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Wednesday 18 October 2017 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances

  • Alaska Day (Alaska, United States)

Events

  • 1967 – The Soviet probe Venera 4 reaches Venus and becomes the first spacecraft to measure the atmosphere of another planet.
  • 1963 – Félicette, a black and white female Parisian stray cat becomes the first cat launched into space.
  • 1954 – Texas Instruments announces the first transistor radio.
  • 1945 – The USSR's nuclear program receives plans for the United States plutonium bomb from Klaus Fuchs at the Los Alamos National Laboratory.
  • 1922 – The British Broadcasting Company (later Corporation) is founded by a consortium, to establish a nationwide network of radio transmitters to provide a national broadcasting service.
  • 1914 – The Schoenstatt Movement is founded in Germany.
  • 1912 – First Balkan War: King Peter I of Serbia issues a declaration "To the Serbian People", as his country joins the war.
  • 1898 – The United States takes possession of Puerto Rico from Spain.
  • 1867 – United States takes possession of Alaska after purchasing it from Russia for $7.2 million. Celebrated annually in the state as Alaska Day.
  • 1851 – Herman Melville's Moby-Dick is first published as The Whale by Richard Bentley of London.
  • 1779 – American Revolutionary War: The Franco-American Siege of Savannah is lifted.
  • 1775 – African-American poet Phillis Wheatley is freed from slavery.
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: The Burning of Falmouth (now Portland, Maine).
  • 1648 – Boston Shoemakers form first American labor organization.
  • 1599 – Michael the Brave, Prince of Wallachia, defeats the Army of Andrew Báthory in the Battle of Șelimbăr, leading to the first recorded unification of the Romanian people.
  • 1565 – Ships belonging to the Matsura clan of Japan fail to capture the Portuguese trading carrack in the Battle of Fukuda Bay, the first recorded naval battle between Japan and the West.

Births

  • 1991 – Tyler Posey, American actor and musician
  • 1990 – Bristol Palin, American public speaker and reality television personality
  • 1990 – Brittney Griner, American professional basketball player
  • 1990 – Drew Crawford, American basketball player
  • 1989 – Laci Green, American YouTube personality, video blogger, sex educator, and activist
  • 1987 – Zac Efron, American actor and singer
  • 1985 – Andrew Garcia, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1984 – Esperanza Spalding, American singer-songwriter and bassist
  • 1984 – Lindsey Vonn, American skier
  • 1982 – Simon Gotch, American wrestler
  • 1981 – Greg Warren, American football player
  • 1979 – Ne-Yo, American singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, and actor
  • 1977 – Flavia Colgan, Brazilian-American journalist
  • 1977 – Ryan Nelsen, New Zealand-American soccer player and coach
  • 1975 – Alex Cora, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1975 – Josh Sawyer, American video game designer
  • 1973 – James Foley, American photographer and journalist (d. 2014)
  • 1973 – Rachel Nichols, American journalist and sportscaster
  • 1970 – Doug Mirabelli, American baseball player and coach
  • 1967 – Eric Stuart, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and voice actor
  • 1966 – Dave Price, American journalist and game show host
  • 1965 – Curtis Stigers, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1964 – Dan Lilker, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1962 – Vincent Spano, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1961 – Rick Moody, American author and composer
  • 1961 – Wynton Marsalis, American trumpet player, composer, and educator
  • 1960 – Erin Moran, American actress (d. 2017)
  • 1959 – John Nord, American wrestler
  • 1959 – Kirby Chambliss, American pilot
  • 1959 – Milcho Manchevski, Macedonian-American director and screenwriter
  • 1958 – Thomas Hearns, American boxer
  • 1957 – Jon Lindstrom, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1956 – Craig Bartlett, American animator, producer, screenwriter, and voice actor
  • 1956 – Jim Talent, American lawyer and politician
  • 1956 – Martina Navratilova, Czech-American tennis player and coach
  • 1955 – David Twohy, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1955 – Stu Mead, American painter and illustrator
  • 1955 – Vanessa Briscoe Hay, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1954 – Arliss Howard, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1952 – Allen Ripley, American baseball player (d. 2014)
  • 1952 – Chuck Lorre, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1952 – Jerry Royster, American baseball player, coach, and manager
  • 1952 – Paul Geroski, American-English economist and academic (d. 2005)
  • 1951 – Mike Antonovich, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1951 – Pam Dawber, American actress and producer
  • 1951 – Terry McMillan, American author and screenwriter
  • 1950 – Wendy Wasserstein, American playwright and author (d. 2006)
  • 1949 – Gary Richrath, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1949 – George Hendrick, American baseball player and coach
  • 1948 – Ntozake Shange, American author, poet, and playwright
  • 1947 – Laura Nyro, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1997)
  • 1946 – Frank Beamer, American football player and coach
  • 1946 – James Robert Baker, American author and screenwriter (d. 1997)
  • 1945 – Chris Shays, American politician
  • 1945 – Huell Howser, American television host and actor (d. 2013)
  • 1941 – Martha Burk, American psychologist and author
  • 1940 – Cynthia Weil, American songwriter
  • 1939 – Lee Harvey Oswald, American assassin of John F. Kennedy (d. 1963)
  • 1939 – Mike Ditka, American football player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1938 – Dawn Wells, American model and actress, Miss Nevada 1959
  • 1938 – Robert Dove, American lawyer and politician
  • 1935 – Peter Boyle, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1934 – Inger Stevens, Swedish-American actress (d. 1970)
  • 1933 – Forrest Gregg, American football player and coach
  • 1933 – Irwin M. Jacobs, American electrical engineer, businessman, and entrepreneur
  • 1931 – Chris Albertson, Icelandic-American historian, journalist, and producer
  • 1930 – Esther Hautzig, Lithuanian-American author (d. 2009)
  • 1929 – Hillard Elkins, American producer and manager (d. 2010)
  • 1928 – Keith Jackson, American sportscaster and actor
  • 1927 – George C. Scott, American actor and director (d. 1999)
  • 1927 – Marv Rotblatt, American baseball player (d. 2013)
  • 1926 – Chuck Berry, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2017)
  • 1926 – Klaus Kinski, German-American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1991)
  • 1923 – Jessie Mae Hemphill, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2008)
  • 1921 – Jerry Cooke, Ukrainian-American photographer and journalist (d. 2005)
  • 1921 – Jesse Helms, American soldier, journalist, and politician (d. 2008)
  • 1919 – Anita O'Day, American singer (d. 2006)
  • 1919 – Camilla Williams, American soprano and educator (d. 2012)
  • 1918 – Bobby Troup, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor (d. 1999)
  • 1915 – Victor Sen Yung, American actor (d. 1980)
  • 1906 – James Brooks, American painter and educator (d. 1992)
  • 1904 – A. J. Liebling, American journalist and author (d. 1963)
  • 1902 – Miriam Hopkins, American actress (d. 1972)
  • 1900 – Evelyn Berckman, American author, known for her detective and Gothic horror novels (d. 1978)
  • 1897 – Isabel Briggs Myers, American theorist and author (d. 1980)
  • 1894 – H. L. Davis, American author and poet (d. 1960)
  • 1881 – Max Gerson, German-born American physician (d. 1959)
  • 1878 – James Truslow Adams, American historian and author (d. 1949)
  • 1874 – Christine Murrell, English medical doctor, first female member of the British Medical Association's Central Council (d. 1933)
  • 1865 – Logan Pearsall Smith, American-English author and critic (d. 1946)
  • 1836 – Frederick August Otto Schwarz, American businessman, founded FAO Schwarz (d. 1911)
  • 1596 – Edward Winslow, American Pilgrim leader (d. 1655)

Deaths

  • 2015 – Frank Watkins, American bass player (b. 1968)
  • 2015 – Paul West, English-American author, poet, and academic (b. 1930)
  • 2015 – Robert W. Farquhar, American engineer (b. 1932)
  • 2014 – Edward Regan, American academic and politician (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Sidney Shapiro, American-Chinese author and translator (b. 1915)
  • 2013 – Bill Young, American sergeant and politician (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Bum Phillips, American football player and coach (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Tom Foley, American lawyer and politician, 57th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1929)
  • 2012 – Albert Lee Ueltschi, American pilot and businessman, founded FlightSafety International (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Brain Damage, American wrestler (b. 1977)
  • 2012 – David S. Ware, American saxophonist and composer (b. 1949)
  • 2012 – George Mattos, American pole vaulter (b. 1929)
  • 2012 – Slater Martin, American basketball player and coach (b. 1925)
  • 2010 – Marion Brown, American saxophonist and musicologist (b. 1931)
  • 2009 – Nancy Spero, American painter and academic (b. 1926)
  • 2008 – Dee Dee Warwick, American singer (b. 1945)
  • 2007 – Vincent DeDomenico, American businessman, founded the Napa Valley Wine Train (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – William J. Crowe, American admiral and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – Bill King, American sportscaster (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Preston Smith, American businessman and politician, 40th Governor of Texas (b. 1912)
  • 2000 – Gwen Verdon, American actress and dancer (b. 1925)
  • 2000 – Julie London, American singer and actress (b. 1926)
  • 1984 – Jon-Erik Hexum, American actor (b. 1957).
  • 1983 – Willie Jones, American baseball player (b. 1925)
  • 1982 – Bess Truman, American wife of Harry S. Truman, 40th First Lady of the United States (b. 1885)
  • 1982 – Dwain Esper, American director and producer (b. 1892)
  • 1980 – Edwin Way Teale, American photographer and author (b. 1899)
  • 1977 – Gudrun Ensslin, German militant leader, founded the Red Army Faction (b. 1940)
  • 1975 – Al Lettieri, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1975 – K. C. Douglas, American rural blues singer (b. 1913)
  • 1973 – Leo Strauss, German-American political scientist, philosopher, and academic (b. 1899)
  • 1973 – Margaret Caroline Anderson, American publisher, founded The Little Review (b. 1886)
  • 1973 – Walt Kelly, American illustrator and animator (b. 1913)
  • 1966 – Elizabeth Arden, Canadian-American businesswoman, founded Elizabeth Arden, Inc. (b. 1878)
  • 1966 – S. S. Kresge, American businessman, founded Kmart (b. 1867)
  • 1965 – Henry Travers, Irish-American actor (b. 1874)
  • 1961 – Tsuru Aoki, Japanese-American actress (b. 1892)
  • 1935 – Gaston Lachaise, French-American sculptor (b. 1882)
  • 1933 – Christine Murrell, English medical doctor, first female member of the British Medical Association's Central Council (b. 1874)
  • 1931 – Thomas Edison, American engineer and businessman, invented the light bulb and phonograph (b. 1847)
  • 1892 – William W. Chapman, American lawyer and politician (b. 1808)
  • 1889 – Antonio Meucci, Italian-American engineer (b. 1808)
  • 1876 – Francis Preston Blair, American journalist (b. 1791)
  • 1871 – Charles Babbage, English mathematician and engineer, invented the mechanical computer (b. 1791)
Wednesday 18 October 2017
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Wednesday 18 October 2017
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