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Friday 23 February 2024 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances


  • 2008 – A United States Air Force B-2 Spirit bomber crashes on Guam, marking the first operational loss of a B-2.
  • 1998 – In the United States, tornadoes in central Florida destroy or damage 2,600 structures and kill 42 people.
  • 1983 – The United States Environmental Protection Agency announces its intent to buy out and evacuate the dioxin-contaminated community of Times Beach, Missouri.
  • 1980 – Iran hostage crisis: Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini states that Iran's parliament will decide the fate of the American embassy hostages.
  • 1954 The first mass inoculation of children against polio with the Salk vaccine begins in Pittsburgh.
  • 1945 – World War II: During the Battle of Iwo Jima, a group of United States Marines and a U.S. Navy hospital corpsman reach the top of Mount Suribachi on the island and are photographed raising the American flag.
  • 1945 – World War II: The capital of the Philippines, Manila, is liberated by combined Filipino and American forces.
  • 1942 World War II: Japanese submarines fire artillery shells at the coastline near Santa Barbara, California.
  • 1941 – Plutonium is first produced and isolated by Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg.
  • 1927 German theoretical physicist Werner Heisenberg writes a letter to fellow physicist Wolfgang Pauli, in which he describes his uncertainty principle for the first time.
  • 1927 U.S. President Calvin Coolidge signs a bill by Congress establishing the Federal Radio Commission (later replaced by the Federal Communications Commission) which was to regulate the use of radio frequencies in the United States.
  • 1917 First demonstrations in Saint Petersburg, Russia. The beginning of the February Revolution (March 8 in the Gregorian calendar).
  • 1909 The AEA Silver Dart makes the first powered flight in Canada and the British Empire.
  • 1905 Chicago attorney Paul Harris and three other businessmen meet for lunch to form the Rotary Club, the world's first service club.
  • 1903 Cuba leases Guantánamo Bay to the United States "in perpetuity".
  • 1900 – Second Boer War: During the Battle of the Tugela Heights, the first British attempt to take Hart's Hill fails.
  • 1886 Charles Martin Hall produced the first samples of man-made aluminum, after several years of intensive work. He was assisted in this project by his older sister, Julia Brainerd Hall.
  • 1883 Alabama becomes the first U.S. state to enact an anti-trust law.
  • 1870 Reconstruction Era: Post-U.S. Civil War military control of Mississippi ends and it is readmitted to the Union.
  • 1861 President-elect Abraham Lincoln arrives secretly in Washington, D.C., after the thwarting of an alleged assassination plot in Baltimore, Maryland.
  • 1847 – Mexican–American War: Battle of Buena Vista: In Mexico, American troops under future president General Zachary Taylor defeat Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
  • 1836 Texas Revolution: The Siege of the Alamo (prelude to the Battle of the Alamo) begins in San Antonio, Texas.
  • 1778 – American Revolutionary War: Baron von Steuben arrives at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania to help to train the Continental Army.
  • 1455 Traditional date for the publication of the Gutenberg Bible, the first Western book printed with movable type.


  • 1994 – Dakota Fanning, American actress. Fanning played major roles in the films Uptown Girls (2003), The Cat in the Hat (2003), Man on Fire (2004), War of the Worlds (2005), Dreamer (2005), and Charlotte's Web (2006).
  • 1989 – Evan Bates, American ice dancer. The two represented the United States at the 2014 and 2018 Winter Olympics.
  • 1987 – Ab-Soul, American rapper. Herbert Anthony Stevens IV (born February 23, 1987), better known by his stage name Ab-Soul, is an American rapper from Carson, California.
  • 1987 – Theophilus London, Trinidadian-American singer-songwriter and producer. Theophilus Musa London (born February 23, 1987) is a Trinidadian-born American rapper and singer.
  • 1986 – Jerod Mayo, American football player. Jerod Mayo Sr (born February 23, 1986) is an American football coach and former linebacker who is the inside linebackers coach for the New England Patriots of the National Football League (NFL).
  • 1986 – Skylar Grey, American singer-songwriter. Holly Brook Hafermann (born February 23, 1986), known professionally as Skylar Grey, is an American singer, songwriter, record producer and model from Mazomanie, Wisconsin.
  • 1983 – Aziz Ansari, American comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter. With his Golden Globe win, Ansari became the first actor of Asian descent to win a Golden Globe for acting in television.
  • 1982 – Adam Hann-Byrd, American actor and screenwriter. Adam Hann-Byrd (born February 23, 1982) is an American actor and screenwriter most recognized for his roles in the films Jumanji, The Ice Storm, Halloween H20: 20 Years Later, and as the title character in Little Man Tate.
  • 1981 – Charles Tillman, American football player. Charles Anthony Tillman (born February 23, 1981), nicknamed Peanut, is a former American football cornerback, who is currently a United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) agent.
  • 1981 – Josh Gad, American actor, producer, and screenwriter. For his activity as Olaf, Gad won an Annie Award, and for his work on The Book of Mormon, he gained a Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical nomination.
  • 1979 – S. E. Cupp, American journalist and author. Sarah Elizabeth Cupp (born February 23, 1979) is an American television host, political commentator, and writer.
  • 1978 – Residente, Puerto Rican-American singer-songwriter. René Juan Pérez Joglar (born February 23, 1978), known professionally as Residente (often stylized as Resīdεntә), is a Puerto Rican rapper, writer, filmmaker, and also one of the founders of the Puerto Rican alternative rap group Calle 13.
  • 1976 – Scott Elarton, American baseball player and coach. Vincent Scott Elarton (born February 23, 1976) is a retired right-handed pitcher. He played for the Houston Astros (1998–2001), Colorado Rockies (2001–2004), Cleveland Indians (2004–2005, 2008) and the Kansas City Royals (2006–2007)
  • 1975 – Michael Cornacchia, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. Michael Cornacchia (born February 23, 1975) is an American actor.
  • 1973 – Jeff Nordgaard, American-Polish basketball player. Jeff Wallace Nordgaard (born February 23, 1973) is an American-born naturalized Polish former professional basketball player.
  • 1972 – Rondell White, American baseball player. As well as being a solid defensive player, White also had a batting average of .300 or higher for four consecutive seasons from 1998 to 2001.
  • 1971 – Joe-Max Moore, American soccer player. He finished his career with the New England Revolution of Major League Soccer.
  • 1970 – Niecy Nash, American actress and producer. Carol Denise "Niecy" Nash (née Ensley; born February 23, 1970) is an American comedian, actress, television host, model and producer, best known for her performances on television.
  • 1969 – Daymond John, American fashion designer and businessman, founded FUBU. Daymond Garfield John (born February 23, 1969) is an American businessman, investor, television personality, author, and motivational speaker.
  • 1967 – Chris Vrenna, American drummer, songwriter, and producer. Vrenna (born February 23, 1967) is an American musician, Grammy-winning producer, engineer, remixer, songwriter, programmer, and founder of the electronic band Tweaker.
  • 1967 – Steve Stricker, American golfer. Steven Charles Stricker (born February 23, 1967) is an American professional golfer who plays on the PGA Tour and the PGA Tour Champions.
  • 1965 – Michael Dell, American businessman. He is ranked as the 27th richest person in the world by Forbes, with a net worth of $31.0 billion as of October 2019.
  • 1963 – Bobby Bonilla, American baseball player. Roberto Martin Antonio Bonilla (/boʊˈniːjə/, born February 23, 1963) is a former player in Major League Baseball of Puerto Rican descent who played in the major leagues from 1986 to 2001.
  • 1962 – Michael Wilton, American guitarist. Wilton (born February 23, 1962) also known as The Whip, for how fast his fingers "whip" around the guitar fretboard, heavy metal and hard rock guitarist and songwriter, best known for being a lead and rhythm guitarist and songwriter in the progressive metal band Queensrÿche, which he co-founded in 1982.
  • 1960 Naruhito, Crown Prince of Japan
  • 1959 – Clayton Anderson, American engineer and astronaut. He is currently an author, a motivational speaker, and a Professor of Practice at Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa.
  • 1955 – Flip Saunders, American basketball player and coach (d. 2015). During his career, he coached the Minnesota Timberwolves, Detroit Pistons, and Washington Wizards.
  • 1952 – Brad Whitford, American guitarist and songwriter. Bradley Ernest Whitford (born February 23, 1952) is an American musician who is best known for serving as the rhythm and co-lead guitarist for the hard rock band Aerosmith.
  • 1951 – Ed "Too Tall" Jones, American football player and boxer. Ed Lee Jones (born October 21, 1950), commonly known as Ed "Too Tall" Jones due to his height, is a retired American football player who played 15 seasons (1974–1978, 1980–1989) in the National Football League (NFL) for the Dallas Cowboys.
  • 1951 – Eddie Dibbs, American tennis player. He attained a career-high singles ranking of world No. 5 in July 1978.
  • 1951 – Patricia Richardson, American actress, was nominated four times for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series and two times for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Television Series – Comedy or Musical.
  • 1950 – Rebecca Goldstein, American philosopher and author. She holds a Ph.D. in philosophy of science from Princeton University and is sometimes grouped with novelists, such as Richard Powers and Alan Lightman, who create fiction that is knowledgeable of, and sympathetic toward, science.
  • 1944 – Johnny Winter, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2014), was an American musician, singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and producer. Best known for his high-energy blues-rock albums and live performances in the late 1960s and 1970s, Winter also produced three Grammy Award-winning albums for blues singer and guitarist Muddy Waters.
  • 1943 – Bobby Mitchell, American golfer. Robert Cornelius Mitchell (born June 6, 1935) is a former American football halfback and flanker who played in the National Football League (NFL) for the Cleveland Browns and the Washington Redskins.
  • 1943 – Fred Biletnikoff, American football player and coach. He was a wide receiver for the Oakland Raiders in the American Football League (AFL) and National Football League (NFL) for fourteen seasons and later an assistant coach with the team.
  • 1941 – Ron Hunt, American baseball player. Ronald Kenneth Hunt (born February 23, 1941) is a former professional baseball second baseman.
  • 1940 – Jackie Smith, American football player. He played college football at Northwestern Louisiana State College, now Northwestern State University.
  • 1940 – Peter Fonda, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter, was an American actor, director, and screenwriter. He was the son of Henry Fonda, younger brother of Jane Fonda, and father of Bridget Fonda.
  • 1938 – Diane Varsi, American actress (d. 1992). Varsi on her acting motives and the film industry.
  • 1938 – Paul Morrissey, American director, producer, and screenwriter. He was also director of the first film in which a transgender actress, Holly Woodlawn, starred as a cisgender woman and girlfriend of the main character played by Joe Dallesandro in Trash (1970).
  • 1937 – Tom Osborne, American football player, coach, and politician. After being inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1999, Osborne was elected to Congress in 2000 from Nebraska's third district as a Republican.
  • 1932 – Majel Barrett, American actress and producer (d. 2008). She was best known for her roles as Nurse Christine Chapel in the original Star Trek series and Lwaxana Troi on Star Trek: The Next Generation and Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, as well as for being the voice of most onboard computer interfaces throughout the series.
  • 1931 – Tom Wesselmann, American painter and sculptor (d. 2004). Wesselmann (February 23, 1931 – December 17, 2004) was an American artist associated with the Pop Art movement who worked in painting, collage and sculpture.
  • 1929 – Elston Howard, American baseball player and coach (d. 1980). Elston Gene Howard (February 23, 1929 – December 14, 1980) was an American professional baseball player.
  • 1925 – Louis Stokes, American lawyer and politician (d. 2015), was an American attorney, civil rights pioneer and politician. He served 15 terms in the United States House of Representatives – representing the east side of Cleveland – and was the first African American congressman elected in the state of Ohio.
  • 1924 – Allan McLeod Cormack, South-African-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998), was a South African American physicist who won the 1979 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (along with Godfrey Hounsfield) for his work on X-ray computed tomography (CT).
  • 1923 – Dante Lavelli, American football player (d. 2009), was an American football end who played for the Cleveland Browns in the All-America Football Conference (AAFC) and National Football League (NFL) from 1946 to 1956. Starring alongside quarterback Otto Graham, fullback Marion Motley, placekicker Lou Groza and fellow receiver Mac Speedie, Lavelli was an integral part of a Browns team that won seven championships during his 11-season career.
  • 1923 – Mary Francis Shura, American author (d. 1991), was an American writer of over 50 novels from 1960 to 1990. She wrote children's adventures and young adult romances as Mary Francis Shura, M.
  • 1915 – Paul Tibbets, American general and pilot (d. 2007), was a brigadier general in the United States Air Force. He is best known as the pilot who flew the B-29 Superfortress known as the Enola Gay (named after his mother) when it dropped Little Boy, the first of two atomic bombs used in warfare, on the Japanese city of Hiroshima.
  • 1904 – William L. Shirer, American journalist and historian (d. 1993), was an American journalist and war correspondent. He wrote The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, a history of Nazi Germany that has been read by many and cited in scholarly works for more than 50 years.
  • 1899 – Norman Taurog, American director and screenwriter (d. 1981), was an American film director and screenwriter. From 1920 to 1968, Taurog directed 180 films.
  • 1889 – Cyril Delevanti, English-American actor (d. 1975), was an English character actor with a long career in American films. He was sometimes credited as Syril Delevanti.
  • 1889 – John Gilbert Winant, American captain, pilot, and politician, 60th Governor of New Hampshire (d. 1947), was an American politician with the Republican party after a brief career as a teacher in Concord, New Hampshire. John Winant held positions in New Hampshire, national, and international politics.
  • 1889 – Victor Fleming, American director, cinematographer, and producer (d. 1949). His most popular films were The Wizard of Oz and Gone with the Wind (both of 1939), for which he won an Academy Award for Best Director.
  • 1883 – Guy C. Wiggins, American painter (d. 1962), was an American impressionist painter. He was the president of the Connecticut Academy of Fine Arts, and a member of the Old Lyme Art Colony.
  • 1868 – W. E. B. Du Bois, American sociologist, historian, and activist (d. 1963), was an American sociologist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, author, writer and editor. Born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, Du Bois grew up in a relatively tolerant and integrated community, and after completing graduate work at the University of Berlin and Harvard, where he was the first African American to earn a doctorate, he became a professor of history, sociology and economics at Atlanta University.
  • 1850 – César Ritz, Swiss businessman, founded The Ritz Hotel, London and Hôtel Ritz Paris (d. 1918), was a Swiss hotelier and founder of several hotels, most famously the Hôtel Ritz in Paris and the Ritz and Carlton Hotels in London (the forerunners of the modern Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company). He was known as "King of Hoteliers, and Hotelier to Kings," and it is from his name and that of his hotels that the term ritzy derives.


  • 2016 – Jacqueline Mattson, American baseball player (b. 1928)
  • 2015 – W. E. "Bill" Dykes, American soldier and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Roger Hilsman, American soldier, academic, and politician (b. 1919)
  • 2013 – Eugene Bookhammer, American soldier and politician, 18th Lieutenant Governor of Delaware (b. 1918)
  • 2012 – David Sayre, American physicist and mathematician (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – William Raggio, American lawyer and politician (b. 1926)
  • 2011 – Nirmala Srivastava, Indian religious leader, founded Sahaja Yoga (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Howie Epstein, American bass player, songwriter, and producer (b. 1955)
  • 2003 – Robert K. Merton, American sociologist and academic (b. 1910)
  • 1999 – The Renegade, American wrestler (b. 1965)
  • 1998 – Philip Abbott, American actor and director (b. 1924)
  • 1974 – Harry Ruby, American composer and screenwriter (b. 1895)
  • 1973 – Dickinson W. Richards, American physician and physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1895)
  • 1948 – John Robert Gregg, Irish-American publisher and educator (b. 1866)
  • 1944 – Leo Baekeland, Belgian-American chemist and engineer (b. 1863)
  • 1848 – John Quincy Adams, American politician, 6th President of the United States (b. 1767)
  • 1781 – George Taylor, Irish-American blacksmith and politician (b. 1716)