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Wednesday 22 January 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances

Events

  • 2006 – Evo Morales is inaugurated as President of Bolivia, becoming the country's first indigenous president.
  • 2002 – Kmart becomes the largest retailer in United States history to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
  • 1992 – Space Shuttle program: Dr. Roberta Bondar becomes the first Canadian woman and the first neurologist in space.
  • 1984 – The Apple Macintosh, the first consumer computer to popularize the computer mouse and the graphical user interface, is introduced during a Super Bowl XVIII television commercial.
  • 1973 – The Supreme Court of the United States delivers its decisions in Roe v. Wade and Doe v. Bolton, legalizing elective abortion in all fifty states.
  • 1970 – The Boeing 747, the world's first "jumbo jet", enters commercial service for launch customer Pan American Airways with its maiden voyage from John F. Kennedy International Airport to London Heathrow Airport.
  • 1968 – Apollo 5 lifts off carrying the first Lunar module into space.
  • 1947 – KTLA, the first commercial television station west of the Mississippi River, begins operation in Hollywood.
  • 1927 – Teddy Wakelam gives the first live radio commentary of a football match anywhere in the world, between Arsenal F.C. and Sheffield United at Highbury.
  • 1924 – Ramsay MacDonald becomes the first Labour Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • 1917 – World War I: President Woodrow Wilson of the still-neutral United States calls for "peace without victory" in Europe.
  • 1890 – The United Mine Workers of America is founded in Columbus, Ohio.
  • 1506 – The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrives at the Vatican.

Births

  • 1991 – Marcus Canty, American singer and dancer. He finished in fourth place in the first season of The X Factor USA.
  • 1990 – Logic, American rapper. Logic (from the Ancient Greek: λογική, romanized: logikḗ) is the systematic study of the forms of inference, the relations that lead to the acceptance of one proposition, the conclusion, on the basis of a set of other propositions, the premises.
  • 1988 – Asher Allen, American football player. Asher Allen (born January 22, 1988) is a former American football cornerback who played for three seasons in the National Football League (NFL) for the Minnesota Vikings.
  • 1988 – Greg Oden, American basketball player. Oden, a 7 ft 0 in (2.13 m), 250-pound (110 kg) center, played college basketball at the Ohio State University for one season, during which the team was the Big Ten Champion and the tournament runner-up in the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship.
  • 1987 – Ray Rice, American football player. Raymell Mourice Rice (born January 22, 1987) is a former American football running back who played his entire professional career with the Baltimore Ravens of the National Football League (NFL).
  • 1984 – Leon Powe, American basketball player. He played his first three years in the NBA with the Boston Celtics and won a championship with the team in 2008.
  • 1983 – Shaun Cody, American football player. The Detroit Lions chose him in the second round of the 2005 NFL Draft.
  • 1981 – Ben Moody, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor. Since leaving Evanescence, Moody has collaborated with an array of performers vocally, instrumentally, and as a writer.
  • 1981 – Willa Ford, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress. Ford also has appeared in movies such as Friday the 13th (2009), hosted several reality television shows, posed for Playboy and competed on ABC's Dancing with the Stars.
  • 1980 – Jake Grove, American football player, was a center in the National Football League (NFL) for seven seasons. He played college football for Virginia Tech, and was recognized as a unanimous All-American.
  • 1978 – Chone Figgins, American baseball player. Figgins was a utility player, playing all positions except catcher, pitcher, and first base.
  • 1976 – James Dearth, American football player. Dearth, who attended Tarleton State University, was selected by the Cleveland Browns in the sixth round of the 1999 NFL Draft.
  • 1969 – Keith Gordon, American baseball player and coach. Keith Gordon (born February 3, 1961) is an American actor and film director.
  • 1969 – Olivia d'Abo, English-American singer-songwriter and actress. She is known for her role as Karen Arnold, Kevin Arnold's rebellious teenage hippie sister in the ABC comedy-drama series The Wonder Years (1988–93), and recurring villain Nicole Wallace in Law & Order: Criminal Intent.
  • 1968 – Guy Fieri, American chef, author, and television host. Guy Ramsay Fieri (US: /fiˈɛdi/, Italian: ; né Ferry; born January 22, 1968) is an American restaurateur, author, and an Emmy Award winning television presenter.
  • 1965 – Diane Lane, American actress. Born and raised in New York City, Lane made her screen debut in George Roy Hill's 1979 film A Little Romance.
  • 1965 – Steven Adler, American rock drummer. Steven Adler (born Michael Coletti; January 22, 1965) is an American musician.
  • 1962 – Jimmy Herring, American guitarist. He is a founding member of Aquarium Rescue Unit and Jazz Is Dead and has played with The Allman Brothers Band, Project Z, Derek Trucks Band, Phil Lesh and Friends, and The Dead.
  • 1961 – Quintin Dailey, American basketball player (d. 2010), was an American professional basketball player. A 6'3" guard who played collegiately at the University of San Francisco, he later went on to a career in the NBA, playing for the Chicago Bulls, Los Angeles Clippers, and Seattle SuperSonics over the course of his 10-year tenure in the league.
  • 1959 – Linda Blair, American actress. She reprised her role in Exorcist II: The Heretic (1977), for which she was nominated for a Saturn Award.
  • 1957 – Brian Dayett, American baseball player and manager. Brian Kelly Dayett (born January 22, 1957) is a former Major League Baseball outfielder who played five seasons between 1983 and 1987 for the New York Yankees and Chicago Cubs.
  • 1955 – Thomas David Jones, American captain, pilot, and astronaut. He flew on STS-59 and STS-68 in 1994, STS-80 in 1996 and STS-98 in 2001.
  • 1955 – Timothy R. Ferguson, American politician, was a Republican State Senator in Maryland.
  • 1953 – Jim Jarmusch, American director and screenwriter. Stranger Than Paradise was added to the National Film Registry in December 2002.
  • 1952 – Ramón Avilés, Puerto Rican-American baseball player. Ramón Antonio Avilés Miranda (born January 22, 1952) is a Puerto Rican former backup infielder in Major League Baseball who played for the Boston Red Sox (1977) and Philadelphia Phillies (1979–1981).
  • 1951 – Leon Roberts, American baseball player and manager. Leon Kauffman Roberts (born January 22, 1951) is a former corner outfielder in Major League Baseball who played from 1974 through 1984 for the Detroit Tigers, Houston Astros, Seattle Mariners, Texas Rangers, Toronto Blue Jays and Kansas City Royals.
  • 1949 – J.P. Pennington, American country-rock singer-songwriter and guitarist. James Preston "J.P." Pennington (born January 22, 1949) is an American musician, known primarily as a founding member of the country pop band Exile.
  • 1949 – Steve Perry, American singer-songwriter and producer. Perry also has a successful solo career -- first between the mid-1980s and mid-1990s, making sporadic appearances in the 2000s and then returning to music full-time in 2018.
  • 1948 – Gilbert Levine, American conductor and academic. He is considered an "outstanding personality in the world of international music television." He has led the PBS concert debuts of the Staatskapelle Dresden, Royal Philharmonic, London Philharmonic, Philharmonia Orchestra, WDR Symphony Orchestra, and the Pittsburgh Symphony, and the PBS premieres of works including the Beethoven Missa Solemnis, Bach Magnificat in D, Haydn Creation, and Bruckner Symphony 9.
  • 1945 – Jophery Brown, American baseball player, actor, and stuntman (d. 2014), was a pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the Chicago Cubs, as well as an award-winning stunt man and actor.
  • 1940 – George Seifert, American football player and coach. Seifert owned the second greatest winning percentage in NFL history by a head coach at the time of his resignation as the 49ers head coach, second to Guy Chamberlin.
  • 1937 – Joseph Wambaugh, American police officer and author. Joseph Aloysius Wambaugh, Jr. (born January 22, 1937) is a bestselling American writer known for his fictional and non-fictional accounts of police work in the United States.
  • 1936 – Alan J. Heeger, American physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate. Alan Jay Heeger (born January 22, 1936) is an American physicist, academic and Nobel Prize laureate in chemistry.
  • 1934 – Bill Bixby, American actor and director (d. 1993), was an American actor, director, producer, and frequent game-show panelist. His career spanned more than three decades, including appearances on stage, in films, and on television series.
  • 1932 – Piper Laurie, American actress. Piper Laurie (born Rosetta Jacobs; January 22, 1932) is an American stage and screen actress known for her roles in the films The Hustler (1961), Carrie (1976), and Children of a Lesser God (1986), all of which brought her Academy Award nominations.
  • 1931 – Sam Cooke, American singer-songwriter (d. 1964), was an American singer, songwriter, civil-rights activist and entrepreneur.
  • 1927 – Lou Creekmur, American football player and sportscaster (d. 2009), was an American football offensive lineman. He was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1996.
  • 1925 – Bobby Young, American baseball player (d. 1985), was an American professional baseball player. He played all or part of eight years in Major League Baseball, primarily as a second baseman.
  • 1925 – Johnny Bucha, American baseball player (d. 1996), was an American Major League Baseball (MLB) catcher.
  • 1924 – Charles Lisanby, American production designer and art director (d. 2013), was an American Production Designer who helped define scenic design in early color television. During his career, he was nominated for sixteen Emmys and won three.
  • 1924 – J. J. Johnson, American trombonist and composer (d. 2001), was an American jazz trombonist, composer and arranger.
  • 1923 – Diana Douglas, British-American actress (d. 2015), was an American actress, born in Bermuda who was known for her marriage to actor Kirk Douglas, from 1943 until their divorce in 1951. Diana Douglas was the mother of Michael and Joel Douglas.
  • 1922 – Howard Moss, American poet, playwright and critic (d. 1987), was an American poet, dramatist and critic. He was poetry editor of The New Yorker magazine from 1948 until his death and he won the National Book Award in 1972 for Selected Poems.
  • 1920 – Irving Kristol, American journalist, author, and academic, founded The National Interest (d. 2009), was an American journalist who was dubbed the "godfather of neoconservatism". As a founder, editor, and contributor to various magazines, he played an influential role in the intellectual and political culture of the last half of the twentieth century.
  • 1913 – Carl F. H. Henry, American theologian and publisher (d. 2003), was an American evangelical Christian theologian who provided intellectual and institutional leadership to the neo-evangelical movement in the mid-to-late 20th century. His early book, The Uneasy Conscience of Modern Fundamentalism (1947), was influential in calling evangelicals to differentiate themselves from separatist fundamentalism and claim a role in influencing the wider American culture.
  • 1909 – Ann Sothern, American actress and singer (d. 2001), was an American actress who worked on stage, radio, film, and television, in a career that spanned nearly six decades. Sothern began her career in the late 1920s in bit parts in films.
  • 1908 – Prince Oana, American baseball player and manager (d. 1976), was a professional baseball player for 23 years from 1929 to 1951. He played portions of three seasons in Major League Baseball as an outfielder for the Philadelphia Phillies in 1934, and as a pinch hitter and pitcher for Detroit Tigers in 1943 and 1945.
  • 1907 – Douglas Corrigan, American pilot and engineer (d. 1995), was an American aviator born in Galveston, Texas. He was nicknamed "Wrong Way" in 1938.
  • 1906 – Robert E. Howard, American author and poet (d. 1936), was an American author who wrote pulp fiction in a diverse range of genres. He is well known for his character Conan the Barbarian and is regarded as the father of the sword and sorcery subgenre.
  • 1904 – George Balanchine, Russian-American dancer, choreographer, and director, co-founded the New York City Ballet (d. 1983), was an American ballet choreographer who was one of the most influential 20th-century choreographers. Styled as the father of American ballet, he co-founded the New York City Ballet and remained its Artistic Director for more than 35 years.
  • 1902 – Daniel Kinsey, American hurdler, coach, and academic (d. 1970), was an American hurdler and a scholar in physical education.
  • 1898 – Ross Barnett, American lawyer and politician, 52nd Governor of Mississippi (d. 1987), was the Governor of Mississippi from 1960 to 1964. He was a prominent member of the Dixiecrats, Southern Democrats who supported racial segregation.
  • 1897 – Rosa Ponselle, American operatic soprano (d. 1981). She sang mainly at the New York Metropolitan Opera and is generally considered to have been one of the greatest sopranos of the 20th Century
  • 1893 – Conrad Veidt, German-American actor, director, and producer (d. 1943), was a German actor best remembered for his roles in films such as Different from the Others (1919), The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920), and The Man Who Laughs (1928).
  • 1892 – Marcel Dassault, French businessman, founded Dassault Aviation (d. 1986), was a French industrialist who spent his career in aircraft manufacturing.
  • 1890 – Fred M. Vinson, American judge and politician, 13th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1953), was an American Democratic politician who served the United States in all three branches of government. The most prominent member of the Vinson political family, he was the 53rd United States Secretary of the Treasury and the 13th Chief Justice of the United States.
  • 1889 – Amos Strunk, American baseball player and manager (d. 1979), was a center fielder who played in Major League Baseball from 1908 through 1924. A member of four World Series champion teams, Strunk batted and threw left-handed.
  • 1887 – Helen Hoyt, American poet and author (d. 1972). She was born as Helen Hoyt in Norwalk, Connecticut on January 22, 1887.
  • 1886 – John J. Becker, American pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1961), was an American composer of contemporary classical music, a pianist, a conductor, a writer on music, and a music administrator.
  • 1881 – Ira Thomas, American baseball player and manager (d. 1958), was an American professional baseball player. He played all or part of ten seasons of Major League Baseball, all in the American League, with the New York Highlanders (1906–07), Detroit Tigers (1908), and Philadelphia Athletics (1909–15), primarily as a catcher.
  • 1875 – D. W. Griffith, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1948), was an American film director. Widely considered as the most important filmmaker of his generation, he pioneered the feature-length movie and many enduring cinematic techniques, such as the close-up.
  • 1874 – Edward Harkness, American philanthropist (d. 1940). Given privately and through his family's Commonwealth Fund, Harkness' gifts to private hospitals, art museums, and educational institutions in the Northeastern United States were among the largest of the early twentieth century.
  • 1874 – Jay Hughes, American baseball player and coach (d. 1924), was an American Major League Baseball pitcher, who played four seasons from 1898 to 1902.
  • 1865 – Wilbur Scoville, American chemist and pharmacist (d. 1942), was an American pharmacist best known for his creation of the "Scoville Organoleptic Test", now standardized as the Scoville scale.
  • 1802 – Richard Upjohn, English-American architect (d. 1878), was a British-born American architect who emigrated to the United States and became most famous for his Gothic Revival churches. He was partially responsible for launching the movement to such popularity in the United States.
  • 1740 – Noah Phelps, American soldier, lawyer, and judge (d. 1809), was the son of Lt. David Phelps and Abigail Pettibone Phelps and was descended from the English immigrant William Phelps.

Deaths

  • 2015 – Fabrizio de Miranda, Italian engineer and academic, co-designed the Rande Bridge (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Wendell H. Ford, American lieutenant and politician, 53rd Governor of Kentucky (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Hinton Mitchem, American businessman and politician (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – Dick Tufeld, American actor, announcer, narrator and voice actor (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Joe Paterno, American football player and coach (b. 1926)
  • 2010 – Jean Simmons, English-American actress (b. 1929)
  • 2010 – Louis R. Harlan, American historian and author (b. 1922)
  • 2009 – Billy Werber, American baseball player (b. 1908)
  • 2007 – Liz Renay, American actress, author and performer (b. 1926)
  • 2004 – Ann Miller, American actress, singer, and dancer (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Billy May, American trumpet player and composer (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Bill Mauldin, American soldier and cartoonist (b. 1921)
  • 2002 – Stanley Marcus, American businessman and author (b. 1905)
  • 2001 – Roy Brown, American clown and puppeteer (b. 1932)
  • 2001 – Tommie Agee, American baseball player (b. 1942)
  • 2000 – Craig Claiborne, American journalist, author, and critic (b. 1920)
  • 1994 – Rhett Forrester, American singer-songwriter (b. 1956)
  • 1994 – Telly Savalas, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 1987 – R. Budd Dwyer, American educator and politician, 30th Treasurer of Pennsylvania (b. 1939)
  • 1975 – Andrew George Burry, Swiss-American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1873)
  • 1973 – Lyndon B. Johnson, American lieutenant and politician, 36th President of the United States (b. 1908)
  • 1971 – Harry Frank Guggenheim, American businessman and publisher, co-founded Newsday (b. 1890)
  • 1968 – Duke Kahanamoku, American swimmer and water polo player (b. 1890)
  • 1964 – Marc Blitzstein American pianist and composer (b. 1905)
  • 1957 – Ralph Barton Perry, American philosopher and academic (b. 1876)
  • 1951 – Lawson Robertson, Scottish-American sprinter and high jumper (b. 1883)
  • 1950 – Alan Hale, Sr., American actor and director (b. 1892)
  • 1949 – William Thomas Walsh, American author, poet, and playwright (b. 1891)
  • 1930 – Stephen Mather, American businessman and conservationist, co-founded the Thorkildsen-Mather Borax Company (b. 1867)
  • 1927 – James Ford Rhodes, American historian and author (b. 1848)
  • 1925 – Fanny Bullock Workman, American geographer and mountain climber (b. 1859)
  • 1921 – George Streeter, American captain and businessman (b. 1837)
  • 1900 – David Edward Hughes, Welsh-American physicist, co-invented the microphone (b. 1831)
  • 1892 – Joseph P. Bradley, American lawyer and jurist (b. 1813)
  • 1798 – Lewis Morris, American judge and politician (b. 1726)
  • 1779 – Claudius Smith, American guerrilla leader (b. 1736)
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