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Saturday 2 December 2017 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Events

  • 1991 – Canada and Poland become the first nations to recognize the independence of Ukraine from the Soviet Union.
  • 1988 – Benazir Bhutto is sworn in as Prime Minister of Pakistan, becoming the first woman to head the government of an Islam-dominated state.
  • 1982 – At the University of Utah, Barney Clark becomes the first person to receive a permanent artificial heart.
  • 1980 – Salvadoran Civil War: Four American missionaries are raped and murdered by a death squad.
  • 1970 – The United States Environmental Protection Agency begins operations.
  • 1962 – Vietnam War: After a trip to Vietnam at the request of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, U.S. Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield becomes the first American official to comment adversely on the war's progress.
  • 1954 – Cold War: The United States Senate votes 65 to 22 to censure Joseph McCarthy for "conduct that tends to bring the Senate into dishonor and disrepute".
  • 1954 – The Sino-American Mutual Defense Treaty, between the United States and Taiwan, is signed in Washington, D.C.
  • 1943 – World War II: A Luftwaffe bombing raid on the harbour of Bari, Italy, sinks numerous cargo and transport ships, including the American SS John Harvey, which is carrying a stockpile of World War I-era mustard gas.
  • 1942 – World War II: During the Manhattan Project, a team led by Enrico Fermi initiates the first artificial self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction.
  • 1899 – Philippine–American War: The Battle of Tirad Pass, termed "The Filipino Thermopylae", is fought.
  • 1867 – At Tremont Temple in Boston, British author Charles Dickens gives his first public reading in the United States.
  • 1845 – Manifest destiny: In a State of the Union message, U.S. President James K. Polk proposes that the United States should aggressively expand into the West.
  • 1823 – Monroe Doctrine: In a State of the Union message, U.S. President James Monroe proclaims American neutrality in future European conflicts, and warns European powers not to interfere in the Americas.
  • 1775 – The USS Alfred becomes the first vessel to fly the Grand Union Flag (the precursor to the Stars and Stripes); the flag is hoisted by John Paul Jones.
  • 1763 – Dedication of the Touro Synagogue, in Newport, Rhode Island, the first synagogue in what will become the United States.
  • 1244 – Pope Innocent IV arrives at Lyon for the First Council of Lyon

Births

  • 1991 – Charlie Puth, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1985 – Dorell Wright, American basketball player
  • 1983 – Aaron Rodgers, American football player
  • 1983 – Daniela Ruah, Portuguese-American actress
  • 1983 – Jana Kramer, American actress and singer
  • 1982 – Matt Ware, American football player
  • 1981 – Britney Spears, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress
  • 1981 – Eric Jungmann, American actor
  • 1978 – Jarron Collins, American basketball player and coach
  • 1978 – Jason Collins, American basketball player
  • 1975 – Mark Kotsay, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Monica Seles, Serbian-American tennis player
  • 1971 – Wilson Jermaine Heredia, American actor and singer
  • 1970 – Treach, American rapper (Naughty By Nature) and actor
  • 1968 – Darryl Kile, American baseball player (d. 2002)
  • 1968 – Lucy Liu, American actress and producer
  • 1968 – Nate Mendel, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1968 – Rena Sofer, American actress
  • 1966 – Jinsei Shinzaki, Japanese wrestler and promoter, co-founded Sendai Girls' Pro Wrestling
  • 1963 – Ann Patchett, American author
  • 1958 – George Saunders, American short story writer and essayist
  • 1956 – Steven Bauer, Cuban-American actor and producer
  • 1954 – Dan Butler, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1952 – Carol Shea-Porter, American social worker, academic, and politician
  • 1950 – Paul Watson, Canadian activist, founded the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society
  • 1948 – Elizabeth Berg, American nurse and author
  • 1948 – T. Coraghessan Boyle, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1946 – David Macaulay, English-American author and illustrator
  • 1946 – Gianni Versace, Italian fashion designer, founded Versace (d. 1997)
  • 1946 – Pedro Borbón, Dominican-American baseball player (d. 2012)
  • 1945 – Penelope Spheeris, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1943 – Wayne Allard, American veterinarian and politician
  • 1940 – Willie Brown, American football player, coach, and manager
  • 1939 – Harry Reid, American lawyer and politician, 25th Lieutenant Governor of Nevada
  • 1935 – David Hackett Fischer, American historian, author, and academic
  • 1933 – Mike Larrabee, American sprinter and educator (d. 2003)
  • 1931 – Edwin Meese, American colonel, lawyer, and politician, 75th United States Attorney General
  • 1931 – Masaaki Hatsumi, Japanese martial artist and educator, founded Bujinkan
  • 1931 – Wynton Kelly, American pianist and composer (d. 1971)
  • 1930 – Gary Becker, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2014)
  • 1929 – Dan Jenkins, American journalist and author
  • 1929 – Leon Litwack, American historian and author
  • 1925 – Julie Harris, American actress (d. 2013)
  • 1924 – Alexander Haig, American general and politician, 59th United States Secretary of State (d. 2010)
  • 1923 – Maria Callas, American-Greek soprano and actress (d. 1977)
  • 1917 – Sylvia Syms, American singer (d. 1992)
  • 1916 – Howard Finster, American minister and painter (d. 2001)
  • 1914 – Adolph Green, American playwright and composer (d. 2002)
  • 1914 – Bill Erwin, American actor (d. 2010)
  • 1913 – Marc Platt, American actor, singer, and dancer (d. 2014)
  • 1910 – Russell Lynes, American photographer, historian, and author (d. 1991)
  • 1909 – Joseph P. Lash, American activist and author (d. 1987)
  • 1906 – Peter Carl Goldmark, Hungarian-American engineer (d. 1977)
  • 1899 – Ray Morehart, American baseball player (d. 1989)
  • 1894 – Warren William, American actor (d. 1948)
  • 1893 – Leo Ornstein, Russian-American pianist and composer (d. 2002)
  • 1891 – Charles H. Wesley, American historian and author (d. 1987)
  • 1885 – George Minot, American physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1950)
  • 1866 – Harry Burleigh, American singer-songwriter (d. 1949)
  • 1863 – Charles Edward Ringling, American businessman, co-founded the Ringling Brothers Circus (d. 1926)
  • 1810 – Henry Yesler, American businessman and politician, 7th Mayor of Seattle (d. 1892)
  • 1760 – John Breckinridge, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 5th United States Attorney General (d. 1806)
  • 1759 – James Edward Smith, English botanist and mycologist, founded the Linnean Society (d. 1828)
  • 1754 – William Cooper, American judge and politician, founded Cooperstown, New York (d. 1809)
  • 1738 – Richard Montgomery, Irish-American general (d. 1775)
  • 1694 – William Shirley, English-American lawyer and politician, Governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1771)

Deaths

  • 2015 – George T. Sakato, American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1921)
  • 2015 – Sandy Berger, American lawyer and politician, 19th United States National Security Advisor (b. 1945)
  • 2015 – Will McMillan, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1944)
  • 2014 – Bobby Keys, American saxophonist (b. 1943)
  • 2014 – Don Laws, American figure skater and coach (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Jean-Claude Beton, Algerian-French engineer and businessman, founded Orangina (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – William Allain, American soldier and politician, 58th Governor of Mississippi (b. 1928)
  • 2012 – Tom Hendry, Canadian playwright, co-founded the Manitoba Theatre Centre (b. 1929)
  • 2009 – Foge Fazio, American football player and coach (b. 1938)
  • 2008 – Henry Molaison, American memory disorder patient (b. 1926)
  • 2008 – Odetta, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress (b. 1930)
  • 2007 – Elizabeth Hardwick, American literary critic, novelist, and short story writer (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – Jennifer Alexander, Canadian-American ballerina and actress (b. 1972)
  • 2005 – William P. Lawrence, American admiral and pilot (b. 1930)
  • 2004 – Mona Van Duyn, American poet and academic (b. 1921)
  • 2000 – Gail Fisher, American actress (b. 1935)
  • 1999 – Charlie Byrd, American guitarist (b. 1925)
  • 1997 – Michael Hedges, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1953)
  • 1995 – Mária Telkes, Hungarian–American biophysicist and chemist (b. 1900)
  • 1995 – Roxie Roker, American actress (b. 1929)
  • 1990 – Aaron Copland, American composer and conductor (b. 1900)
  • 1990 – Robert Cummings, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1908)
  • 1986 – Desi Arnaz, Cuban-American actor, singer, businessman, and television producer (b. 1917)
  • 1986 – John Curtis Gowan, American psychologist and academic (b. 1912)
  • 1983 – Fifi D'Orsay, Canadian-American actress and singer (b. 1904)
  • 1981 – Wallace Harrison, American architect, co-founded Harrison & Abramovitz (b. 1895)
  • 1976 – Danny Murtaugh, American baseball player and manager (b. 1917)
  • 1957 – Harrison Ford, American actor (b. 1884)
  • 1957 – Manfred Sakel, Ukrainian-American neurophysiologist and psychiatrist (b. 1902)
  • 1936 – John Ringling, American businessman, co-founded Ringling Brothers Circus (b. 1866)
  • 1927 – Paul Heinrich von Groth, German scientist who systematically classified minerals and founded the journal Zeitschrift für Krystallographie und Mineralogie (b. 1843)
  • 1892 – Jay Gould, American businessman and financier (b. 1836)
  • 1859 – John Brown, American activist and murderer (b. 1800)
  • 1726 – Samuel Penhallow, English-American historian and author (b. 1665)
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