Tuesday 8 September 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
: United Nations Holidays
, Worldwide Holidays
, Career Holidays (Recognition Holidays)
, Food holidays
, Health Calendar
, Pet and Animal Holidays
, Unusual Holidays
Holidays and observances
- In 2016 DNA testing of skeletal remains in London confirms that Yersinia pestis was the bacteria responsible for the Great Plague of 1665.
- 2005 – Two Ilyushin Il-76 aircraft from EMERCOM land at a disaster aid staging area at Little Rock Air Force Base; the first time Russia has flown such a mission to North America.
- 1988 – Yellowstone National Park is closed for the first time in U.S. history due to ongoing fires.
- 1966 – The landmark American science fiction television series Star Trek premieres with its first-aired episode, "The Man Trap".
- 1962 – Last run of the famous Pines Express over the Somerset and Dorset Railway line (UK) fittingly using the last steam locomotive built by British Railways, 9F locomotive 92220 Evening Star.
- 1952 – The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation makes its first televised broadcast on the second escape of the Boyd Gang.
- 1945 – Cold War: United States troops arrive to partition the southern part of Korea in response to Soviet troops occupying the northern part of the peninsula a month earlier.
- 1944 – World War II: London is hit by a V-2 rocket for the first time.
- 1943 – World War II: United States General Dwight D. Eisenhower publicly announces the Allied armistice with Italy.
- 1921 – Margaret Gorman, a 16-year-old, wins the Atlantic City Pageant's Golden Mermaid trophy; pageant officials later dubbed her the first Miss America.
- 1914 – World War I: Private Thomas Highgate becomes the first British soldier to be executed for desertion during the war.
- 1892 – The Pledge of Allegiance is first recited.
- 1888 – In England the first six Football League matches are played.
- 1888 – In Spain, the first travel of Isaac Peral's submarine.
- 1863 – American Civil War: Second Battle of Sabine Pass: On the Texas-Louisiana border at the mouth of the Sabine River, a small Confederate force thwarts a Union invasion of Texas.
- 1781 – American Revolutionary War: The Battle of Eutaw Springs in South Carolina, the war's last significant battle in the Southern theater, ends in a narrow British tactical victory.
- 1655 – Warsaw falls without resistance to a small force under the command of Charles X Gustav of Sweden during The Deluge, making it the first time the city is captured by a foreign army.
- 1565 – St. Augustine, Florida was founded by Spanish admiral and Florida's first governor, Pedro Menéndez de Avilés.
- 1990 – Matt Barkley, American football player. Matthew Montgomery Barkley (born September 8, 1990) is an American football quarterback for the Buffalo Bills of the National Football League (NFL).
- 1988 – Arrelious Benn, American football player. He played college football for the University of Illinois Fighting Illini.
- 1988 – Chantal Jones, American model and actress. Jones was the runner-up on America's Next Top Model, Cycle 9 in 2007.
- 1986 – Matt Grothe, American football player. He played college football at South Florida.
- 1984 – Bobby Parnell, American baseball player. He was drafted by the Mets in the ninth round of the 2005 Major League Baseball draft after attending Charleston Southern University.
- 1983 – Wali Lundy, American football player. Wali Sultan Lundy (born September 8, 1983) is a rapper and former American football running back who played for the National Football League.
- 1983 – Will Blalock, American basketball player. William Anthony Blalock (born September 8, 1983) is an American professional basketball player who last played for the Saint John Mill Rats of the National Basketball League of Canada.
- 1982 – Travis Daniels, American football player. He played college football at Louisiana State.
- 1981 – Jonathan Taylor Thomas, American actor. He is known for portraying Randy Taylor on Home Improvement and voicing young Simba in Disney's 1994 film The Lion King and Pinocchio in New Line Cinema's 1996 film The Adventures of Pinocchio.
- 1979 – Pink, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress. Pink is a pale shade of red that is named after a flower of the same name.
- 1978 – Angela Rawlings, Canadian-American author and poet. angela rawlings (known as a rawlings) is a poet, editor, and interdisciplinary artist.
- 1978 – Gil Meche, American baseball player. Gilbert Allen Meche (/ɡɪl mɛʃ/; born September 8, 1978) is a former right-handed Major League Baseball starting pitcher.
- 1978 – Rebel, American wrestler. A rebel is a participant in a rebellion.
- 1975 – Larenz Tate, American actor, director, and producer. Larenz Tate (born September 8, 1975) is an American film and television actor.
- 1974 – Rick Michaels, American wrestler. Rick Michaels (born September 8, 1974) is an American professional wrestler.
- 1974 – Tanaz Eshaghian, Iranian-American director and producer. Tanaz Eshaghian (Persian: طناز اسحاقیان; born 8 September 1974 in Iran) is an Iranian-American documentary filmmaker.
- 1973 – Gabrial McNair, American saxophonist, keyboard player, and composer. Gabrial McNair (born September 8, 1973) is a musician and composer, most famous for his work in No Doubt since 1993 as a trombonist, keyboardist, and backing vocalist.
- 1973 – Troy Sanders, American singer-songwriter and bass player. Troy Jayson Sanders (born September 8, 1973) is an American musician, singer, and songwriter best known as a member of the Atlanta, Georgia metal band Mastodon, in which he plays bass and shares lead vocal duties with guitarist Brent Hinds and drummer Brann Dailor.
- 1972 – Lisa Kennedy Montgomery, American radio and television host. Lisa Kennedy Montgomery (born September 8, 1972) (referred to mononymously as Kennedy) is an American political commentator, radio personality, former MTV VJ, the host of Kennedy on the Fox Business Network.
- 1971 – David Arquette, American actor, director, producer, screenwriter, and wrestler. He has since had several television roles, such as Jason Ventress on ABC's In Case of Emergency.
- 1971 – Dustin O'Halloran, American pianist and composer. O'Halloran composes scores for film and TV, and forms half of the collaboration A Winged Victory for the Sullen.
- 1970 – Latrell Sprewell, American basketball player. Latrell Fontaine Sprewell (born September 8, 1970) is an American former professional basketball player who played for the Golden State Warriors, the New York Knicks, and the Minnesota Timberwolves in the NBA.
- 1970 – Neko Case, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Neko Richelle Case (/ˈniːkoʊ ˈkeɪs/; born September 8, 1970) is an American singer-songwriter, best known for her solo career and her contributions as a member of the Canadian indie rock group the New Pornographers.
- 1970 – Nidal Malik Hasan, American soldier, psychiatrist, and mass murderer. Nidal Malik Hasan (born September 8, 1970) is a former American Army Major convicted of killing 13 people and injuring more than 30 others in the Fort Hood mass shooting on November 5, 2009.
- 1967 – Kimberly Peirce, American director, producer, and screenwriter. Kimberly Ane Peirce (born September 8, 1967) is an American filmmaker best known for her debut feature film, Boys Don't Cry (1999), which won the Academy Award for Best Actress for Hilary Swank's performance.
- 1964 – Raven, American wrestler. A raven is one of several larger-bodied species of the genus Corvus.
- 1963 – Daniel Wolpert, American scientist. Daniel Mark Wolpert FRS FMedSci (born 8 September 1963) is a British medical doctor, neuroscientist and engineer, who has made important contributions in computational biology.
- 1961 – Timothy Well, American wrestler (d. 2017), was an American professional wrestler, better known by the ring names Rex King and Timothy Well. He wrestled in several promotions, including the World Wrestling Federation (WWF) and World Championship Wrestling (WCW).
- 1960 – Aimee Mann, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress. She released her debut solo album, Whatever, in 1993, and has released several albums since.
- 1958 – Bart Batten, American wrestler. The Batten Twins were a professional wrestling tag team, consisting of twin brothers Bart and Brad Batten.
- 1958 – Brad Batten, American wrestler (d. 2014). The Batten Twins were a professional wrestling tag team, consisting of twin brothers Bart and Brad Batten.
- 1958 – Michael Lardie, American keyboard player, songwriter, and producer. Michael Lardie is multi-platinum and Grammy nominated American musician and producer, known for his memberships in Great White and Night Ranger.
- 1957 – Walt Easley, American football player (d. 2013), was a fullback in the NFL and USFL.
- 1956 – Maurice Cheeks, American basketball player and coach. Maurice Edward Cheeks (born September 8, 1956) is an American former professional basketball player and is currently an assistant coach for the Oklahoma City Thunder of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
- 1955 – Terry Tempest Williams, American environmentalist and author. Her work focuses on social and environmental justice ranging from issues of ecology and the protection of public lands and wildness, to women's health, to exploring our relationship to culture and nature.
- 1954 – Michael Shermer, American historian, author, and academic, founded The Skeptics Society. Michael Brant Shermer (born September 8, 1954) is an American science writer, historian of science, founder of The Skeptics Society, and editor-in-chief of its magazine Skeptic, which is largely devoted to investigating pseudoscientific and supernatural claims.
- 1954 – Ruby Bridges, American civil rights activist. She is the subject of a 1964 painting, The Problem We All Live With by Norman Rockwell.
- 1952 – Will Lee, American bass player, was an American actor and comedian who appeared in numerous television and film roles, but was best known for playing Mr. Hooper, the original store proprietor of the eponymous Hooper's Store.
- 1951 – Tim Gullikson, American tennis player and coach (d. 1996), was a tennis player and coach who was born in La Crosse, Wisconsin and grew up in Onalaska, Wisconsin in the United States.
- 1951 – Tom Gullikson, American tennis player and coach. Tom Gullikson (born September 8, 1951) is a tennis coach and former professional tennis player born in La Crosse, Wisconsin and raised in Onalaska, Wisconsin in the United States.
- 1950 – Mike Simpson, American dentist and politician. Michael Keith Simpson (born September 8, 1950) is an American politician serving as a member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Idaho's 2nd congressional district.
- 1950 – Zachary Richard, American singer-songwriter and poet. His music is a combination of Cajun and Zydeco musical styles.
- 1947 – Ann Beattie, American novelist and short story writer. She has received an award for excellence from the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters and the PEN/Malamud Award for excellence in the short story form.
- 1947 – Benjamin Orr, American singer-songwriter and bass player (The Cars) (d. 2000), was an American musician best known as a singer, bassist and co-founder of the rock band the Cars. He sang lead vocals on several of their best known songs, including "Just What I Needed", "Let's Go" and "Drive".
- 1947 – Marianne Wiggins, American author. According to The Cambridge Guide to Women's Writing in English, Wiggins writes with "a bold intelligence and an ear for hidden comedy." She has won a Whiting Award, an National Endowment for the Arts award and the Janet Heidinger Kafka Prize.
- 1946 – Aziz Sancar, Turkish-American biologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate. Aziz Sancar (born 8 September 1946) is a Turkish–American biochemist and molecular biologist specializing in DNA repair, cell cycle checkpoints, and circadian clock.
- 1946 – L. C. Greenwood, American football player (d. 2013). Greenwood was born in Canton, Mississippi.
- 1945 – Lem Barney, American football player. He was drafted by the Detroit Lions of the National Football League (NFL) and played for the Lions as a cornerback, return specialist, and punter from 1967 to 1977.
- 1945 – Ron "Pigpen" McKernan, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player (d. 1973), was an American singer and musician. He was a founding member of the San Francisco band the Grateful Dead and played in the group from 1965 to 1972.
- 1943 – Adelaide C. Eckardt, American academic and politician. Eckardt (born September 8, 1943), is a member of the Maryland Senate, District 37.
- 1942 – Brian Cole, American bass player (d. 1972), was the bass guitar player and one of the founding members of the 1960s folk rock band the Association.
- 1942 – Sal Valentino, American rock singer-songwriter and guitarist. Sal Valentino (born Salvatore Willard Spampinato, September 8, 1942) is an American rock musician, singer and songwriter, best known as lead singer of The Beau Brummels, subsequently becoming a songwriter as well.
- 1941 – Bernie Sanders, American politician. Bernard Sanders (born September 8, 1941) is an American politician who has served as the junior United States Senator from Vermont since 2007.
- 1940 – Jack Prelutsky, American author and poet. Jack Prelutsky (born September 8, 1940) is an American writer of children's poetry who has published over 50 poetry collections.
- 1940 – Quentin L. Cook, American religious leader. Quentin LaMar Cook (born September 8, 1940) is an American lawyer, business executive, and religious leader who is currently a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).
- 1939 – Guitar Shorty, American singer and guitarist. Guitar Shorty (born David William Kearney, September 8, 1939 in Houston, Texas, United States) is an American blues guitarist, singer and songwriter.
- 1938 – Adrian Cronauer, American sergeant and radio host, was a United States Air Force Airman 1st Class and radio personality whose experiences as an innovative disc jockey on American Forces Network during the Vietnam War inspired the 1987 film Good Morning, Vietnam.
- 1938 – Sam Nunn, American lawyer and politician. Samuel Augustus Nunn Jr. (born September 8, 1938) is an American politician who served as a United States Senator from Georgia (1972 – 1997) as a member of the Democratic Party.
- 1937 – Barbara Frum, American-Canadian journalist (d. 1992), was a US-born Canadian radio and television journalist, acclaimed for her interviews for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.
- 1933 – Eric Salzman, American composer, producer, and critic, was an American composer, scholar, author, impresario, music critic, and record producer. He is known for advancing the concept of "New Music Theater" (in his compositions and his large body of writing) as an independent art form differing in scope, both economically and aesthetically, from grand opera and contemporary popular musicals.
- 1932 – Patsy Cline, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1963). She is considered one of the most influential vocalists of the 20th century and was one of the first country music artists to successfully crossover into pop music.
- 1931 – Marion Brown, American saxophonist and composer (d. 2010), was an American jazz alto saxophonist and ethnomusicologist. He is most well known as a member of the 1960s avant-garde jazz scene in New York City, playing alongside musicians such as John Coltrane, Archie Shepp, and John Tchicai.
- 1927 – Harlan Howard, American songwriter (d. 2002), was an American songwriter, principally in country music. In a career spanning six decades, Howard wrote many popular and enduring songs, recorded by a variety of different artists.
- 1927 – Marguerite Frank, American-French mathematician. Marguerite Straus Frank (born September 8, 1927) is an American-French mathematician who is a pioneer in convex optimization theory and mathematical programming.
- 1927 – Robert L. Rock, American soldier and politician, 42nd Lieutenant Governor of Indiana (d. 2013). He was the Democratic nominee for Governor of Indiana in 1968, but lost to Republican Edgar Whitcomb.
- 1925 – Jacqueline Ceballos, American activist, founded the Veteran Feminists of America. Jacqueline "Jacqui" Michot Ceballos (born September 8, 1925) is an American feminist and activist.
- 1924 – Grace Metalious, American author (d. 1964), was an American author known for her controversial novel Peyton Place, one of the best-selling works in publishing history.
- 1924 – Marie-Claire Kirkland, American-Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician (d. 2016), was a Quebec lawyer, judge and politician. She was the first woman elected to the Legislative Assembly of Quebec, the first woman appointed a Cabinet minister in Quebec, the first woman appointed acting premier, and the first woman judge to serve in the Quebec Provincial Court.
- 1924 – Wendell H. Ford, American lieutenant and politician, 53rd Governor of Kentucky (d. 2015), was an American politician from the Commonwealth of Kentucky. He served for twenty-four years in the U.S.
- 1923 – Wilbur Ware, American double-bassist (d. 1979), was an American jazz double bassist. He was a staff bassist at Riverside in the 1950s, recording with J.R.
- 1922 – Lyndon LaRouche, American politician and activist, founded the LaRouche movement, was an American political activist, convicted fraudster, cult leader, and founder of the LaRouche movement, whose main organization was the National Caucus of Labor Committees (NCLC).
- 1922 – Sid Caesar, American comic actor and writer (d. 2014), was an American comic actor and writer, best known for two pioneering 1950s live television series: Your Show of Shows, which was a 90-minute weekly show watched by 60 million people, and its successor, Caesar's Hour, both of which influenced later generations of comedians. Your Show of Shows and its cast received seven Emmy nominations between the years 1953 and 1954 and tallied two wins.
- 1918 – Derek Barton, English-American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998), was an English organic chemist and Nobel Prize laureate for 1969.
- 1914 – Denys Lasdun, English architect, designed the Royal National Theatre (d. 2001), was an eminent English architect, the son of Nathan Lasdun (1879–1920) and Julie (née Abrahams; 1884–1963). Probably his best known work is the Royal National Theatre, on London's South Bank of the Thames, which is a Grade II* listed building and one of the most notable examples of Brutalist design in the United Kingdom.
- 1900 – Claude Pepper, American lawyer and politician (d. 1989), was an American politician of the Democratic Party, and a spokesman for left-liberalism and the elderly. He represented Florida in the United States Senate from 1936 to 1951 and the Miami area in the United States House of Representatives from 1963 until 1989.
- 1896 – Howard Dietz, American publicist and songwriter (d. 1983), was an American publicist, lyricist, and librettist.
- 1889 – Robert A. Taft, American lawyer and politician (d. 1953), was an American conservative politician, lawyer, and scion of the Republican Party's Taft family. Taft represented Ohio in the United States Senate, briefly served as Senate Majority Leader, and was a leader of the conservative coalition of Republicans and conservative Democrats who prevented expansion of the New Deal.
- 1881 – Harry Hillman, American runner and hurdler (d. 1945), was an American athlete and winner of three gold medals at the 1904 Summer Olympics.
- 1873 – David O. McKay, American religious leader, 9th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1970), was an American religious leader and educator who served as the ninth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) from 1951 until his death in 1970. Ordained an apostle and member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles in 1906, McKay was a general authority for nearly 64 years, longer than anyone else in LDS Church history, except Eldred G.
- 1871 – Samuel McLaughlin, Canadian businessman and philanthropist, founded the McLaughlin Carriage Company (d. 1972). He started the McLaughlin Motor Car Company in 1907, one of the first major automobile manufacturers in Canada, which evolved into General Motors of Canada.
- 1868 – Seth Weeks, American mandolin player, composer, and bandleader (d. 1953), was an American composer who played mandolin, violin, banjo and guitar. Although he played many instruments he concentrated professionally on the mandolin.
- 1828 – Clarence Cook, American author and critic (d. 1900), was a 19th-century American author and art critic.
- 1828 – Joshua Chamberlain, American general and politician, 32nd Governor of Maine (d. 1914), was an American college professor from the State of Maine who volunteered during the American Civil War to join the Union Army. He became a highly respected and decorated Union officer, reaching the rank of brigadier general (and brevet major general).
- 1824 – Jaime Nunó, Spanish-American composer, conductor, and director (d. 1908), was a Spanish composer from Catalonia who composed the music for the Mexican national anthem.
- 1462 – Henry Medwall, first known English vernacular dramatist (d. 1501). Fulgens and Lucrece (c.1497), whose heroine must choose between two suitors, is the earliest known secular English play.
- 2015 – Andrew Kohut, American political scientist and academic (b. 1942)
- 2015 – Tyler Sash, American football player (b. 1988)
- 2014 – George Zuverink, American baseball player (b. 1924)
- 2014 – Gerald Wilson, American trumpet player and composer (b. 1918)
- 2014 – Marvin Barnes, American basketball player (b. 1952)
- 2014 – S. Truett Cathy, American businessman, founded Chick-fil-A (b. 1921)
- 2014 – Sean O'Haire, American wrestler, mixed martial artist, and kick-boxer (b. 1971)
- 2013 – Goose Gonsoulin, American football player (b. 1938)
- 2012 – Bill Moggridge, English-American designer, author, and educator, co-founded IDEO (b. 1943)
- 2012 – Thomas Szasz, Hungarian-American psychiatrist and academic (b. 1920)
- 2009 – Mike Bongiorno, American-Italian television host (b. 1924)
- 2008 – Ralph Plaisted, American explorer (b. 1927)
- 1999 – Moondog, American-German singer-songwriter, drummer, and poet (b. 1916)
- 1991 – Alex North, American composer and conductor (b. 1910)
- 1985 – John Franklin Enders, American virologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
- 1981 – Roy Wilkins, American journalist and activist (b. 1901)
- 1980 – Willard Libby, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1908)
- 1977 – Zero Mostel, American actor and comedian (b. 1915)
- 1970 – Percy Spencer, American engineer, invented the microwave oven (b. 1894)
- 1969 – Bud Collyer, American game show host (b. 1908)
- 1965 – Dorothy Dandridge, American actress and singer (b. 1922)
- 1935 – Carl Weiss, American physician (b. 1906)
- 1853 – Frédéric Ozanam, French scholar, co-founded the Society of Saint Vincent de Paul (b. 1813)
- 1831 – John Aitken, Scottish-American publisher (b. 1745)
- 1784 – Ann Lee, English-American religious leader (b. 1736)
- 1780 – Enoch Poor, American general (b. 1736)
- 1755 – Ephraim Williams, American soldier and philanthropist (b. 1715)