Jewett, American novelist, short story writer and poet (d. 1909), was an American novelist, short story writer and poet, best known for her local color works set along or near the southern seacoast of Maine. Jewett is recognized as an important practitioner of American literary regionalism.
  • 1820 – George Hearst, American businessman and politician (d. 1891), was an American businessman, miner, and politician. After growing up on a small farm in Missouri, he founded many mining operations, and is known for developing and expanding the Homestake Mine in the late 1870s in the Black Hills of South Dakota.
  • 1811 – John Humphrey Noyes, American activist, founded the Oneida Community (d. 1886), was an American preacher, radical religious philosopher, and utopian socialist. He founded the Putney, Oneida and Wallingford Communities, and is credited with coining the term "complex marriage".
  • 1803 – Prudence Crandall, American educator (d. 1890), was an American schoolteacher and activist.

Deaths

  • 2017 – Walter Becker, American musician, songwriter, and record producer (b. 1950)
  • 2015 – Carter Lay, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1971)
  • 2013 – Don Meineke, American basketball player (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Janet Lembke, American author and scholar (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Pedro Ferriz Santacruz, Mexican-American journalist (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Ralph M. Holman, American lawyer and judge (b. 1914)
  • 2012 – Harold Dunaway, American race car driver and pilot (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Sun Myung Moon, Korean religious leader and businessman, founded the Unification Church (b. 1920)
  • 2010 – Noah Howard, American saxophonist (b. 1943)
  • 2010 – Robert Schimmel, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1950)
  • 2008 – Donald Blakeslee, American colonel and pilot (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Carter Albrecht, American keyboard player and guitarist (b. 1973)
  • 2005 – William Rehnquist, American lawyer and jurist, 16th Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – Alan Dugan, American soldier and poet (b. 1923)
  • 2002 – W. Clement Stone, American businessman, philanthropist, and author (b. 1902)
  • 2001 – Pauline Kael, American film critic and author (b. 1919)
  • 2000 – Edward Anhalt, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1914)
  • 1994 – James Thomas Aubrey, Jr., American screenwriter and producer (b. 1918)
  • 1991 – Frank Capra, Italian-American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1897)
  • 1987 – Morton Feldman, American composer and educator (b. 1926)
  • 1985 – Johnny Marks, American songwriter (b. 1909)
  • 1980 – Barbara O'Neil, American actress (b. 1910)
  • 1980 – Duncan Renaldo, Romanian-American actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1904)
  • 1974 – Harry Partch, American composer and theorist (b. 1901)
  • 1970 – Vince Lombardi, American football player and coach (b. 1913)
  • 1969 – John Lester, American cricketer and soccer player (b. 1871)
  • 1967 – Francis Ouimet, American golfer and banker (b. 1893)
  • 1962 – E. E. Cummings, American poet and playwright (b. 1894)
  • 1944 – John Lumsden, Irish physician, founded the St. John Ambulance Brigade of Ireland (b. 1869)
  • 1886 – William W. Snow, American lawyer and politician (b. 1812)
  • 1857 – John McLoughlin, Canadian-American businessman (b. 1784)
  • 1808 – John Montgomery, American merchant and politician (b. 1722)
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