Monday 13 November 2023 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
: US Holidays
, Career Holidays (Recognition Holidays)
, Food holidays
, Health Calendar
, Professional Engineers Day
, United Kingdom
, Unusual Holidays (Weird and Funny Holidays)
, Worldwide Holidays
Holidays and observances
- 2001 – War on Terror: In the first such act since World War II, US President George W. Bush signs an executive order allowing military tribunals against foreigners suspected of connections to terrorist acts or planned acts on the United States.
- 1995 – A truck-bomb explodes outside of a US-operated Saudi Arabian National Guard training center in Riyadh, killing five Americans and two Indians. A group called the Islamic Movement for Change claims responsibility.
- 1986 – The Compact of Free Association becomes law, granting the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands independence from the United States.
- 1985 – Xavier Suárez is sworn in as Miami's first Cuban-born mayor.
- 1956 – The Supreme Court of the United States declares Alabama laws requiring segregated buses illegal, thus ending the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
- 1954 – Great Britain defeats France to capture the first ever Rugby League World Cup in Paris in front of around 30,000 spectators.
- 1947 – The Soviet Union completes development of the AK-47, one of the first proper assault rifles.
- 1940 – Walt Disney's animated musical film Fantasia is first released, on the first night of a roadshow at New York's Broadway Theatre.
- 1927 – The Holland Tunnel opens to traffic as the first Hudson River vehicle tunnel linking New Jersey to New York City.
- 1841 – James Braid first sees a demonstration of animal magnetism, which leads to his study of the subject he eventually calls hypnotism.
- 1775 – American Revolutionary War: Patriot revolutionary forces under Gen. Richard Montgomery occupy Montreal.
- 1642 – First English Civil War: Battle of Turnham Green: The Royalist forces withdraw in the face of the Parliamentarian army and fail to take London.
- 1987 – Dana Vollmer, American swimmer. Dana Whitney Vollmer (born November 13, 1987) is an American former competition swimmer, Olympic gold medalist, and former world record-holder.
- 1982 – Michael Copon, American actor, singer, and producer. Best known for being the lead singer of The Boyz n Motion.
- 1982 – Samkon Gado, Nigerian-American football player. He was signed by the Kansas City Chiefs as an undrafted free agent in 2005.
- 1981 – Rivkah, American author and illustrator.
- 1981 – Ryan Bertin, American wrestler and coach. He competed for the University of Michigan, and won NCAA Division I wrestling titles at 157 pounds in 2003 and 2005.
- 1980 – Monique Coleman, American actress, singer, and dancer. Adrienne Monique Coleman (born November 13, 1980) is an American actress, dancer, singer, entrepreneur, and philanthropist best known for her co-starring role in Disney's High School Musical movies, in which she plays Taylor McKessie.
- 1980 – Sara Del Rey, American wrestler and trainer. Sara Ann Amato (born November 13, 1980) is an American professional wrestling trainer and retired professional wrestler best known by her ring name Sara Del Rey.
- 1979 – Metta World Peace, American basketball player and rapper. He was known as Ron Artest before legally changing his name in September 2011.
- 1978 – Nikolai Fraiture, American bass player. Nikolai Philippe Fraiture (born November 13, 1979) is an American musician and bassist for American rock band The Strokes.
- 1973 – Ari Hoenig, American drummer and composer. Ari Hoenig (born November 13, 1973) is an American jazz drummer, composer, and educator.
- 1969 – Ayaan Hirsi Ali, Somalian-American activist and author. Ayaan Hirsi Ali (/aɪˈjɑːn ˈhɪərsi ˈɑːli/; Dutch: (listen); Somali: Ayaan Xirsi Cali: Ayān Ḥirsī 'Alī; born Ayaan Hirsi Magan, 13 November 1969) is a Somali-born Dutch-American activist, feminist, author, scholar and former politician.
- 1969 – Josh Mancell, American drummer and composer. Josh Mancell (born November 13, 1969) is an American composer and multi-instrumentalist who writes music for film, television, and video games.
- 1969 – Lori Berenson, American activist. Lori Helene Berenson (born November 13, 1969) is an American convicted felon, who served a 20-year prison sentence for collaboration with a terrorist organization in Peru in 1996.
- 1968 – Pat Hentgen, American baseball player and coach. Patrick George Hentgen (born November 13, 1968) is an American former professional baseball pitcher, and currently a special assistant with the Toronto Blue Jays organization.
- 1967 – Jimmy Kimmel, American comedian, actor, and talk show host. James Christian Kimmel (born November 13, 1967) is an American television host, comedian, writer, and producer.
- 1967 – Steve Zahn, American actor and singer. His films include Reality Bites (1994), That Thing You Do! (1996), SubUrbia (1996), Out of Sight (1998), Happy, Texas (1999), Riding in Cars with Boys (2001), Shattered Glass (2003), Sahara (2005), Rescue Dawn (2007), the first three Diary of a Wimpy Kid movies, Dallas Buyers Club (2013), and War for the Planet of the Apes (2017).
- 1963 – Vinny Testaverde, American football player. Vincent Frank Testaverde Sr. (/tɛstəˈvɜːrdi/; born November 13, 1963) is a former American football quarterback who played for 21 seasons in the National Football League (NFL).
- 1961 – Kim Polese, American entrepreneur and technology executive. She serves as Chairwoman of CrowdSmart Inc., a technology-based seed stage investment company.
- 1960 – Neil Flynn, American actor. Neil Richard Flynn (born November 13, 1960) is an American actor, comedian, and voice actor.
- 1957 – Roger Ingram, American trumpet player, educator, and author. He played trumpet for the orchestras of Maynard Ferguson, Woody Herman, Wynton Marsalis, Ray Charles, and Harry Connick Jr.
- 1955 – Bill Britton, American golfer. William Timothy Britton (born November 13, 1955) is an American professional golfer who played on the PGA Tour for fifteen years during the 1980s and 1990s.
- 1955 – Whoopi Goldberg, American actress, comedan, and talk show host. She is also the second black woman to win an Academy Award for acting.
- 1954 – Chris Noth, American actor and producer. Christopher David Noth (/noʊθ/ NOHTH; born November 13, 1954) is an American actor.
- 1954 – Scott McNealy, American businessman, co-founded Sun Microsystems. In 2004, while still at Sun, McNealy founded Curriki, a free online education service.
- 1953 – Frances Conroy, American actress. Her work on the show won her acclaim and several awards, including a Golden Globe and three Screen Actors Guild Awards.
- 1952 – Mark Lye, American golfer. Mark Ryan Lye (born November 13, 1952) is an American professional golfer who has played on the PGA Tour and the Champions Tour.
- 1952 – Merrick Garland, Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. He has served on that court since 1997.
- 1950 – Mary Lou Metzger, American singer and dancer. Mary Lou Metzger (born November 13, 1950, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is an American singer and dancer best known as a cast member on The Lawrence Welk Show.
- 1947 – Amory Lovins, American physicist and environmentalist. Amory Bloch Lovins (born November 13, 1947) is an American writer, physicist, and Chairman/Chief Scientist of the Rocky Mountain Institute.
- 1947 – Joe Mantegna, American actor and voice artist. Joseph Anthony Mantegna (/mɑːnˈteɪnjə/; born November 13, 1947) is an American actor, producer, writer, and director.
- 1947 – Toy Caldwell, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 1993), was the lead guitarist, main songwriter and a founding member of the 1970s Southern Rock group The Marshall Tucker Band. He was a member of the band from its formation up until 1983.
- 1946 – Ray Wylie Hubbard, American country singer-songwriter and guitarist. Ray Wylie Hubbard (born November 13, 1946) is an American singer and songwriter.
- 1946 – Stanisław Barańczak, Polish-American poet, critic, and scholar (d. 2014), was a Polish poet, literary critic, scholar, editor, translator and lecturer. He is perhaps most well known for his English-to-Polish translations of the dramas of William Shakespeare and of the poetry of E.E.
- 1945 – Bobby Manuel, American guitarist and producer. He was hired by Stax Records in the late 1960s as an engineer and also quickly began doing studio work as a guitarist, becoming one of the company's most dependable and oft-used session players.
- 1944 – Timmy Thomas, American singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer. Thomas (born November 13, 1944) is an American R&B singer, keyboardist, songwriter and record producer, best known for the hit song, "Why Can't We Live Together".
- 1943 – Jay Sigel, American golfer. He enjoyed one of the more illustrious careers in the history of U.S. amateur golf, before turning pro in 1993 at age 50, when he became a member of the Senior PGA Tour, now known as the PGA Tour Champions.
- 1942 – John P. Hammond, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. John Paul Hammond (born November 13, 1942 in New York City) is an American singer and musician.
- 1941 – Dack Rambo, American actor (d. 1994), was an American actor, most notable for appearing as Walter Brennan's grandson Jeff in the series The Guns of Will Sonnett, as Steve Jacobi in the soap opera All My Children, as cousin Jack Ewing on Dallas, and as Grant Harrison on the soap opera Another World.
- 1941 – Mel Stottlemyre, American baseball player and coach. He was a five-time MLB All-Star as a player and a five-time World Series champion as a coach.
- 1940 – Baby Washington, American soul singer. Justine Washington (born November 13, 1940), usually credited as Baby Washington, but credited on some early records as Jeanette (Baby) Washington, is an American soul music vocalist, who had 16 rhythm and blues chart entries in 15 years, most of them during the 1960s.
- 1940 – Saul Kripke, American philosopher and academic. Since the 1960s, Kripke has been a central figure in a number of fields related to mathematical logic, modal logic, philosophy of language, philosophy of mathematics, metaphysics, epistemology, and recursion theory.
- 1940 – William Taubman, American political scientist and author. His biography of Nikita Khrushchev won the Pulitzer Prize for biography in 2004 and the National Book Critics Circle Award for Biography in 2003.
- 1939 – Idris Muhammad, American drummer and composer (d. 2014), was an American jazz drummer who recorded with Ahmad Jamal, Lou Donaldson, Pharoah Sanders, and Tete Montoliu.
- 1938 – Jack Rule, Jr., American golfer. Rule Jr. (born November 13, 1938) is an American professional golfer who played on the PGA Tour in the 1960s.
- 1938 – Jean Seberg, American-French actress and singer (d. 1979), was an American actress who lived half her life in France. Her performance in Jean-Luc Godard's 1960 film Breathless immortalized her as an icon of French New Wave cinema.
- 1934 – Garry Marshall, American actor, director, and producer (d. 2016), was an American film director, film producer, screenwriter, and actor who is best known for creating Happy Days and its various spin-offs, developing Neil Simon's 1965 play The Odd Couple for television, and directing Pretty Woman, Beaches, Runaway Bride, Valentine's Day, New Year's Eve, Mother's Day, The Princess Diaries, and The Princess Diaries 2: Royal Engagement.
- 1934 – Peter Arnett, New Zealand-American journalist and academic. Peter Gregg Arnett, ONZM (born 13 November 1934) is a New Zealand-born journalist, holding both New Zealand and US citizenship, He is known for his coverage of the Vietnam War and the Gulf War.
- 1933 – Don Lane, American-Australian actor, singer, and television host (d. 2009), was an American-born talk show host and singer, best known for his television career in Australia, especially for hosting The Don Lane Show which aired on the Nine Network from 1975 to 1983.
- 1932 – Richard Mulligan, American actor (d. 2000), was an American television, film and character actor known for his role as Burt Campbell, the loving, protective husband of Cathryn Damon's character, in the sitcom Soap (1977–81). Later, Mulligan had a starring role as Dr.
- 1930 – Benny Andrews, American painter and academic (d. 2006), was an American of mixed African and European ancestry painter, printmaker, and creator of collages. During the 1950s, he studied at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, where he began to take an interest in painting.
- 1929 – Fred Phelps, American lawyer, pastor, and activist, founded the Westboro Baptist Church (d. 2014), was an American minister and civil rights attorney who served as pastor of the Westboro Baptist Church and became known for his extreme views on homosexuality and protests near the funerals of gay people, military veterans, and disaster victims who he believed were killed as a result of God punishing the U.S. for having "bankrupt values" and tolerating homosexuality.
- 1928 – Hampton Hawes, American pianist and author (d. 1977), was an American jazz pianist. He was the author of the memoir Raise Up Off Me, which won the Deems-Taylor Award for music writing in 1975.
- 1928 – Helena Carroll, Scottish-American actress (d. 2013), was a veteran film, television and stage actress.
- 1927 – Albert Turner Bharucha-Reid, American mathematician and theorist (d. 1985), was an American mathematician and theorist who worked extensively on probability theory, Markov chains, and statistics. The author of more than 70 papers and 6 books, his work touched on such diverse fields as economics, physics, and biology.
- 1926 – Harry Hughes, American lawyer and politician, 57th Governor of Maryland, was an American politician from the Democratic Party who served as the 57th Governor of Maryland from 1979 to 1987.
- 1923 – Linda Christian, Mexican-American actress (d. 2011), was a Mexican film actress, who appeared in Mexican and Hollywood films. Her career reached its peak in the 1940s and 1950s.
- 1922 – Jack Narz, American game show host and announcer (d. 2008), was an American radio personality, television host, and singer. Narz eluded the infamous quiz show scandals to forge a respected hosting career.
- 1920 – Jack Elam, American actor (d. 2003), was an American film and television actor best known for his numerous roles as villains in Western films and, later in his career, comedies (sometimes spoofing his villainous image). His most distinguishing physical quality was his lazy eye.
- 1917 – Robert Sterling, American actor (d. 2006), was an American film and television actor.
- 1911 – Buck O'Neil, American baseball player and manager (d. 2006), was a first baseman and manager in the Negro American League, mostly with the Kansas City Monarchs. After his playing days, he worked as a scout, and became the first African American coach in Major League Baseball.
- 1910 – William Bradford Huie, American journalist and author (d. 1986), was one of the most successful American journalists and authors of the 20th century. Huie was a prolific writer, reporter, editor, national lecturer, television host, and storyteller.
- 1908 – C. Vann Woodward, American historian, author, and academic (d. 1999), was a Pulitzer-prize winning American historian focusing primarily on the American South and race relations. He was long a supporter of the approach of Charles A.
- 1906 – Eva Zeisel, Hungarian-American potter and designer (d. 2011), was a Hungarian-born American industrial designer known for her work with ceramics, primarily from the period after she immigrated to the United States. Her forms are often abstractions of the natural world and human relationships.
- 1904 – H. C. Potter, American director and producer (d. 1977), was an American theatrical producer and director and film director.
- 1900 – Edward Buzzell, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1985), was an American film director whose credits include Child of Manhattan (1933); Honolulu (1939); the Marx Brothers films At the Circus (1939) and Go West (1940); the musicals Best Foot Forward (1943), Song of the Thin Man (1947), and Neptune's Daughter (1949); and Easy to Wed.
- 1897 – Gertrude Olmstead, American actress (d. 1975), was an American actress of the silent era. She appeared in 56 films between 1920 and 1929.
- 1894 – Bennie Moten, American pianist and bandleader (d. 1935), was an American jazz pianist and band leader born and raised in Kansas City, Missouri.
- 1893 – Edward Adelbert Doisy, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986). He received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1943 with Henrik Dam for their discovery of vitamin K (K from "Koagulations-Vitamin" in German) and its chemical structure.
- 1879 – John Grieb, American gymnast and triathlete (d. 1939), was an American gymnast and track and field athlete who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics. He was born in Philadelphia.
- 1878 – Max Dehn, German-American mathematician and academic (d. 1952), was a German mathematician most famous for his work in geometry, topology and geometric group theory. Born to a Jewish family in Germany, Dehn's early life and career took place in Germany.
- 1872 – John M. Lyle, Irish-Canadian architect and educator, designed the Royal Alexandra Theatre (d. 1945), was an Irish-Canadian architect, designer, urban planner, and teacher active in the late 19th century and into the first half of the 20th century. He was a leading Canadian architect in the Beaux Arts style and was involved in the City Beautiful movement in several Canadian cities.
- 1869 – Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams, Russian-American activist, journalist, and politician (d. 1962), was a liberal politician, journalist, writer and feminist in Russia during the revolutionary period until 1920. Afterwards, she lived as a writer in Britain (1920–1951) and the United States (1951–1962).
- 1866 – Abraham Flexner, American educator, founded the Institute for Advanced Study (d. 1959), was an American educator, best known for his role in the 20th century reform of medical and higher education in the United States and Canada.
- 1856 – Louis Brandeis, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1941), was an American lawyer and associate justice on the Supreme Court of the United States from 1916 to 1939. He was born in Louisville, Kentucky, to Jewish immigrant parents from Bohemia (now in the Czech Republic), who raised him in a secular home.
- 1854 – George Whitefield Chadwick, American composer and educator (d. 1931). Along with John Knowles Paine, Horatio Parker, Amy Beach, Arthur Foote, and Edward MacDowell, he was a representative composer of what is called the Second New England School of American composers of the late 19th century—the generation before Charles Ives.
- 1841 – Edward Burd Grubb, Jr., American general and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Spain (d. 1913). Edward Burd Grubb Jr. (known as E.
- 1838 – Joseph F. Smith, American religious leader, 6th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1918), was an American religious leader who served as the sixth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). He was the nephew of Joseph Smith, the founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, and was the last president of the LDS Church to have known him personally.
- 1837 – James T. Rapier, American lawyer and politician (d. 1883), was an African-American politician from Alabama during the Reconstruction Era. He served as a United States Representative from Alabama, for one term from 1873 until 1875.
- 1833 – Edwin Booth, American actor and manager (d. 1893), was an American actor who toured throughout the United States and the major capitals of Europe, performing Shakespearean plays. In 1869, he founded Booth's Theatre in New York.
- 1814 – Joseph Hooker, American general (d. 1879), was an American Civil War general, chiefly remembered for his decisive defeat by Confederate General Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Chancellorsville in 1863.
- 1809 – John A. Dahlgren, American admiral (d. 1870), was a United States Navy officer who founded his service's Ordnance Department and launched major advances in gunnery.
- 1804 – Theophilus H. Holmes, American general (d. 1880). Theophilus Hunter Holmes was born in Sampson County, North Carolina, in 1804.
- 1732 – John Dickinson, American lawyer and politician, 5th Governor of Pennsylvania (d. 1808), was a solicitor and politician from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Wilmington, Delaware known as the "Penman of the Revolution" for his twelve Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania, published individually in 1767 and 1768. As a member of the First Continental Congress, where he was a signee to the Continental Association, Dickinson drafted most of the 1774 Petition to the King, and then, as a member of the Second Continental Congress, wrote the 1775 Olive Branch Petition.
- 1715 – Dorothea Erxleben, German first female medical doctor (d. 1762), was the first female medical doctor in Germany.
- 2016 – Leon Russell, American singer-songwriter (b. 1942)
- 2014 – Alvin Dark, American baseball player and manager (b. 1922)
- 2010 – Allan Sandage, American astronomer and cosmologist (b. 1926)
- 2005 – Eddie Guerrero, American wrestler (b. 1967)
- 2005 – Vine Deloria, Jr., American historian, theologian, and author (b. 1933)
- 2004 – Ol' Dirty Bastard, American rapper and producer (b. 1968)
- 2004 – Thomas M. Foglietta, American lawyer and politician, United States Ambassador to Italy (b. 1928)
- 2001 – Cornelius Warmerdam, American pole vaulter (b. 1915)
- 1998 – Red Holzman, American basketball player and coach (b. 1920)
- 1996 – Bill Doggett, American pianist and composer (b. 1916)
- 1994 – Jack Baker, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1947)
- 1993 – Rufus R. Jones, American wrestler (b. 1933)
- 1988 – Antal Doráti, Hungarian-American conductor and composer (b. 1906)
- 1983 – Henry Jamison Handy, American swimmer and water polo player (b. 1886)
- 1983 – Junior Samples, American comedian and actor (b. 1926)
- 1974 – Karen Silkwood, American technician and activist (b. 1946)
- 1973 – Lila Lee, American actress (b. 1901)
- 1961 – Anthony Joseph Drexel Biddle, Jr., American general and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Czechoslovakia (b. 1897)
- 1955 – Bernard DeVoto, American historian and author (b. 1897)
- 1952 – Margaret Wise Brown, American author (b. 1910)
- 1942 – Daniel J. Callaghan, American admiral (b. 1890)
- 1937 – Mrs. Leslie Carter, American actress (b. 1857)
- 1883 – J. Marion Sims, American physician and gynecologist (b. 1813)