Tuesday 14 January 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
: Career Holidays (Recognition Holidays)
, Environmental Dates
, Food holidays
, Health Calendar
, Pet and Animal Holidays
, Sri Lanka
, Unusual Holidays
, Worldwide Holidays
Holidays and observances
- 1972 – Queen Margrethe II of Denmark ascends the throne, the first Queen of Denmark since 1412 and the first Danish monarch not named Frederick or Christian since 1513.
- 1954 – The Hudson Motor Car Company merges with Nash-Kelvinator Corporation forming the American Motors Corporation.
- 1953 – Josip Broz Tito is inaugurated as the first President of Yugoslavia.
- 1950 – The first prototype of the MiG-17 makes its maiden flight.
- 1943 – World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to travel by airplane while in office when he travels from Miami to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill.
- 1784 – American Revolutionary War: Ratification Day, United States - Congress ratifies the Treaty of Paris with Great Britain.
- 1639 – The "Fundamental Orders", the first written constitution that created a government, is adopted in Connecticut.
- 1343 – Arnošt of Pardubice becomes the last bishop of Prague and, subsequently, the first Archbishop of Prague.
- 1992 – Chieh-Yu Hsu, American tennis player (Hsu has won six singles and 22 doubles titles on the ITF Women's Circuit. On 21 April 2014, she reached her best singles ranking of world No. 224. On 23 February 2015, she peaked at No. 114 in the doubles rankings)
- 1985 – Joel Rosario, Dominican-American jockey (In the space of five weeks in 2013 he rode the winners of the Dubai World Cup and the Kentucky Derby)
- 1984 – Erick Aybar, American baseball player (He has played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, Atlanta Braves, Detroit Tigers, and San Diego Padres)
- 1984 – Mike Pelfrey, American baseball player (He is the pitching coach at Wichita State University. He played college baseball at Wichita State University from 2003 to 2005 for head coach Gene Stephenson. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the New York Mets, Minnesota Twins, Detroit Tigers, and Chicago White Sox)
- 1982 – Marc Broussard, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (His style is best described as "Bayou Soul", a mix of funk, blues, R&B, rock, and pop, matched with distinct Southern roots. In his career, he has released eight studio albums, one live album, three EPs, and has charted twice on Hot Adult Top 40 Tracks)
- 1981 – Hyleas Fountain, American heptathlete (She was the silver medalist in the event at the 2008 Beijing Olympics)
- 1980 – Cory Gibbs, American soccer player (He played professionally for clubs in Germany, the Netherlands and England. He also played 19 international matches for the U.S. national soccer team, including at the 2003 CONCACAF Gold Cup)
- 1972 – Kyle Brady, American football player and sportscaster. Kyle James Brady (born January 14, 1972 in Camp Hill, Pennsylvania) is a former professional American football player.
- 1969 – Dave Grohl, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and drummer. Grohl is also the drummer and co-founder of the rock supergroup Them Crooked Vultures, and wrote the music and performed all the instruments for his short-lived side projects Late! and Probot.
- 1969 – Jason Bateman, American actor, director, and producer. In the 2000s, he became known for his role of Michael Bluth using deadpan comedy in the sitcom Arrested Development, for which he won a Golden Globe and a Satellite Award.
- 1968 – LL Cool J, American rapper and actor. James Todd Smith (born January 14, 1968), known professionally as LL Cool J (short for Ladies Love Cool James), is an American rapper, record producer, actor, author and entrepreneur from Queens, New York.
- 1966 – Rene Simpson, Canadian-American tennis player (d. 2013), was a Canadian professional tennis player from Sarnia, Ontario. She reached a WTA singles ranking of 70 in 1989, after a successful NCAA career for Texas Christian University.
- 1965 – Slick Rick, English-American rapper and producer, was raised in The Bronx, New York.
- 1964 – Shepard Smith, American television journalist. Smith is the former host of Fox News' evening newscast, The Fox Report with Shepard Smith, and Studio B.
- 1963 – Steven Soderbergh, American director, producer, and screenwriter. Soderbergh's directorial breakthrough—indie drama Sex, Lies, and Videotape (1989)—lifted him into the public spotlight as a notable presence in the film industry.
- 1962 – Michael McCaul, American lawyer and politician. During 113th, 114th, and 115th Congresses, he served as Chairman of the House Committee on Homeland Security.
- 1962 – Patricia Morrison, American singer-songwriter and bass player. Patricia Anne Rainone (born January 14, 1962), better known by her stage name Patricia Morrison, is an American retired bass guitarist, singer and songwriter.
- 1959 – Geoff Tate, German-American singer-songwriter and musician. Geoff Tate (born Jeffrey Wayne Tate, January 14, 1959; he later changed his first name to Geoffery or Geoffrey) is an American singer and musician.
- 1957 – Anchee Min, Chinese-American painter, photographer, and author. Anchee Min or Min Anqi (Chinese: 閔安琪; pinyin: Mǐn Ānqí; born January 14, 1957 in Shanghai, China) is a Chinese-American author who lives in San Francisco and Shanghai.
- 1952 – Maureen Dowd, American journalist and author. Maureen Brigid Dowd (/daʊd/; born January 14, 1952) is an American columnist for The New York Times and an author.
- 1952 – Sydney Biddle Barrows, American businesswoman and author. Sydney Biddle Barrows (born January 14, 1952) is an American businesswoman who became known as an escort agency owner under the name Sheila Devin; she later became known as the Mayflower Madam.
- 1950 – Arthur Byron Cover, American author and screenwriter. Arthur Byron Cover (born January 14, 1950, in Grundy, Virginia) is an American science fiction author.
- 1949 – Lamar Williams, American bass player (d. 1983), was an American musician best known for serving as the bassist of The Allman Brothers Band (1972-1976) and Sea Level (1976-1980).
- 1949 – Lawrence Kasdan, American director, producer, and screenwriter. He is best known as co-writer of The Empire Strikes Back, Raiders of the Lost Ark, Return of the Jedi, and as the writer-director of Body Heat, The Big Chill, and The Accidental Tourist.
- 1949 – Mary Robison, American short story writer and novelist. Her most recent novel, released in 2009, is One D.O.A., One on the Way.
- 1948 – Carl Weathers, American football player and actor. He currently holds a recurring role as Greef Karga on the Star Wars-spinoff web series, The Mandalorian.
- 1948 – John Lescroart, American author and screenwriter. John Lescroart (/lɛsˈkwɑː/; born January 14, 1948) is a New York Times bestselling author known for his series of legal and crime thriller novels featuring the characters Dismas Hardy, Abe Glitsky, and Wyatt Hunt.
- 1948 – T Bone Burnett, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer. Joseph Henry "T Bone" Burnett III (born January 14, 1948) is an American record producer, musician, and songwriter.
- 1947 – Bev Perdue, American educator and politician, 73rd Governor of North Carolina. She was the first female governor of North Carolina.
- 1947 – Taylor Branch, American historian and author. Taylor Branch (born January 14, 1947) is an American author and historian best known for his trilogy of books chronicling the life of Martin Luther King, Jr. and much of the history of the American Civil Rights Movement.
- 1945 – Kathleen Chalfant, American actress. She has appeared in many stage plays, both on Broadway and Off-Broadway, as well as making guest appearances on television series, including the Law & Order franchise.
- 1944 – Nina Totenberg, American journalist. Nina Totenberg (born January 14, 1944) is an American legal affairs correspondent for National Public Radio (NPR) focusing primarily on the activities and politics of the Supreme Court of the United States.
- 1943 – Holland Taylor, American actress and playwright. She is also known for her role as Evelyn Harper on the CBS sitcom Two and a Half Men (2003–2015).
- 1943 – Shannon Lucid, American biochemist and astronaut. She has flown in space five times including a prolonged mission aboard the Mir space station in 1996; she is the only American woman to have served aboard Mir.
- 1941 – Faye Dunaway, American actress and producer. In 2011, the government of France made her an Officer of the Order of Arts and Letters.
- 1941 – Gibby Gilbert, American golfer. C.L. "Gibby" Gilbert II (born January 14, 1941) is an American professional golfer who has won tournaments on both the PGA Tour and Champions Tour.
- 1940 – Julian Bond, American academic and politician (d. 2015), was an American social activist and leader in the civil rights movement, politician, professor and writer. While a student at Morehouse College in Atlanta, Georgia, during the early 1960s, he helped to establish the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).
- 1940 – Ron Kostelnik, American football player (d. 1993), was an American football player, a defensive tackle in the National Football League for eight seasons with the Green Bay Packers and one with the Baltimore Colts.
- 1938 – Allen Toussaint, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (d. 2015), was an American musician, songwriter, arranger and record producer, who was an influential figure in New Orleans rhythm and blues from the 1950s to the end of the century, described as "one of popular music's great backroom figures". Many musicians recorded Toussaint's compositions, including “Whipped Cream”, "Java", "Mother-in-Law", "I Like It Like That", "Fortune Teller", "Ride Your Pony", "Get Out of My Life, Woman", "Working in the Coal Mine", "Everything I Do Gonna Be Funky", "Here Come the Girls", "Yes We Can Can", "Play Something Sweet", and "Southern Nights".
- 1938 – Billie Jo Spears, American country singer (d. 2011), was an American country music singer. She reached the top 10 of the country music chart five times between 1969 and 1977, her biggest being "Blanket on the Ground", a 1975 number-one hit.
- 1937 – Leo Kadanoff, American physicist and academic (d. 2015). He was a professor of physics (emeritus from 2004) at the University of Chicago and a former President of the American Physical Society (APS).
- 1937 – Sonny Siebert, American baseball player. Wilfred Charles "Sonny" Siebert (born January 14, 1937 in St.
- 1936 – Clarence Carter, American blues and soul singer-songwriter, musician, and record producer. His most successful songs include "Slip Away" (1968), "Back Door Santa", "Too Weak to Fight", "Patches" (1970), and "Strokin'" (1985).
- 1933 – Stan Brakhage, American director and producer (d. 2003), was an American non-narrative filmmaker. He is considered to be one of the most important figures in 20th-century experimental film.
- 1932 – Don Garlits, American race car driver and engineer. He is known as "Big Daddy" to drag racing fans around the world.
- 1930 – Johnny Grande, American pianist and accordion player (Bill Haley & His Comets) (d. 2006), was a member of Bill Haley's backing band, The Comets.
- 1928 – Garry Winogrand, American photographer and author (d. 1984), was an American street photographer from the Bronx, New York, known for his portrayal of U.S. life and its social issues, in the mid-20th century. Though he photographed in California, Texas and elsewhere, Winogrand was essentially a New York photographer.
- 1928 – Gerald Arpino, American dancer and choreographer (d. 2008). He was co-founder of the Joffrey Ballet and succeeded Robert Joffrey as its artistic director in 1988.
- 1926 – Frank Aletter, American actor (d. 2009), was an American theatre, film, and television actor.
- 1926 – Tom Tryon, American actor and author (d. 1991), was an American film and television actor as well as a novelist. He is best known for playing the title role in the film The Cardinal (1963), featured roles in the war films The Longest Day (1962) and In Harm's Way (1965) with John Wayne, and especially the Walt Disney television character Texas John Slaughter (1958–1961).
- 1925 – Jean-Claude Beton, Algerian-French engineer and businessman, founded Orangina (d. 2013), was an Algerian-born French businessman, agricultural engineer and entrepreneur. Beton was the founder of the French soft drink maker, Orangina.
- 1925 – Moscelyne Larkin, American ballerina (d. 2012), was one of the "Five Moons", Native American ballerinas from Oklahoma who gained international fame in the 20th century. After dancing with the Original Ballet Russe and the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, she and her husband settled in Tulsa, Oklahoma, where in 1956 they founded the Tulsa Ballet and its associated school.
- 1924 – Carole Cook, American actress and singer. Carole Cook (born January 14, 1924) is an American actress of musical theatre, film, and television.
- 1923 – Fred Beckey, American mountaineer and author, was an American rock climber, mountaineer and author, who made hundreds of first ascents, more than any other North American climber.
- 1921 – Kenneth Bulmer, American author (d. 2005), was a British author, primarily of science fiction.
- 1921 – Murray Bookchin, American author and philosopher (d. 2006), was an American social theorist, author, orator, historian, and political philosopher. A pioneer in the ecology movement, Bookchin formulated and developed the theory of social ecology and urban planning, within anarchist, libertarian socialist, and ecological thought.
- 1919 – Andy Rooney, American soldier, journalist, critic, and television personality (d. 2011), was an American radio and television writer who was best known for his weekly broadcast "A Few Minutes with Andy Rooney", a part of the CBS News program 60 Minutes from 1978 to 2011. His final regular appearance on 60 Minutes aired on October 2, 2011; he died a month later at the age of 92.
- 1915 – Mark Goodson, American game show producer, created Family Feud and The Price Is Right (d. 1992), was an American television producer who specialized in game shows, most frequently with his business partner Bill Todman, with whom he created Goodson-Todman Productions.
- 1914 – Harold Russell, Canadian-American soldier and actor (d. 2002), was a Canadian-born American World War II veteran who became one of only two non-professional actors to win an Academy Award for acting (the other being Haing S. Ngor).
- 1912 – Tillie Olsen, American short story writer (d. 2007), was an American writer associated with the political turmoil of the 1930s and the first generation of American feminists.
- 1911 – Anatoly Rybakov, Russian-American author (d. 1998), was a Soviet and Ukrainian writer, the author of the anti-Stalinist Children of the Arbat tetralogy, the novel Heavy Sand, and many popular children books including Adventures of Krosh, Dirk and Bronze Bird. One of the last of his works was his memoir The Novel of Memoirs (Роман-Воспоминание) telling about all the different people (from Stalin and Yeltsin, to Okudzhava and Tendryakov) he met during his long life.
- 1909 – Brenda Forbes, English-American actress (d. 1996), was a British-born American actress of stage and screen.
- 1909 – Joseph Losey, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1984), was an American theatre and film director. Born in Wisconsin, he studied in Germany with Bertolt Brecht and then returned to the United States.
- 1908 – Russ Columbo, American singer, violinist, and actor (d. 1934), was an American baritone, songwriter, violinist and actor. He is famous for romantic ballads such as his signature tune "You Call It Madness, But I Call It Love" and his own compositions "Prisoner of Love" and "Too Beautiful For Words."
- 1906 – William Bendix, American actor (d. 1964), was an American film, radio, and television actor, who typically played rough, blue-collar characters. He is best remembered in films for the title role in The Babe Ruth Story.
- 1904 – Emily Hahn, American journalist and author (d. 1997). Considered an early feminist and called "a forgotten American literary treasure" by The New Yorker magazine, she was the author of 54 books and more than 200 articles and short stories.
- 1901 – Alfred Tarski, Polish-American mathematician and philosopher (d. 1983), was a Polish-American logician and mathematician of Polish-Jewish descent. Educated in Poland at the University of Warsaw, and a member of the Lwów–Warsaw school of logic and the Warsaw school of mathematics, he immigrated to the United States in 1939 where he became a naturalized citizen in 1945.
- 1901 – Bebe Daniels, American actress (d. 1971), was an American actress, singer, dancer, writer and producer.
- 1896 – John Dos Passos, American novelist, poet, and playwright (d. 1970), was an American novelist, most notable for his U.S.A. trilogy.
- 1892 – Hal Roach, American actor, director, and producer (d. 1992), was an American film and television producer, director, and actor who was active from the 1910s to the 1990s. He is remembered today for producing the Laurel and Hardy and Our Gang film comedy series.
- 1882 – Hendrik Willem van Loon, Dutch-American historian and journalist (d. 1944), was a Dutch-American historian, journalist, and children's book author.
- 1863 – Richard F. Outcault, American author and illustrator (d. 1928), was an American cartoonist. He was the creator of the series The Yellow Kid and Buster Brown, and is considered a key pioneer of the modern comic strip.
- 1856 – J. F. Archibald, Australian journalist and publisher, co-founded The Bulletin (d. 1919). Jules François Archibald, known as J.
- 1806 – Matthew Fontaine Maury American astronomer, oceanographer, and historian (d. 1873), was an American astronomer, United States Navy officer, historian, oceanographer, meteorologist, cartographer, author, geologist, and educator.
- 1793 – John C. Clark, American lawyer and politician (d. 1852), was a United States Representative from New York.
- 1741 – Benedict Arnold, American-British general (d. 1801). This monument was erected under the patronage of the State of Connecticut in the 55th year of the Independence of the U.S.A. in memory of the brave patriots massacred at Fort Griswold near this spot on the 6th of Sept.
- 2015 – Bob Boyd, American basketball player and coach (b. 1930)
- 2013 – Conrad Bain, Canadian-American actor (b. 1923)
- 2012 – Dan Evins, American businessman, founded Cracker Barrel Old Country Store (b. 1935)
- 2011 – Georgia Carroll, American singer, model and actress (b. 1919)
- 2009 – Jan Kaplický, Czech architect, designed the Selfridges Building (b. 1937)
- 2008 – Judah Folkman, American physician, biologist, and academic (b. 1933)
- 2006 – Shelley Winters, American actress (b. 1920)
- 2005 – Charlotte MacLeod, Canadian-American author (b. 1922)
- 2004 – Ron O'Neal, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1937)
- 2004 – Uta Hagen, German-American actress (b. 1919)
- 2000 – Leonard Weisgard, American author and illustrator (b. 1916)
- 1986 – Donna Reed, American actress (b. 1921)
- 1984 – Ray Kroc, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1902)
- 1981 – G. Lloyd Spencer, American lieutenant and politician (b. 1893)
- 1980 – Robert Ardrey, American-South African author, playwright, and screenwriter (b. 1908)
- 1978 – Kurt Gödel, Austrian-American mathematician and philosopher (b. 1906)
- 1977 – Anaïs Nin, French-American essayist and memoirist (b. 1903)
- 1970 – William Feller, Croatian-American mathematician and academic (b. 1906)
- 1965 – Jeanette MacDonald, American actress and singer (b. 1903)
- 1957 – Humphrey Bogart, American actor (b. 1899)
- 1949 – Harry Stack Sullivan, American psychiatrist and psychoanalyst (b. 1892)
- 1943 – Laura E. Richards, American author and poet (b. 1850)
- 1920 – John Francis Dodge, American businessman, co-founded the Dodge Automobile Company (b. 1864)
- 1915 – Richard Meux Benson, English priest and saint, founded the Society of St. John the Evangelist (b. 1824)
- 1892 – Alexander J. Davis, American architect (b. 1803)
- 1786 – Meshech Weare, American lawyer and politician, 1st Governor of New Hampshire (b. 1713)