1969 – Vietnam War: The first draft lottery in the United States is held since World War II.
1955 – American Civil Rights Movement: In Montgomery, Alabama, seamstress Rosa Parks refuses to give up her bus seat to a white man and is arrested for violating the city's racial segregation laws, an incident which leads to that city's bus boycott.
1952 – The New York Daily News reports the news of Christine Jorgensen, the first notable case of sex reassignment surgery.
1941 – World War II: Emperor Hirohito of Japan gives the final approval to initiate war against the United States.
1924 – The National Hockey League's first United States-based franchise, the Boston Bruins, played their first game in league play at home, at the still-extant Boston Arena indoor hockey facility.
1919 – Lady Astor becomes the first female Member of Parliament to take her seat in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. (She had been elected to that position on November 28.)
1913 – Crete, having obtained self rule from Turkey after the First Balkan War, is annexed by Greece.
1913 – Ford Motor Company introduces the first moving assembly line.
1913 – The Buenos Aires Metro, the first underground railway system in the Southern Hemisphere and in Latin America, begins operation.
1865 – Shaw University, the first historically black university in the southern United States, is founded in Raleigh, North Carolina.
1824 – United States presidential election, 1824: Since no candidate received a majority of the total electoral college votes in the election, the United States House of Representatives is given the task of deciding the winner in accordance with the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
1988 – Dan Mavraides, Greek-American basketball player. Daniel "Dan" James Mavraides (Greek: Nτάνιελ "Nταν" Τζέιμς Μαυραειδής; born December 1, 1988) is a Greek American professional basketball player.
1988 – Tyler Joseph, American musician and singer. Tyler Robert Joseph (born December 1, 1988) is an American singer, songwriter, musician, rapper, and record producer.
1988 – Zoë Kravitz, American actress, singer, and model. Kravitz made her acting debut in the 2007 film No Reservations.
1986 – DeSean Jackson, American football player. DeSean William Jackson (born December 1, 1986) is an American football wide receiver for the Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League (NFL).
1985 – Janelle Monáe, American singer-songwriter and producer. She is signed to Atlantic Records, as well as her own imprint, the Wondaland Arts Society.
1979 – Ryan Malone, American ice hockey player. Ryan Gregory Malone (born December 1, 1979) nicknamed "Bugsy", is an American former professional ice hockey forward.
1979 – Stephanie Brown Trafton, American discus thrower. She is thus one of only two American women to have ever won the event, and the only one since the Great Depression.
1977 – Brad Delson, American guitarist and producer. Bradford Phillip Delson (born December 1, 1977) is an American musician and record producer, best known as the lead guitarist and one of the founding members of the American rock band Linkin Park.
1976 – Laura Ling, American journalist and author. She was the host and reporter on E! Investigates, a documentary series on the E! Network.
1975 – Isaiah "Ikey" Owens, American keyboard player and producer (d. 2014), was an American Grammy Award winning keyboardist known for his work with The Mars Volta, Jack White and an array of bands from the Long Beach music scene.
1975 – Matt Fraction, American author. Matt Fritchman (born December 1, 1975), better known by the pen name Matt Fraction, is an Eisner Award-winning American comic book writer, known for his work as the writer of The Invincible Iron Man, The Immortal Iron Fist, Uncanny X-Men, and Hawkeye for Marvel Comics, and Casanova and Sex Criminals for Image Comics.
1973 – Steve Gibb, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Stephen Thadius Crompton Gibb (born 1 December 1973) is an English musician and the first-born son of Barry Gibb and Linda Gibb.
1972 – Bart Millard, American singer-songwriter. He received a solo Grammy nomination in the category of Best Southern, Country, or Bluegrass Gospel Album for the latter album.
1971 – John Schlimm, American author and educator. His books include Five Years in Heaven: The Unlikely Friendship That Answered Life's Greatest Questions, The Ultimate Beer Lover's Happy Hour: Over 325 Recipes for Your Favorite Bar Snacks & Beer Cocktails, The Cheesy Vegan, Stand Up!: 75 Young Activists Who Rock the World, And How You Can, Too!, Grilling Vegan Style, and The Tipsy Vegan.
1971 – Mika Pohjola, Finnish-American pianist and composer. Mika Pohjola (pronunciation (help·info) (born December 1, 1971) is a Finnish-born jazz pianist and composer who resides in New York City.
1970 – Jonathan Coulton, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Jonathan Coulton (born December 1, 1970), often called "JoCo" by fans, is an American singer-songwriter, known for his songs about geek culture and his use of the Internet to draw fans.
1970 – Kirk Rueter, American baseball player. Kirk Wesley Rueter (born December 1, 1970) is a former left-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball.
1970 – Sarah Silverman, American comedian, actress, and singer. For her work on television, she has won two Primetime Emmy Awards.
1970 – Tisha Waller, American high jumper and educator. Tisha Felice Waller, (born December 1, 1970) is an American athlete competing in the high jump, who participated in the 1996 Summer Olympics and 2004 Summer Olympics.
1969 – Richard Carrier, American author and blogger. Richard Cevantis Carrier (born December 1, 1969) is an American author and activist, whose work focuses on empiricism, atheism, and the historicity of Jesus.
1967 – Nestor Carbonell, American actor. Néstor Gastón Carbonell (Spanish pronunciation: ; born December 1, 1967) is an American actor, director, and screenwriter.
1967 – Reggie Sanders, American baseball player. Reginald Laverne Sanders (born December 1, 1967) is a former right fielder in Major League Baseball.
1966 – Katherine LaNasa, American actress, ballet dancer, and choreographer. On television, LaNasa had a leading role in the NBC sitcom Three Sisters (2001–2002), appeared in recurring roles on Judging Amy, Two and a Half Men, Big Love and Longmire, and also starred in the short-lived dramas Love Monkey (2006), Deception (2013), Satisfaction (2014-15) and Imposters (2017-18).
1962 – Pamela McGee, American basketball player and coach. She played in the league for two seasons with the Sacramento Monarchs and Los Angeles Sparks.
1961 – Raymond E. Goldstein, American biophysicist and academic. Raymond Ethan Goldstein (born 1961) FRS FInstP is Schlumberger Professor of Complex Physical Systems in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics (DAMTP) at the University of Cambridge and a Fellow of Churchill College, Cambridge.
1961 – Safra A. Catz, Israeli-American businesswoman. Catz (Hebrew: צפרא כץ, born December 1, 1961) is an Israeli-born American banker and technology executive.
1960 – Carol Alt, American model and actress. Carol Ann Alt (born December 1, 1960) is an American model and actress.
1958 – Candace Bushnell, American journalist and author. The book was the basis for the HBO hit series Sex and the City (1998–2004) and two subsequent movies.
1958 – Gary Peters, American lieutenant and politician. Gary Charles Peters Sr. (born December 1, 1958) is an American attorney and politician who is the junior United States Senator from Michigan since 2015.
1957 – Chris Poland, American guitarist and songwriter. Chris Poland (born December 1, 1957) is an American musician, best known for being the former guitarist for American thrash metal band Megadeth from 1984 to 1987 and again for a brief return in 2004.
1957 – Vesta Williams, American singer-songwriter and actress (d. 2011), was an American singer-songwriter, who performed across genres such as pop, jazz, adult contemporary and R&B. Originally credited as Vesta Williams, she was simply known as Vesta beginning in the 1990s.
1956 – Julee Cruise, American singer-songwriter, musician, and actress. Cruise (born December 1, 1956, Creston, Iowa) is an American singer, songwriter, actress and musician best known for her collaborations with composer Angelo Badalamenti and film director David Lynch in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
1955 – Karen Tumulty, American journalist. Karen Tumulty (born December 1, 1955) is a political columnist for The Washington Post.
1951 – Jaco Pastorius, American bass player, songwriter, and producer (d. 1987), was an American jazz bassist who was a member of Weather Report from 1976 to 1981. He worked with Pat Metheny and Joni Mitchell, and recorded albums as a solo artist and band leader.
1951 – Obba Babatundé, American actor, director, and producer. Oba Babatundé (born Donald Cohen, December 1, 1951) is an American stage and movie actor, voice actor, producer, director and singer.
1951 – Treat Williams, American actor. Richard Treat Williams (born December 1, 1951) is an American actor, writer, and aviator who has appeared on film, stage and television in over 120 credits.
1950 – Gary Panter, American illustrator and painter. Panter's work is representative of the post-underground, new wave comics movement that began with the end of Arcade: The Comics Revue and the initiation of RAW, one of the second generation in American underground comix.
1949 – Jan Brett, American author and illustrator. Jan Brett (born December 1, 1949) is an American illustrator and writer of children's picture books.
1948 – John Roskelley, American mountaineer and author. His son Jess Roskelley was also a mountain climber.
1946 – Jonathan Katz, American comedian and actor. Jonathan Paul Katz (born December 1, 1946) is an American comedian, actor, and voice actor best known for his starring role in the animated sitcom Dr.
1945 – Bette Midler, American singer-songwriter, actress and producer. She came to prominence in 1970 when she began singing in the Continental Baths, a local gay bathhouse where she managed to build up a core following.
1944 – Eric Bloom, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Much of his lyrical content relates to his lifelong interest in science fiction.
1944 – John Densmore, American drummer and songwriter. He appeared on every recording made by the band.
1944 – Michael Hagee, American general. Michael William Hagee (born December 1, 1944) is a retired United States Marine Corps general who served as the 33rd Commandant of the Marine Corps from 2003 to 2006, succeeding General James L.
1943 – Kenny Moore, American runner and journalist. Moore a two time Olympian ran both the 1968 Mexico City and 1972 Munich Olympic marathon, finishing fourth in 1972.
1940 – Richard Pryor, American comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2005), was an American stand-up comedian, actor, and writer. He reached a broad audience with his trenchant observations and storytelling style, and is widely regarded as one of the greatest and most influential stand-up comedians of all time.
1939 – Lee Trevino, American golfer and sportscaster. Lee Buck Trevino (born December 1, 1939) is an American retired professional golfer who is regarded as one of the greatest players in golf history.
1938 – Sandy Nelson, American rock & roll drummer. He lives in Boulder City, Nevada, and continues to experiment with music on keyboards and piano.
1937 – Muriel Costa-Greenspon, American soprano and actress (d. 2005), was an American mezzo-soprano who had a lengthy career at the New York City Opera from 1963 to 1993.
1935 – Woody Allen, American actor, director, and screenwriter. Heywood Allen (born Allan Stewart Konigsberg; December 1, 1935), better known as Woody Allen, is an American director, writer, actor, and comedian whose career spans more than six decades.
1933 – Lou Rawls, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (d. 2006), was an American singer, songwriter, actor, voice actor, and record producer. Rawls released more than 60 albums, sold more than 40 million records, and had numerous charting singles, most notably his song "You'll Never Find Another Love like Mine".
1931 – Jim Nesbitt, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2007), was an American country music singer. He had his first hit with "Please Mr.
1931 – Jimmy Lyons, American saxophonist (d. 1986), was an alto saxophone player. He is best known for his long tenure in the Cecil Taylor Unit.
1929 – David Doyle, American actor (d. 1997). David Doyle is the name of:
1928 – Emily McLaughlin, American actress (d. 1991), was an American actress known for her long-standing role as original character Nurse Jessie Brewer on the ABC daytime soap opera General Hospital, from 1963 until 1991.
1928 – Malachi Throne, American actor (d. 2013), was an American stage and television actor, noted for his guest-starring roles on Star Trek, Star Trek: The Next Generation, Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea, Lost in Space, Batman, Land of the Giants, The Time Tunnel, Mission: Impossible, and The Six Million Dollar Man, and best known as Noah Bain on It Takes a Thief. He narrated the beginning and end of all episodes of “The Invaders”.
1926 – Allyn Ann McLerie, Canadian-American actress, singer, and dancer, was a Canadian-born, Brooklyn-reared actress, singer, and dancer who worked with many Golden Age musical theatre's major choreographers, including George Balanchine, Agnes de Mille, and Jerome Robbins.
1926 – Mother Antonia, American-Mexican nun and activist (d. 2013), was an American Roman Catholic religious sister and activist who chose to reside and care for inmates at the notorious maximum-security La Mesa Prison in Tijuana, Mexico. As a result of her work, she founded a new religious institute called the Eudist Servants of the 11th Hour.
1926 – Robert Symonds, American actor (d. 2007). He was the associate director of the Repertory Theater of Lincoln Center from 1965 through 1972.
1925 – Martin Rodbell, American biochemist and endocrinologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998), was an American biochemist and molecular endocrinologist who is best known for his discovery of G-proteins. He shared the 1994 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Alfred G.
1924 – Masao Horiba, Japanese businessman, founded Horiba (d. 2015). In 1945, he founded Horiba Radio Laboratory, now Horiba Ltd., a manufacturer of advanced analytical and measurement technology.
1923 – Dick Shawn, American actor (d. 1987), was an American actor and comedian. He played a wide variety of supporting roles and was a prolific character actor.
1923 – Stansfield Turner, American admiral and academic, 12th Director of Central Intelligence, was an admiral in the United States Navy who served as President of the Naval War College (1972–1974), commander of the United States Second Fleet (1974–1975), Supreme Allied Commander NATO Southern Europe (1975–1977), and was Director of Central Intelligence (1977–1981) under the Carter administration. A graduate of Oxford and the Naval Academy, Turner served for more than 30 years in the Navy, commanding warships, a carrier group, and NATO's military forces in southern Europe, among other commands.
1921 – Vernon McGarity, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2013), was a United States Army soldier and a recipient of the United States military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his actions during the Battle of the Bulge in World War II.
1917 – Marty Marion, American baseball player and manager (d. 2011). Marion was born in Richburg, South Carolina.
1913 – Mary Martin, American actress and singer (d. 1990), was an American actress, singer, and Broadway star. A muse of Rodgers and Hammerstein's, she originated many leading roles over her career including Nellie Forbush in South Pacific (1949) and Maria von Trapp in The Sound of Music (1959).
1912 – Minoru Yamasaki, American architect, designed the World Trade Center (d. 1986), was a Japanese-American architect, best known for designing the original World Trade Center in New York City and several other large-scale projects. Yamasaki was one of the most prominent architects of the 20th century.
1911 – Calvin Griffith, Canadian-American businessman (d. 1999), was a Canadian-born American Major League Baseball team owner. As president, majority owner and de facto general manager of the Washington Senators/Minnesota Twins franchise of the American League from 1955 through 1984, he orchestrated the transfer of the Senators after 60 years in Washington, D.C., to Minneapolis–Saint Paul in the autumn of 1960 to create the Twins.
1911 – Walter Alston, American baseball player and manager (d. 1984). He had a calm, reticent demeanor, for which he was sometimes also known as "The Quiet Man."
1897 – Cyril Ritchard, Australian-American actor and singer (d. 1977), was an Australian stage, screen and television actor, and director. He is probably best remembered today for his performance as Captain Hook in the Mary Martin musical production of Peter Pan.
1886 – Rex Stout, American detective novelist (d. 1975), was an American writer noted for his detective fiction. His best-known characters are the detective Nero Wolfe and his assistant Archie Goodwin, who were featured in 33 novels and 39 novellas between 1934 and 1975.
1883 – Henry Cadbury, American historian, scholar, and academic (d. 1974), was an American biblical scholar, Quaker historian, writer, and non-profit administrator.
1847 – Julia A. Moore, American poet (d. 1920), was an American poetaster. Like Scotland's William McGonagall, she is famed chiefly for writing notoriously bad poetry.
1761 – Marie Tussaud, French-English sculptor, founded Madame Tussauds Wax Museum (d. 1850), was a French artist known for her wax sculptures and Madame Tussauds, the wax museum she founded in London.
2015 – Jim Loscutoff, American basketball player (b. 1930)
2015 – John F. Kurtzke, American neurologist and academic (b. 1926)
2015 – Joseph Engelberger, American physicist and engineer (b. 1925)
2013 – Edward Heffron, American soldier (b. 1923)
2013 – Stirling Colgate, American physicist and academic (b. 1925)
2012 – Jovan Belcher, American football player (b. 1987)
2012 – Rick Majerus, American basketball player and coach (b. 1948)
2010 – Hillard Elkins, American actor and producer (b. 1929)
2008 – Joseph B. Wirthlin, American businessman and religious leader (b. 1917)
2008 – Paul Benedict, American actor (b. 1938)
2005 – Freeman V. Horner, American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1922)
2005 – Gust Avrakotos, American CIA officer (b. 1938)
2003 – Clark Kerr, American economist and academic (b. 1911)
2002 – Dave McNally, American baseball player (b. 1942)
2002 – Edward L. Beach Jr., American captain and author (b. 1918)
2001 – Ellis R. Dungan, American director and producer (b. 1909)
1997 – Endicott Peabody, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 62nd Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1920)
1995 – Maxwell R. Thurman, American general (b. 1931)
1993 – Ray Gillen, American singer-songwriter (b. 1959)
1991 – George Stigler, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
1989 – Alvin Ailey, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1931)
1988 – J. Vernon McGee, American pastor and theologian (b. 1904)
1987 – James Baldwin, American novelist, poet, and critic (b. 1924)
1986 – Frank McCarthy, American general and film producer (b. 1912)
1981 – Russ Manning, American author and illustrator (b. 1929)
1975 – Anna Roosevelt Halsted, American journalist (b. 1906)
1975 – Nellie Fox, American baseball player and coach (b. 1927)
1954 – Fred Rose, American pianist, composer, and publisher (b. 1898)
1935 – Bernhard Schmidt, Estonian-German optician, invented the Schmidt camera (b. 1879)
1928 – José Eustasio Rivera, Colombian-American lawyer and poet (b. 1888)
1914 – Alfred Thayer Mahan, American captain and historian (b. 1840)