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Saturday 19 December 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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December 19 Events

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Holidays and observances

Events

  • 2012 – Park Geun-hye is elected the first female president of South Korea.
  • 1998 – President Bill Clinton is impeached by the United States House of Representatives, becoming the second President of the United States to be impeached.
  • 1995 – The United States Government restores federal recognition to the Nottawaseppi Huron Band of Potawatomi Native American tribe.
  • 1974 – Nelson Rockefeller is sworn in as Vice President of the United States under President Gerald Ford under the provisions of the 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution.
  • 1946 – Start of the First Indochina War.
  • 1900 – Hopetoun Blunder: The first Governor-General of Australia John Hope, 7th Earl of Hopetoun, appoints Sir William Lyne premier of the new state of New South Wales, but he is unable to persuade other colonial politicians to join his government and is forced to resign.
  • 1828 – Nullification Crisis: Vice President of the United States John C. Calhoun pens the South Carolina Exposition and Protest, protesting the Tariff of 1828.
  • 1777 – American Revolutionary War: George Washington's Continental Army goes into winter quarters at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania.
  • 1776 – Thomas Paine publishes one of a series of pamphlets in The Pennsylvania Journal entitled "The American Crisis".
  • 1606 – The Susan Constant, the Godspeed, and the Discovery depart England carrying settlers who founded, at Jamestown, Virginia, the first of the thirteen colonies that became the United States.

Births

  • 2001 – Billie Eilish, American pop singer. She gained media attention in 2016, when she uploaded the song "Ocean Eyes" on SoundCloud, subsequently released by Darkroom and Interscope Records. "Ocean Eyes" was written and produced by her brother Finneas, with whom she collaborates on music and live shows.
  • 1990 – Greg Bretz, American snowboarder. Gregory "Greg" Bretz (born December 19, 1990 in Anaheim, California) is an American snowboarder who has competed since 2004.
  • 1987 – Ronan Farrow, American activist, journalist, and lawyer. For this reporting, The New Yorker won the 2018 Pulitzer Prize for Public Service, sharing the award with The New York Times.
  • 1986 – Ingrid Burley, American rapper and songwriter. She began her career at age 11, as part of Trio, which was managed by Knowles.
  • 1984 – Ian Kennedy, American baseball player. Ian Patrick Kennedy (born December 19, 1984) is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Kansas City Royals of Major League Baseball (MLB).
  • 1983 – Casey Crescenzo, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Casey Crescenzo (born December 19, 1983) is a singer, songwriter, and multi-instrumentalist most notable for being the singer for the bands The Dear Hunter and The Receiving End of Sirens.
  • 1982 – Mo Williams, American basketball player. Maurice Williams (born December 19, 1982) is an American former professional basketball player who played 13 seasons in the National Basketball Association (NBA).
  • 1980 – Jake Gyllenhaal, American actor and producer. He began acting as a child, making his acting debut in City Slickers (1991), followed by roles in his father's films A Dangerous Woman (1993) and Homegrown (1998).
  • 1980 – Marla Sokoloff, American actress and musician. She has also appeared in films True Crime (1996), Dude, Where's My Car? (2000), Sugar & Spice (2001) and Love on the Side (2004).
  • 1979 – Kevin Devine, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Kevin Devine (born December 19, 1979) is an American songwriter and musician from Staten Island, New York, who is known for his introspective and political themes.
  • 1978 – Patrick Casey, American actor, producer, and screenwriter. Patrick Casey (or Pat or Paddy) may refer to:
  • 1977 – LaTasha Jenkins, American sprinter. Other career highlights include 2001 U.S.
  • 1975 – Brandon Sanderson, American author and academic. He is also known for finishing Robert Jordan's high fantasy series The Wheel of Time.
  • 1975 – Russell Branyan, American baseball player. Russell Oles Branyan (born December 19, 1975) is an American former professional baseball first baseman, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Cleveland Indians (two occasions), Cincinnati Reds, Milwaukee Brewers (two occasions), Tampa Bay Devil Rays, San Diego Padres, Philadelphia Phillies, St.
  • 1974 – Jake Plummer, American football player and sportscaster. Jason Steven "Jake" Plummer (born December 19, 1974) is a former professional American football player, a quarterback for ten seasons in the National Football League (NFL).
  • 1974 – Joe Jurevicius, American football player. He played college football at Penn State.
  • 1972 – Alyssa Milano, American actress and television personality. She is known for her roles as Samantha Micelli in Who's the Boss?, Jennifer Mancini in Melrose Place, Phoebe Halliwell in Charmed, Billie Cunningham in My Name is Earl, Savannah "Savi" Davis in Mistresses, Renata Murphy in Wet Hot American Summer: 10 Years Later, and Coralee Armstrong in Insatiable.
  • 1972 – Warren Sapp, American football player and sportscaster. Warren Carlos Sapp (born December 19, 1972) is a former American football defensive tackle.
  • 1970 – Tyson Beckford, American model and actor. Beckford has been described as one of the most successful male supermodels of all time, achieving fame and huge contracts similar to the female models that had huge success in the 1990s.
  • 1969 – Kristy Swanson, American actress. Her first starring role was in Wes Craven's horror film Deadly Friend (1986), followed by her portrayal of Catherine "Cathy" Dollanganger in the film adaptation of V.
  • 1969 – Tom Gugliotta, American basketball player. Thomas James Gugliotta (born December 19, 1969) is a former American professional basketball player who played thirteen seasons in the National Basketball Association (NBA).
  • 1968 – Ken Marino, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. He was a cast member on MTV's The State and has starred in shows such as Party Down, Marry Me, Burning Love, and Childrens Hospital.
  • 1967 – Charles Austin, American high jumper. Charles Allen Austin (born December 19, 1967) is an American athlete who won the gold medal in the men's high jump at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta.
  • 1967 – Criss Angel, American magician. Christopher Nicholas Sarantakos (Greek: Χριστόφορος Νικόλαος Σαραντάκος; born December 19, 1967), known by the stage name Criss Angel, is an American magician, illusionist and musician.
  • 1966 – Chuckii Booker, American singer-songwriter and producer. Chuckii Booker (born December 19, 1966) is an American producer, singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist and bandleader.
  • 1966 – Eric Weinrich, American ice hockey player and coach. Eric John Weinrich (born December 19, 1966) is an American former professional ice hockey defenseman who played 17 seasons in the National Hockey League (NHL) with the New Jersey Devils, Hartford Whalers, Chicago Blackhawks, Montreal Canadiens, Boston Bruins, Philadelphia Flyers, St.
  • 1965 – Chito Martínez, Belizean-American baseball player, was the first player in the history of Major League Baseball (MLB) to be born in the country of Belize. Born in Belize City, he spent parts of three seasons (1991 to 1993) with the Baltimore Orioles, hitting 13 home runs in his rookie season and posting a slugging percentage of .514 in 216 at bats.
  • 1963 – Jennifer Beals, American model and actress. She made her film debut in My Bodyguard (1980), before receiving critical acclaim for her role in Flashdance (1983), for which she won NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actress in a Motion Picture and was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Motion Picture Comedy or Musical.
  • 1962 – Gary Fleder, American director, producer, and screenwriter. In recent years he has been a prolific director of television pilots.
  • 1961 – Eric Allin Cornell, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate. For their efforts, Cornell, Wieman, and Wolfgang Ketterle shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2001.
  • 1961 – Reggie White, American football player and wrestler (d. 2004), was an American professional football player who played defensive end in the National Football League (NFL) for 15 seasons during the 1980s and 1990s. He played college football for the University of Tennessee, and was recognized as an All-American.
  • 1960 – Derrick Jensen, American author and activist. Derrick Jensen (born December 19, 1960) is an American author, ecophilosopher, radical environmentalist, and anti-civilization advocate.
  • 1960 – Michelangelo Signorile, American journalist and author. Signorile was editor-at-large for HuffPost from 2011 until 2019.
  • 1956 – Tom Lawless, American baseball player and manager. Thomas James Lawless (born December 19, 1956 in Erie, Pennsylvania) is a former Major League Baseball player who played between 1982 and 1990, playing for the Cincinnati Reds, Montreal Expos, St.
  • 1955 – Rob Portman, American lawyer and politician. Robert Jones Portman (born December 19, 1955) is an American Republican politician, serving as the junior United States Senator from Ohio.
  • 1952 – Walter Murphy, American pianist and composer. Walter Anthony Murphy Jr. (born December 19, 1952) is an American composer, arranger, pianist, musician, songwriter, and record producer.
  • 1950 – Eleanor J. Hill, American lawyer and diplomat. Eleanor Jean Hill (born December 19, 1950) served as Inspector General for the United States Department of Defense under President Bill Clinton.
  • 1949 – Claudia Kolb, American swimmer. Claudia Anne Kolb (born December 19, 1949), also known by her married name Claudia Thomas, is an American former competition swimmer, two-time Olympic champion, and former world record-holder in four events.
  • 1946 – Robert Urich, American actor and producer (d. 2002), was an American film, television, stage actor, and television producer. Over the course of his 30-year career, he starred in a record 15 television series.
  • 1945 – Elaine Joyce, American actress, singer, and dancer. Elaine Joyce (born Elaine Joyce Pinchot; December 19, 1945) is an American actress.
  • 1945 – John McEuen, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. John McEuen, born December 19, 1945 in Oakland, California, USA is an American folk musician and a founding member of the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band.
  • 1944 – Mitchell Feigenbaum, American physicist and mathematician, was an American mathematical physicist whose pioneering studies in chaos theory led to the discovery of the Feigenbaum constants.
  • 1944 – Steve Tyrell, American singer-songwriter and producer. Steve Tyrell (born Stephen Louis Bilao III; December 19, 1944) is an American producer and vocalist.
  • 1944 – Tim Reid, American actor and director. Timothy Lee Reid (born December 19, 1944) is an American actor and film director best known for his roles in prime time American television programs, such as Venus Flytrap on WKRP in Cincinnati (1978–82), Marcel "Downtown" Brown on Simon & Simon (1983–87), Ray Campbell on Sister, Sister (1994–99) and William Barnett on That '70s Show (2004–06).
  • 1943 – James L. Jones, American general and politician, 22nd United States National Security Advisor. Jones retired from the Marine Corps on February 1, 2007, after 40 years of service.
  • 1943 – Ross M. Lence, American political scientist and academic (d. 2006), was a professor of Political Science at the University of Houston from 1971 to 2006, where he was John and Rebecca Moores Scholar and held the Ross M. Lence Distinguished Teaching Chair.
  • 1942 – Cornell Dupree, American guitarist (d. 2011), was an American jazz and R&B guitarist. He worked at various times with Aretha Franklin, Bill Withers, Donny Hathaway, King Curtis and Steve Gadd, appeared on David Letterman, and wrote a book on soul and blues guitar: Rhythm and Blues Guitar.
  • 1942 – Dennis E. Fitch, American pilot (d. 2012), was a regularly scheduled United Airlines flight from Denver to Chicago, continuing to Philadelphia. On July 19, 1989, the DC-10 (registered as N1819U) serving the flight crash-landed at Sioux City, Iowa, after suffering a catastrophic failure of its tail-mounted engine, which led to the loss of many flight controls.
  • 1941 – Maurice White, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2016), was an American musician, singer, songwriter, record producer, and arranger. He was the founder and leader of the band Earth, Wind & Fire.
  • 1940 – Phil Ochs, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1976), was an American protest singer (or, as he preferred, a topical singer) and songwriter who was known for his sharp wit, sardonic humor, earnest humanism, political activism, insightful and alliterative lyrics, and distinctive voice. He wrote hundreds of songs in the 1960s and 1970s and released eight albums.
  • 1935 – Bobby Timmons, American pianist and composer (d. 1974), was an American jazz pianist and composer. He was a sideman in Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers for two periods (July 1958 to September 1959; February 1960 to June 1961), between which he was part of Cannonball Adderley's band.
  • 1935 – Joanne Weaver, American baseball player (d. 2000), was a right fielder who played from 1951 through 1954 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5 ft 11 in (1.80 m), 142 lb., she batted and threw right-handed.
  • 1934 – Al Kaline, American baseball player and sportscaster. Albert William Kaline (/ˈkeɪlaɪn/; born December 19, 1934), nicknamed "Mr.
  • 1934 – Casper R. Taylor, Jr., American lawyer and politician. Taylor Jr. (born December 19, 1934) served as Speaker of the Maryland House of Delegates from 1994–2003, among the longest Speaker's tenures in Maryland history.
  • 1932 – Wayne Tippit, American actor (d. 2009), was an American television and stage character actor. He was best known to television audiences for playing Ted Adamson on the 1970s and 1980s CBS soap opera, Search for Tomorrow, for five years.
  • 1929 – Bob Brookmeyer, American trombonist, pianist, and composer (d. 2011), was an American jazz valve trombonist, pianist, arranger, and composer. Born in Kansas City, Missouri, Brookmeyer first gained widespread public attention as a member of Gerry Mulligan's quartet from 1954 to 1957.
  • 1929 – Howard Sackler, American playwright and screenwriter (d. 1982), was an American screenwriter and playwright who is best known for writing The Great White Hope (play: 1967; film: 1970). The Great White Hope enjoyed both a successful run on Broadway and, as a film adaptation, in movie theaters.
  • 1928 – Eve Bunting, Irish-American author and academic. Anne Evelyn Bunting (née Bolton) (born December 19, 1928), also known as Eve Bunting, is a Northern Ireland-born American writer of more than 250 books.
  • 1928 – Nathan Oliveira, American painter and sculptor (d. 2010), was an American painter, printmaker, and sculptor, born in Oakland, California to immigrant Portuguese parents. Since the late 1950s, Oliveira has been the subject of nearly one hundred solo exhibitions, in addition to having been included in hundreds of group exhibitions in important museums and galleries worldwide.
  • 1926 – Bobby Layne, American football player and coach (d. 1986), was an American football quarterback who played for 15 seasons in the National Football League. He played for the Chicago Bears in 1948, the New York Bulldogs in 1949, the Detroit Lions from 1950–1958, and the Pittsburgh Steelers from 1958–1962.
  • 1925 – Robert B. Sherman, American songwriter and screenwriter (d. 2012), was an American songwriter who specialized in musical films with his brother, Richard Morton Sherman. The Sherman brothers were responsible for more motion picture musical song scores than any other songwriting team in film history.
  • 1925 – William Schutz, American psychologist and academic (d. 2002). Schutz was born in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 1924 – Gary Morton, American comedian and producer (d. 1999), was an American stand-up comedian, whose primary venues were hotels and resorts of the Borscht Belt in upstate New York. He was born in New York City.
  • 1923 – Robert V. Bruce, American historian and author (d. 2008), was an American historian specializing in the American Civil War, who won the 1988 Pulitzer Prize for History for his book The Launching of Modern American Science, 1846–1876 (1987). After serving in the Army during World War II, Bruce graduated from the University of New Hampshire, where he earned his Bachelor of Science in mechanical engineering.
  • 1920 – David Susskind, American talk show host and producer (d. 1987), was an American producer of TV, movies, and stage plays and also a TV talk show host. His talk shows were innovative in the genre and addressed timely, controversial topics beyond the scope of others of the day.
  • 1920 – Little Jimmy Dickens, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2015), was an American country music singer and songwriter famous for his humorous novelty songs, his small size (4'11" ), and his rhinestone-studded outfits (which he is given credit for introducing into country music live performances). He started as a member of the Grand Ole Opry in 1948 and was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1983.
  • 1918 – Lee Rich, American producer and production manager (d. 2012), was an American film and television producer, who won the 1973 Outstanding Drama Series Emmy award for The Waltons as the producer. He is also known as the co-founder and former chairman of Lorimar Television.
  • 1918 – Professor Longhair, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1980), was an American singer and pianist who performed New Orleans blues. He was active in two distinct periods, first in the heyday of early rhythm and blues and later in the resurgence of interest in traditional jazz after the founding of the New Orleans Jazz and Heritage Festival in 1970.
  • 1914 – Mel Shaw, American animator and screenwriter (d. 2012), was an American animator, design artist, writer, and artist. Shaw was involved in the animation, story design, and visual development of numerous Disney animated films, beginning with Bambi, which was released in 1942.
  • 1909 – W. A. Criswell, American pastor and author (d. 2002), was an American pastor, author, and a two-term elected president of the Southern Baptist Convention from 1968 to 1970. As senior pastor of the First Baptist Church of Dallas for five decades he became widely known for expository biblical preaching at a popular level, and is regarded as a key figure in the late 1970s "Conservative Resurgence" within the Southern Baptist Convention.
  • 1907 – Jimmy McLarnin, Irish-American boxer, actor, and golfer (d. 2004), was an Irish-Canadian professional boxer who became a two-time welterweight world champion and an International Boxing Hall of Fame inductee. McLarnin has been referred to as the greatest Irish boxer of all time.
  • 1905 – Irving Kahn, American businessman (d. 2015), was an American investor and philanthropist. He was the oldest living active investor.
  • 1903 – George Davis Snell, American geneticist and immunologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1996), was an American mouse geneticist and basic transplant immunologist.
  • 1901 – Oliver La Farge, American anthropologist and author (d. 1963), was an American writer and anthropologist. During 1925 he explored early Olmec sites in Mexico, and later studied additional sites in Central America and the American Southwest.
  • 1901 – Rudolf Hell, German engineer, invented the Hellschreiber (d. 2002), was a German inventor. He was born in Eggmühl, Germany.
  • 1900 – Margaret Brundage, American illustrator, known for illustrating pulp magazine Weird Tales (d. 1976), was an American illustrator and painter who is remembered chiefly for having illustrated the pulp magazine Weird Tales. Working in pastels on illustration board, she created most of the covers for Weird Tales between 1933 and 1938.
  • 1894 – Ford Frick, American journalist and businessman (d. 1978), was an American sportswriter and baseball executive. After working as a teacher and as a sportswriter for the New York American, he served as public relations director of the National League (NL), then as the league's president from 1934 to 1951.
  • 1888 – Fritz Reiner, Hungarian-American conductor (d. 1963), was a prominent conductor of opera and symphonic music in the twentieth century. Hungarian born and trained, he emigrated to the United States in 1922, where he rose to prominence as a conductor with several orchestras.
  • 1875 – Carter G. Woodson, American historian and author, founded Black History Month (d. 1950), was an American historian, author, journalist, and the founder of the Association for the Study of African American Life and History. He was one of the first scholars to study African-American history.
  • 1875 – Grace Marie Bareis, American mathematician (d. 1962), was an American mathematician and educator who became the first person to receive a doctorate degree in mathematics from Ohio State University. Bareis was an assistant professor at Ohio State University where she taught for 40 years until her eventual retirement in 1946.
  • 1865 – Minnie Maddern Fiske, American actress and playwright (d. 1932). Minnie Maddern Fiske (born Marie Augusta Davey; December 19, 1865 – February 15, 1932), but often billed simply as Mrs.
  • 1863 – Wallace Bryant, American archer (d. 1953). Wallace Gordon Bryant Jr. (born July 14, 1959) is a retired American professional basketball player who played in the National Basketball Association (NBA) and other leagues.
  • 1852 – Albert Abraham Michelson, Prussian-American physicist, chemist, and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1931), was an American physicist known for his work on measuring the speed of light and especially for the Michelson–Morley experiment. In 1907 he received the Nobel Prize in Physics, becoming the first American to win the Nobel Prize in a science.
  • 1849 – Henry Clay Frick, American businessman and financier (d. 1919), was an American industrialist, financier, union-buster, and art patron. He founded the H.
  • 1831 – Bernice Pauahi Bishop, American philanthropist (d. 1884), was an aliʻi (noble) of the Royal Family of the Kingdom of Hawaii and a well known philanthropist. At her death, her estate was the largest private landownership in the Hawaiian Islands, comprising approximately 9% of Hawaii's total area.
  • 1825 – George Frederick Bristow, American violinist and composer (d. 1898), was an American composer. He advocated American classical music, rather than favoring European pieces.
  • 1820 – Mary Livermore, American journalist and activist (d. 1905), was an American journalist, abolitionist, and advocate of women's rights.
  • 1817 – James J. Archer, American lawyer and general (d. 1864). James Jay Archer (December 19, 1817 – October 24, 1864) was a lawyer and an officer in the United States Army during the Mexican–American War.
  • 1714 – John Winthrop, American astronomer and educator (d. 1779), was an English Puritan lawyer and one of the leading figures in founding the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the second major settlement in New England, following Plymouth Colony. Winthrop led the first large wave of immigrants from England in 1630 and served as governor for 12 of the colony's first 20 years.

Deaths

  • 2014 – Dick Thornton, American-Canadian football player and coach (b. 1939)
  • 2013 – Ned Vizzini, American author and screenwriter (b. 1981)
  • 2012 – Larry Morris, American football player (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Robert Bork, American lawyer, judge, and scholar, United States Attorney General (b. 1927)
  • 2008 – Carol Chomsky, American linguist and educator (b. 1930)
  • 2008 – Dock Ellis, American baseball player and coach (b. 1945)
  • 2008 – James Bevel, American minister and activist (b. 1936)
  • 2008 – Michael Connell, American political consultant (b. 1963)
  • 2005 – Vincent Gigante, American mobster (b. 1927)
  • 2004 – Herbert C. Brown, English-American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1912)
  • 2003 – Hope Lange, American actress (b. 1933)
  • 2003 – Peter Carter-Ruck, English lawyer, founded Carter-Ruck (b. 1914)
  • 2002 – George Weller, American author, playwright, and journalist (b. 1907)
  • 2000 – John Lindsay, American lawyer and politician, 103rd Mayor of New York City (b. 1921)
  • 2000 – Milt Hinton, American bassist and photographer (b. 1910)
  • 2000 – Rob Buck, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1958)
  • 1998 – Mel Fisher, American treasure hunter (b. 1922)
  • 1997 – Jimmy Rogers, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1924)
  • 1997 – Masaru Ibuka, Japanese businessman, co-founded Sony (b. 1908)
  • 1991 – Joe Cole, American roadie and author (b. 1961)
  • 1986 – V. C. Andrews, American author (b. 1923)
  • 1984 – Joy Ridderhof, American missionary (b. 1903)
  • 1982 – Dwight Macdonald, American philosopher, author, and critic (b. 1906)
  • 1968 – Norman Thomas, American minister and politician (b. 1884)
  • 1953 – Robert Andrews Millikan, American physicist and eugenicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1868)
  • 1938 – Stephen Warfield Gambrill, American lawyer and politician (b. 1873)
  • 1899 – Henry Ware Lawton, American general (b. 1843)
  • 1878 – Bayard Taylor, American author and poet (b. 1825)
  • 1813 – James McGill, Scottish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist, founded McGill University (b. 1744)
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