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Saturday 3 February 2018 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Calendars: Japan

Holidays and observances

  • Four Chaplains Day (United States, also considered a Feast Day by the Episcopal Church)
  • Setsubun in Japan

Events

  • 1998 – Cavalese cable car disaster: a United States military pilot causes the death of 20 people when his low-flying plane cuts the cable of a cable-car near Trento, Italy.
  • 1995 – Astronaut Eileen Collins becomes the first woman to pilot the Space Shuttle as mission STS-63 gets underway from Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
  • 1984 – John Buster and the research team at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center announce history's first embryo transfer, from one woman to another resulting in a live birth.
  • 1972 – The first day of the seven-day 1972 Iran blizzard, which would kill at least 4,000 people, making it the deadliest snowstorm in history.
  • 1961 – The United States Air Forces begins Operation Looking Glass, and over the next 30 years, a "Doomsday Plane" is always in the air, with the capability of taking direct control of the United States' bombers and missiles in the event of the destruction of the SAC's command post.
  • 1945 – World War II: The United States and the Philippine Commonwealth begin a month-long battle to retake Manila from Japan.
  • 1930 – Communist Party of Vietnam is founded at a "Unification Conference" held in Kowloon, British Hong Kong.
  • 1917 – World War I: The United States breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany a day after the latter announced a new policy of unrestricted submarine warfare.
  • 1913 – The Sixteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, authorizing the Federal government to impose and collect an income tax.
  • 1870 – The Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, guaranteeing voting rights to male citizens regardless of race.
  • 1809 – The Territory of Illinois is created by the 10th United States Congress.
  • 1783 – American Revolutionary War: Spain recognizes United States independence.
  • 1781 – American Revolutionary War: British forces seize the Dutch-owned Caribbean island Sint Eustatius.
  • 1690 – The colony of Massachusetts issues the first paper money in the Americas.
  • 1488 – Bartolomeu Dias of Portugal lands in Mossel Bay after rounding the Cape of Good Hope, becoming the first known European to travel so far south.

Births

  • 1990 – Sean Kingston, American-Jamaican singer-songwriter
  • 1986 – Lucas Duda, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Becky Bayless, American wrestler
  • 1969 – Beau Biden, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 44th Attorney General of Delaware (d. 2015)
  • 1968 – Vlade Divac, Serbian-American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1966 – Frank Coraci, American director and screenwriter
  • 1965 – Kathleen Kinmont, American actress, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1965 – Maura Tierney, American actress and producer
  • 1961 – Linda Eder, American singer and actress
  • 1960 – Kerry Von Erich, American wrestler (d. 1993)
  • 1960 – Marty Jannetty, American wrestler and trainer
  • 1960 – Tim Chandler, American bass player
  • 1958 – Joe F. Edwards, Jr., American commander, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1957 – Eric Lander, American mathematician, geneticist, and academic
  • 1956 – John Jefferson, American football player and coach
  • 1956 – Nathan Lane, American actor and comedian
  • 1952 – Fred Lynn, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1951 – Michael Ruppert, American journalist and author (d. 2014)
  • 1950 – Morgan Fairchild, American actress
  • 1949 – Jim Thorpe, American golfer
  • 1947 – Paul Auster, American novelist, essayist, and poet
  • 1945 – Bob Griese, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1945 – Johnny Cymbal, Scottish-American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 1993)
  • 1943 – Blythe Danner, American actress
  • 1943 – Dennis Edwards, American soul/R&B singer
  • 1943 – Shawn Phillips, American-South African singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1941 – Dory Funk, Jr., American wrestler and trainer
  • 1941 – Howard Phillips, American lawyer and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1940 – Fran Tarkenton, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1939 – Michael Cimino, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2016)
  • 1938 – Emile Griffith, American boxer and trainer (d. 2013)
  • 1938 – Victor Buono, American actor (d. 1982)
  • 1936 – Elizabeth Peer, American journalist (d. 1984)
  • 1935 – Johnny "Guitar" Watson, American blues, soul, and funk singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1996)
  • 1933 – Paul Sarbanes, American lawyer and politician
  • 1927 – Kenneth Anger, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1925 – John Fiedler, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1925 – Shelley Berman, American actor and comedian (d. 2017)
  • 1920 – Henry Heimlich, American physician and author (d. 2016)
  • 1920 – Russell Arms, American actor and singer (d. 2012)
  • 1918 – Helen Stephens, American runner, baseball player, and manager (d. 1994)
  • 1918 – Joey Bishop, American actor and producer (d. 2007)
  • 1914 – Mary Carlisle, American actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1907 – James A. Michener, American author and philanthropist (d. 1997)
  • 1905 – Arne Beurling, Swedish-American mathematician and academic (d. 1986)
  • 1904 – Pretty Boy Floyd, American gangster (d. 1934)
  • 1900 – Mabel Mercer, English-American singer (d. 1984)
  • 1898 – Alvar Aalto, Finnish architect, designed the Finlandia Hall and Aalto Theatre (d. 1976)
  • 1894 – Norman Rockwell, American painter and illustrator (d. 1978)
  • 1874 – Gertrude Stein, American novelist, poet, playwright, (d. 1946)
  • 1872 – Lou Criger, American baseball player and manager (d. 1934)
  • 1867 – Charles Henry Turner, American biologist, educator and zoologist (d. 1923)
  • 1862 – James Clark McReynolds, American lawyer and judge (d. 1946)
  • 1859 – Hugo Junkers, German engineer, designed the Junkers J 1 (d. 1935)
  • 1857 – Giuseppe Moretti, Italian sculptor, designed the Vulcan statue (d. 1935)
  • 1843 – William Cornelius Van Horne, American-Canadian businessman (d. 1915)
  • 1842 – Sidney Lanier, American composer and poet (d. 1881)
  • 1824 – Ranald MacDonald, American explorer and educator (d. 1894)
  • 1821 – Elizabeth Blackwell, American physician and educator (d. 1910)
  • 1811 – Horace Greeley, American journalist and politician (d. 1872)
  • 1807 – Joseph E. Johnston, American general and politician (d. 1891)
  • 1747 – Samuel Osgood, American soldier and politician, 1st United States Postmaster General (d. 1813)
  • 1677 – Jan Santini Aichel, Czech architect, designed the Karlova Koruna Chateau (d. 1723)

Deaths

  • 2015 – Charlie Sifford, American golfer (b. 1922)
  • 2015 – Mary Healy, American actress and singer (b. 1918)
  • 2013 – Cardiss Collins, American politician (b. 1931)
  • 2013 – James Muri, American soldier and pilot (b. 1918)
  • 2012 – Ben Gazzara, American actor and director (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Terence Hildner, American general (b. 1962)
  • 2012 – Zalman King, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1942)
  • 2010 – Dick McGuire, American basketball player and coach (b. 1926)
  • 2010 – Frances Reid, American actress (b. 1914)
  • 2009 – Sheng-yen, Chinese monk and scholar, founded the Dharma Drum Mountain (b. 1930)
  • 2006 – Al Lewis, American actor and activist (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Ernst Mayr, German-American biologist and ornithologist (b. 1904)
  • 1999 – Gwen Guthrie, American singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1950)
  • 1996 – Audrey Meadows, American actress and banker (b. 1922)
  • 1991 – Nancy Kulp, American actress (b. 1921)
  • 1989 – John Cassavetes, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • 1989 – Lionel Newman, American pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1916)
  • 1985 – Frank Oppenheimer, American physicist and academic (b. 1912)
  • 1975 – William D. Coolidge, American physicist and engineer (b. 1873)
  • 1961 – Anna May Wong, American actress (b. 1905)
  • 1959 – The Day the Music Died - Buddy Holly, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1936)
  • 1959 – The Day the Music Died - Ritchie Valens, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1941)
  • 1959 – The Day the Music Died - The Big Bopper, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1930)
  • 1952 – Harold L. Ickes, American journalist and politician, 32nd United States Secretary of the Interior (b. 1874)
  • 1947 – Marc Mitscher, American admiral and pilot (b. 1887)
  • 1935 – Hugo Junkers, German engineer, designed the Junkers J 1 (b. 1859)
  • 1924 – Woodrow Wilson, American historian, academic, and politician, 28th President of the United States, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1856)
  • 1468 – Johannes Gutenberg, German publisher, invented the Printing press (b. 1398)
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