Founding Day in Taiwan
Founding Day in Taiwan is held on January 1. Commemorates the establishment of the Provisional Government in Nanjing. This event in the first decade of the month January is annual. Help us
Taiwan's official title is the Republic of China (RoC). Taiwan is the size of Belgium but has 23 million residents. Only 2.3% of the Taiwanese population is native.
The ROC was founded in 1912 in China. At that time, Taiwan was under Japanese colonial rule as a result of the 1895 Treaty of Shimonoseki, by which the Qing ceded Taiwan to Japan. The ROC government began exercising jurisdiction over Taiwan in 1945 after Japan surrendered at the end of World War II.
The ROC government relocated to Taiwan in 1949 while fighting a civil war with the Chinese Communist Party. Since then, the ROC has continued to exercise effective jurisdiction over the main island of Taiwan and a number of outlying islands, leaving Taiwan and China each under the rule of a different government. The authorities in Beijing have never exercised sovereignty over Taiwan or other islands administered by the ROC.
Similar holidays and events, festivals and interesting facts
White Day in Japan on March 14 (also South Korea, Vietnam, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Malaysia and China on March 14, one month after Valentine's Day - ホワイトデ);