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Friday 19 October 2018 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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October 19 Events

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Calendars: New Zealand

Holidays and observances

  • Constitution Day, in honor of the country's independence (self-governing in free association with New Zealand) in 1974. (Niue)

Events

  • In 2017 NASA announces that the Dawn spacecraft mission around the dwarf planet Ceres would be extended until the hydrazine fuel in the spacecraft runs out, possibly in the second half of 2018; afterwards, the spacecraft is expected to remain in a stable orbit around Ceres indefinitely.
  • 1987 – The United States Navy conducts Operation Nimble Archer, an attack on two Iranian oil platforms in the Persian Gulf.
  • 1960 – Cold War: The United States government imposes a near-total trade embargo against Cuba.
  • 1950 – Iran becomes the first country to accept technical assistance from the United States under the Point Four Program.
  • 1944 – United States forces land in the Philippines.
  • 1943 – Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University.
  • 1914 – The First Battle of Ypres begins.
  • 1904 – Polytechnic University of the Philippines is founded as Manila Business School through the superintendence of the American C.A. O'Reilley.
  • 1900 – Max Planck discovers the law of black-body radiation (Planck's law).
  • 1789 – John Jay is sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the United States.
  • 1386 – The Universität Heidelberg holds its first lecture, making it the oldest German university.

Births

  • 1993 – Abby Sunderland, American sailor
  • 1991 – Colton Dixon, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1983 – Cara Santa Maria, American neuroscientist and blogger
  • 1982 – Gillian Jacobs, American actress and director
  • 1980 – Rajai Davis, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Brian Robertson, American trombonist
  • 1977 – Jason Reitman, Canadian-American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1976 – Desmond Harrington, American actor
  • 1976 – Michael Young, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Omar Gooding, American actor and producer
  • 1972 – Keith Foulke, American baseball player
  • 1970 – Chris Kattan, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1969 – John Edward, American psychic and author
  • 1969 – Trey Parker, American actor, animator, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1968 – Rodney Carrington, American comedian, actor, and singer
  • 1967 – Amy Carter, American illustrator and activist
  • 1966 – David Vann (writer), American novelist and short story writer
  • 1966 – Jon Favreau, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1965 – Brad Daugherty, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1964 – Ty Pennington, American model, carpenter and television host
  • 1962 – Brian Henninger, American golfer
  • 1962 – Evander Holyfield, American boxer and actor
  • 1962 – Tracy Chevalier, American-English author
  • 1960 – Ayuo Takahashi, Japanese-American singer-songwriter
  • 1960 – Jennifer Holliday, American actress and singer
  • 1960 – Susan Straight, American author and academic
  • 1958 – Michael Steele, American journalist and politician, 7th Lieutenant Governor of Maryland
  • 1957 – Dorinda Clark-Cole, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1957 – Ray Richmond, American journalist and critic
  • 1956 – Bruce Weber, American basketball player and coach
  • 1956 – Grover Norquist, American activist, founded Americans for Tax Reform
  • 1956 – Steve Doocy, American journalist and author
  • 1955 – Dan Gutman, American author
  • 1954 – Deborah Blum, American journalist and author
  • 1954 – Joe Bryant, American basketball player and coach
  • 1953 – Lionel Hollins, American basketball player and coach
  • 1951 – Kurt Schrader, American veterinarian and politician
  • 1949 – Lynn Dickey, American football player and radio host
  • 1948 – Dave Mallow, American voice actor and screenwriter
  • 1948 – James Howard Kunstler, American author and critic
  • 1948 – Patrick Simmons, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1945 – Angus Deaton, Scottish-American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1945 – Divine, American drag queen performer, and actor (d. 1988)
  • 1945 – Gloria Jones, American singer-songwriter
  • 1945 – Jeannie C. Riley, American singer
  • 1945 – John Lithgow, American actor
  • 1945 – Patricia Ireland, American lawyer and activist
  • 1944 – George McCrae, American singer
  • 1943 – L. E. Modesitt, Jr., American author and poet
  • 1942 – Andrew Vachss, American lawyer and author
  • 1940 – Larry Chance, American singer-songwriter
  • 1937 – Peter Max, German-American illustrator
  • 1936 – James Bevel, American civil rights activist and minister (d. 2008)
  • 1935 – Don Ward, Canadian-American ice hockey player (d. 2014)
  • 1934 – Dave Guard, American folk music singer-songwriter, arranger, and musician (d. 1991)
  • 1932 – Robert Reed, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1931 – Ed Emberley, American author and illustrator
  • 1928 – Lou Scheimer, American animator, producer, and voice actor, co-founded the Filmation Company (d. 2013)
  • 1926 – Joel Feinberg, American philosopher and academic (d. 2004)
  • 1926 – Marjorie Tallchief, American ballerina
  • 1926 – Vladimir Shlapentokh, Ukrainian-American sociologist, historian, political scientist, and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1923 – Ruth Carter Stevenson, American art collector, founded the Amon Carter Museum of American Art (d. 2013)
  • 1922 – Jack Anderson, American journalist and author (d. 2005)
  • 1921 – George Nader, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – LaWanda Page, American actress (d. 2002)
  • 1918 – Robert Schwarz Strauss, American lawyer and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Russia (d. 2014)
  • 1918 – Russell Kirk, American theorist and author (d. 1994)
  • 1917 – Walter Munk, Austrian-American oceanographer, author, and academic
  • 1917 – William Joel Blass, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1916 – Minoru Yasui, American soldier, lawyer, and activist (d. 1986)
  • 1914 – Juanita Moore, American actress (d. 2014)
  • 1910 – Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Indian-American astrophysicist, astronomer, and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
  • 1907 – Roger Wolfe Kahn, American bandleader and composer (d. 1962)
  • 1901 – Arleigh Burke, American admiral (d. 1996)
  • 1896 – Bob O'Farrell, American baseball player and manager (d. 1988)
  • 1895 – Frank Durbin, American soldier (d. 1999)
  • 1895 – Lewis Mumford, American historian, sociologist, and philosopher (d. 1990)
  • 1885 – Charles E. Merrill, American banker and philanthropist, co-founded Merrill Lynch Wealth Management (d. 1956)
  • 1879 – Emma Bell Miles, American writer, poet, and artist (d. 1919)
  • 1876 – Mordecai Brown, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1945)
  • 1873 – Bart King, American cricketer (d. 1965)
  • 1868 – Bertha Knight Landes, American academic and politician, Mayor of Seattle (d. 1943)
  • 1850 – Annie Smith Peck, American mountaineer and academic (d. 1935)
  • 1810 – Cassius Marcellus Clay, American journalist, lawyer, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Russia (d. 1903)
  • 1720 – John Woolman, American-English preacher, journalist, and activist (d. 1772)

Deaths

  • 2016 – Phil Chess, Czech-American record producer, co-founded Chess Records (b. 1921)
  • 2015 – Bill Daley, American football player and sportscaster (b. 1919)
  • 2015 – Leon Bramlett, American football player and politician (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – Serena Shim, Lebanese-American journalist (b. 1984)
  • 2014 – Stephen Paulus, American composer (b. 1949)
  • 2013 – John Bergamo, American drummer and composer (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Mahmoud Zoufonoun, Iranian-American violinist and composer (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Ronald Shannon Jackson, American drummer and composer (b. 1940)
  • 2012 – Mike Graham, American wrestler (b. 1951)
  • 2010 – Tom Bosley, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 2009 – Howard Unruh, American murderer (b. 1921)
  • 2009 – Joseph Wiseman, Canadian-American actor (b. 1918)
  • 2008 – Richard Blackwell, American actor, fashion designer, and critic (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Randall Forsberg, American activist and author (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Winifred Asprey, American mathematician and computer scientist (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – James Glennon, American cinematographer (b. 1942)
  • 2006 – Phyllis Kirk, American actress (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Ryan Dallas Cook, American trombonist (b. 1982)
  • 2003 – Margaret Murie, American environmentalist and author (b. 1902)
  • 2003 – Road Warrior Hawk, American wrestler (b. 1960)
  • 1999 – James C. Murray, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (b. 1917)
  • 1997 – Glen Buxton, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1947)
  • 1995 – Don Cherry, American trumpet player (b. 1936)
  • 1994 – Martha Raye, American actress and comedian (b. 1916)
  • 1988 – Son House, American singer and guitarist (b. 1902)
  • 1986 – Dele Giwa, Nigerian journalist, co-founded Newswatch Magazine (b. 1947)
  • 1978 – Gig Young, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1969 – Lacey Hearn, American sprinter (b. 1881)
  • 1965 – Edward Willis Redfield, American painter and educator (b. 1869)
  • 1956 – Isham Jones, American saxophonist, songwriter, and bandleader (b. 1894)
  • 1952 – Edward S. Curtis, American ethnologist and photographer (b. 1868)
  • 1950 – Edna St. Vincent Millay, American poet and playwright (b. 1892)
  • 1945 – N. C. Wyeth, American painter and illustrator (b. 1882)
  • 1918 – Harold Lockwood, American actor (b. 1887)
  • 1901 – Carl Frederik Tietgen, Danish businessman and philanthropist, founded GN Store Nord (b. 1829)
  • 1897 – George Pullman, American engineer and businessman, founded the Pullman Company (b. 1831)
  • 1893 – Lucy Stone, American activist (b. 1818)
  • 1856 – William Sprague III, American businessman and politician, 14th Governor of Rhode Island (b. 1799)
  • 1790 – Lyman Hall, American physician and politician, 16th Governor of Georgia (b. 1724)
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