Tuesday 30 November 2021 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
, Food holidays
, Health Calendar
, New Zealand
, South Africa
, The Philippines
, United Kingdom
, United Nations Holidays
, Unusual Holidays
, Worldwide Holidays
Holidays and observances
- 2005 – John Sentamu becomes the first black archbishop in the Church of England with his enthronement as the 97th Archbishop of York.
- 1999 – In Seattle, United States, demonstrations against a World Trade Organization meeting by anti-globalization protesters catch police unprepared and force the cancellation of opening ceremonies.
- 1982 – Michael Jackson's sixth solo studio album, Thriller is released worldwide. It will become the best-selling record album in history.
- 1981 – Cold War: In Geneva, representatives from the United States and the Soviet Union begin to negotiate intermediate-range nuclear weapon reductions in Europe. (The meetings end inconclusively on December 17.)
- 1972 – Vietnam War: White House Press Secretary Ron Ziegler tells the press that there will be no more public announcements concerning American troop withdrawals from Vietnam because troop levels are now down to 27,000.
- 1967 – The Pakistan Peoples Party is founded by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, who becomes its first chairman.
- 1954 – In Sylacauga, Alabama, United States, the Hodges meteorite crashes through a roof and hits a woman taking an afternoon nap; this is the only documented case in the Western Hemisphere of a human being hit by a rock from space.
- 1934 – The LNER Class A3 4472 Flying Scotsman becomes the first steam locomotive to be authenticated as reaching 100 mph.
- 1886 – The Folies Bergère stages its first revue.
- 1872 – The first-ever international football match takes place at Hamilton Crescent, Glasgow, between Scotland and England.
- 1864 – American Civil War: The Confederate Army of Tennessee suffers heavy losses in an attack on the Union Army of the Ohio in the Battle of Franklin.
- 1829 – First Welland Canal opens for a trial run, five years to the day from the ground breaking.
- 1804 – The Democratic-Republican-controlled United States Senate begins an impeachment trial of Federalist Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase.
- 1803 – The Balmis Expedition starts in Spain with the aim of vaccinating millions against smallpox in Spanish America and Philippines. In New Orleans, Spanish representatives officially transfer the Louisiana Territory to a French representative. Just 20 days later, France transfers the same land to the United States as the Louisiana Purchase.
- 1786 – The Grand Duchy of Tuscany, under Pietro Leopoldo I, becomes the first modern state to abolish the death penalty (later commemorated as Cities for Life Day).
- 1782 – American Revolutionary War: Treaty of Paris: In Paris, representatives from the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain sign preliminary peace articles (later formalized as the 1783 Treaty of Paris).
- 1987 – Naomi Knight, American wrestler, model, and dancer. Trinity Fatu (née McCray; born November 30, 1987) is an American professional wrestler and dancer signed to WWE, performing on the Raw brand under the ring name Naomi.
- 1986 – Jordan Farmar, American basketball player. Jordan Robert Farmar (born November 30, 1986) is an American former professional basketball player who last played for the Sacramento Kings of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
- 1985 – Kaley Cuoco, American actress. Thereafter, Cuoco appeared as Billie Jenkins on the final season of the television series Charmed (2005–2006).
- 1982 – Tony Giarratano, American baseball player. Anthony James Giarratano (born November 30, 1982) is a former Major League Baseball shortstop.
- 1980 – Shane Victorino, American baseball player. Shane Patrick Victorino (born November 30, 1980), nicknamed "The Flyin' Hawaiian", is an American former professional baseball outfielder.
- 1978 – Clay Aiken, American singer. Clayton Holmes "Clay" Aiken (born Clayton Holmes Grissom; November 30, 1978) is an American singer, television personality, actor, politician, and activist.
- 1977 – Steve Aoki, American DJ and producer, founded Dim Mak Records. Steven Hiroyuki Aoki (/eɪˈoʊki/; born November 30, 1977) is an American musician, DJ, record producer and music executive.
- 1976 – Marco Castro, Peruvian-American director and cinematographer. Marco Castro (born 30 November 1980, in Lima, Peru) is an American, film director, screenwriter, and make-up artist.
- 1975 – Mindy McCready, American singer-songwriter (d. 2013), was an American country music singer. Active from 1995 until her death in 2013, she recorded a total of five studio albums.
- 1971 – Ray Durham, American baseball player. Ray Durham (born November 30, 1971) is a former Major League Baseball second baseman.
- 1970 – Walter Emanuel Jones, American actor and dancer. Walter Emanuel Jones (born November 30, 1970) is an American actor, martial artist, and dancer, known for playing the role of Zack Taylor, the Black Ranger on the hit television series Mighty Morphin Power Rangers.
- 1969 – Chris Weitz, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. Among his other main works, Weitz directed the film adaptation of the novel The Golden Compass and the film adaptation of New Moon from the series of Twilight books, as well wrote the screenplay for Disney's 2015 live-action adaptation of Cinderella and co-wrote Rogue One: A Star Wars Story with Tony Gilroy.
- 1967 – Joseph Corré, English fashion designer and businessman, co-founded Agent Provocateur. Joseph Ferdinand Corré (born 30 November 1967) is a British activist and businessman, who co-founded Agent Provocateur in 1994.
- 1966 – David Berkoff, American swimmer. David Charles "Dave" Berkoff (born November 30, 1966) is an American former competition swimmer, Olympic champion, and former world record-holder in two events.
- 1965 – Ben Stiller, American actor, director, producer and screenwriter. He is the son of veteran comedians and actors Jerry Stiller and Anne Meara.
- 1965 – Lee Klein, American writer. Lee Klein (born November 30, 1965) is a poet, curator, essayist and writer on the arts.
- 1962 – Bo Jackson, American football and baseball player. Jackson's elite talent in multiple sports has given him the reputation as one of the greatest athletes of all time.
- 1962 – Daniel Keys Moran, American computer programmer and author. Daniel Keys Moran (born November 30, 1962), also known by his initials DKM, is an American computer programmer and science fiction writer.
- 1962 – Jimmy Del Ray, American wrestler and manager (d. 2014), was an American professional wrestler, better known by his ring name, "Gigolo" Jimmy Del Ray. Del Ray was best known for his appearances in the World Wrestling Federation (WWF) as one half of the Heavenly Bodies with his tag team partner, Tom Prichard.
- 1960 – Bill Halter, American scholar, activist, and politician, 14th Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas. A member of the Democratic Party, he was elected to succeed the late Republican Winthrop Paul Rockefeller in 2006, defeating Republican challenger Jim Holt.
- 1960 – Bob Tewksbury, American baseball player and coach. Robert Alan Tewksbury (born November 30, 1960) is a retired Major League Baseball pitcher and current Mental Skills Coordinator for the Chicago Cubs.
- 1958 – Stacey Q, American pop singer-songwriter, dancer and actress. Her best-known single, "Two of Hearts", released in 1986, reached number three on the Billboard Hot 100 and the top ten on charts in other countries.
- 1957 – Margaret Spellings, American educator and politician, 8th United States Secretary of Education. LaMontagne Spellings (née Dudar; born November 30, 1957) is an education administrator and American politician.
- 1955 – Kevin Conroy, American actor. Due to the popularity of his performance as Batman, Conroy went on to voice the character for multiple films under the DC Universe Animated Original Movies banner, the critically acclaimed Batman: Arkham video games, and in fall 2019 he played a live action Bruce Wayne in the Arrowverse adaptation of Crisis on Infinite Earths.
- 1955 – Michael Beschloss, American historian and author. Bill Gates included Presidents of War in his summer 2019 "five best books" list, saying, "Beschloss’s broad scope lets you draw important cross-cutting lessons about presidential leadership."
- 1955 – Richard Burr, American businessman, academic, and politician. Richard Mauze Burr (born November 30, 1955) is an American businessman who is the senior United States Senator from North Carolina, serving since 2005.
- 1954 – Lawrence Summers, American economist and academic. Lawrence Henry Summers (born November 30, 1954) is an American economist, former Vice President of Development Economics and Chief Economist of the World Bank (1991–93), senior U.S.
- 1953 – David Sancious, American rock and jazz keyboard player and guitarist. David Sancious (born November 30, 1953 in Asbury Park, New Jersey) is an American musician.
- 1953 – June Pointer, American singer and actress (d. 2006), was an American singer, best known as the youngest of the founding members of Grammy Award–winning vocal group the Pointer Sisters.
- 1952 – Mandy Patinkin, American actor and singer. Mandel Bruce Patinkin (/pəˈtɪŋkɪn/; born November 30, 1952) is an American actor and singer.
- 1950 – Paul Westphal, American basketball player and coach. Paul Douglas Westphal (born November 30, 1950) is an American former basketball player and a former head coach with several National Basketball Association (NBA) and college teams.
- 1947 – David Mamet, American playwright, screenwriter, and director. He first gained critical acclaim for a trio of off-Broadway 1970s plays: The Duck Variations, Sexual Perversity in Chicago, and American Buffalo.
- 1945 – John R. Powers, American author and playwright (d. 2013). Powers wrote four books of fiction, The Last Catholic in America (Dutton 1973), Do Black Patent Leather Shoes Really Reflect Up? (Regnery 1975), The Unoriginal Sinner and the Ice Cream God (Contemporary 1977), and The Junk Drawer, Corner Store, Front Porch Blues (Dutton 1992).
- 1943 – Terrence Malick, American director, producer, and screenwriter. Terrence Frederick Malick (born November 30, 1943) is an American film director, screenwriter, and producer.
- 1940 – Dan Tieman, American basketball player and coach (d. 2012), was an American basketball player, coach, and teacher.
- 1937 – Adeline Yen Mah, Chinese-American physician and author. Adeline Yen Mah (simplified Chinese: 马严君玲; traditional Chinese: 馬嚴君玲; pinyin: Mǎ Yán Jūnlíng) is a Chinese-American author and physician.
- 1937 – Jimmy Bowen, American record producer, songwriter, and pop singer. He lives with his wife Ginger in Longmont, Colorado.
- 1937 – Luther Ingram, American R&B/soul singer-songwriter (d. 2007). His most successful record, "(If Loving You Is Wrong) I Don't Want to Be Right", reached no. 1 on the Billboard R&B chart and no. 3 on the Hot 100 in 1972.
- 1937 – Praveen Chaudhari, Indian-American physicist and academic (d. 2010). His research focused on structure and properties of amorphous solids, defects in solids, mechanical properties of thin films, superconductivity, quantum transport in disordered systems, liquid crystal alignment on substrates, and the magnetic monopole experiment.
- 1936 – Abbie Hoffman, American activist and author, co-founded the Youth International Party (d. 1989), was an American political and social activist, anarchist, a socialist, and revolutionary who co-founded the Youth International Party ("Yippies"). He was also a leading proponent of the Flower Power movement.
- 1933 – Sam Gilliam, American painter and educator. Sam Gilliam (/ˈɡɪliəm/ GHIL-ee-əm; born November 30, 1933) is a color field painter and lyrical abstractionist artist.
- 1932 – Bob Moore, American bassist and bandleader, was a member of the Nashville A-Team during the 1950s and 1960s. He performed on over 17,000 documented recording sessions, backing popular acts such as Elvis Presley and Roy Orbison.
- 1931 – Margot Zemach, American author and illustrator (d. 1989), was an American illustrator of more than forty children's books, some of which she also wrote. Many were adaptations of folk tales from around the world, especially Yiddish and other Eastern European stories.
- 1930 – G. Gordon Liddy, American lawyer, radio host, television actor and criminal. George Gordon Battle Liddy (born November 30, 1930), known as G.
- 1929 – Dick Clark, American television host and producer, founded Dick Clark Productions (d. 2012), was an American radio and television personality, television producer and film actor, as well as a cultural icon who remains best known for hosting American Bandstand from 1957 to 1988. He also hosted the game show Pyramid and Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve, which transmitted Times Square's New Year's Eve celebrations.
- 1929 – Joan Ganz Cooney, American screenwriter and producer, co-created Sesame Street. Cooney grew up in Phoenix and earned a B.A. degree in education from the University of Arizona in 1951.
- 1928 – Joe B. Hall, American basketball player and coach, was the head basketball coach at the University of Kentucky from 1972 to 1985.
- 1927 – Robert Guillaume, American actor and singer, was an American actor and singer, known for his role as Benson in the television series Soap and its spin-off Benson, as well as for voicing the mandrill Rafiki in The Lion King and related media thereof. In a career that spanned more than 50 years he worked extensively on stage, television and film.
- 1926 – Richard Crenna, American actor, director, and producer (d. 2003), was an award-winning American motion picture, television, and radio actor and television director.
- 1925 – William H. Gates, Sr., American lawyer and philanthropist. During his career at Microsoft, Gates held the positions of chairman, chief executive officer (CEO), president and chief software architect, while also being the largest individual shareholder until May 2014.
- 1924 – Allan Sherman, American actor, comedian, singer, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1973), was an American comedy writer, television producer, singer and actor who became famous as a song parodist in the early 1960s. His first album, My Son, the Folk Singer (1962), became the fastest-selling record album up to that time.
- 1924 – Elliott Blackstone, American police officer and activist (d. 2006). Blackstone (November 30, 1924 – October 25, 2006) was a sergeant in the San Francisco Police Department, known as a longtime advocate for the lesbian, gay and transgender community in that city.
- 1924 – Shirley Chisholm, American activist, educator and politician (d. 2005). Shirley Anita Chisholm (née St.
- 1920 – Virginia Mayo, American actress (d. 2005), was an American actress and dancer. She was in a series of comedy films with Danny Kaye and was Warner Brothers' biggest box-office money-maker in the late 1940s.
- 1919 – Jane C. Wright, American oncologist and cancer researcher (d. 2013), was a pioneering cancer researcher and surgeon noted for her contributions to chemotherapy. In particular, Wright is credited with developing the technique of using human tissue culture rather than laboratory mice to test the effects of potential drugs on cancer cells.
- 1916 – Dena Epstein, American musicologist and author (d. 2013), was an American music librarian, author, and musicologist.
- 1915 – Brownie McGhee, American folk-blues singer and guitarist (d. 1996), was an African-American folk music and Piedmont blues singer and guitarist, best known for his collaboration with the harmonica player Sonny Terry.
- 1915 – Henry Taube, Canadian-American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2005), was a Canadian-born American chemist noted for having been awarded the 1983 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for "his work in the mechanisms of electron-transfer reactions, especially in metal complexes." He was the second Canadian-born chemist to win the Nobel Prize, and remains the only Saskatchewanian-born Nobel laureate. Taube completed his undergraduate and Masters degrees at the University of Saskatchewan, and his Ph.D from the University of California, Berkeley.
- 1912 – Gordon Parks, American photographer and director (d. 2006), was an American photographer, musician, writer and film director, who became prominent in U.S. documentary photojournalism in the 1940s through 1970s—particularly in issues of civil rights, poverty and African-Americans—and in glamour photography.
- 1909 – Robert Nighthawk, American singer and guitarist (d. 1967), was an American blues musician who played and recorded under the pseudonyms Robert Lee McCoy and Robert Nighthawk. He was the father of the blues musician Sam Carr.
- 1907 – Jacques Barzun, French-American historian and author (d. 2012), was a French-American historian known for his studies of the history of ideas and cultural history. He wrote about a wide range of subjects, including baseball, mystery novels, and classical music, and was also known as a philosopher of education.
- 1906 – John Dickson Carr, American author and playwright (d. 1977), was an American author of detective stories, who also published using the pseudonyms Carter Dickson, Carr Dickson and Roger Fairbairn.
- 1904 – Clyfford Still, American painter and educator (d. 1980), was an American painter, and one of the leading figures in the first generation of Abstract Expressionists, who developed a new, powerful approach to painting in the years immediately following World War II. Still has been credited with laying the groundwork for the movement, as his shift from representational to abstract painting occurred between 1938 and 1942, earlier than his colleagues like Jackson Pollock and Mark Rothko, who continued to paint in figurative-surrealist styles well into the 1940s.
- 1898 – Firpo Marberry, American baseball player and manager (d. 1976), was an American right-handed starting and relief pitcher in Major League Baseball from 1923 to 1936, most notably with the Washington Senators. The sport's first prominent reliever, he has been retroactively credited as having been the first pitcher to record 20 saves in a season, the first to make 50 relief appearances in a season or 300 in a career, and the only pitcher to lead the major leagues in saves six times.
- 1875 – Myron Grimshaw, American baseball player (d. 1936), was a right fielder in Major League Baseball who played from 1905 through 1907 for the Boston Americans. Listed at 6 ft 1 in (1.85 m), 173 lb., Grimshaw was a switch-hitter and threw right-handed.
- 1863 – Andrés Bonifacio, Filipino activist and politician, co-founded Katipunan (d. 1897), was a Filipino revolutionary leader and the president of the Tagalog Republic. He is often called "The Father of the Philippine Revolution".
- 1840 – Henry Birks, Canadian businessman, founded Birks & Mayors (d. 1928), was a Canadian businessman and founder of Henry Birks and Sons, a chain of high-end Canadian jewellery stores.
- 1835 – Mark Twain, American novelist, humorist, and critic (d. 1910), was an American writer, humorist, entrepreneur, publisher, and lecturer. He was lauded as the "greatest humorist this country has produced", and William Faulkner called him "the father of American literature".
- 1810 – Oliver Winchester, American businessman and politician, founded the Winchester Repeating Arms Company (d. 1880), was an American businessman and politician, best known as being the founder of the Winchester Repeating Arms Company.
- 1723 – William Livingston, American lawyer and politician, 1st Governor of New Jersey (d. 1790), was an American politician who served as the Governor of New Jersey (1776–1790) during the American Revolutionary War and was a signer of the United States Constitution.
- 1508 – Andrea Palladio, Italian architect and theoretician, designed the Church of San Giorgio Maggiore and Teatro Olimpico (d. 1580), was an Italian Renaissance architect active in the Venetian Republic. Palladio, influenced by Roman and Greek architecture, primarily Vitruvius, is widely considered to be one of the most influential individuals in the history of architecture.
- 2014 – Anthony Dryden Marshall, American CIA officer and diplomat (b. 1924)
- 2014 – Kent Haruf American novelist (b. 1943)
- 2014 – Martin Litton, American rafter and environmentalist (b. 1917)
- 2013 – Paul Crouch, American broadcaster, co-founded Trinity Broadcasting Network (b. 1934)
- 2013 – Paul Walker, American actor and producer (b. 1973)
- 2012 – Homer R. Warner, American cardiologist and academic (b. 1922)
- 2012 – Rogelio Álvarez, Cuban-American baseball player (b. 1938)
- 2010 – Garry Gross, American photographer (b. 1937)
- 2007 – Evel Knievel, American motorcycle rider and stuntman (b. 1938)
- 2006 – Shirley Walker, American composer and conductor (b. 1945)
- 2005 – Jean Parker, American actress (b. 1915)
- 2004 – Seungsahn, South Korean spiritual leader, founded the Kwan Um School of Zen (b. 1927)
- 2003 – Gertrude Ederle, American swimmer (b. 1906)
- 2000 – Eloise Jarvis McGraw, American author (b. 1915)
- 1999 – Charlie Byrd, American guitarist (b. 1925)
- 1998 – Margaret Walker, American author and poet (b. 1915)
- 1997 – Kathy Acker, American author, poet, and playwright (b. 1947)
- 1994 – Lionel Stander, American actor (b. 1908)
- 1992 – Peter Blume, American painter and sculptor (b. 1906)
- 1988 – Pannonica de Koenigswarter, English-American singer-songwriter (b. 1913)
- 1979 – Zeppo Marx, American actor and comedian (b. 1901)
- 1942 – Anthony M. Rud, American journalist and author (b. 1893)
- 1931 – Henry Walters, American art collector and philanthropist (b. 1848)
- 1864 – Patrick Cleburne, Irish-American general (b. 1828)