1981 – Citing official misconduct in the investigation and trial, Amnesty International charges the U.S. Federal Government with holding Richard Marshall of the American Indian Movement as a political prisoner.
1979 – The first Gay Rights March on Washington, D.C., the National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights, demands "an end to all social, economic, judicial, and legal oppression of lesbian and gay people", and draws approximately 100,000 people.
1968 – Apollo program: The first live TV broadcast by American astronauts in orbit performed by the Apollo 7 crew.
1968 – Jim Hines of the United States of America becomes the first man ever to break the so-called "ten-second barrier" in the 100-meter sprint in the Summer Olympic Games held in Mexico City with a time of 9.95 seconds.
1968 – Vietnam War: The United States Department of Defense announces that the U.S. Army and U.S. Marine Corps will send about 24,000 soldiers and Marines back to Vietnam for involuntary second tours of duty in the combat zone there.
1967 – Vietnam War: American folk singer and activist Joan Baez is arrested concerning a physical blockade of the U.S. Army's induction center in Oakland, California.
1958 – The District of Columbia's Bar Association votes to accept African-Americans as member attorneys.
1957 – Queen Elizabeth II becomes the first Canadian monarch to open up an annual session of the Canadian Parliament, presenting her Speech from the throne in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
1949 – Eleven leaders of the American Communist Party are convicted, after a nine-month trial in a Federal District Court, of conspiring to advocate the violent overthrow of the U.S. Federal Government.
1947 – Captain Chuck Yeager of the United States Air Force flies a Bell X-1 rocket-powered experimental aircraft, the Glamorous Glennis, faster than the speed of sound at Mach 1.06 (700 miles per hour (1,100 km/h; 610 kn) over the high desert of Southern California and becomes the first pilot and the first airplane to do so in level flight.
1943 – World War II: The American Eighth Air Force loses 60 of 291 B-17 Flying Fortress during the Second Raid on Schweinfurt.
1938 – The first flight of the Curtiss P-40 Warhawk fighter plane.
1926 – The children's book Winnie-the-Pooh, by A. A. Milne, is first published.
1912 – While campaigning in Milwaukee, the former President of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt, is shot and mildly wounded by John Schrank, a mentally-disturbed saloon keeper. With the fresh wound in his chest, and the bullet still within it, Mr. Roosevelt still carries out his scheduled public speech.
1888 – Louis Le Prince films first motion picture: Roundhay Garden Scene.
1884 – American inventor George Eastman receives a U.S. Government patent on his new paper-strip photographic film.
1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Bristoe Station: Confederate troops under the command of General Robert E. Lee fail to drive the Union Army completely out of Virginia.
1773 – Just before the beginning of the American Revolutionary War, several of the British East India Company's tea ships are set ablaze at the old seaport of Annapolis, Maryland.
1773 – The first recorded Ministry of Education, the Commission of National Education, is formed in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
1656 – Massachusetts enacts the first punitive legislation against the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). The marriage of church-and-state in Puritanism makes them regard the Quakers as spiritually apostate and politically subversive.
2001 – Rowan Blanchard, American actress. From 2017 until 2018, she made appearances on The Goldbergs as Jackie Geary.
1999 – Laura Zeng, American rhythmic gymnast. She is also a multi-time medalist in world-cup competitions and the World University Games.
1992 – Savannah Outen, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. In 2010 she collaborated with Boyce Avenue on their sixth acoustic album, New Acoustic Sessions.
1988 – Ocean Vuong, Vietnamese-American poet. Ocean Vuong (born Vương Quốc Vinh, Vương as Vietnamese last name, Vinh as Vietnamese first name; October 14, 1988) is a Vietnamese-American poet, essayist and novelist.
1986 – Skyler Shaye, American actress. She is known for her role as Cloe in Bratz: The Movie and as Kylie in Superbabies: Baby Geniuses 2.
1984 – LaRon Landry, American football player. The Washington Redskins drafted him with the sixth overall pick in the 2007 NFL Draft.
1981 – Boof Bonser, American baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Minnesota Twins, Boston Red Sox, and Oakland Athletics.
1980 – Scott Kooistra, American football player. He played college football at North Carolina State and was drafted by the Cincinnati Bengals in the seventh round of the 2003 NFL Draft.
1980 – Terrence McGee, American football player. Terrence Dewayne McGee (born October 14, 1980) is a former American football cornerback and kick returner in the National Football League (NFL).
1979 – Stacy Keibler, American wrestler and actress. Stacy Ann-Marie Keibler (born October 14, 1979) is an American actress, dancer and model, as well as a former cheerleader and retired professional wrestler, specifically known for her work with World Championship Wrestling (WCW) and World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE).
1978 – Javon Walker, American football player. He played college football at Florida State.
1978 – Justin Lee Brannan, American guitarist and songwriter. Justin Lee Brannan (born October 14, 1978) is a New York City Councilmember from Bay Ridge, Brooklyn, New York.
1978 – Ryan Church, American baseball player. Ryan Matthew Church (born October 14, 1978) is a former Major League Baseball outfielder.
1977 – Kelly Schumacher, American-Canadian basketball and volleyball player. She had been playing in the WNBA for the Detroit Shock, until her release 18 June 2009.
1975 – Floyd Landis, American cyclist. The competition was ultimately won by Óscar Pereiro.
1974 – Natalie Maines, American singer-songwriter. Natalie Louise Maines (born October 14, 1974) is an American singer-songwriter and activist who achieved success as the lead vocalist for the female country band the Dixie Chicks.
1974 – Shaggy 2 Dope, American rapper and producer. Joseph William Utsler, known by his stage name Shaggy 2 Dope (born October 14, 1974), is an American rapper, record producer, DJ, and professional wrestler.
1973 – Thom Brooks, American-British political philosopher and legal scholar. He was previously a lecturer then Reader at Newcastle University.
1972 – Erika de Lone, American tennis player. She reached one WTA Tour singles final in her career, finishing runner-up to Åsa Svensson at the Wismilak International in 1999.
1969 – David Strickland, American actor (d. 1999). He was best known for his role as the boyish rock music reporter Todd Stities in the NBC sitcom Suddenly Susan.
1969 – P. J. Brown, American basketball player. J." Brown Jr. (born October 14, 1969) is a retired American professional basketball player who played in the National Basketball Association (NBA).
1968 – Dwayne Schintzius, American basketball player and coach (d. 2012), was an American National Basketball Association (NBA) basketball player. He was born in Brandon, Florida and attended the University of Florida, where he helped lead the Florida Gators men's basketball program to its first three NCAA tournament appearances as an all-conference center.
1968 – Johnny Goudie, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor. John Charles "Johnny" Goudie (born October 14, 1968 in Coral Gables, Florida, United States) is a Cuban-American singer, songwriter, multi-instrumental musician, record producer, actor, and podcaster based in Austin, Texas.
1965 – Karyn White, American singer-songwriter, was popular during the late 1980s and early 1990s. She is known for several hit singles including "Superwoman" (1988), "Love Saw It" (1988), "Secret Rendezvous" (1989), "The Way You Love Me" (1988), and the US Hot 100 No. 1 single "Romantic" (1991).
1964 – Joe Girardi, American baseball player and manager. Joseph Elliott Girardi (born October 14, 1964) is an American professional baseball former catcher and current manager for the Philadelphia Phillies of Major League Baseball (MLB).
1963 – Lori Petty, American actress. Her roles include playing Tyler Endicott in the 1991 film Point Break, Kit Keller in A League of Their Own (1992), Rae Lindley in Free Willy (1993) and the title role in Tank Girl in 1995.
1962 – Chris Thomas King, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor. Chris Thomas King (born Durwood Christopher Thomas, October 14, 1962) is an American New Orleans, Louisiana-based blues musician and actor.
1962 – Trevor Goddard, English-American actor (d. 2003), was an English actor. He was best known for playing Kano in the martial arts film Mortal Kombat, Lieutenant Commander Mic Brumby in the television series JAG and main villain Keefer in the action film Men of War (with Dolph Lundgren and JAG co-star Catherine Bell).
1961 – Isaac Mizrahi, American fashion designer. Isaac Mizrahi (born October 14, 1961) is an American fashion designer, TV presenter, and Chief Designer of the Isaac Mizrahi brand for Xcel Brands.
1959 – A. J. Pero, American drummer (d. 2015), was an American drummer, in American heavy metal bands Twisted Sister and Adrenaline Mob.
1956 – Arleen Sorkin, American actress, producer, and screenwriter. Sorkin is known for portraying Calliope Jones on the NBC daytime serial Days of Our Lives and for inspiring and voicing the DC Comics villain Harley Quinn in Batman: The Animated Series and the many animated series and video games that followed it.
1956 – Beth Daniel, American golfer and sportscaster. She is a member of the World Golf Hall of Fame.
1956 – Jennell Jaquays, American game designer. Jennell Jaquays, formerly Paul Jaquays (born October 14, 1956), is an American game designer and artist of table-top role-playing games (RPGs) and video games.
1952 – Harry Anderson, American actor and screenwriter, was an American actor, comedian, and magician. He is best known for the lead role of Judge Harry Stone on the 1984–1992 television series Night Court, and later starred in the sitcom Dave's World from 1993 to 1997.
1952 – Rick Aviles, American comedian and actor (d. 1995), was an American stand-up comedian and actor of Puerto Rican descent, best remembered for portraying the villainous Willie Lopez in the film Ghost.
1950 – Joey Travolta, American actor, director, and producer. He is the older brother of actor John Travolta.
1949 – Katha Pollitt, American poet and author. Her writing focuses on political and social issues from a left-leaning perspective, including abortion, racism, welfare reform, feminism, and poverty.
1948 – Norman Ornstein, American political scientist and scholar. Ornstein (/ˈɔːrnstiːn/; born October 14, 1948) is an American political scientist and resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI), a Washington D.C. conservative think tank.
1947 – Charlie Joiner, American football player. Joiner Jr. (born October 14, 1947) is an American former professional football player who was a wide receiver in the American Football League (AFL) and National Football League (NFL) for 18 seasons.
1947 – Nikolai Volkoff, Croatian-American wrestler, was a Croatian-American professional wrestler who was best known for his performances in the World Wrestling Federation (WWF). Although the Volkoff character was often portrayed as a villainous Russian, Peruzović originated from Yugoslavia.
1946 – Al Oliver, American baseball player. A seven-time All-Star, Oliver was the 1982 National League batting champion and RBI champion.
1946 – Craig Venter, American biologist, geneticist, and academic. Venter founded Celera Genomics, The Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR) and the J.
1944 – Udo Kier, German-American actor and director. He has collaborated with acclaimed filmmakers like Lars von Trier, Gus van Sant, Werner Herzog, Walerian Borowczyk, Kleber Mendonça Filho, Dario Argento, Charles Matton, and Paul Morrissey.
1941 – Art Shamsky, American baseball player and manager. Arthur Louis Shamsky (nicknamed "Sham" and "Smasher"; born October 14, 1941) is an American former Major League Baseball player.
1941 – Jerry Glanville, American football player and coach. Jerry Michael Glanville (born October 14, 1941) is an American football coach who is currently the defensive coordinator of the Tampa Bay Vipers of the new XFL, slated to begin play in February 2020.
1940 – J. C. Snead, American golfer. C." Snead (born October 14, 1940) is an American professional golfer who has won many tournaments on both the PGA Tour and Champions Tour.
1939 – Ralph Lauren, American fashion designer, founded the Ralph Lauren Corporation. Lauren stepped down as CEO of the company in September 2015 but remains executive chairman and chief creative officer.
1939 – Rocky Thompson, American golfer and politician. Rocky Lee Thompson (born August 8, 1977) is a Canadian former ice hockey right wing and the current head coach of the Chicago Wolves of the American Hockey League.
1938 – John Dean, American lawyer and author, 13th White House Counsel. John Wesley Dean III (born October 14, 1938) is a former attorney who served as White House Counsel for United States President Richard Nixon from July 1970 until April 1973.
1938 – Melba Montgomery, American country music singer. Her brother is the famous country music songwriter, Earl "Peanutt" Montgomery.
1938 – Ron Lancaster, American-Canadian football player and coach (d. 2008), was an American-Canadian professional football player and coach in the Canadian Football League (CFL). As the starting quarterback for the Saskatchewan Roughriders for 16 seasons, he led the team to its first Grey Cup championship in 1966 and is the franchise's all-time leader in passing yards, attempts, completions, touchdowns, and interceptions.
1932 – Anatoly Larkin, Russian-American physicist and academic (d. 2005), was a Russian theoretical physicist, universally recognised as a leader in theory of condensed matter, and who was also a celebrated teacher of several generations of theorists.
1932 – Enrico Di Giuseppe, American tenor and actor (d. 2005), was a celebrated American operatic tenor who had an active performance career from the late 1950s through the 1990s. He spent most of his career performing in New York City, juggling concurrent performance contracts with both the New York City Opera (NYCO) and the Metropolitan Opera during the 1970s and 1980s.
1928 – Frank E. Resnik, American chemist and businessman (d. 1995). Resnik (October 14, 1928 – April 17, 1995) was CEO (1984–1989) and Chairman (1989–1991) of Philip Morris USA.
1916 – C. Everett Koop, American admiral and surgeon, 13th United States Surgeon General (d. 2013), was an American pediatric surgeon and public health administrator. He was a vice admiral in the Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, and served as the 13th Surgeon General of the United States under President Ronald Reagan from 1982 to 1989.
1914 – Harry Brecheen, American baseball player and coach (d. 2004), was an American left-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball who played most of his career for the St. Louis Cardinals.
1914 – Raymond Davis Jr., American chemist and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2006). He is best known as the leader of the Homestake experiment in the 1960s-1980s, which was the first experiment to detect neutrinos emitted from the Sun; for this he shared the 2002 Nobel Prize in Physics.
1910 – John Wooden, American basketball player and coach (d. 2010), was an American basketball player and head coach at the University of California, Los Angeles. Nicknamed the "Wizard of Westwood," he won ten NCAA national championships in a 12-year period as head coach at UCLA, including a record seven in a row.
1909 – Dorothy Kingsley, American screenwriter and producer (d. 1996), was an American screenwriter, who worked extensively in film, radio and television.
1906 – Hannah Arendt, German-American philosopher and theorist (d. 1975), was a German-American philosopher and political theorist. Her many books and articles on topics ranging from totalitarianism to epistemology have had a lasting influence on political theory.
1906 – Hassan al-Banna, Egyptian religious leader, founded the Muslim Brotherhood (d. 1949), was an Egyptian schoolteacher and imam, best known for founding the Muslim Brotherhood, one of the largest and most influential Islamic revivalist organizations.
1904 – Mikhail Pervukhin, Soviet politician, First Deputy Premier of the Soviet Union (d. 1978), was a Soviet official during the Stalin Era and Khrushchev Era. He served as a First Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers, literally First Vice-Premier of the Soviet Union, from 1955 to 1957.
1900 – W. Edwards Deming, American statistician, author, and academic (d. 1993), was an American engineer, statistician, professor, author, lecturer, and management consultant. Educated initially as an electrical engineer and later specializing in mathematical physics, he helped develop the sampling techniques still used by the U.S.
1894 – E. E. Cummings, American poet and playwright (d. 1962). E." Cummings (October 14, 1894 – September 3, 1962), often styled as e e cummings, as he is attributed in many of his published works, was an American poet, painter, essayist, author, and playwright.
1893 – Lillian Gish, American actress (d. 1993), was an American pioneering actress of the screen and stage, as well as a director and writer. Her film acting career spanned 75 years, from 1912, in silent film shorts, to 1987.
1892 – Sumner Welles, American politician and diplomat, 11th Under Secretary of State (d. 1961), was an American government official and diplomat in the Foreign Service. He was a major foreign policy adviser to President Franklin D.
1890 – Dwight D. Eisenhower, American general and politician, 34th President of the United States (d. 1969), was an American army general and statesman who served as the 34th president of the United States from 1953 to 1961. During World War II, he was a five-star general in the Army and served as Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force in Europe.
1882 – Éamon de Valera, American-Irish rebel and politician, 3rd President of Ireland (d. 1975), was a prominent statesman and political leader in 20th-century Ireland. His political career spanned over half a century, from 1917 to 1973; he served several terms as head of government and head of state.
1853 – John William Kendrick, American engineer and businessman (d. 1924), was chief engineer, general manager and vice-president of the Northern Pacific Railway and later vice-chairman of the board of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway.
1842 – Joe Start, American baseball player and manager (d. 1927), was one of the most durable regulars of baseball's earliest era, and one of the top first basemen of his time. He started his career in 1859, before the advent of organized leagues and paid professionalism, and continued to play regularly until 1886, when he was 43.
1644 – William Penn, English businessman who founded Pennsylvania (d. 1718), was the son of the admiral and politician Sir William Penn. Penn was a writer, early member of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers), and founder of the English North American colony the Province of Pennsylvania.
2015 – Margaret Keyes, American historian and academic (b. 1918)
2014 – Elizabeth Peña, American actress (b. 1959)
2014 – Leonard Liggio, American author and academic (b. 1933)
2013 – Frank Moore, American painter and poet (b. 1946)
2013 – Wally Bell, American baseball player and umpire (b. 1965)
2012 – Arlen Specter, American lieutenant and politician (b. 1930)
2012 – Dody Weston Thompson, American photographer (b. 1923)
2012 – Gart Westerhout, Dutch-American astronomer and academic (b. 1927)
2012 – James R. Grover Jr., American lawyer and politician (b. 1919)
2012 – Larry Sloan, American publisher, co-founded Price Stern Sloan (b. 1922)
2011 – Ashawna Hailey, American computer scientist and philanthropist (b. 1949)
2010 – Benoit Mandelbrot, Polish-American mathematician and economist (b. 1924)
2008 – Robert Furman, American engineer and intelligence officer (b. 1915)
2006 – Freddy Fender, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1937)
2006 – Gerry Studds, American educator and politician (b. 1937)
2000 – Art Coulter, Canadian-American ice hockey player (b. 1909)
2000 – Tony Roper, American race car driver (b. 1964)
1998 – Cleveland Amory, American author and activist (b. 1917)
1998 – Frankie Yankovic, American accordion player (b. 1916)
1997 – Harold Robbins, American author (b. 1915)
1990 – Leonard Bernstein, American pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1918)
1986 – Keenan Wynn, American actor (b. 1916)
1983 – Willard Price, Canadian-American historian and author (b. 1887)
1977 – Bing Crosby, American singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1903)
1973 – Edmund A. Chester, American journalist and broadcaster (b. 1897)
1965 – Randall Jarrell, American poet and author (b. 1914)
1965 – William Hogenson, American sprinter (b. 1884)