In 2016 a study led by the University of Cambridge finds that body-worn cameras led to a 93% drop in complaints made against police by the UK and US public.
2007 – Calder Hall, the world's first commercial nuclear power station, is demolished in a controlled explosion.
2004 – The Burt Rutan Ansari X Prize entry SpaceShipOne performs a successful spaceflight, the first of two required to win the prize.
1990 – The YF-22, which would later become the F-22 Raptor, flies for the first time.
1975 – WGPR in Detroit, Michigan, becomes the world's first black-owned-and-operated television station.
1957 – Twenty MCi (740 petabecquerels) of radioactive material is released in an explosion at the Soviet Mayak nuclear plant at Chelyabinsk.
1885 – The first practical public electric tramway in the world is opened in Blackpool, England.
1864 – American Civil War: The Battle of Chaffin's Farm is fought.
1848 – Battle of Pákozd: Stalemate between Hungarian and Croatian forces at Pákozd; the first battle of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848.
1829 – The Metropolitan Police of London, later also known as the Met, is founded.
1789 – The 1st United States Congress adjourns.
1789 – The United States Department of War first establishes a regular army with a strength of several hundred men.
1990 – Doug Brochu, American voice actor. Doug has an older brother, Chris Brochu, who is notable for his role as Ray Beech in the Disney Channel Original Movie Lemonade Mouth.
1989 – Adore Delano, American drag queen and singer. Daniel Anthony Noriega, better known by the stage name Adore Delano, (born September 29, 1989) is an American drag queen, singer-songwriter, and television personality.
1988 – Justin Nozuka, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. He has licensed the album to indie label Coalition Entertainment Records, distributed by Warner Music in Canada, Outcaste Records in the UK/EU distributed by EMI and Glassnote Records in the US distributed by Universal Music Group.
1988 – Kevin Durant, American basketball player. Kevin Wayne Durant (born September 29, 1988) is an American professional basketball player for the Brooklyn Nets of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
1987 – David Del Rio, American actor and director. David Del Rio is an American actor, director, and producer who has appeared in productions such as Pitch Perfect and Grease: Live, and has previously directed several short films.
1986 – Lisa Foiles, American actress and journalist. Lisa Renee Foiles (born September 29, 1986) is an American actress, presenter, video game journalist, model and YouTuber, who first came to prominence as a cast member of the Nickelodeon series All That.
1986 – Matt Lashoff, American ice hockey player. Matt Robert Lashoff (born September 29, 1986) is an American professional ice hockey defenseman who is currently playing with the SCL Tigers in the National League A (NLA).
1985 – Calvin Johnson, American football player. Calvin Johnson Jr. (born September 29, 1985) is a former American football wide receiver who spent his entire nine-year career with the Detroit Lions.
1983 – Lisette Oropesa, American soprano and actress. With her lyric coloratura soprano voice, she has performed roles in her native Spanish and English, as well as German, French and Italian.
1980 – Zachary Levi, American actor and singer. He received critical acclaim for starring as Chuck Bartowski in the series Chuck, and as the title character in Shazam!, as a part of the DC Extended Universe.
1979 – Shelley Duncan, American baseball player and manager. Duncan played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the New York Yankees, Cleveland Indians, and Tampa Bay Rays.
1978 – Gunner McGrath, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Christopher Leslie "Gunner" McGrath (born September 29, 1978) is the founder, lead singer, and guitarist of the punk rock band Much The Same.
1978 – Mohini Bhardwaj, American gymnast and coach. Mohini Bhardwaj de Freitas (born September 29, 1978) is a retired American artistic gymnast who competed at the 1997 and 2001 World Championships and earned a silver medal with the American team at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens and is a member of the USA Gymnastics Hall of Fame.
1977 – Debelah Morgan, American singer-songwriter. Morgan is best known for her hit single "Dance with Me" off of her third studio album, which reached No. 8 on the Billboard Hot 100.
1977 – Eric Barton, American football player. Eric Barton (born September 29, 1977) is a former American football linebacker who played for twelve seasons in the National Football League.
1977 – Jake Westbrook, American baseball player. Jacob Cauthen Westbrook (born September 29, 1977) is an American former professional baseball pitcher in Major League Baseball.
1974 – Brian Ash, American screenwriter and producer. Brian Ash (born September 29, 1974 in Bronx, New York) is an American producer and screenwriter.
1974 – Matt Hullum, American actor, director, and producer, co-founded Rooster Teeth. Matthew Jay Hullum (born September 29, 1974) is an American director, producer, writer, actor and visual effects supervisor living in Austin, Texas.
1973 – Shannon Larratt, Canadian publisher, founded BMEzine (d. 2013), was the creator, former editor and publisher of BMEzine, an online magazine noted for coverage of extreme body modifications. He published several books, including ModCon: The Secret World Of Extreme Body Modification.
1971 – Tanoka Beard, American basketball player. EuroLeague records since the 2000–01 season
1971 – Theodore Shapiro, American composer. Theodore Michael Shapiro (born September 29, 1971) is an American composer best known for his film scores.
1970 – Natasha Gregson Wagner, American actress. She is the daughter of film producer Richard Gregson and actress Natalie Wood.
1969 – DeVante Swing, American singer-songwriter, and producer. Donald Earle DeGrate Jr. (born September 29, 1969), better known by his stage name DeVanté Swing, is an American record producer, singer, rapper and songwriter.
1969 – Erika Eleniak, American model and actress. Erika Eleniak (born September 29, 1969) is an American actress, Playboy Playmate, and former model best known for her role in Baywatch as Shauni McClain.
1966 – Hersey Hawkins, American basketball player and coach. After starring at Chicago's Westinghouse High School, the 6'3" (1.90 m) shooting guard attended Bradley University.
1964 – Brad Lohaus, American basketball player, was selected by the Boston Celtics in the second round (45th pick overall) of the 1987 NBA Draft. A 6'11" center-power forward from the University of Iowa, Lohaus played in eleven NBA seasons for eight different teams: the Celtics, Sacramento Kings, Minnesota Timberwolves, Milwaukee Bucks, Miami Heat, San Antonio Spurs, New York Knicks and Toronto Raptors.
1963 – Les Claypool, American bass player, singer, songwriter, and producer. His playing style on the bass is well known for mixing tapping, flamenco-like strumming, whammy bar bends, and slapping.
1962 – Roger Bart, American actor. He won a Tony Award and a Drama Desk Award for his performance in the 1999 revival of You're a Good Man, Charlie Brown.
1961 – Stephanie Miller, American comedian and radio host. Stephanie Catherine Miller (born September 29, 1961) is an American political commentator, comedian, and host of The Stephanie Miller Show, a liberal talk radio program produced in Los Angeles, California, by WYD Media Management and syndicated nationally by Westwood One.
1960 – David Sammartino, American wrestler and trainer. David Lugogo Sammartino (born September 29, 1960) is an American personal trainer and semi-retired professional wrestler.
1960 – John Paxson, American basketball player and coach. John MacBeth Paxson (born September 29, 1960) is an American basketball administrator and former player who has been vice president of basketball operations for the Chicago Bulls of the National Basketball Association (NBA) since 2009, after serving as their general manager from 2003 to 2009.
1960 – Julian Armour, American-Canadian cellist and educator. He is the son of the philosopher Leslie Armour.
1956 – Suzzy Roche, American singer-songwriter and actress. Suzzy Roche (born September 29, 1956; Suzzy rhymes with "fuzzy"), originally from Park Ridge, New Jersey, is best known for her work with the vocal group The Roches, alongside sisters Maggie and Terre.
1955 – Ann Bancroft, American explorer and author. Ann Bancroft (born September 29, 1955) is an American author, teacher, adventurer, and public speaker.
1955 – Gwen Ifill, American journalist (d. 2016). Ifill (/ˈaɪfəl/ EYE-fəl; September 29, 1955 – November 14, 2016) was an American journalist, television newscaster, and author.
1953 – Lawrence Reed, American economist and author. Reed (born September 29, 1953), also known as Larry Reed, is president of the Foundation for Economic Education (FEE).
1953 – Warren Cromartie, American baseball player, coach, and radio host. Warren Livingston Cromartie (born September 29, 1953) is an American former professional baseball player best remembered for his early career with the Montreal Expos.
1952 – Gábor Csupó, Hungarian-American animator, director, and producer, co-founded Klasky Csupo. He is co-founder of the animation studio Klasky Csupo, which has produced shows like Rugrats, Duckman, and Aaahh!!! Real Monsters.
1952 – Max Sandlin, American lawyer, judge, and politician. Max Allen Sandlin Jr. (born September 29, 1952) is a former Democratic Congressman who served eight years (1997–2005) in the U.S.
1952 – Roy Campbell, Jr., American trumpet player (d. 2014). Roy Campbell is the name of:
1950 – Ken Macha, American baseball player and manager. Kenneth Edward Macha (/ˈmɑːkə/; born September 29, 1950) is a former Major League Baseball third baseman and manager.
1948 – Bryant Gumbel, American journalist and sportscaster. Since 1995, he has hosted HBO's acclaimed investigative series Real Sports with Bryant Gumbel, which has been rated as "flat out TV's best sports program" by the Los Angeles Times.
1948 – Mark Farner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Mark Fredrick Farner (born September 29, 1948) is an American singer, guitarist and songwriter, best known as the lead singer and lead guitarist for Grand Funk Railroad, and later as a contemporary Christian musician.
1948 – Mike Pinera, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer. Mike Pinera (born September 29, 1948) is an American guitarist, singer, songwriter and producer who started professionally in the late 1960s with the group Blues Image, which had a #4 hit in 1970 with their song "Ride Captain Ride".
1947 – Gary Wetzel, American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient. Gary George Wetzel (born September 29, 1947) is a former United States Army soldier and a recipient of the United States military's highest decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions in the Vietnam War.
1944 – Mike Post, American composer and producer. Mike Post (born Leland Michael Postil, September 29, 1944) is an American multi Grammy and Emmy-winning composer, best known for his TV theme songs for such series as Law & Order, Law & Order: SVU, The A-Team, NYPD Blue, Renegade, The Rockford Files, L.A.
1942 – Bill Nelson, American captain and politician. Clarence William Nelson II (born September 29, 1942) is an American attorney and politician who served as a United States Senator from Florida from 2001 to 2019.
1942 – Madeline Kahn, American actress and singer (d. 1999), was an American actress, comedian, voice actress, and singer, known for comedic roles in films directed by Peter Bogdanovich and Mel Brooks, including What's Up, Doc? (1972), Young Frankenstein (1974), High Anxiety (1977), History of the World, Part I (1981), and her Academy Award–nominated roles in Paper Moon (1973) and Blazing Saddles (1974).
1942 – Steve Tesich, Serbian-American screenwriter and playwright (d. 1996), was a Serbian American screenwriter, playwright, and novelist. He won the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay in 1979 for the film Breaking Away.
1939 – Larry Linville, American actor (d. 2000), was an American actor known for his portrayal of the surgeon Major Frank Burns on the television series M*A*S*H.
1939 – Rhodri Morgan, Welsh politician, 2nd First Minister of Wales (d. 2017), was a Welsh Labour politician who was the First Minister of Wales and the Leader of Welsh Labour from 2000 to 2009. He was also the Assembly Member for Cardiff West from 1999 to 2011 and the Member of Parliament for Cardiff West from 1987 to 2001.
1936 – Hal Trosky, Jr., American baseball player (d. 2012), was an American first baseman in Major League Baseball for the Cleveland Indians (1933–1941) and the Chicago White Sox (1944, 1946). Trosky was born in Norway, Iowa.
1936 – James Fogle, American author (d. 2012), was the American author of the autobiographical novel Drugstore Cowboy, which became the basis for the film of the same title. He was born in Elcho, Wisconsin.
1935 – Jerry Lee Lewis, American singer-songwriter and pianist. He has been described as "rock & roll's first great wild man and one of the most influential pianists of the twentieth century."
1934 – Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, Hungarian-American psychologist and academic. He is the Distinguished Professor of Psychology and Management at Claremont Graduate University.
1934 – Skandor Akbar, American wrestler and manager (d. 2010), was an American professional wrestler and manager better known by his ring name Skandor Akbar, which translates as "Alexander the Great". Akbar led the villainous stable Devastation, Inc. in Bill Watts's Universal Wrestling Federation during the promotion's heyday in the 1980s, as well as other regional territories, including World Class Championship Wrestling and the Global Wrestling Federation.
1934 – Stuart M. Kaminsky, American author and screenwriter (d. 2009). Kaminsky (September 29, 1934 – October 9, 2009) was an American mystery writer and film professor.
1932 – Paul Giel, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2002), was an American football and baseball player from Winona, Minnesota.
1932 – Robert Benton, American director, producer, and screenwriter. Kramer (1979) and won a third Oscar for Best Original Screenplay for Places in the Heart (1984).
1931 – James Cronin, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2016), was an American particle physicist.
1927 – Barbara Mertz, American historian and author (d. 2013), was an American author who wrote under her own name as well as under the pseudonyms Elizabeth Peters and Barbara Michaels. In 1952, she received a PhD in Egyptology from the University of Chicago.
1927 – Pete McCloskey, American colonel and politician. Paul Norton "Pete" McCloskey Jr. (born September 29, 1927) is a former Republican politician from the U.S. state of California, who served in the U.S.
1927 – Sherwood Johnston, American race car driver (d. 2000), was an American racing driver who won racing titles on land and sea. Johnston was active in sports car racing during the 1950s.
1926 – Pete Elliott, American football player and coach (d. 2013). Elliott served as the head football coach at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln (1956), the University of California, Berkeley (1957–1959), the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (1960–1966), and the University of Miami (1973–1974), compiling a career college football record of 56–72–11.
1925 – Paul MacCready, American engineer, founded AeroVironment (d. 2007). MacCready Jr. (September 29, 1925 – August 28, 2007) was an American aeronautical engineer.
1923 – Bum Phillips, American football player and coach (d. 2013), was an American football coach at the high school, college and professional levels. He served as head coach in the National Football League (NFL) for the Houston Oilers from 1975 to 1980 and the New Orleans Saints from 1981 to 1985.
1923 – Stan Berenstain, American author and illustrator (d. 2005). Stanley Melvin Berenstain (September 29, 1923 – November 26, 2005) and Janice Marian Berenstain (née Grant; July 26, 1923 – February 24, 2012) were American writers and illustrators best known for creating the children's book series The Berenstain Bears.
1922 – Lizabeth Scott, American actress (d. 2015), was an American actress, known for her "smoky voice" and being "the most beautiful face of film noir during the 1940s and 1950s". After understudying the role of Sabina in the original Broadway and Boston stage productions of The Skin of Our Teeth, she emerged in such films as The Strange Love of Martha Ivers (1946), Dead Reckoning (1947), Desert Fury (1947), and Too Late for Tears (1949).
1915 – Brenda Marshall, American actress (d. 1992), was an American film actress.
1915 – Oscar Handlin, American historian and academic (d. 2011). As a professor of history at Harvard University for over 50 years, he directed 80 PhD dissertations and helped promote social and ethnic history, virtually inventing the field of immigration history in the 1950s.
1915 – Vincent DeDomenico, American businessman, founded the Napa Valley Wine Train (d. 2007), was an American entrepreneur, one of the inventors of Rice-A-Roni, and a founder of the Napa Valley Wine Train.
1913 – Stanley Kramer, American director and producer (d. 2001), was an American film director and producer, responsible for making many of Hollywood's most famous "message films". As an independent producer and director, he brought attention to topical social issues that most studios avoided.
1910 – Virginia Bruce, American actress (d. 1982), was an American actress and singer.
1908 – Eddie Tolan, American sprinter and educator (d. 1967), was an American track and field athlete who competed in sprints. He set world records in the 100-yard dash and 100 meters event and Olympic records in the 100 meters and 200 meters events.
1907 – Gene Autry, American singer, actor, and businessman (d. 1998), was an American singer, songwriter, actor, musician and rodeo performer who gained fame largely by singing in a crooning style on radio, in films, and on television for more than three decades beginning in the early 1930s. Autry was the owner of a television station, several radio stations in Southern California, and the Los Angeles/California/Anaheim Angels Major League Baseball team from 1961 to 1997.
1907 – George W. Jenkins, American businessman, founded Publix (d. 1996), was an American businessman and philanthropist who founded Publix Super Markets. As of 2016, the employee-owned, privately held corporation included 1,100 stores in the Southeastern United States with 170,000 employees and sales of $32 billion.
1904 – Greer Garson, English-American actress (d. 1996), was a British-American actress popular during the Second World War, being listed by the Motion Picture Herald as one of America's top-ten box office draws from 1942 to 1946.
1903 – Diana Vreeland, American journalist (d. 1989), was a noted columnist and editor in the field of fashion. She worked for the fashion magazines Harper's Bazaar and Vogue, being the editor-in-chief of the latter, and as a special consultant at the Costume Institute of the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
1901 – Enrico Fermi, Italian-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1954), was an Italian–American physicist and the creator of the world's first nuclear reactor, the Chicago Pile-1. He has been called the "architect of the nuclear age" and the "architect of the atomic bomb".
1899 – Billy Butlin, South African-English businessman, founded Butlins (d. 1980), was a South African-born British entrepreneur whose name is synonymous with the British holiday camp. Although holiday camps such as Warner's existed in one form or another before Butlin opened his first in 1936, it was Butlin who turned holiday camps into a multimillion-pound industry and an important aspect of British culture.
1899 – László Bíró, Hungarian-Argentinian journalist and inventor, invented the ballpoint pen (d. 1985), was a Hungarian-Argentine inventor who patented the first commercially successful modern ballpoint pen. The first ballpoint pen had been invented roughly 50 years earlier by John J.
1897 – Herbert Agar, American journalist and historian (d. 1980), was an American journalist and historian, and an editor of the Louisville Courier-Journal.
1895 – Clarence Ashley, American singer, guitarist, and banjo player (d. 1967), was an American musician and singer, who played the clawhammer banjo and the guitar. He began performing at medicine shows in the Southern Appalachian region as early as 1911, and gained initial fame during the late 1920s as both a solo recording artist and as a member of various string bands.
1895 – Joseph Banks Rhine, American botanist and parapsychologist (d. 1980). Rhine, was an American botanist who founded parapsychology as a branch of psychology, founding the parapsychology lab at Duke University, the Journal of Parapsychology, the Foundation for Research on the Nature of Man, and the Parapsychological Association.
1895 – Roscoe Turner, American pilot (d. 1970), was a record-breaking American aviator who was a three-time winner of the Thompson Trophy air race and widely recognized by his flamboyant style and his pet Gilmore the Lion.
1881 – Ludwig von Mises, Austrian-American economist, sociologist, and philosopher (d. 1973), was an Austrian School economist, historian, and sociologist. Mises wrote and lectured extensively on behalf of classical liberalism.
1853 – Luther D. Bradley, American cartoonist (d. 1917), was an American illustrator and political cartoonist associated with the Chicago Daily News. Born in New Haven, Connecticut, he graduated from Yale in 1875.
1803 – Mercator Cooper, American captain and explorer (d. 1872), was a ship's captain who is credited with the first formal American visit to Edo (now Tokyo), Japan and the first formal landing on the mainland East Antarctica.
2015 – Phil Woods, American saxophonist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1931)
2015 – William Kerslake, American wrestler and engineer (b. 1929)
2014 – George Shuba, American baseball player (b. 1924)
2014 – Stan Monteith, American surgeon and author (b. 1929)
2013 – Bob Kurland, American basketball player and politician (b. 1924)
2013 – Harold Agnew, American physicist and engineer (b. 1921)
2013 – L. C. Greenwood, American football player (b. 1946)
2013 – Pete T. Cenarrusa, American soldier, pilot, and politician, Secretary of State of Idaho (b. 1917)
2012 – Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, American publisher (b. 1926)
2011 – Sylvia Robinson, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1936)
2010 – Greg Giraldo, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1965)
2010 – Tony Curtis, American actor (b. 1925)
2008 – Hayden Carruth, American poet and critic (b. 1921)
2006 – Michael A. Monsoor, American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1981)
2005 – Austin Leslie, American chef and author (b. 1934)
2001 – Mabel Fairbanks, American figure skater and coach (b. 1915)
1997 – Roy Lichtenstein, American painter and sculptor (b. 1923)
1989 – Gussie Busch, American businessman (b. 1899)
1988 – Charles Addams, American cartoonist (b. 1912)
1987 – Henry Ford II, American businessman (b. 1917)
1982 – Monty Stratton, American baseball player and coach (b. 1912)
1975 – Casey Stengel, American baseball player and manager (b. 1890)
1973 – W. H. Auden, English-American poet, playwright, and critic (b. 1907)
1970 – Edward Everett Horton, American actor (b. 1886)
1967 – Carson McCullers, American novelist, playwright, essayist, and poet (b. 1917)
1951 – Thomas Cahill, American soccer player and coach (b. 1864)
1937 – Ray Ewry, American triple jumper (b. 1873)
1928 – John Devoy, Irish-American Fenian rebel leader (b. 1842)
1913 – Rudolf Diesel, German engineer, invented the diesel engine (b. 1858)
1910 – Winslow Homer, American painter, illustrator, and engraver (b. 1836)
1900 – Samuel Fenton Cary, American lawyer and politician (b. 1814)
1862 – William "Bull" Nelson, American general (b. 1824)
1804 – Michael Hillegas, American politician, 1st Treasurer of the United States (b. 1728)