Friday 2 October 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
: Health Calendar
, United Nations Holidays
, Worldwide Holidays
, Career Holidays (Recognition Holidays)
, Children’s Days
, Environmental Dates
, Father’s Days
, Food holidays
, Pet and Animal Holidays
, Unusual Holidays
, Women’s Days
Holidays and observances
- In 2017 the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is awarded to Jeffrey C. Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael W. Young for their discoveries of molecular mechanisms controlling the circadian rhythm.
- 1980 – Michael Myers becomes the first member of either chamber of Congress to be expelled since the Civil War.
- 1967 – Thurgood Marshall is sworn in as the first African-American justice of the United States Supreme Court.
- 1950 – Peanuts by Charles M. Schulz is first published.
- 1928 – The "Prelature of the Holy Cross and the Work of God", commonly known as Opus Dei, is founded by Josemaría Escrivá.
- 1925 – John Logie Baird performs the first test of a working television system.
- 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Saltville: Union forces attack Saltville, Virginia, but are defeated by Confederate troops.
- 1789 – George Washington sends proposed Constitutional amendments (The United States Bill of Rights) to the States for ratification.
- 1780 – John André, British Army officer of the American Revolutionary War, is hanged as a spy by American forces.
- 1535 – Jacques Cartier discovers the area where Montreal is now located.
- 1528 – William Tyndale, the renowned English Reformer and Bible translator published his famous work The Obedience of a Christian Man.
- 2002 – Jacob Sartorius, American singer. Rolf Jacob Sartorius (/sɑːrˈtɔːriəs/; born October 2, 2002) is an American singer and internet personality, who rose to fame via social media from posting comedic videos on Vine and lip-syncing videos on musical.ly and TikTok.
- 1989 – Aaron Hicks, American baseball player. Aaron Michael Hicks (born October 2, 1989) is an American professional baseball center fielder for the New York Yankees of Major League Baseball (MLB).
- 1988 – Brittany Howard, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Brittany Howard (born October 2, 1988) is an American musician, singer, and songwriter known for being the lead vocalist, guitarist, and main songwriter of rock bands Alabama Shakes and Thunderbitch.
- 1987 – Joel Reinders, American football player. Joel Reinders (born October 2, 1987) is a former offensive tackle.
- 1987 – Phil Kessel, American ice hockey player. Philip Joseph Kessel Jr. (born October 2, 1987) is an American professional ice hockey right winger playing for the Arizona Coyotes of the National Hockey League (NHL).
- 1987 – Ricky Stenhouse Jr., American race car driver. Stenhouse was the 2010 Nationwide Series Rookie of the Year, and won back-to-back Nationwide Series championships in 2011 and 2012.
- 1986 – Camilla Belle, American actress. Camilla Belle Routh (born October 2, 1986) is a Brazilian American actress, director, writer and producer whose works include The Ballad of Jack and Rose (2005), When a Stranger Calls (2006), 10,000 BC (2008), and Push (2009).
- 1982 – Tyson Chandler, American basketball player. Tyson Cleotis Chandler (born October 2, 1982) is an American professional basketball player who plays for the Houston Rockets of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
- 1980 – Shane Andrus, American football player. He played college football at Murray State.
- 1974 – Brian Knight, American baseball player and umpire. He wears uniform number 91.
- 1974 – Kevin Van De Wege, American firefighter and politician. A Democrat, he has served as a member of the Washington State Senate since January 2017, and previously a member of the Washington House of Representatives from June 2007 to January 2017, representing the 24th legislative district, including much of the Olympic Peninsula, which is made up of Clallam County, Jefferson County, and half of Grays Harbor County, and includes Forks, Hoquiam, Port Angeles, Port Townsend, Sequim, McCleary, Elma,and Ocean Shores.
- 1974 – Michelle Krusiec, Taiwanese-American actress and producer. Michelle Jacqueline Krusiec (born Ya-Huei Yang; Chinese: 楊雅慧; pinyin: Yáng Yǎhuì; October 2, 1974) is a Taiwanese American actress, writer and producer.
- 1974 – Paul Teutul Jr., American motorcycle designer, co-founded Orange County Choppers. Paul Michael Teutul (born October 2, 1974) is one of the stars of the American reality television series American Chopper.
- 1973 – Melissa Harris-Perry, American journalist, author, and educator. Melissa Victoria Harris-Perry (born October 2, 1973), formerly known as Melissa Victoria Harris-Lacewell, is an American writer, professor, television host, and political commentator with a focus on African-American politics.
- 1973 – Scott Schoeneweis, American baseball player. Scott David Schoeneweis (/ˈʃoʊ.ɪnwaɪs/; born October 2, 1973) is an American former Major League Baseball left-handed relief pitcher.
- 1972 – Aaron McKie, American basketball player and coach. Aaron Fitzgerald McKie (born October 2, 1972) is an American basketball coach and former professional basketball player who played in the National Basketball Association (NBA).
- 1971 – Jim Root, American guitarist and songwriter. James Donald Root (born October 2, 1971), also known by his number #4, is an American musician, songwriter, and guitarist.
- 1971 – Tiffany Darwish, American singer-songwriter and actress. Thanks to an original mall tour, "The Beautiful You: Celebrating The Good Life Shopping Mall Tour '87", Tiffany found commercial success; both the single and the album peaked at No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 and Billboard 200 charts, respectively.
- 1970 – Eddie Guardado, American baseball player and coach. Edward Adrian Guardado (born October 2, 1970) is a former Major League Baseball relief pitcher and current bullpen coach.
- 1970 – Kelly Ripa, American actress, producer, and talk show host. Kelly Maria Ripa (born October 2, 1970) is an American actress, dancer, talk show hostess, and television producer.
- 1969 – Mitch English, American talk show host, comedian, weatherman. He currently hosts the nationally syndicated television show, The Daily Flash based in Orlando, Florida.
- 1968 – Glen Wesley, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach. He began his career with the Boston Bruins, and briefly played for the Toronto Maple Leafs.
- 1968 – Kelly Willis, American country music singer-songwriter. Kelly Willis (born October 2, 1968) is an American country music singer-songwriter, whose music has been described as alternative country and new traditionalist.
- 1967 – Gary L. Gregg, American political scientist, author, and academic.
- 1967 – Gillian Welch, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Their sparse and dark musical style, which combines elements of Appalachian music, bluegrass, country and Americana, is described by The New Yorker as "at once innovative and obliquely reminiscent of past rural forms."
- 1962 – Mark Rypien, Canadian-American football player. He is the first Canadian-born quarterback to start in the NFL and win the Super Bowl MVP award, doing so in Super Bowl XXVI.
- 1960 – Dereck Whittenburg, American basketball player and coach, was a member of the 1982-83 team that won the NCAA national championship. He is currently employed by the athletic department at his alma mater, with his official title being Associate Athletic Director for Community Relations and Student Support.
- 1960 – Joe Sacco, American journalist and cartoonist. Joe Sacco (/ˈsækoʊ/; born October 2, 1960) is a Maltese-American cartoonist and journalist.
- 1960 – Tom Schweich, American lawyer and politician, 36th State Auditor of Missouri (d. 2015). A member of the Republican Party, Schweich served as State Auditor of Missouri.
- 1958 – Robbie Nevil, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer. Nevil (born October 2, 1958) is an American pop singer, songwriter, producer, and guitarist who had three Billboard Hot 100 hits with his songs "C'est la Vie" (#2, 1986), "Dominoes" (#14, 1987), and "Wot's It to Ya" (#10, 1987).
- 1956 – Freddie Jackson, American soul singer. Among his well–known R&B/Soul hits are "Rock Me Tonight (For Old Times Sake)" (1985), "Have You Ever Loved Somebody" (1986), "Jam Tonight" (1986), "Do Me Again" (1990), and "You Are My Lady" (1985).
- 1954 – Lorraine Bracco, American actress and producer. Jennifer Melfi on the HBO series The Sopranos.
- 1953 – Vanessa Bell Armstrong, American singer. Vanessa Bell Armstrong (born October 2, 1953) is a gospel singer who released her debut album Peace Be Still in 1983.
- 1952 – Jan Švejnar, Czech-American economist and politician. He was a candidate for the 2008 election of the President of the Czech Republic.
- 1949 – Annie Leibovitz, American photographer. She photographed John Lennon on the day he was murdered, and her work has been used on numerous album covers and magazines.
- 1949 – Richard Hell, American singer-songwriter and bass player. Richard Lester Meyers (born October 2, 1949), better known by his stage name Richard Hell, is an American singer, songwriter, bass guitarist and writer.
- 1948 – Avery Brooks, American actor and singer. Bob Sweeney in the Academy Award-nominated film American History X.
- 1948 – Chris LeDoux, American singer-songwriter and sculptor (d. 2005), was an American country music singer-songwriter, bronze sculptor, and hall of fame rodeo champion. During his career LeDoux recorded 36 albums (many self-released) which have sold more than six million units in the United States as of January 2007.
- 1948 – Donna Karan, American fashion designer, founded DKNY. Donna Karan (born Donna Ivy Faske; October 2, 1948), also known as "DK", is an American fashion designer and the creator of the Donna Karan New York and DKNY clothing labels.
- 1947 – Ward Churchill, American author and activist. The primary focus of his work is on the historical treatment of political dissenters and Native Americans by the United States government.
- 1945 – Don McLean, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Donald McLean III (born October 2, 1945) is an American singer-songwriter, best known for his 1971 hit song "American Pie", an 8.5-minute folk rock "cultural touchstone" about the loss of innocence of the early rock and roll generation.
- 1945 – Martin Hellman, American cryptographer and academic. Martin Edward Hellman (born October 2, 1945) is an American cryptologist, best known for his invention of public key cryptography in cooperation with Whitfield Diffie and Ralph Merkle.
- 1944 – Vernor Vinge, American computer scientist and author. Vernor Steffen Vinge (/ˈvɜːrnər ˈvɪndʒiː/ (listen); born October 2, 1944) is an American science fiction author and retired professor.
- 1943 – Franklin Rosemont, American poet, painter, and historian (d. 2009), was an American poet, artist, historian, street speaker, and co-founder of the Chicago Surrealist Group. Over four decades, Franklin produced a body of work, of declarations, manifestos, poetry, collage, hidden histories, and other interventions intended to inspire a new generation of revolution, and became perhaps "the most productive scholar of labor and the left in the United States."
- 1942 – Steve Sabol, American director and producer, co-founded NFL Films (d. 2012), was an American filmmaker. He was the president and one of the founders of NFL Films, along with his father Ed.
- 1941 – Ron Meagher, American rock bass player (The Beau Brummels). Dane recommended Meagher, but cautioned, "He's kind of weird.
- 1938 – Nick Gravenites, American singer–songwriter and guitarist. Nicholas George Gravenites (/ɡrævɪˈnaɪtɪs/; born October 2, 1938), sometimes performing under the stage names Nick "The Greek" Gravenites and Gravy, is a blues, rock and folk singer, songwriter, and guitarist, best known for his work with Electric Flag as their lead singer, Janis Joplin, Mike Bloomfield and several influential bands and individuals of the generation springing from the 1960s and 1970s.
- 1938 – Rex Reed, American film critic. Rex Taylor Reed (born October 2, 1938) is an American film critic, occasional actor and former co-host of the syndicated television show At the Movies.
- 1937 – Johnnie Cochran, American lawyer (d. 2005), was a high-profile lawyer and civil activist best known for his leadership role in the defense and criminal acquittal of O.J. Simpson for the murder of his ex-wife Nicole Brown Simpson and her friend Ron Goldman. He defended his client with rhymes like "if it doesn't fit, you must acquit!"
- 1936 – Connie Dierking, American basketball player (d. 2013), was an American professional basketball player from 1958 to 1971.
- 1936 – Dick Barnett, American basketball player and educator. Barnett played in the 1968 NBA All-Star Game and was a member of the 1970 and 1973 Knicks teams that won the NBA championship against the Los Angeles Lakers.
- 1933 – Phill Niblock, American composer and director. Phill Niblock (born October 2, 1933 in Anderson, Indiana) is an American composer, filmmaker, videographer, and director of Experimental Intermedia, a foundation for avant-garde music based in New York with a parallel branch in Ghent, Belgium.
- 1932 – Maury Wills, American baseball player, manager, and sportscaster. Wills was an essential component of the Dodgers' championship teams in the mid-1960s, and is credited for reviving the stolen base as part of baseball strategy.
- 1929 – Moses Gunn, American actor (d. 1993), was an American actor of stage and screen. An Obie Award-winning stage player, he co-founded the Negro Ensemble Company in the 1960s.
- 1928 – George McFarland, American actor (d. 1993), was an American actor most famous for his appearances as a child as Spanky in the Our Gang series of short-subject comedies of the 1930s and 1940s. The Our Gang shorts were later syndicated to television as The Little Rascals.
- 1921 – Albert Scott Crossfield, American pilot and engineer (d. 2006), was an American naval officer and test pilot. In 1953, he became the first pilot to fly at twice the speed of sound.
- 1912 – Frank Malina, American engineer and painter (d. 1981), was an American aeronautical engineer and painter, especially known for becoming both a pioneer in the art world and the realm of scientific engineering.
- 1911 – Jack Finney, American author and playwright (d. 1995). His best-known works are science fiction and thrillers, including The Body Snatchers and Time and Again.
- 1909 – Alex Raymond, American cartoonist, creator of Flash Gordon (d. 1956), was an American cartoonist who was best known for creating the Flash Gordon comic strip for King Features Syndicate in 1934. The strip was subsequently adapted into many other media, from three Universal movie serials in 1936, 1938,, and 1940,) to a 1970s television series and a 1980 feature film.
- 1906 – August Komendant, Estonian-American engineer and academic (d. 1992), was an Estonian and American structural engineer and a pioneer in the field of prestressed concrete, which can be used to build stronger and more graceful structures than normal concrete. He was born in Estonia and educated in engineering in Germany.
- 1902 – John G. Crommelin, American admiral and politician (d. 1996), was a prominent American naval officer and later a frequent political candidate who championed white supremacy.
- 1897 – Bud Abbott, American comedian (d. 1974), was an American actor, best known for his film comedy double act, as straight man to Lou Costello.
- 1895 – Ruth Cheney Streeter, American colonel (d. 1990), was the first director of the United States Marine Corps Women's Reserve (USMCWR). In 1943, she became the first woman to attain the rank of major in the United States Marine Corps when she was commissioned as a major on January 29, 1943.
- 1893 – Leroy Shield, American composer and conductor (d. 1962), was an American film score and radio composer.
- 1890 – Groucho Marx, American comedian and actor (d. 1977), was an American comedian, writer, stage, film, radio, and television star. A master of quick wit, he is widely considered one of America's greatest comedians.
- 1883 – Karl von Terzaghi, Czech-American geologist and engineer (d. 1963), was an Austrian mechanical engineer, geotechnical engineer, and geologist known as the "father of soil mechanics and geotechnical engineering".
- 1883 – Lesley Ashburner, American hurdler (d. 1950), was an American athlete who competed mainly in the 110 metre hurdles.
- 1879 – Wallace Stevens, American poet and educator (d. 1955), was an American modernist poet. He was born in Reading, Pennsylvania, educated at Harvard and then New York Law School, and he spent most of his life working as an executive for an insurance company in Hartford, Connecticut.
- 1873 – Stephen Warfield Gambrill, American lawyer and politician (d. 1924), was an American politician.
- 1871 – Cordell Hull, American captain, lawyer, and politician, 47th United States Secretary of State, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1955), was an American politician from Tennessee best known as the longest-serving U.S. Secretary of State, holding the position for 11 years (1933–1944) in the administration of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt during most of World War II.
- 1871 – Martha Brookes Hutcheson, American landscaper and author (d. 1959), was an American landscape architect, lecturer, and author, active in New England, New York, and New Jersey.
- 1824 – Henry C. Lord, American businessman (d. 1884), was the fourth president of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. He was born in Amherst, Massachusetts, the son of Dartmouth College president Nathan Lord.
- 1821 – Alexander P. Stewart, American general (d. 1908), was a career United States Army officer, college professor, and a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He fought in many of the most significant battles in the Western Theater of the war, and briefly took command of the Army of Tennessee in 1865.
- 1800 – Nat Turner, American slave and uprising leader (d. 1831), was an enslaved African-American preacher who led a four-day rebellion of both enslaved and free black people in Southampton County, Virginia, beginning August 21, 1831. The rebellion caused the death of approximately 60 white men, women, and children.
- 2017 – Tom Petty, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1950)
- 2016 – Gary Reed, American comic book writer (b. 1956)
- 2014 – Frederic Tamler Sommers, American philosopher and academic (b. 1923)
- 2014 – Vaughn O. Lang, American general (b. 1927)
- 2013 – Abraham Nemeth, American mathematician and academic (b. 1918)
- 2013 – Herman Hugg, American painter and sculptor (b. 1921)
- 2013 – Jonathan Kaufer, American director and screenwriter (b. 1955)
- 2012 – Nguyễn Chí Thiện, Vietnamese-American poet and activist (b. 1939)
- 2011 – Peter L. Benson, American psychologist and academic (b. 1946)
- 2007 – George Grizzard, American actor (b. 1928)
- 2007 – Tawn Mastrey, American radio host and producer (b. 1954)
- 2007 – Tex Coulter, American football player (b. 1924)
- 2006 – Helen Chenoweth-Hage, American politician (b. 1938)
- 2006 – Paul Halmos, Hungarian-American mathematician (b. 1916)
- 2005 – August Wilson, American author and playwright (b. 1945)
- 2005 – Nipsey Russell, American comedian and actor (b. 1918)
- 2003 – John Thomas Dunlop, American scholar and politician, 14th United States Secretary of Labor (b. 1914)
- 2002 – Heinz von Foerster, Austrian-American physicist and philosopher (b. 1911)
- 1998 – Gene Autry, American actor, singer, and guitarist (b. 1907)
- 1994 – Harriet Nelson, American actress and singer (b. 1909)
- 1988 – Alec Issigonis, Greek-English car designer, designed the Mini (b. 1906)
- 1985 – Rock Hudson, American actor (b. 1925)
- 1981 – Harry Golden, American journalist and author (b. 1902)
- 1981 – Hazel Scott, Trinidadian-American activist, actress, and musician (b. 1920)
- 1973 – Paul Hartman, American actor and dancer (b. 1904)
- 1971 – Jessie Arms Botke, American painter (b. 1883)
- 1955 – William Orthwein, American swimmer and water polo player (b. 1881)
- 1953 – John Marin, American painter (b. 1870)
- 1803 – Samuel Adams, American philosopher and politician, 4th Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1722)