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Thursday 11 April 2024 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances


  • 2001 – The detained crew of a United States EP-3E aircraft that landed in Hainan, China after a collision with a J-8 fighter, is released.
  • 1963 – Pope John XXIII issues Pacem in terris, the first encyclical addressed to all Christians instead of only Catholics.
  • 1945 – World War II: American forces liberate the Buchenwald concentration camp.
  • 1921 – Emir Abdullah establishes the first centralised government in the newly created British protectorate of Transjordan.
  • 1909 – The city of Tel Aviv is founded.
  • 1881 – Spelman College is founded in Atlanta, Georgia as the Atlanta Baptist Female Seminary, an institute of higher education for African-American women.
  • 1814 – The Treaty of Fontainebleau ends the War of the Sixth Coalition against Napoleon Bonaparte, and forces him to abdicate unconditionally for the first time.


  • 1989 – Torrin Lawrence, American sprinter (d. 2014). He ran for the University of Georgia.
  • 1984 – Kelli Garner, American actress. Kelli Brianne Garner (born April 11, 1984) is an American actress who has appeared in a variety of independent and mainstream films, television, and theater.
  • 1980 – Mark Teixeira, American baseball player. Mark Charles Teixeira (/teɪˈʃɛərə/ tay-SHAIR-ə; born April 11, 1980) is an American former professional baseball first baseman who played 14 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB), primarily with the New York Yankees.
  • 1978 – Josh Hancock, American baseball player (d. 2007), was a Major League Baseball pitcher who played for the Boston Red Sox, Philadelphia Phillies, Cincinnati Reds and St. Louis Cardinals.
  • 1974 – Trot Nixon, American baseball player and sportscaster. Christopher Trotman "Trot" Nixon (born April 11, 1974) is an American former professional baseball right fielder.
  • 1973 – Jennifer Esposito, American actress. She has also appeared in several television series, most notably The Looney Tunes Show, Spin City, Related, Samantha Who?, Blue Bloods, and Mistresses.
  • 1972 – Balls Mahoney, American wrestler (d. 2016), was an American professional wrestler. He is perhaps best known for his appearances with Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW) during the late 1990s and early 2000s, where he was a three-time ECW Tag Team Champion, as well as working for World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) on its ECW brand.
  • 1972 – Jason Varitek, American baseball player and manager. A three-time All-Star and Gold Glove Award winner at catcher, as well as a Silver Slugger Award winner, Varitek was part of both the 2004 World Series and 2007 World Series Championship teams, and was viewed widely as one of the team's leaders.
  • 1966 – Steve Scarsone, American baseball player and manager. He played all or part of seven seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) between 1992 and 1999 for the Philadelphia Phillies, Baltimore Orioles, San Francisco Giants, St.
  • 1964 – Bret Saberhagen, American baseball player and coach. Bret William Saberhagen (/ˈseɪbərheɪɡɪn/; born April 11, 1964) is an American former professional baseball right-handed starting pitcher.
  • 1964 – Johann Sebastian Paetsch, American cellist. Johann Sebastian Paetsch (born in Colorado Springs, U.S. on April 11, 1964) is an American cellist and musician.
  • 1964 – Steve Azar, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Stephen Thomas Azar (born April 11, 1964) is an American country music artist of Lebanese descent.
  • 1961 – Doug Hopkins, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 1993), was an American musician and songwriter. He co-founded the Gin Blossoms, a popular modern rock band of the early 1990s, with Richard Taylor.
  • 1961 – Vincent Gallo, American actor, director, producer, and musician. In the early 2000s, he released several solo recordings on Warp Records.
  • 1959 – Ana María Polo, Cuban-American lawyer and judge. Ana María Polo (born Ana María Cristina Polo González; 11 April 1959) is a Cuban-American Hispanic television arbitrator on Caso Cerrado.
  • 1955 – Kevin Brady, American lawyer and politician. Kevin Patrick Brady (born April 11, 1955) is the U.S.
  • 1955 – Michael Callen, American singer-songwriter and AIDS activist (d. 1993), was an American singer, songwriter, composer, author, and AIDS activist. Callen was diagnosed with AIDS in 1982 and became a pioneer of AIDS activism in New York City, working closely with his doctor, Dr.
  • 1955 – Micheal Ray Richardson, American basketball player and coach. Richardson played college basketball for the Montana Grizzlies.
  • 1954 – Willie Royster, American baseball player (d. 2015), was an American former professional baseball player. The catcher spent eleven seasons in minor league baseball, with a brief, four-game Major League trial for the 1981 Baltimore Orioles.
  • 1952 – Nancy Honeytree, American singer and guitarist, was known as Jesus music.
  • 1950 – Bill Irwin, American actor and clown. He has also made a number of appearances on film and television, and he won a Tony Award for his role in Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf on Broadway.
  • 1947 – Frank Mantooth, American pianist and composer (d. 2004), was an American jazz pianist and arranger.
  • 1947 – Peter Riegert, American actor, screenwriter and film director. Peter Riegert (born April 11, 1947) is an American actor, screenwriter and film director, best known for his roles as Donald "Boone" Schoenstein in Animal House (1978), oil company executive "Mac" MacIntyre in Local Hero (1983), pickle store owner Sam Posner in Crossing Delancey (1988), and glove manufacturer Lou Levov in American Pastoral (2016).
  • 1946 – Chris Burden, American sculptor, illustrator, and academic (d. 2015), was an American artist working in performance, sculpture and installation art. Burden became known in the 1970s for his performance art works, including Shoot (1971), where he arranged for a friend to shoot him in the arm with a small-caliber rifle.
  • 1944 – John Milius, American director, producer, and screenwriter. He later served as the co-creator of the Primetime Emmy Award-winning HBO series Rome.
  • 1943 – Harley Race, American wrestler and trainer, was an American professional wrestler, promoter, and trainer.
  • 1941 – Ellen Goodman, American journalist and author. She is also a speaker and commentator.
  • 1940 – Thomas Harris, American author and screenwriter. William Thomas Harris III (born September 22, 1940) is an American writer, best known for a series of suspense novels about his most famous character, Hannibal Lecter.
  • 1939 – Louise Lasser, American actress. Louise Lasser (born April 11, 1939) is an American actress, television writer and performing arts teacher and director.
  • 1938 – Gerry Baker, American soccer player and manager (d. 2013), was an American-born Scottish footballer. From 1955 until 1970, he played 16 seasons in either the Scottish or English first division.
  • 1938 – Michael Deaver, American politician, Deputy White House Chief of Staff (d. 2007), was a member of President Ronald Reagan's White House staff serving as White House Deputy Chief of Staff under James Baker III and Donald Regan from January 1981 until May 1985.
  • 1938 – Reatha King, American chemist and businesswoman. Reatha Clark King (born April 11, 1938) is an African-American chemist, the former vice president of the General Mills Corporation; and the former president, executive director, and chairman of the board of trustees of the General Mills Foundation, the philanthropic foundation of General Mills, Inc.
  • 1934 – Mark Strand, Canadian-born American poet, essayist, and translator (d. 2014). He was appointed Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress in 1990 and received the Wallace Stevens Award in 2004.
  • 1932 – Joel Grey, American actor, singer, and dancer. He has won an Academy Award, Tony Award, and Golden Globe Award.
  • 1930 – Nicholas F. Brady, American businessman and politician, 68th United States Secretary of the Treasury, was the United States Secretary of the Treasury under Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H. W.
  • 1928 – Edwin Pope, American journalist and author (d. 2017), was an American journalist known for his sportswriting at the Miami Herald, where his work appeared from 1956 until his death in 2017. He covered Super Bowl I through Super Bowl XLVII.
  • 1928 – Ethel Kennedy, American philanthropist. Senator Robert F.
  • 1926 – David Manker Abshire, American commander and diplomat, United States Permanent Representative to NATO (d. 2014), was the United States Permanent Representative to NATO from 1983–87. Abshire presided over the Center for the Study of the Presidency and Congress.
  • 1925 – Pierre Péladeau, Canadian businessman, founded Quebecor (d. 1997), was a French-Canadian businessman. He was the founder of Quebecor Inc., a Canadian media company centered in the province of Quebec
  • 1921 – Jim Hearn, American baseball player (d. 1998), was an American professional baseball player, a pitcher in Major League Baseball for 13 seasons (1947–59). The right-hander was listed as 6 feet 3 inches (1.91 m) tall and 205 pounds (93 kg).
  • 1920 – William Royer, American soldier and politician (d. 2013), was an American politician and a member of the Republican Party. He served as a U.S.
  • 1917 – David Westheimer, American soldier, journalist, and author (d. 2005), was an American novelist best known for writing the 1964 novel Von Ryan's Express which was adapted as a 1965 film starring Frank Sinatra and Trevor Howard.
  • 1916 – Howard W. Koch, American director and producer (d. 2001), was an American producer and director of film and television.
  • 1914 – Dorothy Lewis Bernstein, American mathematician (d. 1988), was an American mathematician known for her work in applied mathematics, statistics, computer programming, and her research on the Laplace transform. She was the first woman to be elected president of the Mathematics Association of America.
  • 1913 – Oleg Cassini, French-American fashion designer (d. 2006), was an American fashion designer born to an aristocratic Russian family with maternal Italian ancestry. He came to the United States as a young man after starting as a designer in Rome, and quickly got work with Paramount Pictures.
  • 1908 – Jane Bolin, American lawyer and judge (d. 2007), was the first black woman to graduate from Yale Law School, the first to join the New York City Bar Association and the first to join the New York City Law Department. She became the first black woman to serve as a judge in the United States when she was sworn into the bench of the New York City Domestic Relations Court in 1939.
  • 1908 – Leo Rosten, Polish-American author and academic (d. 1997), was an American humorist in the fields of scriptwriting, storywriting, journalism, and Yiddish lexicography. He was also a political scientist interested especially in the relationship of politics and the media.
  • 1908 – Masaru Ibuka, Japanese businessman, co-founded Sony (d. 1997), was a Japanese electronics industrialist and co-founder of Sony.
  • 1907 – Paul Douglas, American actor (d. 1959), was an American politician and Georgist economist. A member of the Democratic Party, he served as a U.S.
  • 1906 – Dale Messick, American author and illustrator (d. 2005), was an American comic strip artist who used the pseudonym Dale Messick. She was the creator of Brenda Starr, Reporter, which at its peak during the 1950s ran in 250 newspapers.
  • 1899 – Percy Lavon Julian, African-American chemist and academic (d. 1975), was a research chemist and a pioneer in the chemical synthesis of medicinal drugs from plants. He was the first to synthesize the natural product physostigmine, plus a pioneer in the industrial large-scale chemical synthesis of the human hormones progesterone and testosterone from plant sterols such as stigmasterol and sitosterol.
  • 1893 – Dean Acheson, American lawyer and politician, 51st United States Secretary of State (d. 1971), was an American statesman and lawyer. As United States Secretary of State in the administration of President Harry S.
  • 1869 – Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor, designed the Nobel Peace Prize medal (d. 1943). Gustav Vigeland occupies a special position among Norwegian sculptors, both in the power of his creative imagination and in his productivity.
  • 1867 – Mark Keppel, American educator (d. 1928). Mark Keppel served as County Superintendent of Schools of Los Angeles County from 1902 to 1928.
  • 1862 – Charles Evans Hughes, American lawyer and politician, 44th United States Secretary of State (d. 1948), was an American statesman, Republican Party politician, and the 11th Chief Justice of the United States. He was also the 36th Governor of New York, the Republican presidential nominee in the 1916 presidential election, and the 44th United States Secretary of State.
  • 1862 – William Wallace Campbell, American astronomer and academic (d. 1938), was an American astronomer, and director of Lick Observatory from 1901 to 1930. He specialized in spectroscopy.
  • 1794 – Edward Everett, English-American educator and politician, 15th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1865), was an American politician, pastor, educator, diplomat, and orator from Massachusetts. Everett, a Whig, served as U.S.
  • 1721 – David Zeisberger, Czech-American clergyman and missionary (d. 1808), was a Moravian clergyman and missionary among the Native Americans in the Thirteen Colonies. He established communities of Munsee (Lenape) converts to Christianity in the valley of the Muskingum River in Ohio; and for a time, near modern-day Amherstburg, Ontario.


  • 2017 – J. Geils, American singer and guitarist (b. 1946)
  • 2015 – Jimmy Gunn, American football player (b. 1948)
  • 2014 – Bill Henry, American baseball player (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – Jesse Winchester, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1944)
  • 2014 – Lou Hudson, American basketball player and sportscaster (b. 1944)
  • 2014 – Myer S. Kripke, American rabbi and scholar (b. 1914)
  • 2013 – Don Blackman, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (b. 1953)
  • 2013 – Grady Hatton, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Hilary Koprowski, Polish-American virologist and immunologist (b. 1916)
  • 2013 – Jonathan Winters, American comedian, actor and screenwriter (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Maria Tallchief, American ballerina (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – Agustin Roman, American bishop (b. 1928)
  • 2012 – Hal McKusick, American saxophonist, clarinet player, and flute player (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – Tippy Dye, American basketball player and coach (b. 1915)
  • 2011 – Larry Sweeney, American wrestler and manager (b. 1981)
  • 2008 – Merlin German, American sergeant (b. 1985)
  • 2007 – Janet McDonald, American lawyer and author (b. 1954)
  • 2007 – Kurt Vonnegut, American novelist, short story writer, and playwright (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Ronald Speirs, Scottish-American colonel (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Roscoe Lee Browne, American actor and director (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – June Pointer, American singer (b. 1953)
  • 2003 – Cecil Howard Green, English-American geophysicist and businessman, founded Texas Instruments (b. 1900)
  • 1999 – William H. Armstrong, American author and educator (b. 1911)
  • 1996 – Jessica Dubroff, American pilot (b. 1988)
  • 1992 – Eve Merriam, American author and poet (b. 1916)
  • 1991 – Walker Cooper, American baseball player and manager (b. 1915)
  • 1987 – Erskine Caldwell, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1903)
  • 1981 – Caroline Gordon, American author and critic (b. 1895)
  • 1970 – Cathy O'Donnell, American actress (b. 1923)
  • 1970 – John O'Hara, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1905)
  • 1962 – George Poage, American hurdler and educator (b. 1880)
  • 1954 – Paul Specht, American violinist and bandleader (b. 1895)
  • 1953 – Kid Nichols, American baseball player and manager (b. 1869)
  • 1926 – Luther Burbank, American botanist and academic (b. 1849)
  • 1916 – Richard Harding Davis, American journalist and author (b. 1864)
  • 1906 – Francis Pharcellus Church, American journalist and publisher, co-founded Armed Forces Journal and The Galaxy Magazine (b. 1839)
  • 1906 – James Anthony Bailey, American businessman, co-founded Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus (b. 1847)
  • 1902 – Wade Hampton III, American general and politician, 77th Governor of South Carolina (b. 1818)
  • 1873 – Edward Canby, American general (b. 1817)
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