Tuesday 5 January 2021 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
: Environmental Dates
, Pet and Animal Holidays
, Food holidays
, Health Calendar
, United Kingdom
, Unusual Holidays
, Worldwide Holidays
Holidays and observances
- In 2019 - Bartholomew I of Constantinople issues a formal decree granting independence to the Orthodox Church of Ukraine from the Russian Orthodox Church.
- In 2017 a Japanese insurance firm, Fukoku Mutual Life Insurance, announces that 34 of its office workers will be replaced with IBM’s Watson AI.
- 2014 – A launch of the communication satellite GSAT-14 aboard the GSLV MK.II D5 marks the first successful flight of an Indian cryogenic engine.
- 2005 – Eris, the most massive and second-largest known dwarf planet in the Solar System, is discovered by the team of Michael E. Brown, Chad Trujillo, and David L. Rabinowitz using images originally taken on October 21, 2003, at the Palomar Observatory.
- 1993 – The oil tanker MV Braer runs aground on the coast of the Shetland Islands, spilling 84,700 tons of crude oil.
- 1991 – The United States Embassy to Somalia in Mogadishu is evacuated by helicopter airlift days after violence enveloped Mogadishu during the Somali Civil War
- 1974 – Warmest reliably measured temperature below the Antarctic Circle of +59 °F (+15 °C) recorded at Vanda Station
- 1972 – United States President Richard Nixon orders the development of a Space Shuttle program.
- 1957 – In a speech given to the United States Congress, United States President Dwight D. Eisenhower announces the establishment of what will later be called the Eisenhower Doctrine.
- 1953 – The play Waiting for Godot by Samuel Beckett is first performed.
- 1949 – United States President Harry S. Truman unveils his Fair Deal program.
- 1944 – The Daily Mail becomes the first transoceanic newspaper.
- 1933 – Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge begins in San Francisco Bay.
- 1925 – Nellie Tayloe Ross of Wyoming becomes the first female governor in the United States.
- 1919 – The German Workers' Party, which would become the Nazi Party, is founded.
- 1914 – The Ford Motor Company announces an eight-hour workday, but entitlement to the higher was subject to various restrictions.
- 1913 – First Balkan War: During the Battle of Lemnos, Greek admiral Pavlos Kountouriotis forces the Turkish fleet to retreat to its base within the Dardanelles, from which it did not venture for the rest of the war.
- 1911 – Kappa Alpha Psi, the world's third oldest and largest black fraternity, is founded at Indiana University.
- 1882 – Charles J. Guiteau is found guilty of assassinating US President James A. Garfield, and is sentenced to death by hanging.
- 1875 – The Palais Garnier, one of the most famous opera houses in the world, is inaugurated in Paris.
- 1846 – The United States House of Representatives votes to stop sharing the Oregon Territory with the United Kingdom.
- 1781 – American Revolutionary War: Richmond, Virginia, is burned by British naval forces led by Benedict Arnold.
- 1757 – Louis XV of France survives an assassination attempt by Robert-François Damiens, the last person to be executed in France by drawing and quartering, the traditional and gruesome form of capital punishment used for regicides.
- 1477 – Battle of Nancy: Charles the Bold is killed and Burgundy becomes part of France.
- Harbin International Ice and Snow Sculpture Festival (Harbin, China)
- 1991 – Soner Aydoğdu, Turkish footballer. Soner Aydoğdu (born 5 January 1991) is a Turkish footballer who plays for Göztepe on loan from İstanbul Başakşehir.
- 1978 – January Jones, American actress, was nominated for two Golden Globe Awards for Best Actress – Television Series Drama and a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series.
- 1976 – Matt Wachter, American bass player. Matthew Walter "Matt" Wachter (born January 5, 1976) is an American musician best known for playing bass in the alternative rock bands Thirty Seconds to Mars and Angels & Airwaves.
- 1975 – Bradley Cooper, American actor and producer. Cooper appeared in Forbes Celebrity 100 on three occasions and Time's list of 100 most influential people in the world in 2015.
- 1975 – Mike Grier, American ice hockey player and scout. Michael James Grier (born January 5, 1975) is an American retired professional ice hockey winger who played for four teams in the National Hockey League (NHL) - the Edmonton Oilers, Washington Capitals, San Jose Sharks, and Buffalo Sabres.
- 1975 – Warrick Dunn, American football player. Warrick De'Mon Dunn (born January 5, 1975) is a former American football running back who played in the National Football League (NFL) for twelve seasons.
- 1969 – Marilyn Manson, American singer-songwriter, actor, and director. Like the other founding members of the band, his stage name was formed by combining and juxtaposing the names of two American pop cultural icons of the 1960s: actress Marilyn Monroe and criminal Charles Manson.
- 1969 – Shaun Micheel, American golfer. Shaun Carl Micheel (born January 5, 1969) is an American professional golfer who is best known for his surprise victory at the 2003 PGA Championship.
- 1968 – Carrie Ann Inaba, American actress, dancer, and choreographer. She started her career as a singer in Japan, but became best known for her dancing, first introducing herself to American audiences as one of the original Fly Girls on the Fox sketch comedy series In Living Color from 1990 to 1992.
- 1967 – Joe Flanigan, American actor. Joe Flanigan (born January 5, 1967) is an American writer and actor best known for his portrayal of the character Major/Lt.
- 1966 – Kate Schellenbach, American drummer. She is the drummer of Luscious Jackson and was a founding member of an early, punk incarnation of the Beastie Boys.
- 1965 – Ricky Paull Goldin, American actor and producer. In May 2013, Goldin joined the cast of the CBS's The Bold and the Beautiful.
- 1963 – Jeff Fassero, American baseball player and coach. Jeffrey Joseph Fassero (born January 5, 1963) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher.
- 1962 – Danny Jackson, American baseball player and manager. Danny Lynn Jackson (born January 5, 1962) is an American former professional baseball pitcher who played fifteen seasons in Major League Baseball from 1983 to 1997.
- 1962 – Suzy Amis, American actress and model. Suzy Amis Cameron (born January 5, 1962) is an American environmental advocate, a former actress, and a former model.
- 1961 – Iris DeMent, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. DeMent's musical style includes elements of folk, country and gospel.
- 1959 – Clancy Brown, American actor. He has also provided voices for Lex Luthor, beginning with Superman: The Animated Series (1996–2000), Doctor Neo Cortex & Uka Uka in the Crash Bandicoot video games (1997–2003), Mr.
- 1958 – Ron Kittle, American baseball player and manager. Ronald Dale Kittle (born January 5, 1958) is a former left fielder and designated hitter in Major League Baseball (MLB).
- 1954 – Alex English, American basketball player and coach. He played college basketball at the University of South Carolina.
- 1953 – George Tenet, American civil servant and academic, 18th Director of Central Intelligence. George John Tenet (born January 5, 1953) is a former Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) for the United States Central Intelligence Agency as well as a Distinguished Professor in the Practice of Diplomacy at Georgetown University.
- 1953 – Pamela Sue Martin, American actress. She is best known for her portrayal of teenage detective Nancy Drew on the television series The Hardy Boys/Nancy Drew Mysteries and for originating the role of socialite Fallon Carrington Colby on the ABC nighttime soap opera Dynasty.
- 1950 – Chris Stein, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer. Christopher Stein (born January 5, 1950) is the co-founder and guitarist of the new wave band Blondie.
- 1948 – Ted Lange, American actor. Theodore William "Ted" Lange (/lændʒ/; born January 5, 1948) is an American actor, director, and screenwriter best known for his role as the bartender, Isaac Washington, in the TV series The Love Boat.
- 1947 – Mike DeWine, American lawyer and politician, 59th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio. In 2006, DeWine ran for re-election to a third term but lost to the Democratic nominee, U.S.
- 1946 – Diane Keaton, American actress, director, and businesswoman. Diane Keaton (née Hall; born January 5, 1946) is an American actress, director, producer, photographer, real estate developer, author, and singer.
- 1945 – Sam Wyche, American football player and coach, was an American professional football player and coach. He was a player and head coach for the Cincinnati Bengals and a quarterbacks coach for the San Francisco 49ers.
- 1944 – Ed Rendell, American lieutenant and politician, 45th Governor of Pennsylvania. He served as the 45th Governor of Pennsylvania from 2003 to 2011, as chair of the national Democratic Party, and as the Mayor of Philadelphia from 1992 to 2000.
- 1942 – Charlie Rose, American journalist and talk show host. From 1991 to 2017, he was the host and executive producer of the talk show Charlie Rose on PBS and Bloomberg LP.
- 1941 – Chuck McKinley, American tennis player (d. 1986), was an American former world no. 1 men's amateur tennis champion of the 1960s. He is remembered as an undersized, hard-working dynamo, whose relentless effort and competitive spirit led American tennis to the top of the sport during a period heavily dominated by Australians.
- 1941 – Hayao Miyazaki, Japanese animator, director, and screenwriter. A co-founder of Studio Ghibli, a film and animation studio, he has attained international acclaim as a masterful storyteller and as a maker of animated feature films, and is widely regarded as one of the most accomplished filmmakers in the animation business.
- 1936 – Florence King, American journalist and memoirist (d. 2016), was an American novelist, essayist and columnist.
- 1934 – Phil Ramone, South African-American songwriter and producer, co-founded A & R Recording (d. 2013), was a South African-born American recording engineer, record producer, violinist and composer, who in 1958 co-founded A & R Recording, Inc., a recording studio with business partner Jack Arnold at 112 West 48th Street, New York, upstairs from the famous musicians' watering hole, Jim & Andy's, and several doors east of Manny's Music. The success of the original A&R Recording allowed it to expand into several studios and a record production company.
- 1932 – Chuck Noll, American football player and coach (d. 2014), was an American professional football player and head coach. Regarded as one of the greatest head coaches of all time, his sole head coaching position was for the Pittsburgh Steelers of the National Football League (NFL) from 1969 to 1991.
- 1931 – Alvin Ailey, American dancer and choreographer, founded the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater (d. 1989), was an African-American dancer, director, choreographer, and activist who founded the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater, one of the most successful dance companies in the world. He created AAADT and its affiliated Ailey School as havens for nurturing black artists and expressing the universality of the African-American experience through dance.
- 1931 – Robert Duvall, American actor and director. Robert Selden Duvall (/duːˈvɔːl/; born January 5, 1931) is an American actor and filmmaker whose career spans more than six decades.
- 1930 – Al Masini, American screenwriter and producer (d. 2010), was an American television producer.
- 1929 – Wilbert Harrison, American R&B singer, pianist, guitarist and harmonica player (d. 1994), was an American rhythm and blues singer, pianist, guitarist and harmonica player.
- 1928 – Walter Mondale, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 42nd Vice President of the United States. Reagan won 49 states while Mondale carried his home state of Minnesota and the District of Columbia.
- 1927 – Sivaya Subramuniyaswami, American guru and author, founded Iraivan Temple (d. 2001), was born in Oakland, California, and adopted Shaivism as a young man. He was the 162nd head of the Nandinatha Sampradaya's Kailasa Parampara and Guru at Kauai's Hindu Monastery which is a 382-acre temple-monastery complex on Hawaii's Garden Island
- 1926 – Hosea Williams, American businessman and activist (d. 2000), was an American civil rights leader, activist, ordained minister, businessman, philanthropist, scientist, and politician. He may be best known as a trusted member of fellow famed civil rights activist and Nobel Peace Prize winner Martin Luther King, Jr.'s inner circle.
- 1926 – W. D. Snodgrass, American poet (d. 2009), was an American poet who also wrote under the pseudonym S. S.
- 1923 – Sam Phillips, American radio host and producer, founded Sun Records (d. 2003), was an American record producer who played an important role in the development of rock and roll during the 1950s. He was the founder of Sun Records and Sun Studio, in Memphis, Tennessee, where he produced recordings by Elvis Presley, Roy Orbison, Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins, Johnny Cash, and Howlin' Wolf.
- 1919 – Herb Peterson, American businessman (d. 2008), was an American fast food advertising executive and food scientist most known for being the inventor of the McDonald's Egg McMuffin in 1972. The breakfast business that he pioneered with this item had grown to an estimated $4–5 billion in annual revenues for the fast food restaurant chain McDonald's by 1993.
- 1917 – Francis L. Kellogg, American businessman and diplomat (d. 2006), was an American diplomat, a special assistant to the Secretary of State during the Nixon and Ford Administrations and a prominent socialite in New York City.
- 1917 – Jane Wyman, American actress (d. 2007), was an American actress, singer, dancer, and philanthropist. Her career spanned more than seven decades.
- 1917 – Lucienne Day, English textile designer (d. 2010), was one of the most influential British textile designers of the 1950s and 1960s. Day drew on inspiration from other arts to develop a new style of abstract pattern-making in post-war British textiles, known as ‘Contemporary’ design.
- 1914 – George Reeves, American actor and director (d. 1959). He is best known for his role as Superman in the 1950s television program Adventures of Superman.
- 1914 – Nicolas de Staël, Russian-French painter and illustrator (d. 1955), was a French painter of Russian origin known for his use of a thick impasto and his highly abstract landscape painting. He also worked with collage, illustration and textiles.
- 1913 – Nejat Eczacıbaşı, Turkish-American chemist, businessman, and philanthropist, founded Eczacıbaşı (d. 1993), was a chemist, industrialist, entrepreneur and philanthropist, and a second-generation member of the notable Turkish Eczacıbaşı family.
- 1910 – Hugh Brannum, American actor and singer (d. 1987), was an American vocalist, arranger, composer, and actor best known for his role as Mr. Green Jeans on the children's television show Captain Kangaroo.
- 1909 – Lucienne Bloch, Swiss-American sculptor, painter, and photographer (d. 1995), was a Switzerland-born American artist. She was best known for her murals and for her association with the Mexican artist Diego Rivera, for whom she produced the only existing photographs of Rivera's mural Man at the Crossroads, painted in 1933 and destroyed in January 1934 at Rockefeller Center in New York City.
- 1909 – Stephen Cole Kleene, American mathematician and computer scientist (d. 1994). One of the students of Alonzo Church, Kleene, along with Rózsa Péter, Alan Turing, Emil Post, and others, is best known as a founder of the branch of mathematical logic known as recursion theory, which subsequently helped to provide the foundations of theoretical computer science.
- 1908 – George Dolenz, Italian-American actor (d. 1963), was an American film actor born in Trieste (then part of Austria-Hungary, now in Italy), in the city's Slovene community.
- 1904 – Jeane Dixon, American astrologer and psychic (d. 1997). Jeane Dixon (January 5, 1904 – January 25, 1997) was one of the best-known American self-proclaimed psychics and astrologers of the twentieth century, due to her syndicated newspaper astrology column, some well-publicized predictions, and a best-selling biography.
- 1900 – Yves Tanguy, French-American painter (d. 1955), was a French surrealist painter.
- 1895 – Alberto Massimino, Italian automotive engineer (d. 1975). Born in Turin, he studied mechanical engineering in Switzerland and worked for FIAT (1924–28), where he followed Vittorio Jano who had left for Alfa Romeo.
- 1893 – Paramahansa Yogananda, Indian-American guru and philosopher (d. 1952), was an Indian monk, yogi and guru who lived his last 32 years in America. He introduced millions to the teachings of meditation and Kriya Yoga through his organization Self-Realization Fellowship (SRF) / Yogoda Satsanga Society (YSS) of India.
- 1892 – Agnes von Kurowsky, American nurse (d. 1984), was an American nurse who inspired the character "Catherine Barkley" in Ernest Hemingway's A Farewell to Arms.
- 1882 – Herbert Bayard Swope, American journalist (d. 1958), was a U.S. editor, journalist and intimate of the Algonquin Round Table. Swope spent most of his career at the New York World.
- 1874 – Joseph Erlanger, American physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1965), was an American physiologist who is best known for his contributions to the field of neuroscience. Together with Herbert Spencer Gasser, he identified several varieties of nerve fiber and established the relationship between action potential velocity and fiber diameter.
- 1871 – Frederick Converse, American composer and academic (d. 1940), was an American composer of classical music, whose works include four operas and five symphonies.
- 1865 – Ban Johnson, American businessman, founded the Western League (d. 1931), was an American executive in professional baseball who served as the founder and first president of the American League (AL).
- 1864 – Bob Caruthers, American baseball player and manager (d. 1911). Robert Lee Caruthers (January 5, 1864 – August 5, 1911), nicknamed "Parisian Bob", was an American right-handed pitcher and right fielder in Major League Baseball who played primarily for the St.
- 1855 – King Camp Gillette, American businessman, founded the Gillette Company (d. 1932). He invented a best selling version of the safety razor.
- 1793 – Harvey Putnam, American lawyer and politician (d. 1855). He was a Whig member of the U.S.
- 1779 – Stephen Decatur, American commander (d. 1820), was a United States naval officer and commodore. He was born on the eastern shore of Maryland in Worcester County, the son of a U.S. naval officer who served during the American Revolution.
- 1778 – Zebulon Pike, American general and explorer (d. 1813), was an American brigadier general and explorer for whom Pikes Peak in Colorado was named. As a U.S.
- 2015 – Bernard Joseph McLaughlin, American bishop (b. 1912)
- 2014 – Carmen Zapata, American actress (b. 1927)
- 2012 – Frederica Sagor Maas, American author, playwright, and screenwriter (b. 1900)
- 2010 – Kenneth Noland, American painter (b. 1924)
- 2010 – Willie Mitchell, American singer-songwriter, trumpet player, and producer (b. 1928)
- 2009 – Griffin Bell, American lawyer and politician, 72nd United States Attorney General (b. 1918)
- 2007 – Momofuku Ando, Taiwanese-Japanese businessman, founded Nissin Foods (b. 1910)
- 2005 – Danny Sugerman, American talent manager and author (b. 1954)
- 2004 – Norman Heatley, English biologist and chemist, co-developed penicillin (b. 1911)
- 1998 – Sonny Bono, American singer-songwriter, producer, actor, and politician (b. 1935)
- 1997 – Burton Lane, American composer and songwriter (b. 1912)
- 1994 – Tip O'Neill, American lawyer and politician, 55th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1912)
- 1990 – Arthur Kennedy, American actor (b. 1914)
- 1988 – Pete Maravich, American basketball player (b. 1947)
- 1985 – Robert L. Surtees, American cinematographer (b. 1906)
- 1982 – Hans Conried, American actor (b. 1917)
- 1981 – Harold Urey, American chemist and astronomer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1893)
- 1979 – Billy Bletcher, American actor, singer, and screenwriter (b. 1894)
- 1979 – Charles Mingus, American bassist, composer, bandleader (b. 1922)
- 1978 – Wyatt Emory Cooper, American author and screenwriter (b. 1927)
- 1971 – Douglas Shearer, Canadian-American sound designer and engineer (b. 1899)
- 1963 – Rogers Hornsby, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1896)
- 1954 – Rabbit Maranville, American baseball player and manager (b. 1891)
- 1951 – Soh Jaipil, South Korean-American journalist and activist (b. 1864)
- 1947 – Charles Schlee, Danish-American cyclist (b. 1873)
- 1943 – George Washington Carver, American botanist, educator, and inventor (b. 1864)
- 1942 – Tina Modotti, Italian photographer, model, actress, and activist (b. 1896)
- 1933 – Calvin Coolidge, American lawyer and politician, 30th President of the United States (b. 1872)
- 1899 – Ezra Otis Kendall, American professor, astronomer and mathematician (b. 1818)
- 1860 – John Neumann, Czech-American bishop and saint (b. 1811)
- 1846 – Alfred Thomas Agate, American painter and illustrator (b. 1812)
- 1762 – Elizabeth of Russia (b. 1709)