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27

Saturday 27 October 2018 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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October 27 Events

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Calendars: United Kingdom

Holidays and observances

  • Black Cat Appreciation Day (United Kingdom)
  • Navy Day (United States) (unofficial, official date is October 13)

Events

  • In 2016 researchers at UC Santa Barbara design a functional nanoscale computing element that could, in theory, be packed into a space no bigger than 50 nanometers on any side.
  • In 2016 the Living Planet assessment, by the Zoological Society of London (ZSL) and WWF, reports that vertebrate wildlife populations have fallen by 58% globally since 1970, and suggests this figure may reach two-thirds among vertebrates by 2020.
  • 1994 – Gliese 229B is the first Substellar Mass Object to be unquestionably identified.
  • 1992 – United States Navy radioman Allen R. Schindler, Jr. is murdered by shipmate Terry M. Helvey for being gay, precipitating debate about gays in the military that resulted in the United States "Don't ask, don't tell" military policy.
  • 1962 – Major Rudolf Anderson of the United States Air Force becomes the only direct human casualty of the Cuban Missile Crisis when his U-2 reconnaissance airplane is shot down over Cuba by a Soviet-supplied SA-2 Guideline surface-to-air missile.
  • 1961 – NASA tests the first Saturn I rocket in Mission Saturn-Apollo 1.
  • 1958 – Iskander Mirza, the first President of Pakistan, is deposed in a bloodless coup d'état by General Ayub Khan, who had been appointed the enforcer of martial law by Mirza 20 days earlier.
  • 1954 – Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. becomes the first African-American general in the United States Air Force.
  • 1930 – Ratifications exchanged in London for the first London Naval Treaty, signed in April modifying the 1925 Washington Naval Treaty and the arms limitation treaty's modified provisions, go into effect immediately, further limiting the expensive naval arms race among its five signatories.
  • 1924 – The Uzbek SSR is founded in the Soviet Union.
  • 1914 – The British lose their first battleship of World War I: The British super-dreadnought battleship HMS Audacious (23,400 tons) is sunk off Tory Island, north-west of Ireland, by a minefield laid by the armed German merchant-cruiser Berlin. The loss was kept an official secret in Britain until 14 November 1918 (three days after the end of the war). The sinking was witnessed and photographed by passengers on RMS Olympic sister ship of RMS Titanic.
  • 1904 – The first underground New York City Subway line opens; the system becomes the biggest in United States, and one of the biggest in world.
  • 1810 – United States annexes the former Spanish colony of West Florida.
  • 1795 – The United States and Spain sign the Treaty of Madrid, which establishes the boundaries between Spanish colonies and the U.S.
  • 1682 – Philadelphia is established in the Colonial American Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
  • 939 – Æthelstan, the first King of England, died and was succeeded by his half-brother, Edmund I.
  • 312 – Constantine the Great is said to have received his famous Vision of the Cross.

Births

  • 1997 – Lonzo Ball, American basketball player
  • 1992 – Brandon Saad, American ice hockey player
  • 1992 – Emily Hagins, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1989 – Mark Barron, American football player
  • 1988 – Brady Ellison, American archer
  • 1988 – Evan Turner, American basketball player
  • 1987 – Andrew Bynum, American basketball player
  • 1986 – Jon Niese, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Brady Quinn, American football player
  • 1983 – Brent Clevlen, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Patrick Fugit, American actor and producer
  • 1977 – Sheeri Rappaport, American actress
  • 1976 – Bobby Fish, American professional wrestler
  • 1976 – Maneet Chauhan, Indian-American chef and author
  • 1975 – Aron Ralston, American mountaineer and engineer
  • 1973 – Jason Johnson, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Brad Radke, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Evan Coyne Maloney, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1967 – Scott Weiland, American singer-songwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1967 – Steve Almond, American author and educator
  • 1964 – Mary T. Meagher, American swimmer
  • 1963 – Marla Maples, American model and actress
  • 1960 – Tom Nieto, American baseball player, coach, and manager
  • 1959 – Rick Carlisle, American basketball player and coach
  • 1958 – David Hazeltine, American pianist and composer
  • 1958 – Felix Wurman, American cellist and composer (d. 2009)
  • 1958 – Lee Carter, American lawyer and judge
  • 1957 – Peter Marc Jacobson, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1956 – Patty Sheehan, American golfer
  • 1955 – Debra Bowen, American lawyer and politician, 31st Secretary of State of California
  • 1954 – Jan Duursema, American illustrator
  • 1954 – Mike Kelley (artist), American artist and musician (d. 2012)
  • 1953 – Robert Picardo, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1952 – Francis Fukuyama, American political scientist, economist, and author
  • 1951 – Jayne Kennedy, American model, actress, and sportscaster
  • 1951 – Nancy Jacobs, American politician
  • 1950 – Fran Lebowitz, American author
  • 1946 – Steven R. Nagel, American colonel, engineer, and astronaut (d. 2014)
  • 1945 – Carrie Snodgress, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1944 – J. A. Jance, American author and poet
  • 1943 – Carmen Argenziano, American actor and producer
  • 1943 – Jerry Rook, American basketball player and coach
  • 1942 – Lee Greenwood, American singer-songwriter
  • 1941 – Dave Costa, American football player (d. 2013)
  • 1941 – Dick Trickle, American race car driver (d. 2013)
  • 1940 – John Gotti, American mob boss (d. 2002)
  • 1940 – Maxine Hong Kingston, American author and academic
  • 1939 – Suzy Covey, American scholar and academic (d. 2007)
  • 1937 – Lara Parker, American actress and author
  • 1936 – Neil Sheehan, American journalist and author
  • 1935 – Charlie Tagawa, Japanese-American banjo player and educator
  • 1935 – Frank Adonis, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1933 – Floyd Cramer, American singer and pianist (d. 1997)
  • 1932 – Dolores Moore, American baseball player (d. 2000)
  • 1932 – Sylvia Plath, American poet, novelist, and short story writer (d. 1963)
  • 1929 – Bill George, American football player (d. 1982)
  • 1929 – Myra Carter, American actress (d. 2016)
  • 1927 – Dominick Argento, American composer and educator
  • 1926 – H. R. Haldeman, American businessman and diplomat, 4th White House Chief of Staff (d. 1993)
  • 1925 – Jane Connell, American actress and singer (d. 2013)
  • 1925 – Warren Christopher, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 63rd United States Secretary of State (d. 2011)
  • 1924 – Bonnie Lou, American singer-songwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1923 – Ned Wertimer, American actor (d. 2013)
  • 1923 – Roy Lichtenstein, American painter and sculptor (d. 1997)
  • 1922 – Ralph Kiner, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2014)
  • 1922 – Ruby Dee, American actress and poet (d. 2014)
  • 1921 – Warren Allen Smith, American journalist, author, and activist
  • 1920 – Nanette Fabray, American actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1918 – Teresa Wright, American actress and singer (d. 2005)
  • 1913 – Joe Medicine Crow, American anthropologist, historian, and author (d. 2016)
  • 1910 – Jack Carson, Canadian-American actor and singer (d. 1963)
  • 1910 – Margaret Hutchinson Rousseau, American chemical engineer (d. 2000)
  • 1908 – Lee Krasner, American painter (d. 1984)
  • 1906 – Earle Cabell, American banker and politician, Mayor of Dallas (d. 1975)
  • 1906 – Peter Blume, Belarusian-American painter and sculptor (d. 1992)
  • 1877 – Walt Kuhn, American painter and academic (d. 1949)
  • 1872 – Emily Post, American author, founded The Emily Post Institute (d. 1960)
  • 1858 – Theodore Roosevelt, American colonel and politician, 26th President of the United States, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1919)
  • 1854 – William Alexander Smith, Scottish religious leader, founded the Boys' Brigade (d. 1914)
  • 1838 – John Davis Long, American lawyer and politician, 34th United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1915)
  • 1814 – Daniel H. Wells, American religious leader and politician, 3rd Mayor of Salt Lake City (d. 1891)
  • 1811 – Isaac Singer, American actor and businessman, founded the Singer Corporation (d. 1875)
  • 1811 – Stevens T. Mason, American lawyer and politician, 1st Governor of Michigan (d. 1843)
  • 1806 – Juan Seguín, American colonel, judge, and politician, 101st Mayor of San Antonio (d. 1890)

Deaths

  • 2015 – Betsy Drake, French-American actress and singer (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – Starke Taylor, American soldier and politician, mayor of Dallas (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Leonard Herzenberg, American immunologist, geneticist, and academic (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – Lou Reed, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor (b. 1942)
  • 2012 – Rodney S. Quinn, American colonel, pilot, and politician, 44th Secretary of State of Maine (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Terry Callier, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1945)
  • 2011 – James Hillman, American psychologist and author (b. 1926)
  • 2011 – Robert Pritzker, American businessman, co-founded Marmon Group (b. 1926)
  • 2009 – August Coppola, American author and academic (b. 1934)
  • 2009 – John David Carson, American actor (b. 1952)
  • 2008 – Ray Ellis, American conductor and producer (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Brad Will, American journalist and activist (b. 1970)
  • 2006 – Joe Niekro, American baseball player (b. 1944)
  • 2006 – Marlin McKeever, American football player (b. 1940)
  • 2005 – Jerry Cooke, Ukrainian-American photographer and journalist (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – Lester Lanin, American bandleader (b. 1907)
  • 2003 – Rod Roddy, American game show announcer (b. 1937)
  • 2003 – Stephanie Tyrell, American songwriter and producer (b. 1949)
  • 2002 – Tom Dowd, American record producer and engineer (b. 1925)
  • 1999 – Robert Mills, American physicist and academic (b. 1927)
  • 1992 – Allen R. Schindler, Jr. American sailor (b. 1969)
  • 1992 – David Bohm, American-English physicist and philosopher (b. 1917)
  • 1990 – Elliott Roosevelt, American general and author (b. 1910)
  • 1990 – Xavier Cugat, Spanish-American violinist, bandleader, and actor (b. 1900)
  • 1980 – John Hasbrouck Van Vleck, American physicist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1977 – James M. Cain, American journalist and author (b. 1892)
  • 1975 – Rex Stout, American detective novelist (b. 1886)
  • 1962 – Rudolf Anderson, American soldier and pilot (b. 1927)
  • 1947 – William Fay, Irish actor and producer, co-founded the Abbey Theatre (b. 1872)
  • 1930 – Ellen Hayes, American mathematician and astronomer (b. 1851)
  • 1926 – Warren Wood, American golfer and soldier (b. 1887)
  • 1789 – John Cook, American farmer and politician, 6th Governor of Delaware (b. 1730)
Saturday 27 October 2018
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Saturday 27 October 2018
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