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27

Tuesday 27 March 2018 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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March 27 Events

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Holidays and observances

  • International whisk(e)y day
  • World Theatre Day

Events

  • 2004 – HMS Scylla, a decommissioned Leander-class frigate, is sunk as an artificial reef off Cornwall, the first of its kind in Europe.
  • 1999 – Kosovo War: An American Lockheed F-117A Nighthawk is shot down by a Yugoslav SAM, the first and only Nighthawk to be lost in combat.
  • 1998 – The Food and Drug Administration approves Viagra for use as a treatment for male impotence, the first pill to be approved for this condition in the United States.
  • 1990 – The United States begins broadcasting TV Martí, an anti-Castro propaganda network, to Cuba.
  • 1964 – The Good Friday earthquake, the most powerful earthquake recorded in North American history at a magnitude of 9.2 strikes Southcentral Alaska, killing 125 people and inflicting massive damage to the city of Anchorage.
  • 1943 – World War II: Battle of the Komandorski Islands: In the Aleutian Islands the battle begins when United States Navy forces intercept Japanese attempting to reinforce a garrison at Kiska.
  • 1938 – Second Sino-Japanese War: The Battle of Taierzhuang begins, resulting several weeks later in the war's first major Chinese victory over Japan.
  • 1915 – Typhoid Mary, the first healthy carrier of disease ever identified in the United States, is put in quarantine, where she would remain for the rest of her life.
  • 1899 – Emilio Aguinaldo leads Filipino forces for the only time during the Philippine–American War at the Battle of Marilao River.
  • 1871 – The first international rugby football match, when Scotland defeats England in Edinburgh at Raeburn Place.
  • 1794 – The United States Government establishes a permanent navy and authorizes the building of six frigates.
  • 1513 – Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León reaches the northern end of The Bahamas on his first voyage to Florida.

Births

  • 1989 – Matt Harvey, American baseball player
  • 1988 – Brenda Song, American actress
  • 1987 – Buster Posey, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Dustin Byfuglien, American ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Sean Ryan, American football player
  • 1976 – Danny Fortson, American basketball player
  • 1975 – Fergie, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress
  • 1972 – Charlie Haas, American professional wrestler
  • 1970 – Brent Fitz, Canadian-American multi-instrumentalist and recording artist
  • 1970 – Elizabeth Mitchell, American actress
  • 1970 – Mariah Carey, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1969 – Pauley Perrette, American actress
  • 1963 – Cory Blackwell, American basketball player
  • 1963 – Quentin Tarantino, American director, producer, screenwriter and actor
  • 1963 – Randall Cunningham, American football player, coach, and pastor
  • 1962 – Brad Wright, American-Spanish basketball player
  • 1962 – Kevin J. Anderson, American science fiction writer
  • 1955 – Susan Neiman, Jewish American-German philosopher and author
  • 1950 – Maria Ewing, African-American soprano
  • 1947 – Walt Mossberg, American journalist
  • 1944 – Jesse Brown, American marine and politician, 2nd United States Secretary of Veterans Affairs (d. 2002)
  • 1943 – Mike Curtis, American football player and coach
  • 1940 – Austin Pendleton, American actor, director, and playwright
  • 1939 – Cale Yarborough, American race car driver and businessman
  • 1939 – Jay Kim, South Korean-American engineer and politician
  • 1936 – Malcolm Goldstein, American violinist and composer
  • 1935 – Stanley Rother, American Roman Catholic priest and missionary (d. 1981)
  • 1932 – Junior Parker, American singer and harmonica player (d. 1971)
  • 1931 – David Janssen, American actor and screenwriter (d. 1980)
  • 1929 – Anne Ramsey, American actress (d. 1988)
  • 1927 – Anthony Lewis, American journalist and academic (d. 2013)
  • 1926 – Frank O'Hara, American writer (d. 1966)
  • 1924 – Margaret K. Butler, American mathematician and computer programmer (d. 2013)
  • 1924 – Sarah Vaughan, African-American singer (d. 1990)
  • 1923 – Louis Simpson, Jamaican-American poet, translator, and academic (d. 2012)
  • 1922 – Jules Olitski, Ukrainian-American painter, printmaker, and sculptor (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Harold Nicholas, American actor and dancer (d. 2000)
  • 1921 – Phil Chess, Czech-American record producer, co-founded Chess Records (d. 2016)
  • 1920 – Colin Rowe, English-American architect, theorist and academic (d. 1999)
  • 1917 – Cyrus Vance, American lawyer and politician, 57th United States Secretary of State (d. 2002)
  • 1915 – Robert Lockwood, Jr., American guitarist (d. 2006)
  • 1914 – Budd Schulberg, American author, screenwriter, and producer (d. 2009)
  • 1914 – Richard Denning, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1909 – Ben Webster, American saxophonist (d. 1973)
  • 1906 – Pee Wee Russell, American clarinet player, saxophonist, and composer (d. 1969)
  • 1905 – Elsie MacGill, Canadian-American author and engineer (d. 1980)
  • 1905 – Leroy Carr, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1935)
  • 1902 – Charles Lang, American cinematographer (d. 1998)
  • 1902 – Sidney Buchman, American screenwriter and producer (d. 1975)
  • 1901 – Carl Barks, American illustrator and screenwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1899 – Gloria Swanson, American actress and producer (d. 1983)
  • 1893 – G. Lloyd Spencer, American lieutenant and politician (d. 1981)
  • 1893 – George Beranger, Australian-American actor and director (d. 1973)
  • 1892 – Ferde Grofé, American pianist and composer (d. 1972)
  • 1892 – Thorne Smith, American author (d. 1934)
  • 1886 – Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, German-American architect, designed IBM Plaza and Seagram Building (d. 1969)
  • 1879 – Edward Steichen, Luxembourger-American painter and photographer (d. 1973)
  • 1879 – Miller Huggins, American baseball player and manager (d. 1929)
  • 1871 – Joseph G. Morrison, American captain and Nazarene minister (d. 1939)
  • 1868 – Patty Hill, American songwriter and educator (d. 1946)
  • 1863 – Henry Royce, English engineer and businessman, founded Rolls-Royce Limited (d. 1933)
  • 1862 – Dorothea Fairbridge, South African author and conservationist, co-founded Guild of Loyal Women (d. 1931)
  • 1860 – Frank Frost Abbott, American-Swiss scholar and academic (d. 1924)
  • 1855 – William Libbey, American target shooter, colonel, mountaineer, geographer, geologist, and archaeologist (d. 1927)
  • 1851 – Ruperto Chapí, Spanish composer, co-founded Sociedad General de Autores y Editores (d. 1909)
  • 1844 – Adolphus Greely, American general and explorer, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1935)
  • 1801 – Alexander Barrow, American lawyer and politician (d. 1846)
  • 1745 – Lindley Murray, American-English Quaker and grammarian (d. 1826)
  • 1724 – Jane Colden, American botanist and author (d. 1766)
  • 1416 – Francis of Paola, Italian friar and saint, founded Order of the Minims (d. 1507)

Deaths

  • 2016 – Mother Angelica, American Roman Catholic religious leader and media personality (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Johnny Helms, American trumpet player, bandleader, and educator (b. 1935)
  • 2014 – James R. Schlesinger, American economist and politician, 12th United States Secretary of Defense and first United States Secretary of Energy (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Richard N. Frye, American scholar and academic (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Fay Kanin, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1917)
  • 2013 – Yvonne Brill, Canadian-American scientist and engineer (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – Adrienne Rich, American poet, essayist and feminist (b. 1929)
  • 2011 – Farley Granger, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 2010 – Dick Giordano, American illustrator (b. 1932)
  • 2009 – Irving R. Levine, American journalist and author (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Paul Lauterbur, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Dan Curtis, American director and producer (b. 1928)
  • 2002 – Billy Wilder, Austrian-born American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1906)
  • 2002 – Milton Berle, American comedian and actor (b. 1908)
  • 1998 – David McClelland, American psychologist and academic (b. 1917)
  • 1997 – Lane Dwinell, American businessman and politician, 69th Governor of New Hampshire (b. 1906)
  • 1994 – Lawrence Wetherby, American lawyer and politician, 48th Governor of Kentucky (b. 1908)
  • 1993 – Paul László, Hungarian-American architect and interior designer (b. 1900)
  • 1992 – James E. Webb, American colonel and politician, 16th Under Secretary of State (b. 1906)
  • 1991 – Aldo Ray, American actor (b. 1926)
  • 1990 – Percy Beard, American hurdler and coach (b. 1908)
  • 1989 – Malcolm Cowley, American novelist, poet, and literary critic (b. 1898)
  • 1989 – May Allison, American actress (b. 1890)
  • 1988 – Charles Willeford, American author, poet, and critic (b. 1919)
  • 1987 – William Bowers, American journalist and screenwriter (b. 1916)
  • 1982 – Fazlur Khan, Bangladeshi-American engineer and architect, designed the John Hancock Center and Willis Tower (b. 1929)
  • 1980 – Steve Fisher, American author and screenwriter (b. 1912)
  • 1978 – Nat Bailey, Canadian businessman, founded the White Spot (b. 1902)
  • 1977 – Diana Hyland, American actress (b. 1936)
  • 1977 – Shirley Graham Du Bois, American author, playwright, and composer (b. 1896)
  • 1958 – Leon C. Phillips, American lawyer and politician, 11th Governor of Oklahoma (b. 1890)
  • 1952 – Kiichiro Toyoda, Japanese businessman, founded Toyota (b. 1894)
  • 1945 – Vincent Hugo Bendix, American engineer and businessman, founded Bendix Corporation (b. 1881)
  • 1938 – William Stern, German-American psychologist and philosopher (b. 1871)
  • 1927 – Joe Start, American baseball player and manager (b. 1842)
  • 1926 – Kick Kelly, American baseball player, manager, and umpire (b. 1856)
  • 1918 – Henry Adams, American journalist, historian, and author (b. 1838)
  • 1918 – Martin Sheridan, Irish-American discus thrower and jumper (b. 1881)
  • 1913 – Richard Montgomery Gano, American minister, physician, and general (b. 1830)
  • 1910 – Alexander Emanuel Agassiz, Swiss-American ichthyologist, zoologist, and engineer (b. 1835)
  • 1900 – Joseph A. Campbell, American businessman, founded the Campbell Soup Company (b. 1817)
  • 1878 – George Gilbert Scott, English architect, designed the Albert Memorial and St Mary's Cathedral (b. 1811)
  • 1869 – James Harper, American publisher and politician, 65th Mayor of New York City (b. 1795)
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