Tuesday 27 October 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
: United Nations Holidays
, Worldwide Holidays
, Career Holidays (Recognition Holidays)
, Environmental Dates
, Food holidays
, Health Calendar
, Pet and Animal Holidays
, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
, United Kingdom
, Unusual Holidays
Holidays and observances
- In 2016 researchers at UC Santa Barbara design a functional nanoscale computing element that could, in theory, be packed into a space no bigger than 50 nanometers on any side.
- In 2016 the Living Planet assessment, by the Zoological Society of London (ZSL) and WWF, reports that vertebrate wildlife populations have fallen by 58% globally since 1970, and suggests this figure may reach two-thirds among vertebrates by 2020.
- 1994 – Gliese 229B is the first Substellar Mass Object to be unquestionably identified.
- 1992 – United States Navy radioman Allen R. Schindler, Jr. is murdered by shipmate Terry M. Helvey for being gay, precipitating debate about gays in the military that resulted in the United States "Don't ask, don't tell" military policy.
- 1962 – Major Rudolf Anderson of the United States Air Force becomes the only direct human casualty of the Cuban Missile Crisis when his U-2 reconnaissance airplane is shot down over Cuba by a Soviet-supplied SA-2 Guideline surface-to-air missile.
- 1961 – NASA tests the first Saturn I rocket in Mission Saturn-Apollo 1.
- 1958 – Iskander Mirza, the first President of Pakistan, is deposed in a bloodless coup d'état by General Ayub Khan, who had been appointed the enforcer of martial law by Mirza 20 days earlier.
- 1954 – Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. becomes the first African-American general in the United States Air Force.
- 1930 – Ratifications exchanged in London for the first London Naval Treaty, signed in April modifying the 1925 Washington Naval Treaty and the arms limitation treaty's modified provisions, go into effect immediately, further limiting the expensive naval arms race among its five signatories.
- 1924 – The Uzbek SSR is founded in the Soviet Union.
- 1914 – The British lose their first battleship of World War I: The British super-dreadnought battleship HMS Audacious (23,400 tons) is sunk off Tory Island, north-west of Ireland, by a minefield laid by the armed German merchant-cruiser Berlin. The loss was kept an official secret in Britain until 14 November 1918 (three days after the end of the war). The sinking was witnessed and photographed by passengers on RMS Olympic sister ship of RMS Titanic.
- 1904 – The first underground New York City Subway line opens; the system becomes the biggest in United States, and one of the biggest in world.
- 1810 – United States annexes the former Spanish colony of West Florida.
- 1795 – The United States and Spain sign the Treaty of Madrid, which establishes the boundaries between Spanish colonies and the U.S.
- 1682 – Philadelphia is established in the Colonial American Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
- 939 – Æthelstan, the first King of England, died and was succeeded by his half-brother, Edmund I.
- 312 – Constantine the Great is said to have received his famous Vision of the Cross.
- 1997 – Lonzo Ball, American basketball player. Lonzo Anderson Ball (born October 27, 1997) is an American professional basketball player for the New Orleans Pelicans of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
- 1992 – Brandon Saad, American ice hockey player. Brandon Saad (born October 27, 1992) is an American professional ice hockey player for the Chicago Blackhawks of the National Hockey League (NHL).
- 1992 – Emily Hagins, American director, producer, and screenwriter. Emily Hagins (born October 27, 1992) is a Los Angeles-based filmmaker.
- 1989 – Mark Barron, American football player. Mark Barron (born October 27, 1989) is an American football linebacker for the Pittsburgh Steelers of the National Football League (NFL).
- 1988 – Brady Ellison, American archer. Brady 'The Arizona Cowboy' Ellison (born October 27, 1988) is an American archer who competes in recurve archery.
- 1988 – Evan Turner, American basketball player. Evan Marcel Turner (born October 27, 1988) is an American professional basketball player for the Atlanta Hawks of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
- 1987 – Andrew Bynum, American basketball player. After they selected him in the first round of the 2005 NBA draft with the 10th overall pick, the 7-foot-0-inch (2.13 m) center won two NBA championships with the team in 2009 and 2010.
- 1986 – Jon Niese, American baseball player. He has played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the New York Mets and Pittsburgh Pirates.
- 1984 – Brady Quinn, American football player. Brayden Tyler "Brady" Quinn (born October 27, 1984) is a former American football quarterback and current college football and NFL game analyst for Fox Sports.
- 1983 – Brent Clevlen, American baseball player. Brent Aaron Clevlen (born October 27, 1983) is an American professional baseball outfielder who has played parts of four major leagues seasons with the Detroit Tigers and Atlanta Braves and is now managing for the Cleburne Railroaders of the American Association.
- 1982 – Patrick Fugit, American actor and producer. He has appeared in the films Almost Famous (2000), White Oleander (2002), Saved! (2004) and Wristcutters: A Love Story (2007), and portrayed Kyle Barnes in the Cinemax series Outcast.
- 1977 – Sheeri Rappaport, American actress. She is most famous for portraying lab technician Mandy Webster on CSI: Crime Scene Investigation.
- 1976 – Bobby Fish, American professional wrestler. He is a member and co-founder of The Undisputed Era (alongside Adam Cole, Roderick Strong, and Kyle O'Reilly) and is the current NXT Tag Team Champion alongside O'Reilly in their second reign.
- 1976 – Maneet Chauhan, Indian-American chef and author. She has appeared on The Next Iron Chef, on The View on ABC, Iron Chef America, the Today show on NBC, and as a judge on the finale of Worst Cooks in America on Food Network.
- 1975 – Aron Ralston, American mountaineer and engineer. Aron Lee Ralston (born October 27, 1975) is an American outdoorsman, mechanical engineer and motivational speaker known for surviving a canyoneering accident by cutting off his own arm.
- 1972 – Brad Radke, American baseball player. Brad William Radke (born October 27, 1972) is a former Major League Baseball right-handed pitcher who played his entire 12 season career with the Minnesota Twins.
- 1972 – Evan Coyne Maloney, American director, producer, and screenwriter. Evan Coyne Maloney (born October 27, 1972), is an American documentary filmmaker, the editor of the website Brain Terminal and a video blogger.
- 1967 – Scott Weiland, American singer-songwriter (d. 2015), was an American musician, singer and songwriter. During a career spanning three decades, Weiland was best known as the lead singer of the band Stone Temple Pilots from 1989 to 2002 and 2008 to 2013, making six records with them.
- 1967 – Steve Almond, American author and educator. Steve Almond (born October 27, 1966) is an American short-story writer, essayist and author of ten books, three of which are self-published.
- 1964 – Mary T. Meagher, American swimmer. Mary Terstegge Meagher Plant (born October 27, 1964) is an American former competition swimmer, Olympic champion, and world record-holder.
- 1963 – Marla Maples, American model and actress. They married in 1993 and divorced in 1999, and had one child together, Tiffany Trump.
- 1960 – Tom Nieto, American baseball player, coach, and manager. Thomas Andrew Nieto (born October 27, 1960), is an American former professional baseball catcher, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the St.
- 1959 – Rick Carlisle, American basketball player and coach. Richard Preston Carlisle (/ˈkɑːrlaɪl/ KAR-lyle; born October 27, 1959) is an American basketball coach and former player who is the head coach of the Dallas Mavericks of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
- 1958 – David Hazeltine, American pianist and composer. David Perry Hazeltine (born October 27, 1958) is an American jazz pianist, composer, arranger, and educator.
- 1958 – Felix Wurman, American cellist and composer (d. 2009). Wurman was the son of Hans Wurman, a Jewish composer and pianist who had escaped from Austria during the Anschluss period of Nazi rule.
- 1957 – Peter Marc Jacobson, American actor, director, and producer. He was often credited as Peter Marc in his early acting roles.
- 1956 – Patty Sheehan, American golfer. She is a member of the World Golf Hall of Fame.
- 1955 – Debra Bowen, American lawyer and politician, 31st Secretary of State of California, was the Secretary of State of California from 2007 to 2015. Previously, she was a member of the California State Legislature from 1992 to 2006.
- 1954 – Jan Duursema, American illustrator. Jan Duursema (born October 27, 1954) is an American comics artist known for her work on the Star Wars comics franchise.
- 1954 – Mike Kelley (artist), American artist and musician (d. 2012). Michael "Mike" Kelley (October 27, 1954 in Wayne, Michigan – c.
- 1953 – Robert Picardo, American actor, director, and screenwriter. Dick Richards on ABC's China Beach; the Emergency Medical Hologram (EMH), also known as The Doctor, on Star Trek: Voyager; the Cowboy in Innerspace, Coach Cutlip on The Wonder Years (where he received an Emmy nomination); Ben Wheeler in Wagons East; and as Richard Woolsey in the Stargate television franchise.
- 1952 – Francis Fukuyama, American political scientist, economist, and author. However, his subsequent book Trust: Social Virtues and Creation of Prosperity (1995) modified his earlier position to acknowledge that culture cannot be cleanly separated from economics.
- 1951 – Jayne Kennedy, American model, actress, and sportscaster. Jayne Kennedy Overton (née Harrison) is an American television personality, actress, model, corporate spokeswoman, producer, writer, public speaker, philanthropist, beauty pageant titleholder and sports broadcaster.
- 1951 – Nancy Jacobs, American politician. Nancy Jacobs (born October 27, 1951 in West Virginia) is a Maryland State Senator representing District 34.
- 1950 – Fran Lebowitz, American author. Some reviewers have called her a modern-day Dorothy Parker.
- 1946 – Steven R. Nagel, American colonel, engineer, and astronaut (d. 2014), was an American astronaut, aeronautical and mechanical engineer, test pilot, and a United States Air Force pilot. In total, he logged 723 hours in space.
- 1945 – Carrie Snodgress, American actress (d. 2004). She is best remembered for her role in the film Diary of a Mad Housewife (1970), for which she was nominated for an Oscar and a BAFTA Award as well as winning two Golden Globes and two Laurel Awards.
- 1944 – J. A. Jance, American author and poet. She writes at least three series of novels, centering on retired Seattle Police Department Detective J.
- 1943 – Carmen Argenziano, American actor and producer, was an American actor who has appeared in over 50 movies and around 100 television movies or episodes. He is best known for playing Jacob Carter on Stargate SG-1.
- 1943 – Jerry Rook, American basketball player and coach. Rook (October 27, 1943 – August 25, 2019) was an American basketball player, best known for his success at Arkansas State University.
- 1942 – Lee Greenwood, American singer-songwriter. Melvin Lee Greenwood (born October 27, 1942) is an American country music artist.
- 1941 – Dave Costa, American football player (d. 2013), was an American football defensive tackle. He played high school football at Saunders Trades and Technical H.S in Yonkers and college football at the University of Utah and Northeastern Junior College in Sterling Colorado and in the American Football League with the Oakland Raiders from 1963 through 1965, the Buffalo Bills in 1966, and the Denver Broncos from 1967 through 1969.
- 1941 – Dick Trickle, American race car driver (d. 2013). He raced for decades around the short tracks of Wisconsin, winning many championships along the way.
- 1940 – John Gotti, American mob boss (d. 2002), was an Italian-American gangster who became boss of the Gambino crime family in New York City. Gotti and his brothers grew up in poverty and turned to a life of crime at an early age.
- 1940 – Maxine Hong Kingston, American author and academic. Maxine Hong Kingston (Chinese: 湯婷婷; born Maxine Ting Ting Hong; October 27, 1940) is a Chinese American author and Professor Emerita at the University of California, Berkeley, where she graduated with a BA in English in 1962.
- 1939 – Suzy Covey, American scholar and academic (d. 2007), was an American comics scholar, whose work examined intersections of comics, technology, and sound, including Internet studies and studies of the Comic Book Markup Language (a specialized XML for encoding the images, text, and sound effects depicted in comics). In honor of her work with its comic collections, the Smathers Libraries renamed them the Suzy Covey Comic Book Collection in Special Collections in 2007.
- 1937 – Lara Parker, American actress and author. Lara Parker (born October 27, 1938) is an American television, stage, and film actress known for her role as Angelique on the ABC-TV serial Dark Shadows which aired from 1966 to 1971.
- 1936 – Neil Sheehan, American journalist and author. His series of articles revealed a secret United States Department of Defense history of the Vietnam War and led to a US Supreme Court case, New York Times Co. v.
- 1935 – Charlie Tagawa, Japanese-American banjo player and educator, was a Japanese-born American musical entertainer and banjoist. In a music career spanned seven decades, he was regarded as one of the best contemporary four-string banjo players.
- 1933 – Floyd Cramer, American singer and pianist (d. 1997), was an American Hall of Fame pianist who was one of the architects of the Nashville sound. He was known for his "slip note" piano style, in which an out-of-key note slides into the correct note.
- 1932 – Dolores Moore, American baseball player (d. 2000), was an infielder who played from 1953 through 1954 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5 ft 7 in (1.70 m), 153 lb., she batted and threw right-handed.
- 1932 – Sylvia Plath, American poet, novelist, and short story writer (d. 1963). She is credited with advancing the genre of confessional poetry and is best known for two of her published collections, The Colossus and Other Poems and Ariel, as well as The Bell Jar, a semi-autobiographical novel published shortly before her death.
- 1929 – Bill George, American football player (d. 1982). William George (and variants) may refer to:
- 1929 – Myra Carter, American actress (d. 2016), was an American stage, screen and television actress.
- 1927 – Dominick Argento, American composer and educator, was an American composer known for his lyric operatic and choral music. Among his best known pieces are the operas Postcard from Morocco, Miss Havisham's Fire, The Masque of Angels, and The Aspern Papers.
- 1926 – H. R. Haldeman, American businessman and diplomat, 4th White House Chief of Staff (d. 1993), was an American political aide and businessman, best known for his service as White House Chief of Staff to President Richard Nixon and his consequent involvement in the Watergate scandal.
- 1925 – Jane Connell, American actress and singer (d. 2013). Connell was born in Berkeley, California, to Louis Wesley and Mary (née Sperry) Bennett.
- 1925 – Warren Christopher, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 63rd United States Secretary of State (d. 2011), was an American lawyer, diplomat, and politician. During Bill Clinton's first term as president, Christopher served as the 63rd Secretary of State.
- 1924 – Bonnie Lou, American singer-songwriter (d. 2015), was an American musical pioneer, recognized as one of the first female rock and roll singers. She is also one of the first artists to gain crossover success from country music to rock and roll.
- 1923 – Ned Wertimer, American actor (d. 2013). He was best known for his role as Ralph Hart, the doorman on the sitcom The Jeffersons.
- 1923 – Roy Lichtenstein, American painter and sculptor (d. 1997), was an American pop artist. During the 1960s, along with Andy Warhol, Jasper Johns, and James Rosenquist among others, he became a leading figure in the new art movement.
- 1922 – Ralph Kiner, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2014), was an American Major League Baseball player and broadcaster. An outfielder, Kiner played for the Pittsburgh Pirates, Chicago Cubs, and Cleveland Indians from 1946 through 1955.
- 1922 – Ruby Dee, American actress and poet (d. 2014), was an American actress, poet, playwright, screenwriter, journalist, and civil rights activist. She is perhaps best known for originating the role of "Ruth Younger" in the stage and film versions of A Raisin in the Sun (1961).
- 1921 – Warren Allen Smith, American journalist, author, and activist, was an American gay rights activist, writer and humanities humanist.
- 1920 – Nanette Fabray, American actress, singer, and dancer. She began her career performing in vaudeville as a child and became a musical-theatre actress during the 1940s and 1950s, acclaimed for her role in High Button Shoes (1947) and winning a Tony Award in 1949 for her performance in Love Life.
- 1918 – Teresa Wright, American actress and singer (d. 2005). She was nominated twice for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress: in 1941 for her debut work in The Little Foxes, and in 1942 for Mrs.
- 1913 – Joe Medicine Crow, American anthropologist, historian, and author (d. 2016), was a war chief, author, and historian of the Crow Nation of Native Americans. His writings on Native American history and reservation culture are considered seminal works, but he is best known for his writings and lectures concerning the Battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876.
- 1910 – Jack Carson, Canadian-American actor and singer (d. 1963), was a Canadian-born, American film actor. Though he was primarily used in supporting roles for comic relief, his work in films such as Mildred Pierce (1945) and Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958) displayed his mastery of "straight" dramatic actor roles as well.
- 1910 – Margaret Hutchinson Rousseau, American chemical engineer (d. 2000), was an American chemical engineer who designed the first commercial penicillin production plant. She was the first female member of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers.
- 1908 – Lee Krasner, American painter (d. 1984), was an American abstract expressionist painter, with a strong speciality in collage, who was married to Jackson Pollock. This somewhat overshadowed her contribution at the time, though there was much cross-pollination between their two styles.
- 1906 – Earle Cabell, American banker and politician, Mayor of Dallas (d. 1975), was a Texas politician who served as mayor of Dallas, Texas. Cabell was mayor at the time of the assassination of United States President John F.
- 1906 – Peter Blume, Belarusian-American painter and sculptor (d. 1992). His work contained elements of folk art, Precisionism, Parisian Purism, Cubism, and Surrealism.
- 1877 – Walt Kuhn, American painter and academic (d. 1949), was an American painter and an organizer of the famous Armory Show of 1913, which was America's first large-scale introduction to European Modernism.
- 1872 – Emily Post, American author, founded The Emily Post Institute (d. 1960). October 27, 1872 – September 25, 1960) was an American author and socialite, famous for writing about etiquette.
- 1858 – Theodore Roosevelt, American colonel and politician, 26th President of the United States, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1919), was an American statesman, politician, conservationist, naturalist, and writer who served as the 26th president of the United States from 1901 to 1909. He served as the 25th vice president from March to September 1901 and as the 33rd governor of New York from 1899 to 1900.
- 1838 – John Davis Long, American lawyer and politician, 34th United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1915), was an American lawyer, politician, and writer from Massachusetts. He was the 32nd Governor of Massachusetts, serving from 1880 to 1883.
- 1814 – Daniel H. Wells, American religious leader and politician, 3rd Mayor of Salt Lake City (d. 1891), was an American apostle of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) and the third mayor of Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, United States.
- 1811 – Isaac Singer, American actor and businessman, founded the Singer Corporation (d. 1875), was an American inventor, actor, and businessman. He made important improvements in the design of the sewing machine and was the founder of what became one of the first American multi-national businesses, the Singer Sewing Machine Company.
- 1811 – Stevens T. Mason, American lawyer and politician, 1st Governor of Michigan (d. 1843), was an American politician who served as the first Governor of Michigan from 1835 to 1840. Coming to political prominence at an early age, Mason was appointed his territory's acting Territorial Secretary by Andrew Jackson at 19, becoming the acting territorial governor soon thereafter in 1834 at 22.
- 1806 – Juan Seguín, American colonel, judge, and politician, 101st Mayor of San Antonio (d. 1890), was a Spanish-Tejano political and military figure of the Texas Revolution who helped to establish the independence of Texas Numerous places and institutions are named in his honor, including the county seat of Seguin in Guadalupe County, the Juan N. Seguin Memorial Interchange in Houston, Juan Seguin Monument in Seguin, World War II Liberty Ship SS Juan N.
- 2015 – Betsy Drake, French-American actress and singer (b. 1923)
- 2014 – Starke Taylor, American soldier and politician, mayor of Dallas (b. 1922)
- 2013 – Leonard Herzenberg, American immunologist, geneticist, and academic (b. 1931)
- 2013 – Lou Reed, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor (b. 1942)
- 2012 – Rodney S. Quinn, American colonel, pilot, and politician, 44th Secretary of State of Maine (b. 1923)
- 2012 – Terry Callier, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1945)
- 2011 – James Hillman, American psychologist and author (b. 1926)
- 2011 – Robert Pritzker, American businessman, co-founded Marmon Group (b. 1926)
- 2009 – August Coppola, American author and academic (b. 1934)
- 2009 – John David Carson, American actor (b. 1952)
- 2008 – Ray Ellis, American conductor and producer (b. 1923)
- 2006 – Brad Will, American journalist and activist (b. 1970)
- 2006 – Joe Niekro, American baseball player (b. 1944)
- 2006 – Marlin McKeever, American football player (b. 1940)
- 2004 – Lester Lanin, American bandleader (b. 1907)
- 2003 – Rod Roddy, American game show announcer (b. 1937)
- 2003 – Stephanie Tyrell, American songwriter and producer (b. 1949)
- 2002 – Tom Dowd, American record producer and engineer (b. 1925)
- 1992 – Allen R. Schindler, Jr. American sailor (b. 1969)
- 1992 – David Bohm, American-English physicist and philosopher (b. 1917)
- 1990 – Elliott Roosevelt, American general and author (b. 1910)
- 1990 – Xavier Cugat, Spanish-American violinist, bandleader, and actor (b. 1900)
- 1980 – John Hasbrouck Van Vleck, American physicist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
- 1977 – James M. Cain, American journalist and author (b. 1892)
- 1975 – Rex Stout, American detective novelist (b. 1886)
- 1962 – Rudolf Anderson, American soldier and pilot (b. 1927)
- 1947 – William Fay, Irish actor and producer, co-founded the Abbey Theatre (b. 1872)
- 1930 – Ellen Hayes, American mathematician and astronomer (b. 1851)
- 1926 – Warren Wood, American golfer and soldier (b. 1887)
- 1789 – John Cook, American farmer and politician, 6th Governor of Delaware (b. 1730)