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CalendarJuly → 5

Sunday 5 July 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances

Events

  • 2009 – The largest hoard of Anglo-Saxon gold ever discovered in England, consisting of more than 1,500 items, is found near the village of Hammerwich, near Lichfield, Staffordshire.
  • 2004 – The first Indonesian presidential election is held.
  • 1996 – Dolly the sheep becomes the first mammal cloned from an adult cell.
  • 1987 – Sri Lankan Civil War: The LTTE uses suicide attacks on the Sri Lankan Army for the first time. The Black Tigers are born and, in the following years, will continue to kill with the tactic.
  • 1980 – Swedish tennis player Björn Borg wins his fifth Wimbledon final and becomes the first male tennis player to win the championships five times in a row (1976–1980).
  • 1977 – Military coup in Pakistan: Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan, is overthrown.
  • 1975 – Arthur Ashe becomes the first black man to win the Wimbledon singles title.
  • 1971 – Right to vote: The Twenty-sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution, lowering the voting age from 21 to 18 years, is formally certified by President Richard Nixon.
  • 1954 – Elvis Presley records his first single, "That's All Right," at Sun Records in Memphis, Tennessee.
  • 1954 – The BBC broadcasts its first television news bulletin.
  • 1950 – Korean War: Task Force Smith: American and North Korean forces first clash, in the Battle of Osan.
  • 1935 – The National Labor Relations Act, which governs labor relations in the United States, is signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
  • 1841 – Thomas Cook organises the first package excursion, from Leicester to Loughborough.
  • 1814 – War of 1812: Battle of Chippawa: American Major General Jacob Brown defeats British General Phineas Riall at Chippawa, Ontario.

Births

  • 1992 – Chiara Scholl, American tennis player. Chiara "Chichi" Scholl (born July 5, 1992) is an American tennis player.
  • 1985 – Megan Rapinoe, American soccer player. Megan Anna Rapinoe (/rəˈpiːnoʊ/ (listen); born July 5, 1985) is an American professional soccer player who captains Reign FC in the National Women's Soccer League (NWSL) and the United States women's national soccer team, playing primarily as a winger.
  • 1984 – Zack Miller, American golfer. He turned professional that year, and spent two years playing on the Korean Tour and Gateway Tour, where he won twice.
  • 1982 – Dave Haywood, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. He is one-third of the American country music band Lady Antebellum, in which he plays guitar, piano and mandolin, and sings backing vocals.
  • 1980 – Jason Wade, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Jason Michael Wade (born July 5, 1980) is an American singer and songwriter, best known as the lead vocalist and guitarist of the American alternative rock band Lifehouse.
  • 1980 – Mads Tolling, Danish-American violinist and composer. Mads Tolling (born July 5, 1980) is a Danish-American violinist, violist, composer and two-time Grammy Award-Winner.
  • 1977 – Steven Sharp Nelson, American cellist. He also has three solo albums to his credit.
  • 1972 – Gary Shteyngart, American writer. Much of his work is satirical.
  • 1970 – Mac Dre, American rapper and producer, founded Thizz Entertainment (d. 2004), was an American rapper, hip hop pioneer, and record producer based in Vallejo, California. He was instrumental in the emergence of hyphy, a cultural movement in the Bay Area hip hop scene that emerged in the early 2000s.
  • 1969 – Jenji Kohan, American screenwriter and producer. She has received nine Emmy Award nominations, winning one as supervising producer of the comedy series Tracey Takes On....
  • 1969 – John LeClair, American ice hockey player. John Clark LeClair (born July 5, 1969) is an American former professional ice hockey player who played 16 seasons in the National Hockey League (NHL) with the Montreal Canadiens, Philadelphia Flyers, and Pittsburgh Penguins.
  • 1969 – RZA, American rapper, producer, actor, and director. He has produced almost all of Wu-Tang Clan's albums, as well as many Wu-Tang solo and affiliate projects.
  • 1965 – Eyran Katsenelenbogen, Israeli-American pianist and educator. Eyran Katsenelenbogen (born July 5, 1965) is a jazz pianist.
  • 1965 – Kathryn Erbe, American actress. Kathryn Elsbeth Erbe (born July 5, 1965) is an American actress known for her role as Detective Alexandra Eames on Law & Order: Criminal Intent, a spin-off of Law & Order, and death row inmate Shirley Bellinger in the HBO series Oz.
  • 1964 – Ronald D. Moore, American screenwriter and producer. He is best known for his work on Star Trek; on the re-imagined Battlestar Galactica television series, for which he won a Peabody Award; and on Outlander, based on the novels of Diana Gabaldon.
  • 1963 – Edie Falco, American actress. Edith Falco (born July 5, 1963) is an American actress, best known for her roles as Diane Whittlesey in the HBO series Oz (1997–2000) and Carmela Soprano on the HBO series The Sopranos (1999–2007).
  • 1960 – Pruitt Taylor Vince, American actor and director. He went on to appear in several films such as Jacob's Ladder (1990), Nobody's Fool (1994), Heavy (1995), Beautiful Girls (1996), The Legend of 1900 (1998), Identity (2003), Constantine (2005), Gotti (2018) and Bird Box (2018).
  • 1959 – Marc Cohn, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player. Cohn is best known for the song "Walking in Memphis" from his eponymous 1991 album; the song, which was a Top 40 hit, has been described as "an iconic part of the Great American Songbook".
  • 1958 – Bill Watterson, American author and illustrator, was syndicated from 1985 to 1995. Watterson stopped drawing Calvin and Hobbes at the end of 1995 with a short statement to newspaper editors and his readers that he felt he had achieved all he could in the medium.
  • 1956 – James Lofton, American football player and coach. He was also the NCAA champion in the long jump in 1978 while attending Stanford University.
  • 1954 – Jimmy Crespo, American guitarist and songwriter. He co-wrote "Rock in a Hard Place" with Steven Tyler, and has performed or recorded with Rod Stewart, Billy Squier, Meat Loaf, Stevie Nicks, Robert Fleischman, Rough Cutt, Renegade, Flame and others.
  • 1953 – Caryn Navy, American mathematician and computer scientist. Blind since childhood, she is chiefly known for her work in set-theoretic topology and Braille technology.
  • 1951 – Goose Gossage, American baseball player. Richard Michael "Goose" Gossage (born July 5, 1951) is a former Major League Baseball right-handed relief pitcher.
  • 1951 – Roger Wicker, American colonel, lawyer, and politician. Roger Frederick Wicker (born July 5, 1951) is an American attorney and politician who is the senior United States Senator from Mississippi, in office since 2007.
  • 1950 – Huey Lewis, American singer-songwriter and actor. Hugh Anthony Cregg III (born July 5, 1950), known professionally as Huey Lewis, is a Grammy-winning American singer, songwriter, and actor.
  • 1950 – Michael Monarch, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer. He is best known for his work with the band Steppenwolf.
  • 1947 – Todd Akin, American politician. He is a member of the Republican Party.
  • 1943 – Curt Blefary, American baseball player and coach (d. 2001), was an American professional baseball left fielder who played in Major League Baseball for the Baltimore Orioles (1965–1968), Houston Astros (1969), New York Yankees (1970–1971), Oakland Athletics (1971–1972) and the San Diego Padres (1972). A native of Brooklyn, New York, he batted left-handed and threw right-handed.
  • 1941 – Terry Cashman, American singer-songwriter and record producer. Terry Cashman (born Dennis Minogue, July 5, 1941, in New York City) is a record producer and singer-songwriter, best known for his 1981 hit, "Talkin' Baseball".
  • 1940 – Bud Andrews, American radio host and producer (d. 2014). (1) Michael Todd Andrews(2) Chance Andrews
  • 1940 – Chuck Close, American painter and photographer. Close often paints abstract portraits of himself and others, which hang in collections internationally.
  • 1938 – Ronnie Self, American singer-songwriter (d. 1981), was a United States rockabilly singer and songwriter. His solo career was unsuccessful, despite being signed to contracts with Columbia and then Decca from the late 1950s through the early 1960s.
  • 1936 – Shirley Knight, American actress. Shirley Knight Hopkins (born July 5, 1936) is an American actress who has appeared in more than 50 feature films, made-for-television movies, television series, and Broadway and Off-Broadway productions in her career playing leading and character roles.
  • 1929 – Katherine Helmond, American actress and director, was an American film, theater, and television actress and director. Over her five decades of television acting, she was known for her starring role as ditzy matriarch Jessica Tate on the sitcom Soap (1977–1981) and her co-starring role as feisty mother Mona Robinson on Who's the Boss? (1984–1992).
  • 1928 – Warren Oates, American actor (d. 1982), was an American actor best known for his performances in several films directed by Sam Peckinpah, including The Wild Bunch (1969) and Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia (1974). He starred in numerous films during the early 1970s that have since achieved cult status, such as The Hired Hand (1971), Two-Lane Blacktop (1971), and Race with the Devil (1975).
  • 1926 – Diana Lynn, American actress (d. 1971). Lynn was born in Los Angeles, California.
  • 1924 – János Starker, Hungarian-American cellist and educator (d. 2013). From 1958 until his death, he taught at the Indiana University Jacobs School of Music, where he held the title of Distinguished Professor.
  • 1918 – George Rochberg, American composer and educator (d. 2005), was an American composer of contemporary classical music. Long a serial composer, Rochberg abandoned the practice following the death of his teenage son in 1964; he claimed this compositional technique had proved inadequate to express his grief and had found it empty of expressive intent.
  • 1915 – Babe Paley, American socialite (d. 1978), was an American socialite and style icon, whose second husband was the founder of CBS, William S. Paley.
  • 1915 – John Woodruff, American runner and commander (d. 2007), was an American middle-distance runner, winner of the 800 m event at the 1936 Summer Olympics.
  • 1914 – John Thomas Dunlop, American administrator and labor scholar (d. 2003). Dunlop was the United States Secretary of Labor between 1975 and 1976.
  • 1913 – Smiley Lewis, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1966), was an American New Orleans rhythm and blues singer and guitarist. The music journalist Tony Russell wrote that "Lewis was the unluckiest man in New Orleans.
  • 1904 – Ernst Mayr, German-American biologist and ornithologist (d. 2005), was one of the 20th century's leading evolutionary biologists. He was also a renowned taxonomist, tropical explorer, ornithologist, philosopher of biology, and historian of science.
  • 1904 – Milburn Stone, American actor (d. 1980), was an American actor, best known for his role as "Doc" (Dr. Galen Adams) on the CBS Western series Gunsmoke.
  • 1902 – Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., American colonel and politician, 3rd United States Ambassador to the United Nations (d. 1985), was a Republican United States Senator from Massachusetts and a United States ambassador. He was the Republican nominee for Vice President in the 1960 presidential election alongside incumbent Vice President Richard Nixon.
  • 1900 – Yoshimaro Yamashina, Japanese ornithologist, founded the Yamashina Institute for Ornithology (d. 1989). He was the founder of the Yamashina Institute for Ornithology.
  • 1891 – John Howard Northrop, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1987), was an American biochemist who, with James Batcheller Sumner and Wendell Meredith Stanley, won the 1946 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. The award was given for these scientists' isolation, crystallization, and study of enzymes, proteins, and viruses.
  • 1890 – Frederick Lewis Allen, American historian and journalist (d. 1954), was the editor of Harper's Magazine and also notable as an American historian of the first half of the twentieth century. His specialty was writing about recent and popular history.
  • 1888 – Herbert Spencer Gasser, American physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1963), was an American physiologist, and recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1944 for his work with action potentials in nerve fibers while on the faculty of Washington University in St. Louis, awarded jointly with Joseph Erlanger.
  • 1888 – Louise Freeland Jenkins, American astronomer and academic (d. 1970), was an American astronomer who compiled a valuable catalogue of stars within 10 parsecs of the sun, as well as editing the 3rd edition of the Yale Bright Star Catalogue.
  • 1879 – Dwight F. Davis, American tennis player and politician, 49th United States Secretary of War (d. 1945). He is best remembered as the founder of the Davis Cup international tennis competition.
  • 1867 – A. E. Douglass, American astronomer (d. 1962). He discovered a correlation between tree rings and the sunspot cycle, and founded the discipline of dendrochronology, which is a method of dating wood by analyzing the growth ring pattern.
  • 1862 – George Nuttall, American-British bacteriologist (d. 1937), was an American-British bacteriologist who contributed much to the knowledge of parasites and of insect carriers of diseases. He made significant, innovative discoveries in immunology, about life under aseptic conditions, in blood chemistry, and about diseases transmitted by arthropods, especially ticks.
  • 1860 – Robert Bacon, American colonel and politician, 39th United States Secretary of State (d. 1919), was an American statesman and diplomat. He served as United States Secretary of State from January to March 1909.
  • 1841 – William Collins Whitney, American financier and politician, 31st United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1904), was an American political leader and financier and a prominent descendant of the John Whitney family. He served as Secretary of the Navy in the first administration of President Grover Cleveland from 1885 through 1889.
  • 1810 – P. T. Barnum, American businessman, co-founded Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus (d. 1891), was an American showman, politician, and businessman remembered for promoting celebrated hoaxes and for founding the Barnum & Bailey Circus (1871–2017). He was also an author, publisher, and philanthropist, though he said of himself: "I am a showman by profession ... and all the gilding shall make nothing else of me".
  • 1801 – David Farragut, American admiral (d. 1870). West Indies anti-piracy operationsMexican–American WarAmerican Civil War
  • 1794 – Sylvester Graham, American minister and activist (d. 1851), was an American Presbyterian minister and dietary reformer known for his emphasis on vegetarianism, the temperance movement, and eating whole-grain bread. His preaching inspired the graham flour, graham bread, and graham cracker products.:29 Graham has been called the "Father of Vegetarianism" in America.:15
  • 1675 – Mary Walcott, American accuser and witness at the Salem witch trials (d. 1719), was one of the "afflicted" girls called as a witness at the Salem witch trials in early 1692-93.

Deaths

  • 2015 – Yoichiro Nambu, Japanese-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Brett Wiesner, American soccer player (b. 1983)
  • 2014 – Rosemary Murphy, American actress (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Bud Asher, American lawyer and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – David Cargo, American politician, 22nd Governor of New Mexico (b. 1929)
  • 2011 – Cy Twombly, American-Italian painter, sculptor, and photographer (b. 1928)
  • 2006 – Amzie Strickland, American actress (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – Kenneth Lay, American businessman (b. 1942)
  • 2005 – James Stockdale, American admiral (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Rodger Ward, American race car driver and sportscaster (b. 1921)
  • 2002 – Ted Williams, American baseball player and manager (b. 1918)
  • 1998 – Sid Luckman, American football player (b. 1916)
  • 1991 – Howard Nemerov, American poet and essayist (b. 1920)
  • 1983 – Harry James, American trumpet player and actor (b. 1916)
  • 1969 – Leo McCarey, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1898)
  • 1969 – Walter Gropius, German architect, designed the John F. Kennedy Federal Building and Werkbund Exhibition (b. 1883)
  • 1948 – Carole Landis, American actress (b. 1919)
  • 1937 – Daniel Sawyer, American golfer (b. 1884)
  • 1929 – Henry Johnson, American sergeant (b. 1897)
  • 1863 – Lewis Armistead, American general (b. 1817)
  • 1833 – Nicéphore Niépce, French inventor, created the first known photograph (b. 1765)
  • 1826 – Stamford Raffles, English politician, founded Singapore (b. 1782)
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