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19

Monday 19 February 2018 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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February 19 Events

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Events

  • 2002 – NASA's Mars Odyssey space probe begins to map the surface of Mars using its thermal emission imaging system.
  • 1985 – William J. Schroeder becomes the first recipient of an artificial heart to leave hospital.
  • 1976 – Executive Order 9066, which led to the relocation of Japanese Americans to internment camps, is rescinded by President Gerald Ford's Proclamation 4417.
  • 1963 – The publication of Betty Friedan's The Feminine Mystique reawakens the feminist movement in the United States as women's organizations and consciousness raising groups spread.
  • 1960 – China successfully launches the T-7, its first sounding rocket.
  • 1953 – Censorship: Georgia approves the first literature censorship board in the United States.
  • 1949 – Ezra Pound is awarded the first Bollingen Prize in poetry by the Bollingen Foundation and Yale University.
  • 1945 – World War II: Battle of Iwo Jima: About 30,000 United States Marines land on the island of Iwo Jima.
  • 1942 – World War II: United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs executive order 9066, allowing the United States military to relocate Japanese Americans to internment camps.
  • 1915 – World War I: The first naval attack on the Dardanelles begins when a strong Anglo-French task force bombards Ottoman artillery along the coast of Gallipoli.
  • 1913 – Pedro Lascuráin becomes President of Mexico for 45 minutes; this is the shortest term to date of any person as president of any country.
  • 1884 – More than sixty tornadoes strike the Southern United States, one of the largest tornado outbreaks in U.S. history.
  • 1878 – Thomas Edison patents the phonograph.
  • 1859 – Daniel E. Sickles, a New York Congressman, is acquitted of murder on grounds of temporary insanity. This is the first time this defense is successfully used in the United States.
  • 1847 – The first group of rescuers reaches the Donner Party.
  • 1846 – In Austin, Texas the newly formed Texas state government is officially installed. The Republic of Texas government officially transfers power to the State of Texas government following the annexation of Texas by the United States.
  • 1819 – British explorer William Smith discovers the South Shetland Islands and claims them in the name of King George III.
  • 1807 – Former Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr is arrested for treason in Wakefield, Alabama and confined to Fort Stoddert.
  • 1674 – England and the Netherlands sign the Treaty of Westminster, ending the Third Anglo-Dutch War. A provision of the agreement transfers the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam to England, and it is renamed New York.

Births

  • 2001 – David Mazouz, American actor
  • 1993 – Victoria Justice, American actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1991 – Trevor Bayne, American race car driver
  • 1988 – Seth Morrison, American guitarist
  • 1986 – Michael Schwimer, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Haylie Duff, American actress and singer
  • 1984 – Chris Richardson, American singer-songwriter
  • 1983 – Ryan Whitney, American ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Beth Ditto, American singer
  • 1980 – Dwight Freeney, American football player
  • 1980 – Mike Miller, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Steve Cherundolo, American soccer player and manager
  • 1978 – Immortal Technique, Peruvian-American rapper
  • 1977 – Andrew Ross Sorkin, American journalist and author
  • 1975 – Daewon Song, South Korean-American skateboarder, co-founded Almost Skateboards
  • 1972 – Francine Fournier, American wrestler and manager
  • 1972 – Sunset Thomas, American pornographic actress
  • 1971 – Jeff Kinney, American author and illustrator
  • 1969 – Burton C. Bell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1968 – Frank Watkins, American bass player (d. 2015)
  • 1968 – Prince Markie Dee, American rapper and actor
  • 1967 – Benicio del Toro, Puerto Rican-American actor, director, and producer
  • 1966 – Eduardo Xol, American designer and author
  • 1966 – Justine Bateman, American actress and producer
  • 1965 – Clark Hunt, American businessman
  • 1965 – Jon Fishman, American drummer
  • 1965 – Leroy, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1964 – Doug Aldrich, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1964 – Jonathan Lethem, American novelist, essayist, and short story writer.
  • 1963 – Jessica Tuck, American actress
  • 1960 – John Paul, Jr., American race car driver
  • 1959 – Roger Goodell, American businessman
  • 1958 – Tommy Cairo, American wrestler
  • 1957 – Dave Stewart, American baseball player and coach
  • 1956 – Kathleen Beller, American actress
  • 1956 – Peter Holsapple, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1956 – Roderick MacKinnon, American biologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1955 – Jeff Daniels, American actor and playwright
  • 1954 – Michael Gira, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1952 – Amy Tan, American novelist, essayist, and short story writer.
  • 1949 – Danielle Bunten Berry, American game designer and programmer (d. 1998)
  • 1949 – William Messner-Loebs, American author and illustrator
  • 1948 – Mark Andes, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1947 – Jackie Curtis, American actress and playwright (d. 1985)
  • 1946 – Karen Silkwood, American technician and activist (d. 1974)
  • 1944 – Les Hinton, English-American journalist and businessman
  • 1943 – Homer Hickam, American author and engineer
  • 1943 – Lou Christie, American singer-songwriter
  • 1942 – Paul Krause, American football player and politician
  • 1942 – Will Provine, American biologist, historian, and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1941 – David Gross, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1940 – Bobby Rogers, American singer-songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1940 – Smokey Robinson, American singer-songwriter and producer (The Miracles)
  • 1939 – Erin Pizzey, English activist and author, founded Refuge
  • 1937 – Terry Carr, American author and educator (d. 1987)
  • 1936 – Frederick Seidel, American poet
  • 1936 – Sam Myers, American singer-songwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1935 – Dave Niehaus, American sportscaster (d. 2010)
  • 1932 – Joseph P. Kerwin, American captain, physician, and astronaut
  • 1930 – John Frankenheimer, American director and producer (d. 2002)
  • 1924 – Lee Marvin, American actor (d. 1987)
  • 1920 – C. Z. Guest, American actress, fashion designer, and author (d. 2003)
  • 1917 – Carson McCullers, American novelist, short story writer, playwright, and essayist (d. 1967)
  • 1916 – Eddie Arcaro, American jockey and sportscaster (d. 1997)
  • 1915 – John Freeman, English lawyer, politician, and diplomat, British Ambassador to the United States (d. 2014)
  • 1912 – Dorothy Janis, American actress (d. 2010)
  • 1911 – Merle Oberon, Indian-American actress (d. 1979)
  • 1904 – Elisabeth Welch, American-English singer and actress (d. 2003)
  • 1902 – Kay Boyle, American novelist, short story writer, and educator (d. 1992)
  • 1897 – Alma Rubens, American actress (d. 1931)
  • 1895 – Louis Calhern, American actor (d. 1956)
  • 1800 – Émilie Gamelin, Canadian nun and social worker, founded the Sisters of Providence (d. 1851)

Deaths

  • 2016 – Harper Lee, American author (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Harold Johnson, American boxer (b. 1928)
  • 2015 – Harris Wittels, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1984)
  • 2014 – Dale Gardner, American captain and astronaut (b. 1948)
  • 2013 – Armen Alchian, American economist and academic (b. 1914)
  • 2013 – Donald Richie, American-Japanese author and critic (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Robert Coleman Richardson, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1937)
  • 2012 – Ruth Barcan Marcus, American philosopher and logician (b. 1921)
  • 2011 – Ollie Matson, American sprinter and football player (b. 1930)
  • 2007 – Celia Franca, English-Canadian dancer and director, founded the National Ballet of Canada (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Janet Blair, American actress and singer (b. 1921)
  • 2003 – Johnny Paycheck, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1938)
  • 2002 – Sylvia Rivera, American transgender LGBT activist (b. 1951)
  • 2001 – Stanley Kramer, American director and producer (b. 1913)
  • 1998 – Grandpa Jones, American singer-songwriter and banjo player (b. 1913)
  • 1997 – Leo Rosten, Polish-American author and academic (b. 1908)
  • 1996 – Charlie Finley, American businessman (b. 1918)
  • 1992 – Tojo Yamamoto, American wrestler and manager (b. 1927)
  • 1988 – André Frédéric Cournand, French-American physician and physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1895)
  • 1983 – Alice White, American actress (b. 1904)
  • 1972 – Lee Morgan, American trumpet player and composer (b. 1938)
  • 1969 – Madge Blake, American actress (b. 1899)
  • 1962 – Georgios Papanikolaou, Greek-American pathologist, invented the Pap smear (b. 1883)
  • 1959 – Willard Miller, American sailor, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1877)
  • 1945 – John Basilone, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1916)
  • 1936 – Billy Mitchell, American general and pilot (b. 1879)
  • 1928 – George Howard Earle, Jr., American lawyer and businessman (b. 1856)
  • 1789 – Nicholas Van Dyke, American lawyer and politician, 7th Governor of Delaware (b. 1738)
  • 1672 – Charles Chauncy, English-American minister, theologian, and academic (b. 1592)
Monday 19 February 2018
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