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5

Sunday 5 August 2018 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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August 5 Events

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Calendars: Canada, Ireland

Holidays and observances

  • August Bank Holiday in Ireland (celebrated on the first Monday of August)
  • Celebration of the Slavery Abolition Act 1833 which ended the slavery in the British Empire, generally celebrated as a part of Carnival, as the Caribbean Carnival takes place at this time (British West Indies): - Earliest day on which Emancipation Day can fall, celebrated on the first Monday of August. (Anguilla, the Bahamas, British Virgin Islands)
  • Civic Holiday in Canada (celebrated on the first Monday of August)

Events

  • 1971 – The first Pacific Islands Forum (then known as the "South Pacific Forum") is held in Wellington, New Zealand, with the aim of enhancing cooperation between the independent countries of the Pacific Ocean.
  • 1964 – Vietnam War: Operation Pierce Arrow: American aircraft from carriers USS Ticonderoga and USS Constellation bomb North Vietnam in retaliation for strikes against U.S. destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin.
  • 1963 – The United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union sign a nuclear test ban treaty.
  • 1962 – Apartheid in South Africa: Nelson Mandela is jailed. He would not be released until 1990.
  • 1957 – American Bandstand, a show dedicated to the teenage "baby-boomers" by playing the songs and showing popular dances of the time, debuts on the ABC television network.
  • 1914 – In Cleveland, Ohio, the first electric traffic light is installed.
  • 1914 – World War I: The guns of Point Nepean fort at Port Phillip Heads in Victoria (Australia) fire across the bows of the Norddeutscher Lloyd steamer SS Pfalz which is attempting to leave the Port of Melbourne in ignorance of the declaration of war and she is detained; this is said to be the first Allied shot of the War.
  • 1901 – Peter O'Connor sets the first IAAF recognised long jump world record of 24 ft 11.75 in (7.6137 m). The record will stand for 20 years.
  • 1888 – Bertha Benz drives from Mannheim to Pforzheim and back in the first long distance automobile trip, commemorated as the Bertha Benz Memorial Route since 2008.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The Battle of Mobile Bay begins at Mobile Bay near Mobile, Alabama, Admiral David Farragut leads a Union flotilla through Confederate defenses and seals one of the last major Southern ports.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Baton Rouge: Along the Mississippi River near Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Confederate troops attempt to take the city, but are driven back by fire from Union gunboats.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: In order to help pay for the war effort, the United States government levies the first income tax as part of the Revenue Act of 1861 (3% of all incomes over US $800; rescinded in 1872).
  • 1861 – The United States Army abolishes flogging.
  • 1858 – Cyrus West Field and others complete the first transatlantic telegraph cable after several unsuccessful attempts. It will operate for less than a month.
  • 1816 – The British Admiralty dismisses Francis Ronalds's new invention of the first working electric telegraph as "wholly unnecessary", preferring to continue using the semaphore.
  • 1796 – The Battle of Castiglione in Napoleon's first Italian campaigns of the French Revolutionary Wars.
  • 1620 – The Mayflower departs from Southampton, England on its first attempt to reach North America.
  • 1583 – Sir Humphrey Gilbert establishes the first English colony in North America, at what is now St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador.

Births

  • 1986 – Paula Creamer, American golfer
  • 1982 – Lolo Jones, American hurdler
  • 1982 – Pete Sell, American mixed martial artist
  • 1981 – Carl Crawford, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Eric Hinske, American baseball player and coach
  • 1977 – Mark Mulder, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1972 – Christian Olde Wolbers, Belgian-American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1972 – Darren Shahlavi, English-American actor and martial artist (d. 2015)
  • 1970 – James Gunn, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1968 – John Olerud, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Matthew Caws, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1966 – Jennifer Finch, American singer, bass player, and photographer
  • 1966 – Jonathan Silverman, American actor and producer
  • 1965 – Jeff Coffin, American saxophonist and composer
  • 1964 – Adam Yauch, American rapper and director (d. 2012)
  • 1962 – Otis Thorpe, American basketball player
  • 1962 – Patrick Ewing, Jamaican-American basketball player and coach
  • 1961 – Tim Wilson, American comedian, singer-songwriter, and guitarist (d. 2014)
  • 1960 – David Baldacci, American lawyer and author
  • 1959 – Pat Smear, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1957 – Faith Prince, American actress and singer
  • 1955 – Eddie Ojeda, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1953 – Rick Mahler, American baseball player and coach (d. 2005)
  • 1948 – David Hungate, American bass guitarist, producer, and arranger (Toto)
  • 1947 – Bernie Carbo, American baseball player
  • 1947 – France A. Córdova, American astrophysicist and academic
  • 1947 – Rick Derringer, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1946 – Bruce Coslet, American football player and coach
  • 1946 – Erika Slezak, American actress
  • 1945 – Loni Anderson, American actress
  • 1943 – Nelson Briles, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2005)
  • 1943 – Sammi Smith, American country music singer-songwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1942 – Joe Boyd, American record producer, founded Hannibal Records
  • 1941 – Airto Moreira, Brazilian-American drummer and composer
  • 1941 – Bob Clark, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2007)
  • 1940 – Bobby Braddock, American country music songwriter, musician, and producer
  • 1940 – Roman Gabriel, American football player, coach, and actor
  • 1937 – Brian G. Marsden, English-American astronomer and academic (d. 2010)
  • 1937 – Herb Brooks, American ice hockey player and coach (d. 2003)
  • 1935 – John Saxon, American actor
  • 1935 – Roy Benavidez, American Master Sergeant and Medal of Honor Winner (d. 1998)
  • 1934 – Wendell Berry, American novelist, short story writer, poet, and essayist
  • 1930 – Damita Jo DeBlanc, American comedian, actress, and singer (d. 1998)
  • 1930 – Neil Armstrong, American pilot, engineer, and astronaut (d. 2012)
  • 1930 – Richie Ginther, American race car driver (d. 1989)
  • 1929 – Don Matheson, American soldier, police officer, and actor (d. 2014)
  • 1927 – John H. Moore II, American lawyer and judge (d. 2013)
  • 1926 – Jeri Southern, American jazz singer and pianist (d. 1991)
  • 1922 – Frank Stranahan, American golfer (d. 2013)
  • 1922 – L. Tom Perry, American businessman and religious leader (d. 2015)
  • 1921 – Terry Becker, American actor, director, and producer (d. 2014)
  • 1920 – George Tooker, American painter and academic (d. 2011)
  • 1918 – Betty Oliphant, English-Canadian ballerina, co-founded the Canada's National Ballet School (d. 2004)
  • 1918 – Tom Drake, American actor and singer (d. 1982)
  • 1916 – Peter Viereck, American poet and academic (d. 2006)
  • 1914 – Parley Baer, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1911 – Robert Taylor, American actor and singer (d. 1969)
  • 1906 – John Huston, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1987)
  • 1906 – Wassily Leontief, German-American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
  • 1904 – Kenneth V. Thimann, English-American botanist and microbiologist (d. 1997)
  • 1897 – Roberta Dodd Crawford, American soprano and educator (d. 1954)
  • 1890 – Naum Gabo, Russian-American sculptor (d. 1977)
  • 1889 – Conrad Aiken, American novelist, short story writer, critic, and poet (d. 1973)
  • 1887 – Reginald Owen, English-American actor and singer (d. 1972)
  • 1880 – Gertrude Rush, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1962)
  • 1880 – Ruth Sawyer, American author and educator (d. 1970)
  • 1876 – Mary Ritter Beard, American historian and activist (d. 1958)
  • 1874 – Wesley Clair Mitchell, American economist and academic (d. 1948)
  • 1872 – Oswaldo Cruz, Brazilian physician, bacteriologist, and epidemiologist, founded the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (d. 1917)
  • 1749 – Thomas Lynch, Jr., American commander and politician (d. 1779)

Deaths

  • 2014 – Harold J. Greene, American general (b. 1962)
  • 2014 – Jesse Leonard Steinfeld, American physician and academic, 11th Surgeon General of the United States (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – May Song Vang, American activist (b. 1951)
  • 2013 – Rob Wyda, American commander and judge (b. 1959)
  • 2013 – Roy Rubin, American basketball player and coach (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Ruth Asawa, American sculptor and educator (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Shawn Burr, Canadian-American ice hockey player (b. 1966)
  • 2012 – Fred Matua, American football player (b. 1984)
  • 2012 – Martin E. Segal, Russian-American businessman, co-founded Film Society of Lincoln Center (b. 1916)
  • 2009 – Budd Schulberg, American author, screenwriter, and producer (b. 1914)
  • 2008 – Neil Bartlett, English-American chemist and academic (b. 1932)
  • 2005 – Jim O'Hora, American football player and coach (b. 1915)
  • 2002 – Chick Hearn, American sportscaster (b. 1916)
  • 2002 – Matt Robinson, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1937)
  • 1991 – Paul Brown, American football player and coach (b. 1908)
  • 1991 – Soichiro Honda, Japanese engineer and businessman, founded Honda (b. 1906)
  • 1985 – Arnold Horween, American football player and coach (b. 1898)
  • 1983 – Judy Canova, American actress and comedian (b. 1913)
  • 1980 – Harold L. Runnels, American soldier and politician (b. 1924)
  • 1978 – Jesse Haines, American baseball player and coach (b. 1893)
  • 1968 – Luther Perkins, American guitarist (b. 1928)
  • 1964 – Art Ross, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (b. 1886)
  • 1962 – Marilyn Monroe, American model and actress (b. 1926)
  • 1959 – Edgar Guest, English-American journalist and poet (b. 1881)
  • 1935 – David Townsend, American art director and set designer (b. 1891)
  • 1933 – Charles Harold Davis, American painter and academic (b. 1856)
  • 1911 – Bob Caruthers, American baseball player and umpire (b. 1864)
  • 1881 – Spotted Tail, American tribal chief (b. 1823)
  • 1729 – Thomas Newcomen, English engineer, invented the eponymous Newcomen atmospheric engine (b. 1664)
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